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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Carbo,-onis (s.m.III), abl. sg. carbone: coal, charcoal (dead or burning); of glowing, burning coals; 'a piece of charcoal; the charred remains (of things other than wood);' carbon, charcoal; = Gk. anthrax,-acis (s.m.III), q.v.;

- [Peziza carbonaria; fungi] occupat satis frequens loca adusta sylvatica, carbonibus vetustioribus innata (S&A), quite frequent, it occupies burned over forested places, growing into the older charcoal [i.e. charred pieces].

- [fungi] Fig. 8- Peziza brunnea: (a) grex carboni insidens, statura naturali; individuum auctum (S&A), (a) colony situated on charcoal, in natural size; individual enlarged [i.e. magnified].

- [fungi] Duos hactenus novimus truncos abietinos vetustos, quos mira obtegit copia: alterum totum adustum, ubi ipsissimo innascitur carboni; alterum mera putredine semidestructum (S&A), we have known two thus far, which cover old fir trunks with an astonishing abundance: one the whole burned up [i.e. by fire], where it arises in the very charcoal itself; the other one half-destroyed with nothing but rot.

- [Funariaceae; moss] per orbem terrarum totum, e planitiebus ad Alpes, sed raro, ascendentes, solum argillosum, arenarium vel carbone vegetabilium mixtum vel turfosa praeferentes (C. Muell), throughout the whole world, ascending from the plains [i.e. lowlands] to the Alpes, but rare, preferring clayey, sandy, soil, or soil mixed with the charcoal of plants or boggy soil.

- [NERIUM OLEANDER] Arabes ex ejus carbone pulverem pyrium conficiunt (Desf.), the Arabs prepare ‘pyrogenic powder’ [i.e. gunpowder] from the charred remains of this [sc. plant].

(Pharm.) Carbo,-onis (s.m.III), charcoal.

(Pharm.) Carbo ligni [gen.sg. lignum,-i (s.n.II), wood charcoal.

(Pharm.) Carbon bisulphide or disulphide: carbonis [=gen.sg.] bisulphidum,-i (s.n.II) vel disulphidum,-I (s.n.II).

(Pharm.) Coal tar: pix, gen.sg. picis (s.f.III) carbonis, abl.sg. pice carbonis.

carbonaceus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v.: (in fungi) (of consistency) consisting chiefly of substances in which carbon predominates.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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