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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Axis, “the stem including the root; or any center round which leaves and other such organs are arranged: (Lindley); “(of the stem, inflorescence, stc.) The central part of a longitudinal support on which organs or parts are arranged” (Fernald 1950); a straight line about which a 3-dimensional body rotates; a straight line around which a body, figure or system of points is either radially or bilaterally symmetrical; the axis of a sphere: axis,-is (s.m.III, an i-stem noun), acc. sg. axem or axin, abl. sg. axe, nom & acc. pl. axes, gen. pl. axium, dat.& abl. pl. axibus [an i-stem noun] [> L. axis,-is (s.m.III) 'an axle-tree about which a round body, such as a wheel, turns; the axis of the earth (mundus)']; see discussion at shoot; see trunk;

- carpella matura ab axi secedentia (B&H), mature carpels separating from the axis.

- zygosporae parallelae ad axes suos dispositae, zygospores parallel arranged parallel to their own axes.

- loculus parallelus ad axem, loculus parallel with the axis.

- axis mas femineus vel asexualis, axis male female or asexual.

- folia axium principalium, leaves of the main axes.

- axis transapicalis, transverse axis (Stearn).

- secus axem, secus axin, along the axis.

- ad axem versus, facing the axis.

- axes mares feminei et asexuales simplices vel ramosi, axes male female and asexual simple or branched.

- frustula circum axem apicalem torta, frustules twisted around the apical axis (Stearn 1983).

- folia axium principalium, leaves of the main axes.

- ex axibus primariis secondariis et tertiariis oriens, arising from the primary, secondary and tertiary axes.

- ovula axi collateraliter affixa: ovules collaterally affixed to the axis.

- quoque axe secundario flores hermaphroditos atque axes tertiarios floribus staminatis praeditos gerente, with each secondary axis bearing flowers hermaphroditic and also [bearing] teriary axes provided with staminate flowers.

- axibus secundariis inflorescentae plus quam trifloris, with the secondary axes of the inflorescence more than three-flowered.

- plantae fructificatione amentiformi; flosculi axin communem obtegunt; plants with an amentiform fructification (inflorescence); the flowerlets covering a common axis.

- carpella matura ab axi secedentia (B&H), mature carpells splitting apart from the axis.

- semina ∞ (parva), glabra, apice in comam sessilem producta, axi comae setiformi pilis longis plumoso (B&H), seeds [numerous] (small), glabrous, at the apex prolonged into a sessile coma [i.e. hair-tuft], with the axis of the coma bristle-like, plumose with long hairs.

NOTE: axialis,-e (adj.B): axial, relating to the axis (not the axil).

apical axis: (diatoms) axis apicalis (adj.B.), abl. sg. axe apicali.

Axis,-is (s.m.III, an i-stem noun) ascendens (adsendens) (part.B); gen. sg. axis ascendentis (adscendentis); abl. sg. axe ascendente (adscendente): the ascending axis = the stem (Lindley).

Axis,-is (s.m.III, an i-stem noun) descendens (part.B); gen. sg. axis descendentis; abl. sg. axe descendente: the descending axis = the root (Lindley).

Axis accessorius (adj.A)), abl.sg. axe accessorio: accessory axis, “an axis of a second rank; secondary to some principal axis” (Lindley); = axis secundarius (adj.A).

Caudex,-icis (s.m.III), abl. sg. caudice, nom.& acc. pl. caudices, the axis of a plant, consisting of stem and root” (Lindley); the stem or trunk of a tree; see caudex,-icis (s.m.III).

Corm: cormus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. cormo, nom. pl. cormi, acc.pl. cormos, dat. & abl. pl. cormis: “the axis of a plant, consisting of stem and root” (Lindley); see corm.

pervalvar axis: (diatoms) axis pervalvaris (adj.B), abl. sg. axe pervalvari.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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