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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
carinatus,-a,-um (adj.A): carinate, keeled, like the bottom of a boat; (bryophytes) sharply folded along the middle, like the keel of a boat; V-shaped in cross section, e.g. leaves of Grimmia affinis, Fontinalis antipyretica” (Magill 1990); “with a keel; e.g. leaves of some species of Fontinalis and Schistochila” (Magill 1990); see boat-shaped;

- perianthio 6-9-carinato differt, it differs by the perianth 6-9-keeled.

- calycis dentibus erectis, carinatis. dorso ciliatis (Swartz), with the teeth of the calyx erect, keeled, ciliate on the back.

- valvulis carinato - compressis (Swartz), with the valvules keeled-compressed.

- valvulae múticae subinaequales, altera paullo majori, ovatae acutae carinatae (Swartz), the valvules muticous, somewhat unequal, with one a little larger, [both] ovate, acute, keeled.

- fructus, subrotundus in ambitû, medio lineis 3 carinatis elevatus (Necker), the fruit nearly round in circumference, elevated in the middle with three keeled lines.

- foliolis dorso transverse carinatis, with the leaflets on the back transversely keeled.

- labello supra parce puberulo uninervio et bicarinato (F. Mueller), with the labellum above a little puberulous, with one nerve and bicarinate [i.e. with two keels].

- labellum undulatum intus quinque- vel tri-carinatum, the labellum undulate inside 5- or 3-keeled.

- sepala dorso albo- vel flavello-carinata the sepals on the back white- or yellowish-keeled.

- valvis carinatis apteris, with the valves keeled, lacking wings.

- [Diplachne] glumae 2 inferiores vacuae, sub articulatione persistentes, membranaceae, carinatae (B&H), glumes 2, the lower empty, persisting below the node, membranaceous, keeled.

- [moss] peristomium interius e ciliis sedecim lineari-subulatis, tenerrimis, punctulatis, peristomii exterioris dentes longitudine fere aequantibus (DozyMoek), in inner peristome from 16 cilia linear-subulate, very thin, with little dots [i.e. punctae], nearly equalling the teeth of the outer peristome in length.

carinato-plicatus,-a,-um (adj.A), plicato-carinatus,-a,-um (adj.A): “so plaited that each fold is like a keel, as in the peristome of some Urn-mosses” (Lindley);

- quadrangulare si septum lineare et valvulae angulo circiter recto plicato-carinatae (DeCandolle), quadrangular, if the septum is linear around a right angle to the plicate-carinate valvule.

- [moss] peristomium interius e membrana brevissima, vix exserta, vix carinato-plicata, apice fissa in processus sedecim dentibus externis breviores iisdemque alternos (DozyMoek), the inner peristome from a very short membrane, scarcely exserted, scarcely keeled-plicate, with the apex divided into 16 processes shorter than the outer teeth and alternate with them.

NOTE: a cucullate, or hooded, shape becomes “boat-shaped” when it has a keel and tapers at one or both ends into an acute (not obtuse) apex: cymbiformis,-e (adj.B), naviculatus,-a,-um (adj.A); cymbiformis,-e (adj.B), scaphoideus,-a,-um (adj.A)); see boat-shaped.

ecarinatus,-a,-um (adj.A): lacking a keel.

- plantae floribus ecarinatis (Necker), plants with the flowers lacking keels.

- petalis quinqué ecarinatis exsulcatis (F. Mueller), with the petals five, lacking a keel, lacking furrows.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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