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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
castratus,-a,-um (part.A): castrated, applied to staminodes or filaments of stamens without anthers (Stearn); “when an important part is missing, as in the case of filaments which have no anthers” (Lindley); “said of a defective part, as a filament without an anther” (Jackson) [> L. castro,-avi,-atum, “to deprive of generative power (both of male and female), to emasculate, castrate, geld; (of plants) to prune, lop, prune; to shorten, cut off, curtail” (Lewis & Short), to cut short or remove with a knife]; opp. perfectus,-a,-um (part.A), finished, completed, not reduced; cf. anantherus,-a,-um (adj.A), without anthers, antherless; see antherless;

- stamina monadelpha. Antherae alternae castratae (B&H), the stamens monadelphous. The Anthers alternate, castrated [i.e. missing].

- stamina omnia connata; antherae alternae minimae, castratae (B&H), all the stamens connate; the anthers alternate, very small, castrated.

- stamina basi brevissime monadelpha, summo paullo breviore anthera castrata, caeteris omnibus perfectis (B&H), stamens at the base very shortly monadelphous, at the summit somewhat shorter, with the anther castrated, the rest all perfect.

- stamina {Phanerae) 3 perfecta, caetera parva antheris castratis v. deficientia (B&H), the stamens (of Phanera) 3, perfect, otherwise, small with the anthers castrated or [the stamens] lacking.

- stamina 10, alterna paullo breviora, omnia perfecta v. 1-3 superiora parva antheris castratis; antherae perfectae parvae, loculis longitudinaliter dehiscentibus (B&H), the stamens 10, the alternate ones somewhat shorter, all perfect of the 1-3 upper ones small, with the anthers castrated; the perfect anthers are small, with the locules longitudinally dehiscent.

- stamina 10, libera v. basi brevissime connata, omnia perfecta v. rarius summum v. 5 alterna castrata (B&H), stamens 10, free or at the base very shortly connate, all perfect or more rarely the highest [sc. stamen] or the 5 alternate ones castrate [i.e. lacking anthers[.

- HEMISPADON, Endl. in Flora, 1832, ii. 385. t. 1, et Atakta, t. 3, differre dicitur antheris alternis castratis, sed in speciminibus a nobis examinatis, cum icone citata caeterum omnino convenientibus, antherae certe omnes perfectae et uniformes (B&H), Hemispadon ... is said to differ by the alternate anthers castrated [i.e. lacking anthers], but in the specimens examined by us, with the illustration cited otherwise conforming in every respect, certainly all the anthers are perfect and uniform.

- floribus terminalibus petaliferis sed saepius sterilibus, imis, caulis basi approximatis, apetalis v. micropetalis, staminibus castratis, sed gyncecio fertili capsula 1-2-sperma donatis (B&H), with the petaliferous flowers terminal but often sterile, the lowermost ones, near to the base of the stem, lacking petals or with tiny petals, the stamens castrated, but provided with a fertile gynecium with a 1-2-seeded capsule.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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