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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Cartilago,-inis (s.f.III), abl. sg. cartilagine: cartilage, gristle; classically 'in plants, a substance harder than pulp but softer than woody fiber' (Lewis & Short); “(of plants or their fruits) a tough, fleshy substance” (Glare).

Cartilage: “a translucent elastic tissue that composes most of the skeleton of the embryos and very young of vertebrates and is for the most part converted into bone in the higher forms but remains through life the chief constituent of the skeleton of primitive forms (as the sturgeons and elasmobranchs): gristle” (WIII).

Cartilage: “a firm, elastic, flexible type of connective tissue of a translucent whitish or yellowish color; gristle; a usually translucent, somewhat elastic tissue that composes most of the skeleton of vertebrate embryos and except for a small number of structures (such as some joints, respiratory passages, and the external ear) is replaced by bone during ossification in the higher vertebrates” (Merriam-Webster).

- [Lichenoides maritimum gelatinosum crassum, intestinorum gyros referens “The curl’d fleshy Sea Lichenoides” [the thick, gelatinous marine Lichenoides resembling the convolutions of intestines]];

Crassum est & breve, solidum seu non cavum, varie sinuosum, intestinorum & mesenterii gyros referens, substantiæ durioris gelatinosæ, instar cartilaginis vel tendinis diu decocti (Dill.), it is thick and short, solid or not hollow, variously sinuose, resembling the convolutions of the intestines and mesentery, the gyres [i.e. convolutions], of a harder gelatinous substance, resembling cartilage or tendon when cooked down for a long time.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

 
 
 
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