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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Endocarp, innermost tissue layer of a pericarp; “the lining of a carpel; the inner surface of a fruit, representing at that time the upper surface of a carpellary leaf. The stone of a cherry is its endocarp” (Lindley); “the inner layer of an pericarp” (Fernald 1950): endocarpium,-ii (s.n.II), abl.sg. endocarpio, nom. & acc. pl. endocarpia, dat. & abl. pl. endocarpiis; see putamen,-inis (s.n.III), stone (of a fruit); cf. epicarp, outermost tissue layer of a pericarp; see exocarp, mesocarp, pericarp;

- drupa ovoidea clavata v. fusiformis, exocarpio tenui, endocarpio crasso lignoso subosseo (B&H), the drupe ovoid, club-shaped or fusiform [i.e. spindle-shaped] with the exocarp thin, with the endocarp thick, woody, somewhat bony.

- fructibus ovatis mesocarpio endocarpii libero, with the fruits ovate with the mesocarp of the endocarpium free.

- semina obovoidea, in lana endocarpii involuta, ad hilum laterale saepius nuda (B&H), seeds obovoid, enveloped in the wool of the endocarpium, at the lateral hilum more often naked.

- semine (etiam in illis quibus albumen rectum et ruminatum) circa endocarpium intrusum peltato-curvato v. sulcato, et embryone elongato (B&H), with the seed (even in those [s.c. families] in which the albumen is straight and ruminate [i.e. ‘chewed’ looking] and inserted around the endocarpium, peltate-curved or sulcate, and with the embryo elongate.

- drupa styli cicatrice nunc subterminali, nunc a basi parum remota notata, endocarpio ad ventrem hemisphaerice v. peltatim intromisso (B&H), the drupe sometimes with the scar of the style just below the apex, sometimes marked somewhat remote from the base, with the endocarp on the ventral surface hemispherically or peltately inserted.

- endocarpium utroque latere in loculum vacuum intromissum (B&H), endocarp on both sides let into the empty locule.

- endocarpium utroque latere concavo-intromissum et pertusum, lóculos clausos haud formans (B&H), endocarp on either side concave-inserted and perforate, scarcely forming closed locules.

- semen oblongum, ad faciem interiorem sulcatum, laminam endocarpii fovens; (B&H), seed oblong, sulcate on the inner face, enfolding the blade of the endocarp.

- drupae (3) reniformes, lateribus vix excavatae, endocarpio tenui processu vix intruso (B&H), drupes (3) kidney-shaped, scarcely excavated on the sides, with the endocarp scarcely inserted by a thin process.

- intra substantiam pulposam v. cellulosam endocarpii immersa in Lardizabaleis nonnullis (B&H), within the substance of the endocarp pulpy or cellulose, immersed in some Lardizabeleae.

- semina in endocarpio pulposo nidulantia (B&H), the seeds nested [i.e. embedded] in a pulpy endocarpium.

- siliqua late ovoideo-oblonga, utrinque obtusa, epicarpio spongioso, endocarpio osseo. (B&H), the silique broadly ovoid-oblong, on both sides obtuse, with the epicarp spongy, the endocarp boney.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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