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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Epicarp, exocarp, the outermost tissue layer of the fruit wall of a pericarp or matured ovary; epicarpium,-ii (s.m.II), abl. sg. epicarpio, nom. & acc. pl. epicarpia, dat. & abl. pl. epicarpiis; exocarpium,-ii (s.n.II), abl. sg. exocarpio, nom. & acc. pl. exocarpia, dat. & abl.pl. exocarpiis; see mesocarp, pericarp; cf. endocarp, innermost tissue layer of a pericarp

- epicarpiis [or: exocarpiis] praeter glandulos raros glabris, with the epicarpia except for scattered glandules glabrous.

- drupa 2-3-pyrena, epicarpio suberoso sicco pulvere atro v. rubro farcto (B&H); drupe 2-3-pyrenous, with a corky epicarp, when dry packed with a black or red powder.

- siliqua late ovoideo-oblonga, utrinque obtusa, epicarpio spongioso, endocarpio osseo. (B&H), the silique broadly ovoid-oblong, on both sides obtuse, with the epicarp spongy, the endocarp boney.

- fructus varius, sapissime baccatus coriaceus v. drupaceus; cocci intus dehiscentes, simplices v. epicarpio coriaceo ab endocarpio corneo v. chartaceo elastice 2-valvi soluto, endocarpii basi saepe semini adhaerente et cum eo secedente (B&H), the fruit is variable, most often baccate, leathery or drupaceous; cocci inside dehiscent, simple or with a leathery epicarp, from the horny or papery endocarp 2-valved elastically broken up, with the base of the endocarp often adherent to the seed and with it separating.

- epicarpio membranaceo, endocarpio soluto crustaceo (B&H), with the epicarp membanaceous, with the endocarp broken up, crustaceous.

- drupae parvae, anthracinae, lucidae, epicarpio punctato (B&H), drupes, small, coal-black, shining, with the epicarp dotted.

- epicarpio tenui ab endocarpio chartaceo secedente.(B&H) with the epicarp thin, splitting from the papery endocarp.

- leguminis valvarum exocarpium inflatum, endocarpium planum (B&H), the exocarp of the valves of the legume inflated, the endocarp flat.

- leguminis exocarpio inflato insignem (B&H), distinguished by the exocarp of the legume inflated.

- endocarpio circa semina persistente ab exocarpio secedente (B&H), with the endocarp around the seeds persistent, splitting from the exocarp.

- legumen rectum, planum, tenue, exocarpio continuo 2-valvi, endocarpio solo in artículos l-spermos secedente et circa semina persistente(B&H), legume straight, flat, thin, with a continuous 2-valved exocarp, with the endocarp alone splitting into 1-seeded joints and persistent around the seeds.

NOTE: Bentham and Hooker appear to use exocarp for the Leguminosae (Fabaceae).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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