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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Arvum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. arvo: sc. solum; ploughed field (not yet sown), “an arable field, cultivated land, a field, ploughed land” (Lewis & Short); a region, country; fields, plains, regions; cf. ager, field [> L. aro,-avi,-atum, 1. to plough, till; “to cultivate land, to pursue agriculture, to live by husbandry” (Lewis & Short)]; note that seges,-etis (s.f.III), q.v., is a field with a standing crop;

- arva pomosa, fields or regions rich in fruit [i.e. orchards, tree-fruit].

- arva deserti, regions of desert.

- arva neptunia (adj.A), the fields of Neptune, i.e. the sea.

- arvum,-i (s.n.II) bovarium (adj.A), a pasture, a cow-field, a field for cows.

- [fungi] in Potentillae argenteae foliis, quae hyemem perduravere, semivivis siccisve arva seu pascua incolens occurrit Martio , Aprili (S&A), on the leaves of Potentilla argentea, which have endured winter, it occurs, dwelling on half-dead or dry cultivated fields or pastures.

- [fungus] var. a, sylvas passim incolit; b, solum laxius praefert cultum arvorum et hortorum , in quibus haud infrequens occurrit (S&A), the var. a, everywhere inhabits forests; [var.] b. prefers the looser cultivated soil of arable fields and gardens, in which it hardly infrequently occurs.

- Hab. in fissuris rupium, rarius in arvis in omnibus partibus calidioribus Regni Granatensis (Boissier), it grows in the fissures of rocks, very rarely in cultivated fields in all the warmer parts of the Kingdom of Granada.

- provenit locis sicciusculis gramineis vel herbosis passim (v. g. Polshruch in arvo derelicto (S&A), turning up in somewhat dry, grassy or heraceous [places] (v.g. [= verbi gratia, ‘for example’] Polsbruch in an abandoned field).

- solitarius, sed tempestate humida perfrequens, non sylvas tantum acerosas frondosasque, verum et graminea aprica, versuras, pascua, imo arva, passim incolit Aprili et Maio (S&A), solitary, but very frequent in humid weather, not only does it everywhere inhabit acerose [i.e. evergreen] but also frondose [i.e. leafy or deciduous] forests, but also in fact grassy open [places, sc. loca], ploughed fields, pastures, certainly arable fields. In April and May.

- Hab. in arvis et collibus siccis circa Marbella (Boissier), it grows in dry fields and hills around Marbella.

- Hab. in arvis et pinguibus in Sierra Nevada (Boissier), it grows in arable fields and fertile places in the Sierra Nevada.

- in arvis incultis olivetisque Europae anstralioris (DeCandolle), in uncultivated fields and olive thickets in southern Europe.

- in arvis inter segetes Europae mediae (DeCandolle), in the fields among the planted corn in central Europe.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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