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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

without an annulus, without rings: exannulatus,-a,-um (adj.A).
Annulus,-i (s.m.II), abl.sg. annulo: annulus, ‘ring;’ “a ring; as that which surrounds the spore-case of a fern, or the peristome of a moss; or the membrane remaining round the stipe of an agaric when the cap has expanded. In the latter case, it is a membranous or filamentous veil, inserted on the one hand round the stem, and on the other into the edge of the pileus, so as to cover the organs of reproduction” (Lindley); “a ring, such as surrounds the sporangium in some Ferns” (Fernald 1950); (in bryophytes) a ring of differentiated cells located between the capsule and operculum to aid in dehiscence; “in stegocarpous mosses a zone of variously differentiated cells between the capsule urn and operculum, facilitting opening of the capsule” (Magill 1990); cf. valve; see circle; see armilla,-ae (s.f.I), ‘bracelet;’ in mosses see pseudannulus,-i (s.m.II); see anellus,-i (s.m.II);

In fungi: “1. a ring-like partial veil, or part of it, round the stipe after expansion of the pileus; an annulus near the top of the stipe is “superior” (an armilla, fide Gaumann & Dodge), one lower down, “inferior;” 2. (in Papulospora) the ring of cells round a bulbil” (Ainsworth & Bisby); “1. in general and commonly, the encircling band, ring, or curtain of the stipe, resulting from the loosening of the inner or partial veil from the margin of the pileus; according to Gilbert (1947), more precisely, only one of six annuliform structures, made up from the ‘hymenial veil,’ at first entirely covering the stipe of very young carpophores except the bulb, becoming attached to the pileic cutis, from which it separates with the expansion of the pileus by a simple circumcision, and finally remaining fixed to the apex of the stipe; in part, the superior annulus of Bulliard and Fries and the partial veil of Fries” (S&D);

- (moss) annulo (qui semper adest) cum operculo deciduo (Austin), with the annulus (which is always present) deciduous with the operculum.

- annulo fibrilloso ad lamellas curtas decurrentes adnato differt, it differs by the annulus fibrillose adnate to the short, decurrent lamellae.

- lobi cum involucro fere ad annulum membranaceum reducti (Steph.), the lobes with the involucre reducced almost to a membranaceous annulus.

- in Chorisia rosea columnae stamineae rami ut in Eriodendro elongati apice antheriferi, sed annulus exterior ut in Chorisia adest (B&H), in Chorisia rosea the branches of the stamineal column are as in Eriodendrum elongate, bearing anthers at the apex, but the exterior annulus exists as in Chorisia.

- antherae (vulgo subsessiles) circa gynoecium in annulum connatae v. conniventes, introrsum déhiscentes (B&H), dehiscing on the inside, anthers (commonly subsessile) around the gynoecium fused into a ring or converging [i.e. coming together without fusing].

- A. pileo convexo nudo laevi e purpureo livescente, annulo subconcolore, lamellis et stipite albis (S&A), A. with the pileus convex, naked, smooth purple to bluish-gray, with the annulus of amost the same color, with the lamellae and the stipe white.

- [fungi] infra annulum pilei margini concolor est, albescens nimirum, sed fibris rubicundis badiisve plus minus variegatus (S&A), below the annulus of the pileus, it is the same color on the margin, whitish, to be sure, but more or less variegated with ruddy or reddish-brown fibers.

Annulus inferus (adj.A): (in fungi) “the ‘inferior annulus’” (S&D).

Annulus mobilis (adj.B), abl. sg. annulo mobili: (in fungi) “In Hymenomycetes, the portion of the ruptured marginal veil remaining as a movable annular sheath upon the stipe after the expansion of the pileus; Gilbert’s ‘collar’ (S&D).

Annulus superus (adj.A): (in fungi) “the ‘superior annulus’ (S&D).

NOTE: the moss annulus may be single (singularis,-e (adj.B), or double (duplex, gen.sg. duplicis (adj.B); it may be simple (simplex,-icis (adj.B) or compound (compositus,-a,-um (part.A); superior,-ius (adj.B) or inferior (inferior,-ius (adj.B); it may be persistent (persistens,-entis (part.B), or deciduous (deciduus,-a,-um (adj.A); it may be revoluble (revolubilis,-e (adj.B):

- (mosses) annulus praesens vel nullus, singulari vel duplici, annulus present or none, superiore vel inferiore, with the annulus double or single, superior or inferior.

- (mosses) annulus latus compositus, annulus broad, compound.

Collar: “the ring upon the stipe of an Agaric; also see Collum” (Lindley); “the annulus in Agarics” (Jackson): collare,-is (s.n.III), acc. sg. collare, abl.sg. collari; see collar.

Collum,-i (s.n.II), abl. sg. collo: neck; “the annulus in Agarics” (Jackson).

Corolla,-ae (s.f.I) “(obsol.) the annulus of certain Fungals” (Lindley).

Cortina, “filamentous annulus of certain Agarics” (Lindley); 'of agarics, a partial veil, or part of one, covering the mature gills' (Ainsworth & Bisby).

Fringe: Willdenow, p. 136:

The case, (theca), is the fruit of the frondose Musci. It is a dry fruit that opens in the middle with a lid, and is furnished with particular parts. The Fringe, (fimbria,-ae (s.f.I) seu annulus,-i (s.m.II)), is a narrow sinuated membrane, that is set with small membranaceous teeth, and lies within the operculum. This body possesses great elasticity, and thus serves to throw off the operculum from the theca.

Indusium,-ii (s.n.II) “(obsol.) the annulus of some Fungals” (Lindley).

Involucre, “ a ring or rings of bracts surrounding several flowers. (obsol.) also the peridium, volva, or annulus of some Fungals” (Lindley): involucrum,-i (s.n.II), abl.sg. involucro, nom.& acc.pl. involucra, dat.& abl.pl. involucris.

Velum,-i (s.n.II), q.v.: “the annulus of certain Fungals” (Lindley).

Anthrax,-acis (s.m.III), abl. sg. anthrace, charcoal, coal = L. carbo,-onis (s.m.III), q.v.; also “a precious stone of dark-red color, including the carbuncle, ruby and garnet; hence, carbuncle, malignant pustule (according to some, small-pox) (Liddell & Scott); (classical) natural cinnabar (the color of which is like a burning coal); (medicine) a virulent ulcer (in pure Lat. carbunculus) (Lewis & Short); see carbunculus,-i (s.m.II), pustula,-ae (s.f.I), ulcer [> Gk. anthrax,-akos (s.m.III), coal or charcoal]; see charcoal; see coal.

Anthrax,-acis (s.m.III), an infection caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis, the most common form being cutaneous anthrax, “in which large, (charcoal-)black-colored skin lesions are formed” (Wikipedia 2017).


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

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