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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
epigynous, situated on the upper part of the ovary or above the oogonium; “Appearing to grow upon an ovary or style, as the disk of Umbellifers” (Lindley); [as epigynicus] “with the calyx or corolla superior” (Jackson); [as epigynous] “on the pistil, apparently above the ovary” (Jackson); “growing on the summit of the ovary, or apparently so” (Fernald 1950); “(of stamens, petals, and sepals) adnate to the surface of the ovary and appearing to grow from the tip of it; (of a flower), having epigynous floral parts” (WIII); [> Gk. epi-, on, upon + gynE, woman]: epigynicus,-a,-um (adj.A), epigynus,-a,-um (adj.A); see epimenus,-a,-um (adj.A); cf. hypogenous, perigynous;

- petala saepissime 4 v. 5, raro 0, perigyna, rarius epigyna, rarissime hypogyna (B&H), the petals most often 4 or 5, rarely 0, perigynous, more rarely epigynous, most rarely hypogynous.

- styli distincti v. basi coaliti, disco epigyno impositi v. circumdati (B&H), styles distinct or at the base united, situated on or surrounded by the epigynous disc.

- discus epigynus a staminibus distinctus adest in Ordinibus nonnullis.(B&H), an dpigynous disc separate from the stamens is present in some Orders.

- styli distincti v. basi coaliti, disco epigyno impositi v. circumdati (B&H), the styles separate or fused at the base, situated on the epigynous disc or encircled.

- discus calycis tubum vestiens v. in pulvinum epigynum tumidum explanatum incrassatus (B&H), the disc of the calyx covering the tube or thickened into an apigynous, swollen, flattened out cushion (i.e. swollen base].

- stamina petalis isomera v. saepe numero dupla, rarius oo, perigyna v. epigyna, nunc hypogyna, erecta v. patentia (B&H), petals the same [number of parts with] the petals or double in number, very rarely [indefinite], perigynous or epigynous, sometimes hypogynous, erect or spreading.

- stamina 8-10, basi disci epigyni inserta (B&H), stamens 8-10, inserted at the base of the epigynous disc.

Epigyny, the state of having epigynous flowers (Jackson): epigynia,-ae (s.f.I).

Stylostemon,-onis (s.m.III), abl. sg. stylostemone: an epigynous stamen (Jackson); see -stemon,-onis (s.m.III).

NOTE: a disc can be the “development of the torus [i.e. receptacle] within the calyx or within the corolla and stamens” (Jackson); with respect to the pistil (gynoecium) it may be epigynous, perigynous or hypogynous.

NOTE: epimenus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v.: epimenus is a term used by Lindley, synonymous with epigynous.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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