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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
dry-, dryo-; -drys,-yis (s.f.III): in Gk. comp., tree-, oak- [> Gk. drys, (s.f.II), gen. sg. dryos: the oak, sacred to Zeus; tree; any timber tree]; see Quercus,-us (s.f.IV); see oak;

- dryophilus, dryophilous, wood-, or Oak-loving; dryophyllus, dryophyllous, with the character of Oak leaves [= quercifolius,-a,-um (adj.A)].

- Collybia dryophila, a mushroom growing in deep woods under hardwoods and conifers.

- Chamaedrys, > Gk. chamai, on the ground, dwarf + drys, oak “used by Theophrastus, for a low-growing plant with oak-like leaves” (Stearn 1996);

Veronica chamaedrys, a speedwell, the epithet is an old generic name, meaning ground-oak (Fernald 1950).

- Dryas,-adis (s.f.III), abl. sg. Dryade, Mountain-avens “From Gk. dryas, a wood nymph or dryad, to whom the oak was sacred. The leaves of one species, D. octopetala, resemble oak leaves” (Stearn 1996); “from the resemblance of the foliage to tiny oak-leaves (Fernald 1950).

-drys,-yis (s.f.III): in Gk. comp. -oak; wood; see -ys, nouns ending in (No. 2).
       singular            singular

  Nom. -drys               Halidrys 
  Gen. -dryis              Halidryis   
  Dat. -dryi               Halidryi   
  Acc. -drym               Halydrym [note not -em] 
  Abl. -drye               Halidrye
[tree] Phellodrys, gen.sg. Phellodryis (s.f.III), an evergreen oak.

[algae] Halidrys (genus of marine plants, alga); Phycodrys (alga); Pseudophycodrys (alga).

[fern] Dryopteris,-idis (s.f.III), the Oak-fern, > Gk. drys, oak + pteris, fern (Fernald 1950); Drynaria,-ae (s.f.I), a fern whose fronds resemble oak leaves.

[fungi] Perhaps the fungus genera Dryodon (=Hydnum), Dryophila (=Pholiota) and Dryophilum (“? based on insect galls” (Ainsworth & Bisby) - the first two fungus genera are associated with tree-wood or logs - Pholiota almost exclusively on wood;

[bird] Dryops,-opis (s.m.III), abl. sg. Dryope: a kind of woodpecker; one of the names of a bird in the chorus of Aristophanes’ The Birds: it is a variant on Gk. DryokolaptEs (s.m.III), the woodpecker of Aristotle, which is the Great Woodpecker (Picus major); spelled different ways: drykolaptEs, dryokolaps; dryokopos.

Dryobates pubescens, the hairy woodpecker

NOTE: the genus Dryandra,-ae (s.f.I) is named for Jonas Dryander (1748-1810) (Stearn 1996).
Dry spore: (fungi) “a spore that becomes separated without slime from the cell producing it (Mason, 1937)” (Ainsworth & Bisby); (fungi) “a spore that is separated by mechanical action and without slime from its parent hypha, that is not by autolysis; as distinguished from ‘slime spore’ (E. W. Mason, 1937); ‘xerospore’” (S&D); xerospora,-ae (s.f.I); cf. slime spore; see Xerosporae.

Slime spore, q.v.: (fungi) gloeospore, “a spore that becomes separated with slime from the cell producing it (Mason, 1937)” (Ainsworth & Bisby).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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