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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
cyathiformis,-e (adj.B): cup-shaped, shaped like a drinking cup; a little wider at the top than the bottom; (fungi) “like a cup, a little wider at the top than at the bottom, and sometimes stalked” (Ainsworth & Bisby); = cyathomorphus,-a,-um (adj.A) [> L. cyathus,-i (s.m.II) a small ladle for transferring the wine from the mixing bowl (crater) to the drinking-cup> Gk. kYathos (s.m.II) a cup, for drawing wine out of the kratEr, or bowl; a cupping-glass (Liddell & Scott); a wine-cup (Jackson)]; see cotyliform, urceolate; see cup-shaped; see cyathodes,-is (adj.B); cf. cupulatus,-a,-um (adj.A), cup-shaped, depressed, rounded and swollen like a little tub; “cup-shaped, rounded and swollen; e.g. open capsule of [mosses] Physcomitrium, Phasconica” (Magill 1990);

- corona membranacea cyathiformi v. fere tubulosa gynostegium saepe (nec semper) superante (B&H), the corona membranaceous, cyathiform [i.e. cup-shaped] or nearly tubulose, often (not always) surpassing the gynostegium.

- calyx cyathiformis, 5-dentatus (B&H), the calyx cyathiform [i.e. cup-shaped], with 5 teeth.

- Cyathocalyx. Sépala in calycem cyathiformem 3-dentatüm coalita (B&H), the sepals fused into a cyathiform, 3-dentate calyx.

- discus cyathiformis, ore contracto, ovarium includens (B&H), the disc cyathiform, with a contracted [i.e. narrowed] mouth, enclosing the ovary.

- drupa ovoidea v. globosa, epicarpio 2-4-valvi, mesocarpio cyathiformi, 1-3-pyrena, pyrenis osseis concretis 1-spermis (B&H), drupe ovoid or globose, with the epicarpium 2-4-valved, with the mesocarpium cyathiform [i.e. cup-shaped], 1-3-pyrenous, with the pyrenes bony, hardened, 1-seeded.

- tubus stamineus subcampanulatus v. cyathiformis, truncatus (B&H), the stamen-tube nearly campanulate or cyathiform [i.e. cup-shaped], truncate.

- calyx florifer minimus cyathiformis 5-6-denticulatus, fructifer auctus liber (B&H), the flower-bearing calyx very small, cyathiform [i.e. cup-shaped], with 5-6 small teeth, the fruit-bearing [calyx] enlarged, free.

- nectarium cyathiforme (ex St-Hil.) inter stamina et ovaria (DeCandolle), the glandules as many as, or the nectarium cyathiform, among the stamens and ovaries (according to St-Hil.).

- nectarium cyathiforme, germen cingens, 5-angulare (Swartz), the nectarium cyathiform [i.e. cup-shaped], surrounding the ovary, 5-angular.

- calyx cyathiformis, 4-gonus, margine rotundato-carnoso inaequali (Swartz), the calyx cyathiform, 4-angled, with the margin rounded-fleshy, unequal [i.e. not matching].

- (moss) flos masculus cyathiformis vel gemmaceus (Mueller), the male flower cyathiform or bud-like.

- (moss) Physcomitrio pyriformi simillimum foliis autem submarginatis thecaque minori maxime truncata amplissima cyathiformi distinctissimum (Mueller), very similar to Physcomitrium pyriforme, however, very distinct by the leaves slightly bordered and the theca smaller, highly truncate, very large, cyathiform [i.e. cup-shaped].

- (moss) flore musculo in caule annuo terminali, antheridiis parvulis, cyathiformi (Mueller),with the male flower on the annual stem terminal, with the antheridia rather small, cyathiform.

- (algae) [Zonaria] maxime juveniles minutissimae, piso minores, adultae usque in magnitudinem, cyathiformem basin Himanthaliae superantem excrescentes, (Agardh), the young extremely minute, smaller than a pea, the adults enlarging in magnitude, overtopping the cyathiform base of Himanthalia.

- (lichen) scyphis plerumque bene evolutis (latit. 8-12 millim.)cyathiformibus (Nyl.), with the scyphi usually well developed (8 - 12 mm in width), cyathiform [i.e. cup-like].

Taraxacum cyathiforme; Calvatia cyathiformis, a mushroom; Metachilum cyathiforme, an orchid.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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