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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
crateriformis,-e (adj.B): bowl- or cup-shaped, i.e. hemispherical and concave but with a small pedestal-like base; “concave, hemispherical, a little contracted at the base” (Lindley); “goblet or cup-shaped, hemispheric or shallow in contour” (Jackson); “of the form of a bowl or saucer” (WIII); (fungi) “goblet- or cup-shaped” (S&D); see cup-shaped.

NOTE: crateriform seems to have two meanings, one of a bowl without a pedestal, and one with a pedestal (the hypocrater); see goblet, see hypocrater.

NOTE: hypocrateriform [> hypo- [under] + crater [bowl] + -form [shape] = salverform. The word derives from the Gk. hypocraterion [(h)ypokratErion (s.n.II)] which (in the archaeology of ancient Gk. artifacts) is a stand, foot or pedestal designed to support the crater ([mixing] bowl) or another vessel, particularly an apodal one (i.e. one that stands, unsupported, on the bottom of the bowl itself); in botany, ‘hypocrateriform’ suggests a shape that includes both the crater (mixing bowl) and its pedestal (the hypocrater), i.e., the crater (bowl) and its stand; hence salver-shaped (Eng. word), i.e. with a long narrow tube abruptly expanded into a shorter flat or spreading limb (Stearn), as in the corolla of the Primrose, Primula vulgaris Huds. (Jackson); see hypocrater, hypocrateriformis,-e (adj.B).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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