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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
-etum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. -eto, gen. pl. -orum: in L. comp.: ‘an aggregate;’ see garden; cf. lucus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. luco, gen. pl. lucorum: a grove, a wood of apparently limited extent, a sacred thicket; see grove; see sylva,-ae (s.f.I);

- lucus palmarum, a palm-tree grove.

Carex lucorum, Willd., ‘of groves.’

NOTE: adj. -inus,-a,-um (adj.A);

- ericetinus,-a,-um (adj.A): “living in the tracts of country called Heaths [Erica]” (Jackson).

1. characteristic of a place:

- Fimetum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. fimeto: a dungheap, dunghill [> fimus,-i (s.m.II), manure, dung].

- Oletum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. oleto: (2.) filth, dirt, excrement [> oleo,-lui, 2. to smell].

- Sabuleta,-orum (pl. n. II), sandy, gravelly places [> L. sabulum (s.n.II) gravel, sand].

2. a site of multiple organs on a plant:

- Drupetum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. drupeto: a cluster of drupes (Jackson); Follicetum,-i (s.n.II), abl.sg. folliceto: a whorl of follicles; "an aggregate of follicles produced from a single flower with multiple simple pistils" (Kiger & Porter 2001);

- Rametum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. rameto: in mosses, a tomentum or woolly covering composed of radicles.

3. place dominated by a given plant; “consocies (of a specified plant genus or family)” (WIII), as in Characetum (Chara); Ericetum (Erica);

- Bambusetum,-i (s.n.II), “a tropical bamboo forest association” (Jackson).

- Caricetum,-i (s.n.II), a place full of sedges (Carex,-icis)

Ranunculus caricetorum Greene

- Castanetum, a wood of chestnut (Castanea).

- Cornetum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. corneto: “a plantation of cornelian cherries” (Glare); a grove of cornel-trees (Cornus).

- Ericetum, heath (Erica).

- in ericetis circum sinum Port Jackson. (F. Mueller), in the Erica associations around the bay of Port Jackson.

Bryum ericetorum Neck., a moss of Erica or ericaceous communities.

- Pinastretum,-i (s.n.II), q.v., abl.sg. pinastreto, a plant association dominated by Pinaster [= Pinus pinaster Aiton]

- Pinetum, a piney woods (Pinus).

- Quercetum, an oak grove (Quercus).

- Salicetum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. saliceto: a plant association dominated by Salix trees or species.

- (algae) Laminarietum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. Laminarieto: “an association of the marine algal genus Laminaria” (Jackson).

4. orchards of a specified fruit:

- Citretum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. citreto: an orchard or grove of citrus-trees (Citrus).

- Olivetum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. oliveto: a place planted with olive-trees, an olive-grove.

- in apricis inter vineas et oliveta Gallo-provinciae (Mueller), in open place among the vineyards and olive-groves of Gallo province.

- Oryzetum,-i (s.n.II), a rice-paddy or field [> L. oryza,-ae (s.f.I), rice]:

- (Nymphaea caerulea) in oryzetis et canalibus ^Egypti inferioris (DeCandolle), in rice paddies and canals of lower Egypt.

5. a (plant) association;

- (h)arundinetum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. arundineto: a plant association of reeds or canes;

- in arundinetis paludosis tractus litoralis inter sinus Botany Bay et Moretón Bay (F. Mueller), in swampy reed associations of the littoral region between the bay of Botany Bay and Moreton Bay.

- Dumetum-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. dumeto: thorn-scrub, thicket, thorn-hedge [> L. dumus, thorn-bush]

- Filicetum, a ferny place (Filix).

Viola papilionacea X V. filicetorum Greene, of places dominated by ferns

- Fructicetum,-i (s.n.II), orchard; fruticetum,-i (s.n.II), abl.sg fruticeto (frutex + -etum, thicket); vinetum,-i (s.n.II), abl.s g. vineto: a plantation of vines, vineyard (vinum + etum); viretum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. vireto: a garden or park, a place green with vegetation or foliage (viridis,-e (adj.B) green); virgetum,-i (s.n.II),a place full of brushwood or withies.

- Fruticetum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. fruticeto: thicket, an association of shrubby species.

- Novelletum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. novelleto; a place planted with young trees or vines, a nursery-garden, as in a novella,-ae (s.f.I), a newly-planted vine, a shoot, sucker.

- Senticetum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. senticeto: a briar or brier-thicket, thorn-brake, a thicket of spiney shrubs, especially of the genus Rubus (black- or rasp-berry) (> sentis,-is (c.), a thorn-bush).

Rubus senticetorum

- Spinetum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. spineceto: a thorn-brake, a thorn thicket, a spiney [> L. spina,-ae (s.f.I), a thorn bush]

Rubus spinetorum

- Vepretum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. vepreto: a thorn-hedge, bramble-thicket (vepres (pl.m.III), thorn-bush)

Rosa abietorum (Abies); Rubus aceretorum (Acer); Alchemilla betuletorum (Betula); Rubus carpinetorum (Carpinus); Fragaria dumetorum (dumus, thicket); Rubus piceetorum (Picea); Crataegus pinetorum (Pinus); Rubus quercetorum (Quercus); Rubus senticetorum (sentis, a thorn-bush); Rubus spinetorum (spina, a thorn-bush); Rubus vepretorum (vepres, thorn-bush); Pyrus vinetorum (vinea,-ae (s.f.I), vineyard);

NOTE: the adjective would be -etarius,-a,-um (adj.A): sabuletarius,-a,-um (adj.A), associated with sandy places; fructicetarius, associated with orchards.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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