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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

Cocci-, cocco-; -coccus,-i (s.m.II); -cocca,-ae (s.f.I); -coccum,-i (s.n.II); adjectives in -coccus,-a,-um (adj.A):

A.(prefix) cocc-, cocci- (L.) or cocco- (Gk.):

Nouns: generic names: in Gk. & L. comp. plant having berries, seeds, or cocci (of a specified type), or in reference to a berry-shaped organism [> coccus,-i (s.m.II), q.v., with several meanings, the basic one being a berry (fruit) or a round (spherical) object ranging in size from that of a pea (or a single grape berry) down to grains, to small round granules]; more technical meanings must be sought above (“Coccus”) under the different organismal groups.

[Algae] Coccocarpia,-ae (s.f.I)

Coccoloba,-ae (s.f.I), Coccothrinax,-acis (s.f.III). Palmae.

Coccocypselum, Swartz. From kokkos, fruit, and kypsele, a vase; alluding to the shape of the berries. (Paxton).

There are many generic names in mycological catalogues that begin with cocco-: Coccobotrys, Coccochora, Coccocystis, Coccodiscus.

B. (suffix) -coccus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. -cocco, nom. pl. -cocci; -cocca,-ae (s.f.I); -coccum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. -cocco;

Nouns: generic names: “plant having berries, seeds, or cocci (of a specified type) - usu. in generic names (Oxycoccus) (Pterococcus); 2: berry-shaped organism - esp in generic names of algae and bacteria (Protococcus) (Micrococcus) (Streptococcus) (Staphylococcus)” (WIII) [> coccus,-i (s.m.II), q.v., with several meanings, the basic one being a berry (fruit) or a round (spherical) object ranging in size from that of a pea (or a single grape berry) down to grains, to small round granules]; more technical meanings must be sought above (“Coccus” under the different organismal groups.

-coccus,-i (s.m.I)

[Algae] Asperococcus; Sphaerococcus

Oxycoccus, Richard. From oxys, sharp, and kokkos, a berry ; sharp acid taste of the berries. Vaccinaceae (Paxton).

-cocca,-ae (s.f.I)

CHIOCOCCA,-ae (s.f.I) [not chionococca] Bacca subrotunda, leviter compressa, nivea, coronara, disperma. (Swartz), the berry roundish, lightly compressed, snow-white, crowned, with two seeds.

- [Melicocca,-ae (s.f.I), [Honey-berry] Nux subrotunda, coriácea, glabra, baccata. Nucleus ejusdem formae, in duas partes divisibilis (Swartz), the nut somewhat round, leathery, glabrous, berry-like. The nutlet of the same shape, divisible into two parts.

- [Melicoccus bijugus] drupae nucis moschatae duplo majores, cortice tenui subfragili, nucem consistentia gelatinosa acido-dulci (vitello ovi haud absmili) indutam, tegente (Swartz), the drupes of the nuts smelling of musk, two times larger, with the skin [i.e. the peel] thin, somewhat fragile, covering the nut which is clothed with a gelatinous consistence that is sour-sweet (not dissimilar to the yolk of an egg).

- Sarcococca,-ae (s.f.I). From sarx, flesh, kokkos, a capsule; fleshy capsules. Euphorbiaceae.(Paxton).

Mallococca,-ae (s.f.I) (=Grewia, The fruit of G. asiatica is acid and pleasant; it is much used in the manufacture of sherbet (Paxton); Prunus Coccomilla.

-coccum,-i (s.n.II)

[fungus] Clathrococcum

[algae] Chlorococcum, Greville. Derived from chloros, green, and kokkos, a berry; on account of their appearance. Linn. 24, Or. 7, Nat. Or. Confervaceae. (Paxton).

C. -coccous, composed of cocci: in L. or Gk. comp.:

Adjectives: in epithets: “plant having berries, seeds, or cocci (of a specified type); berry-shaped organism; having a (specified) mericarp [coccus]; having small, rounded bodies (of a specified type)

prefix: cocci- (L.), cocco- (Gk.):

- Quercus coccifera, the kermes oak, the ‘berry’ or galls set by insects on this tree were used for produce a scarlet dye (Liddell & Scott).

