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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Carrot: carota,-ae (s.f.I), = Gk. karOton (s.n.II), ‘carrot,’ a word in Gk. apparently not much used in the classical period (Liddell & Scott).

Daucus carota L., Wild carrot, Queen Anne's Lace. Carota is an old generic name for the carrot: > L. carota,-ae (s.f.I): a carrot.

Daucus carota L., the epithet is a noun in apposition to the genus name.

Daucum,-i (s.n.II), also daucon,-i (s.n.II) and daucus,-i (s.m.II) = Gk. daukon, “a plant of the parsnip or carrot kind, much used in medicine” (Lewis & Short; also classically daucion and daucites.

Greek daukos (s.m.II), “an umbelliferous plant growing in Crete, Athamanta Cretensis, Peucedanum Cervaria and Psychotis Amnis; also the wild carrot, Daucus Carota, “which is called [neuter] daukon (s.n.II) by Theophrastus (but, = Malabaila aurea)” (Liddell & Scott).

NOTE: there is only one ‘r’ in the Latin word (carota,-ae (s.f.I) and its compounds:

- carotiform “(Of cystidia, etc.) carrot-shaped” (S&D).

Erwinia carotovora (Jones) Holland, carrot-eater (a bacterium), causing carrot soft rot.
carrot-like, carrot-shaped: dauciformis,-e (adj.A) [Daucus carota L.]; carotiformis,-e (adj B), q.v.



carrot-red, carrot-colored, “a moderate reddish orange that is yellower and duller than crab apple or flamingo” (WIII): daucinus,-a,-um (adj.A).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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