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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
arctic, the region around the north pole to approximately 65* N (WIII); a bitter cold; the biogeographic realm or zone “that comprises the tundra and treeless grounds lying north of timerbline in the northern hemisphere or this together with more southerly areas that are above timberline” (WIII): arcticus,-a,-um (adj.A) [> L. arcticus,-a,-um (adj.A) “pertaining to the constellation of the Bear, Gk. arktos; hence, ‘northern, arctic’ (Lewis & Short)]; cf. stygius,-a,-um (adj.A);

- species ad 20 a Mexico fere ad regionem arcticam incolae, species to 20 native from Mexico almost to the arctic region. cf. polaris ... to do

- nec in frigidis arcticis antarcticis alpinisque nec in planitiebus tropicis desunt (B&H), absent neither in frigid, arctic antarctic and alpine regions, nor in tropical plains places.

- species 10, omnes arcticae v. montium altissimorum Asiae borealis incolae (B&H), species 10, all arctic or natives of the highest mountains of northern Asia.

- species in alpibus frigidis rarae, in Arcticis Antarcticisque desunt (B&H), species rare in the frigid alps, they are absent in arctic and antarctic [sc. regions].

- circulus,-i (s.m.II) arcticus, the arctic zone or belt, the Arctic Circle; “the parallel of latitude that is approximately 66.5* nort of the equator and that circumscribes the northern frigid zone” (WIII).

- caterva specierum commode dividitur in sectiones sequentes, sed inter has nullum est discrimen bonum, nam flores interdum variant albi et aurei in eadem specie (e.g. in Arcticis et Himalayanis) (B&H); a group of species is properly divided into the following sections, but among these there is no good distinction, for the flowers sometimes vary white and golden in the same species ( e.g. in Arctic and Himalayan [species].

- species раucae terras temperatas et subarcticas Americae borealis incolunt (B&H);, a few species inhabit temperate and subarctic lands of boreal America.

- species 5, 3 Arcticae et Sibiricae, et 2 Himalayae incolae (B&H), species 5, 3 are Arctic and Siberic natives, and 2 are of Himalaya [the Himalayas].

- species in hemisphaerii borealis regionibus extratropicis maximo numero inveniuntur, et usque ad terras arcticas summasque alpes extensae (B&H), species in extratropical regions of the northern hemisphaer the largest number is found, and extend as far as the arctic lands and the summits of the alps.

Rubus arcticus, of the arctic.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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