www.mobot.org Research Home | Search | Contact | Site Map  

North America
South America
General Taxonomy
Photo Essays
Training in Latin

Wm. L. Brown Center
Graduate Studies
Research Experiences
  for Undergraduates

Imaging Lab
MBG Press
Climate Change
Catalog Fossil Plants
Image Index
Rare Books

Res Botanica
All Databases
What's New?
People at MO
Visitor's Guide
Jobs & Fellowships
Research Links
Site Map


Browse by Keyword





A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

Capsule: capsula,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. capsula, nom. acc. pl. capsulae, acc. pl. capsulas, dat. & abl. pl. capsulis, lit. 'a small box or chest;' in mosses, the spore case, often differentiated into an upper spore-bearing urn and a sterile basal neck (which may be sharply differentiated as a broad apophysis, or hypophysis; see pyxis,-idis (s.f.III); pod; theca; see apophysis, urn.
Capsule, “any dry dehiscent seed-vessel” (see note) (Lindley); “1. a dry, dehiscent seed-vessel; 2. the theca of Mosses; 3. (obsol.) the perithecium or receptacle of Fungi” (Jackson); (in mosses) the spore case, often differentiated into an upper spore-bearing urn and a sterile basal neck (which may be sharply differentiated as a broad apophysis, or hypophysis; (in bryophytes) “the sporangium, q.v.; terminal spore-producing part of the sporophyte; in most mosses it is differentiated into an apical operculum, q.v., central urn, q.v. [= theca, q.v., (spore-bearing region) and a sterile basal neck, q.v. (= apophysis, q.v., = hypopysis, q.v.); in most liverworts and hornworts it is a uniform structure containing spores and elaters or pseudoeleaters” (Magill 1990) [> L. capsula,-ae (s.f.I), a small box or chest; dim. capsa,-ae (s.f.I), a box or repository]; see pyxis,-idis (s.f.III); see pyxidium,-ii (s.n.II), a circumscissile capsule;

- [fungi] agaricos putres varios incolit, perfectior sub dio; sed domi etiam fungos in capsulis stanneis aliquamdiu asservatos nonnumquam infestans (S&A); it lives on different rotted Agarics [i.e. tree fungi, or mushrooms of the genus Agaricus], the more perfect [i.e. complete] in the open air; but also in the home, the fungi, protected for a while, sometimes attacking tin boxes.

- in capsulis stanneis nostris ad fungos putridos abunde pronatum vidimus medio Septembri (S&A), we have seen it inclined to grow abundantly in our tin boxes [perhaps the vasculum, or collecting tin] on decayed fungi in the middle of September.

- capsula calyce persistente, paulo longior vel paulo brevior vel calycem aequans cylindracea membranacea apice in dentes 6 breves et stellatim patentes mox reflexos et revolutos dehiscens, capsule by a little longer or by a little shorter than the persistent calyx or equalling the calyx, cylindric membranous dehiscing at the tip into 6 short and stellately spreading teeth soon reflexed and revolute (Stearn). stearn? all?

- capsulae glabrae pars seminifera globosa 1 cm. alta, rostrum 2 cm. longum, of the glabrous capsule the seed-bearing part globose 1 cm. high, the beak 2 cm. long.

- capsula fusiformis 4-seminalis, retinaculis parvis acutis, capsule fusiform 4-seeded with retinacula small acute.

- capsula ima basi circumcirca rumpens, capsule at the very base all around breaking, i.e. circumscissile.

- capsula clavata fere ad medium solida, capsule club-shaped solid almost to the middle.

- capsula 3-5-locularis, valvis obtusis aut ad basin aut prope apicem sitis dehiscens, capsule 3-5-locular, dehiscing by blunt valves placed either at base or near the tip.

- capsulae tortulosae (id est circum semina dilatatae inter semina constrictae) uniloculares bivalves, valvis oblongis a basi ad apicem dehiscentes, capsules tortulose (i.e. around the seeds swollen, between the seeds constricted) one-chambered two-valved, with valves oblong from base to tip dehiscing.

- capsula erecta ovato-cylindrica, vaginula vix longior, sub ore tantillum constricta, foliis perichaetii immersa absconditaque, capsule erect ovate-cylindroc scarcely longer than the vaginule, below the mouth just a little constricted, by the leaves of the perichaetium covered and concealed (Stearn).

- capsula bivalvis vel rima longitudinali dehiscens, capsule bivalved or dehiscent by a longitudinal slit. [me]

- capsula semina 2-4 capiens, capsule containing 2-4 seeds

- foliis rotundatis cochleariformibus atque capsula disrumpente sectionem propriam (Schizophascum) sistens, by the rounded cochleariform leaves and also the capsule breaking away it supports its own section (Schizophascum) [me].

- valvae capsularum 7-9(10)-plo longiores quam latae, the valves of the capsules 7-9(10) times longer than wide.

- (moss) capsula anguste 8-striata sicca, vacua campanulata (Austin) with the dry capsule narrowly 8-striate, the empty [capsule] campanulate.

- [Sphaeria; fungi] sphaerulae centrales arcte congestae, marginales sparsae: adolescentes gelatina fluxili turgent quae dein capsulae etiamnum inclusa in massam albam farinaceo-viscidam maturescens abit (S&A), the central sphaerules tightly congested, the marginal ones scatteres: the adolescent [specimens] swollen with a gelatinous fluid, which then, still included in the capsule, when maturing transforms into a white, farinaceous-viscid mass.

- [Sphaeria; fungi] globulus plerumque admodum regularis postquam demum decidit, capsula hemisphaerica poro, hemi-ellipsoidea rimula recta perforata distincte cernitur; scalpelli ceterum acie, prout in hisce fungillis solemne est, multo minor (S&A), the globulus usually completely regular [i.e. uniform], after which, it falls off, then a hemispheric capsule, perforated with a half-ellipsoid pore with a straight fissure, is clearly distinguished; in other respects, by the edge of a scalpel, it is exactly, as is the custom in these very fungilli, much smaller.

Anthera,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. anthera: the anther, “used by Linnaeus for the seta and capsule of Mosses, as in Bryum” (Jackson).

Capsula,-ae (s.f.I): “(obsol.) the perithecium or receptacle of Fungi” (Jackson)

Capsula spuria (adj.A): “”a spurious capsule (obsol.) is any dry seed-vessel that is dehiscent. Also (obsol.) employed among Fungals, to denote certain kinds of perithecium, or receptacle” (Lindley).

Ceratium,-ii (s.n.II), abl. sg. ceratio: “(obsol.) what is usually called a capsula siliquiformis. A long, slender, horn-like, one-celled, superior fruit, as in Hypecoum [Papaveraceae]” (Lindley).

Collum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. collo: (in bryology) the sterile basal portion of a capsule, often strongly differentiated, the tapered base, or neck, of the capsule.

Germen,-inis (s.n.III), abl. sg. germine: formerly used for the capsule of Mosses (Jackson).

Urn, “the spore-case of Urn-mosses” (Lindley); the spore-bearing part of a bryophyte capsule, often in contrast to the sterile neck (the apophysis or hypophysis), syn. theca,-ae (s.f.I), q.v.

NOTE: germen,-inis (s.n.III), abl. sg. germine: “formerly used for the capsule of Mosses” (Jackson).

NOTE: forms of capsular dehiscence: see circumscissile, loculidicalis,-e (adj.B), poricidalis,-e (adj.B), septicidalis,-e (adj.B).


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

© 1995-2019 Missouri Botanical Garden, All Rights Reserved
4344 Shaw Blvd.
St. Louis, MO 63110
(314) 577-5100

Technical Support