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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

cucullatus,-a,-um (adj.A): provided with a hood or cucullus; a hood is a head (and neck or shoulder) covering opening in the front to reveal the face; cucullate, hooded; “when the apex or sides of anything are curved inwards, so as to resemble the point of a slipper, or a hood” (Lindley); used of petals and other flower parts in association with spurs, galeae etc., as in Aconitum and the Asclepiadaceae, the spurred flowers of Leguminosae.

(in mosses) a shape, generally apical, such as in a moss leaf, that is both concave and tubulose and broad (obtuse, not acute) and lacks a keel; (in mosses) a cucullate calyptra is conic and split up one side, resembling a monk's hood; “in mosses, “hooded or hood-shaped; a calyptra split along one side only; also used to describe leaves strongly concave and erect or inflexed at the tips, like monk’s cowl, e.g. Aloinella” (Magill 1990) [> L. cucullus,-i (s.m.II) or cuculla,-ae (s.f.I), a covering; a cap covering the head, hood]; cf. fistulosus,-a,-um (adj.A)

NOTE: (in mosses) a mitrate calyptra is undivided, or with several lobes at the base; a dimidiate calyptra is somewhat synonymous with cucullate, but dimidiate only refers to a split up one side; a dimidiate-cucullate calyptra is split up one side as well as hooded; see dimidiate, mitrate.

NOTE: a cucullate shape becomes “boat-shaped” when it has a keel and tapers at one or both ends into an acute (not obtuse) apex: cymbiformis,-e (adj.B) (naviculatus,-a,-um (adj.A); cymbiformis,-e (adj.B), scaphoideus,-a,-um (adj.A)); see boat-shaped.

- BLEPHARODON. coronae squamae concavae cymbiformes v. cucullatae, tubo stamineo adnata (B&H), the scales of the corona concave, cymbiform [i.e. boat-shaped] or cucullate [i.e. hooded], adnate to the stamen-tube.

- petala apice cucullata, sub galea recondita, 3 inferiora minima v. obsoleta (B&H), petals cucullate at the apex, hidden under the galea [i.e. hood-shaped upper lip], the lower three the smallest or nearly absent.

- BLEPHARODON. coronae squamae concavae cymbiformes v. cucullatae, tubo stamineo adnata (B&H), the scales of the corona concave, cymbiform or cucullate, adnate to the stamen-tube.

- [Phajus] sepalis petalisque lanceolatis acutis intus coloratis, labello sepalis aequilongo late ovato cucullato (F. Mueller), with the sepals and petals lanceolate, acute, colored inside, with the labellum of equal length to the sepals, broadly ovate, cucullate.

- [Pothos] pedunculis basi squamatis supra medium spatha cucullata lanceolata patente praeditis (F. Mueller), with the peduncles at the base squamate [i.e. almost scales] above the middle provided with a cucullate, lanceolate, spreading spathe.

- calyx spathaceus cucullatus ad medium fissus (F. Mueller), the calyx spathaceous, cucullate, split to the middle.

- [Grevillea] calyces lobis in labium spathulato-orbicularem subcucullatum cohaerentibus (F. Mueller), the calyxes with the lobes pressed together into a spathulate-orbicular, somewhat cucullate lip.

- Verticordia umbellata a specie hinc descripta evidenter differt bracteolis persistentibus et connectivo antherarum cucullato (F. Mueller,

- sepala 5, basi connata, dorso viridia, margine membranácea, sub apice cucullato in acumen breve subcornutum producta (F. Mueller),

- sepala 8, petaloidea, plana, exterioribus minoribus minusque coloratis, et petala 4 nectariiformia cucullata v. calcarata quadrifariam superposita (B&H), sepals 8, resembling a petal, flat, with the outer ones smaller and less colored, and the petals 4, resembling a nectary, cucullate or spurred, superimposed in four rows.

- [Sphagnum] folia caulina magna, triangula cruribus aequalibus vel triangulo-lingulata, apice rotundato, fere cucullata (Warnst.), the cauline leaves large, triangular, with equal legs [i.e. the sides of a triangle] or triangular-lingulate, rounded at the apex, almost cucullate.

- vaginae caulem cingentcs, cucullatae, nervosae, reticulatae, membranáceae (Swartz), the sheathes encircling the stem, cucullate, full of veins, reticulate, membranacous.

- [Pistia] spatha tubuloso - cucullata, lingulata, integra, ápice obtuso (Swartz), spathe tubulose-cucullate, lingulate, entire, with an obtuse apex.

- petala 5. unguiculata, erecta, apice convoluto - cucullata, ciliate (Swartz), petals 5, clawed, erect at the apex convolute-cucullate, ciliate

- Cor. nulla, nisi squamae cucullatae, minimae, intra basin singulae squamae, pallidae (Swartz), corolla none, except for cucullate, very small scales, each one within the base, pallid.

- [Aconitum] floribus paniculatis luteis, galea magna apice subinflata, ungue cucullorum fllamentisque staminium glabris vel pilosis (DeCandolle), with the flowers paniculate, yellow, with the galea large, somewhat inflated at the apex, with the claw of the cuculli and the filaments of the stamens hairless or hairy.

- ACONITUM GIBBOSUM panicula contracta (glaberrima), galea conica elongata inclinata vel recta, rostro inclinato [i.e. leaning from the vertical], sacco cucullorum labium aequante antice gibboso, calcare elongate arcuato (non spirali ) ungue brevi (DeCandolle), the panicle contracted (completely glabrous), the galea conic, elongate, inclined or straight, with the beak inclined, with the sack of the cuculli equalling the lip antically gibbous, with the ... elongate, arcuate (not spiraled) with a short claw. TO DO

- [[moss] calyptra longa cucullata operculum totum tegens (C. Mueller), the calyptra long cucullate, covering the entire operculum.

- [moss] calyptra dimidiata cucullata (C. Mueller), the calyptra dimidiate [i.e. split on one side] cucullate [i.e. hooded].

- [ moss] calyptra parvula cucullata usque ad medium fissa apiculata tenera (C. Mueller), the calyptra somewhat small, cucullate, split to the middle, apiculate, delicate.

campanulate-cucullate: referring to a calyptra that is elongated and cylindrical;; cylindrical and split along one side only, e.g. the calyptra of Dicnemon calycinum (Magill 1990): campanulato-cucullatus,-a,-um (adj.A);

- calyptra campanulato-cucullata.

dimidiate: “slit half-way up” (Lindley); (in mosses) split on one side as in calyptrae which are dimidiate and hooded (cucullate).

galeritus,-a,-um (adj.A): that wears a hood, hooded;

- [moss] [Polytrichum nanum] capsulis rotundis galeritis, aloes folia non serrata (C. Mueller), with the capsules round, hooded [i.e. cucullate], the non-serrate leaves of an Aloe.

Cenomyce cucullata (Lichen).

Ptychomitrium cucullatifolium, Rhacomitrium cucullatifolium, mosses with a hood-shaped leaf apex.

Taraxacum aureocucullatum Soest, with golden hoods or cowls; Viola cucullata 'hooded; from the inrolled young leaves' (Fernald 1950).


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

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