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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
campester, campestris, campestre (adj.B); campestris,-e (adj.B); campestrianus,-a,-um (adj.A): “campestris. growing in open fields or plains” (Lindley); rural; “campestrian. Of plains or open country; specifically of the Great Plains of North America” (Fernald 1950); pertaining to low, flat, level areas, plains, as distinct from elevated areas: hills, mountains; cf. arvalis,-e (adj.B), arvensis,-e (adj.B), pertaining to cultivated fields or land; cf. collinus, montanus [> L. campus,-i (s.m.II), q.v., a plain); see meadow;
                singular                             plural  
       m.          f.        n.              m.        f.          n.  
Nom. campester  campestris  campestre  campestres  campestres   campestria  
Gen. campestris campestris  campestris campestrium campestrium  campestrium  
Dat. campestri  campestri   campestri  campestribus campestribus campestribus  
Acc. campestrem campestrem  campestre  campestres  campestres   campestria  
Abl. campestri  campestri   campestre  campestribus campestribus campestribus
- incolit campestiria arida petrofa, juxta littora, Jamaicae (Swartz), it inhabits open, arid, rocky [sc. loca, places] beside the coasts of Jamaica.

- in locis campestribus argillosis siccioribus per totam Europam temperatiorem et in America septentrionali (mosses; Mueller); in flat sandy drier places throughout all temperate Europe and in North America.

- in [sc. locis] campestribus argillosis humidis per totam fere Europam (Jaeg.Sauerb.), in flat places [i.e.fields], sandy, humid throughout almost all Europe.

- in [sc. locis] campestribus et pratis Thuringiae (mosses; Mueller), in the fields and pastures of Thuringia.

- prope Mediolanum ubi fontis parietem domus campestris cujusdam obducit (mosses; Mueller), near Milan where it covers the wall of the well of a certain rural house.

- Ad arbores campestres, praesertim populos (mosses; Mueller), on field trees, chiefly poplars.

- Ad trunc. arborum campestrium per magnam partem Europae (mosses; Mueller), on the trunks of the trees of the plains throughout a large part of Europe.

- Ad arbores campestres, praecipue populos, rarius ad saxa, nunquam in sylvaticis, per Europam forsan totam (mosses; Mueller), on plains trees, especially Poplars, more rarely on stones, never on forest [sc. trees] perhaps throughout all Europe.

- ad arbores et frutices campestres atque hortenses Germaniae septentrionalis (mosses; Mueller), on trees and field shrubs as well as garden of Northern Germany.

- [moss] ad saxa in terra humida, locis graminosis in pratis uliginosis in scaturiginibus totius fere orbis terrarum e regione campestri ad alpes [Jaeg. & Sauer),on stones in moist soil, grassy places, in wet meadows, in the bubbling water of almost the entire circle of lands from plains region to the high mountains.

NOTE: “The nominative masculine singular in these epithets is not -er, as in classical usage, but -is, following the usage of Linnaeus: Lathyrus palustris, Lathyrus sylvestris, Ranunculus acris, Scirpus palustris, Sonchus palustris [classical Latin acer, campester, lacuster, paluster, silvester, terrester] (Stearn 1983 p. 95).

Equisetum arvense L. fo. campestre (C.F.Schultz) Klinge, of low fields; Corydalis campestris “of the [American Great] Plains” a plant of “bluffs, barrens and prairies, Illinois to Nebraskasouth to Arkansas and Texas” (Fernald 1950); Cuscuta acmpestris “of prairies” (Fernald 1950); Ulmus campestris.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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