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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Calathidium,-ii (s.n.II), abl. sg. calathidio; calathium,-ii (s.n.II), abl. sg. calathio: the capitulum of Compositae; "the head of a Composite; preferably restricted to the involucre of the same" (Jackson) [> dim. of Gk. calathos (s.m.II), also L. calathus,-i (s.m.II)]; apparently a synonym of synanthium, q.v., a capitulum, as in Compositae: synanthium,-ii (s.n.II), abl.sg. synanthio;

NOTE: Bentham and Hooker begin their description of the Order Compositae with the following: Flores (flosculi Auct. plur.) hermaphroditi v. abortu unisexuales, plures rarius singuli in receptaculo communi (clinanthio Auct. plur.) sessiles v. subsessiles, involucro communi (periclinio Auct. plur.) e bracteis {squamis, phyllis v. phyllariis Auct. plur.) 1- [infinity sign] -seriatis liberis concretisve cincti, capitulum (anthodium v. calathidium Auct. plur.) florem singulum simulans formantes:

Flowers (‘flosculi’ of many authors) hermaphroditic or by abortion unisexual, [many] more rarely single on a common receptacle (‘clinanthium’ of many authors), sessile or subsessile, with a common involucre (‘periclinium’ of many authors) enclosed [by, or from] bracts (‘scales’, ‘phylla’ [‘leaves’, used for ‘bracts’] or ‘phyllaries’ of many authors), one to (indeterminately) seriate, free or compound [grown together], forming a capitulum (‘anthodium’ or ‘calathidium’ of many authors) simulating a single flower.

Calathodes, Hook, f. et Thoms. (Ranunculaceae).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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