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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Apophysis,-is (s.f.III), abl. sg. apophyse, nom. & acc. pl. apophyses, dat. & abl. pl. apophysibus: the apophysis: “a thickened elongation, or enlargement of the base of the spore-case [i.e. capsule] of an Urn-moss” (Lindley); in botany, generally referring to a swollen or expanded character; “an enlargement or swelling of the surface of an organ” (Fernald 1950); in mosses, the hypophysis, the sterile (as opp. to the upper spore-bearing urn or theca) basal portion of a capsule, sometimes differentiated as a swelling or expansion at the capsule base of a moss; = hypophysis,-is (s.f.III), q.v., = neck, q.v.; the swelling on the cone scale of some conifers; in mycology, “a swelling or a swollen filament, e.g. at the end of a sporangiophore below the sporangium in Mucorales (cf. columella), or on the stem of some species of Geastrum” (Ainsworth & Bisby); “a swollen part of the filament or a swelling of the stalk (as in certain members of the genus Geaster)” (WIII); “an expansion or swelling of the hypha (as that below the sporangium in Mucor)” (WIII) [> Gk. an offshoot or process of a bone]; see paraphysis, theca, urn; see swelling (noun);

Willdenow:

(p. 135) “The case, (theca), is the fruit of the frondose Musci. It is a dry fruit that opens in the middle with a lid, and is furnished with particular parts. (p. 137:) The Apophysis is a fleshy, round, or oblong body, that appears at the base of the theca. Sometimes it is very small, and almost imperceptible; sometimes, however, larger than the theca itself.”

- apophyse plano-umbraculiformi vel convexo-umbraculiformi, with an apophysis flattened-umbrella-like or convex-umbrellalike.

- apophyses disco-umbraculiformes, apophyses disc-umbrella shaped.

- [HIPPOMANE Mancinilla] nux lignosa, excavata sulcis & apophysibus; 3-5-locularis (Swartz), the nut woody, hollowed out, with [pronounced furrows] and enlargements [perhaps ridges between the sulci], 3-5-locular.

- (moss) theca subcylindrica apophysi rutilante nitida globoso-obovali (Mueller), theca almost cylindric, with a reddish-orange apophysis, shining, globose-oboval.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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