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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

Crater, bowl, wine-mixing bowl, a bowl-shaped depression, as a volcano; “a hole at the top of a cone-shaped object, as, the depression above or around the orifice of a volcano that often appears as a funnel-shaped pit ... at the top of a built-up cone” (WIII); cratera,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. cratera; crater,-eris (s.m.III), abl. sg. cratere > L. crater,-eris (s.m.III) (> Gk. kratEr) “a vessel in which wine was mingled with water, a mixing-vessel or bowl; a bucket, water-pail; a water-basin; the aperture of a volcanic mountain, the crater; a volcanic opening of the earth” (Lewis & Short)]; cf. urna,-ae (s.f.I);

of a volcano (mons ignivomus);

- Patria. Insula Bourbonis, in crateribus montium ignivomorum, ex. gr. in Ramonde (C. Mueller), native land. The island of Bourbbon, in the craters of volcanic mountains, for example in [Ramonde].

- Patria. Ad crateres montium ignivomorum insularum Mascarenium Franciae et Bourbonis (C. Mueller), on the craters of the volcanic mountains of the Mascarene Islands of Francia and Bourbon (= Reunion).

- Patria. In crateribus incensis montium ignivomorum insulae Bourbonis, 1300 hexapodes supra mare: Bory St. Vincent (C. Mueller), Homeland, in the flaming craters of the volcanoes of the island of Bourbon (= Reunion), 1300 hexapodia[[6 ft. x 1300 = 7800 ft) above the sea: Bory St. Vincent [Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent (1778 – 1846), a French naturalist].

- Patria. Insula Bourbonis, in crateribus montium ignivomorum, ex. gr. in Ramonde crat. ad 800 hexapodum et Piton des Neiges ad 1103 altitudinem cespitose vigens: Bory St. Vincent (C. Mueller), on the island of Bourbon (= Reunion), in the craters of volcanoes, for example on Ramonde crater to an altitude of 800 hexapodes [[= 6 ft. x 800 = 4800 ft]] and the Piton des Neiges to 1103 [sc. hexapodes = 6 x 1103 = 6618] growing in a turfy way: Bory St. Vincent [collector].

cratera,-ae (s.f.I), also crater,-eris (s.m.III), abl. sg. cratere: cratera, (in fungi) “the cup-shaped receptacle of certain Fungals” (Lindley); (in fungi) “a cup-shaped receptacle” (S&D); the ‘cup’ of the cup-fungi (Ascomycota; Pezizaceae), mushrooms shaped like cups, saucers or goblets; the upper surface of the cup is the spore-producing hymenium;

- [Octospora; fungi] TRUNCUS e basi validiuscula gracilescendo elongatus, longitudine varius, teres, albicans; de summitate dilatatus, crateris in formam (Hedwig), the trunk elongated from a somewhat more robust base, becoming gracillescent [i.e. slight, slender], variable in length, rounded-cylindric [i.e. terete], whitish, dilated from the summit into the shape of a crater [i.e. cup or bowl]

- [Octospora; fungi] THECAE folliculiformes, clavatae, pellucentes, numerosissimae; cum paraphysibus omnem crateris concavitatem occupant (Hedwig), the thecae are folliculiform [i.e. shaped like little bags], club-shaped, pellucid, very numerous, they fill up the entire concavity of the crater [i.e. cup or bowl] with paraphyses.

- [Octospora; fungi] semina ista, e thecis, aquae guttulae immissis, vi exploduntur: idem vero a madore concavitatis praestari, me edocuit plantula f. 3. exhibita, quae post delineationem in scatulam inclusa, toties fumum quasi de suo cratere spargebat, seminulis illis refertum, quoties eandem inde eximerem (Hedwig), those seeds, from the thecae, when [the thecae] are introduced into a droplet of water, are exploded away with force: it is really essentially the same thing which the little plant, shown in (figure 3.), taught me to be remarkable in the moistening of the concavity, which, after illustration, after having been enclosed in a scatula [i.e. a flat, rectangular box, such as a match-box] dispersed as many times out of its own cup [i.e. crater], almost as a cloud crammed with those same little seeds, as I could have taken from it.

Octospora craterella [craterellus,-a,-um (adj.A) dim. of crater or cratera.]

Crateria (pl.n.II), gen. pl. grateriorum, “ascidia which are derived from the surface of a leaf (C. Schimper)” (Jackson).

Urnula craterium, a cup fungus with an urn-shaped cup, the “Gray Urn.’

(fungi): Craterium; Craterocolla; Crateromyces; Craterella; Craterellus (Ainsworth & Bisby).

Platycrater,-eris (s.f.III), abl. sg. Platycratere: > Gk. platys, broad + kratEr, bowl; “in allusion to the expanded saucer-like calyces of the sterile flowers. Hydrangeaceae.” (Stearn 1996).


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

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