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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Circumference, “1. the line that bounds a circular plane surface or the length of this line equal to [pi] times the diameter: perimeter; periphery, circuit; 2. the surface or outer limits of a sphere or rounded body: the measure of the perimeter of a great circle or sphere; also limits, bounds” (WIII); often contrasted with ‘ad centrum,’ or ‘in centro,’ ‘at the center,’ as in Composites, the ray-flowers are circumferential, the tube flowers in the center; = linea,-ae (s.f.I) circumcurrens (part.B), abl. sg. linea circumcurrente: periphery, circumference; many of these words also refer to the outline of a figure; see outline; also used for the edge or margin of an outline; see edge, margin;

Ambitus,-us (s.m.IV), abl. sg. ambitu, a circuit, circular motion, circumference, outline, the exterior edge or periphery, perimeter;

- mares, flosculorum androgynorum, in centro fructificationis; feminae, in ambitu (Necker), the males of the androgynous florets, in the center of the fructification; the females on the periphery.

- [liverwort) frond segmentis linearibus, dichotomis, dichotomiarum angulis patentibus, radiato-expansis, ita ut frondis totius ambitus sit subrotundus (Hooker), the frond with linear, dichotomous [i.e. forked] segments, with the angles of the dichotomies [i.e. forks] spreading, expanded ina radiant manner, so that thus the circumference of the whole frond may be nearly round.

Circinatio,-onis (s.f.III), abl. sg. circinatione: circination lit. the describing of a circle, the circumference of a circle; a circle; a line describing the circular path of the planets; see circumference;

- linea,-ae (s.f.I) circinationis [gen.sg.], the line of the circular path of the planets.

- circinatio circuli (gen.sg. circulus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. circinatione circuli, the [circumferential] line of a circle.

Circumferentia,-ae (s.f.I), the circumference; see circumferentia,-ae (s.f.I).

Circuitio,-onis (s.f.III), abl.sg. circuitione; also circumitio,-onis (s.f.III), abl. sg. circumitione: a going the rounds; a digression; a circumference, compass.

Circuitus,-us (s.m.IV), abl. sg. circuitu: periphery, circumference;

- mares flosculorum androgynorum, plures in centro; in circuitu ejusdem fructificationis, femina: 4 (Necker), the males of the androgynous florets, several in the center; on the circumference of the same fructification, the females 4.

- flosculi staminiferi, ad circuitum floris, the staminiferous florets on the periphery of the flower.

Circumductus,-us (s.m.IV), abl. sg. circumductu: the circumference of a figure; a revolution, a motion in a circle (Lewis & Short);

Circumscriptio,-onis (s.f.III), abl. sg. circumscriptione: boundary, outline, circuit, circumference; a limit, contour, circuit; an encircling, a circle; more generally used to describe the outline of an object.

Perimetrum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. perimetro: perimeter, a line or strip bounding an area, the perimeter or physical boundary of a (closed) area: perimetrum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. perimetro;

Peripheria,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. periphera, q.v. = circumferentia,-ae (s.f.I), q.v.

- vacuolis contractilibus numerosis per totam cellulae peripheriam sparsis, with contractile vacuoles numerous over the whole circumference of the cell dispersed (Stearn 1983).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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