- coccophorus,-a,-um (adj.A): bearing cocci.

suffix: -coccus,-a,-um (adj.A).

Adjectives: in epithets: “plant having berries, seeds, or cocci (of a specified

- diplococcus,-a,-um (adj.A), with 2 cocci; tricoccus,-a,-um (adj.A): with 3 cocci, i.e. breaking into 3 one-seeded parts; “a fruit, consisting of three cocci, or elastically dehiscing shells” (Lindley).

- tetracoccus,-a,-um (adj.A): tetracoccous, “having four cells elastically dehiscing and separating” (Lindley).

Capsule (capsula,-ae (s.f.I): tricoccous, (capsula tricocca), “when a trilocular capsule appears as if three were grown together, as in the tea-shrub, Thea viridis, Euphorbia, Ricinus, &c.; a trilocular capsule. (Capsule) berried, (baccata), when the coat is fleshy and soft” (Willdenow).

- [Xylophylla (Phyllanthaceae)] capsula 3-gona, 3-sulca, sub-3-cocca somewhat 3-[mericarped, i.e. with common mericarps], 3-locularis, 6-valvis (Swartz), capsule 3-angled, -3-grooved, 3-locular, 6-valved

- [Euphorbia] capsula pedicellata, 3-cocca, subrotunda, 3-locularis (Swartz), capsule with a pedicel, with 3 mericarps, somewhat round, 3-locular.

- capsula subrotunda, 3-cocca, 3-loc. hirta (Swartz), capsule somewhat round, with 3 mericarps, 3 loculare, hirtous.

- [Euphorbia] capsula tricocca, capsule tricoccous [i.e. with three mericarps].

- capsula 3-cocca, 1. 3-gona, 3-locularis (Swartz), capsule with 3 mericarps, [l. = ‘vel’] = or 3-angled, with 3 locules.

- fructus 2-5-coccus, cocci globosi v. angulati, laeves v. reticulati v. late alati, indehiscentes (B&H), fruit with 2-5-mericarps, the mericarps globose or with angles, smooth or reticulate or broadly winged, indehiscent.

- capsula 3-cocca, 3-locularis; loculis extus callis duobus notatis, 1-spermis (Swartz), capsule with 3 meristems, 3-locular; with the locules marked externally with two callosities [i.e. hardened parts], 1-seeded.

- capsula oblonga, sub-3-gona, tandem 3-cocca, 3-locularis, 3-valvis (Swartz), capsule oblong, somewhat 3-angled, in the end, with 3 mericarps, 3-locular, 3-valved.

- capsula subglobosa, muricata v. echinata, rarissime laevis, septicide 5-cocca, coccis loculicide 2-valvibus 1-spermis, endocarpio elastice 2-lobo soluto v. semi-adnato (B&H), capsule nearly globose, muricate or echinate, very rarely even [i.e. smooth], septicidally 5-mericarpous, with the mericarps loculicidally 2-valved, 1-seeded, with the endocarpium separated elastically into 2-lobes or halfway adnate.

NOTE: in Lichens: -coccous may mean (the thallus) (coarsely) powdery or granulose, verrucose (-areolate), with surface granules, rounded protunerances.

Lecidia Sect. L. xanthococca Vain. (lichens), the covered substrate with a beaded or granulose appearance; Thelocarpon coccosporum Lett. in Fedde (lichen);

[Lichens] Coccocarpia,-ae (s.f.I), Endococcus,-i (s.m.II), Lichen cocciferus, Cladonia coccifera; Cenomyce coccifera; Scyphophorus cocciferus

- [Synalissa polycocca] Thallus niger granulosus effusus, in glomerulis granulans quasi areolatus, glomerulis polycarpis difformibus granulis cujusvis glomeruli invicem confluentibus, majoribus hemisphaericis fertilibus (Nylander), thallus (a shining) black, granulose [i.e. full of grains], outspread, becoming grainy in glomerules, as if areolate [i.e. marked into small areas), with the polycarpous [i.e. many-fruited] glomerules of different forms [i.e. misshapen] with the granules [i.e. constituent parts] of any of which glomerules in succession confluent, with the larger hemispheric ones fertile.
Cocci: nominative plural of coccus,-i (s.m.II), q.v.


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

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