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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
bifariam (adv.): bifariously, twofold; ‘on two sides,’ that is, ‘twofold,’ double, in two ways, in two places, in two parts, twice; “arranged in two rows. This term is frequently applied to flowers, and to ovules” (Lindley); syn. distiche (adv.), distichously; see -fariam (adv.); see -rowed, in rows, -ranked:

- foliis bifariam verticillatis, with the leaves whorled in two ways, in twos.

- foliolis bifariam imbricatis, with leaflets imbricate in two rows.

- ovula in loculis oo, plana, lata, deorsum bifariam imbricata (B&H), the ovules in the locules [numerous], flat, wide, downwardly inbricate in two rows.

- caule herbaceo erecto subramoso bifariam pubescente (DeCandolle), with the stem herbaceous, erect, somewhat branched, pubescent in two rows.

- caule ramoso bifariam piloso (DeCandolle), with the stem branched, pilose in two rows.

- flores sessiles, secundi, bifariam dispositi (Swartz), flowers sessile, secund [i.e. with leaves directed to one side], arranged in two rows.

- bacca globosa, coriácea, unilocularis; (bifariam plerumque dehiscens) (Swartz), berry globose, leathery, with one locule; (usually dehiscing in two parts).

- foliis linearibus subtrigonis carinatis mucronatis glabris molliterve ciliatis subtus bifariam punctatis (DeCandolle), with the leaves linear, nearly trigonous, keeled, mucronate, glabrous, or softly ciliate below, punctate in two rows.

bifariam imbricatus,-a,-um (adj.A): “imbricated in two rows” (Lindley); imbricatus,-a,-um (part.A):“overlapping, either vertically or spirally, where the lower piece covers the base of the next higher; or laterally, as in the aestivation of a calyx or corolla, where at least one piece must be wholly external and one internal” (Fernald 1950);.

- [Gramineae] solia brevia, rigida, apice angusto pungentia, demum bifariam imbricata (B&H), the leaves short, rigid, at the narrow apex pungent [i.e. strongly pointed], ultimately bifariously imbricate.

- [Gramineae] spiculae nunc majusculae, secus pedunculum dissitae, regulariter distichae, nunc minores secus rhachin confertae, bifariam imbricatae (B&H), the spikelets sometimes smaller, crowded along the rhachis, imbricate in two rows.

- foliis ovato-lanceolatis bifariis integris nitidis, racemis axillaribus ante anthesin bifariam imbricatis (DeCandolle), with the leaves ovate-lanceolate, in two rows, entire, shining, with the racemes axillary, prior to anthesis imbricate in two rows.

subbifariam (adv.): nearly in two rows, almost or somewhat in two rows;

- flosculis subsessilibus, approximatis, subbifariam secundis (Swartz), with the florets almost sessile, near one another, secund [i.e. turned to one side] in two rows.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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