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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
annual, lasting a year, recurring yearly; “flowering and fruiting in the same year in which it is raised from seed” (Lindley); “of only one year’s duration. Winter-annual, a plant from autumn-sown seed which glooms and fruits in the following spring” (Fernald 1950); (in fungi) “completing growth in one season” (S&D): annuus,-a,-um (adj. A); see yearly; see summer annual, winter annual; cf. perennis,-e (adj.B), lasting throughout the year and from year to year; see perennial; cf. biennis,-e (adj.B), biennial, q.v., continuing two years;

- radices perennes lignosae seu herbaceae annuae (DeCandolle), the roots perennial, woody or herbaceous, annual.

- herba annua, annual herb.

- herbae saepe perperam annuae dictae (B&H), herbs often incorrectly called annuals.

- herbae nunc perennes v. suffruticosae, nunc annuae, ramosae, herbs sometimes perennial or subshrubby, sometimes annual, branches.

- herbae annuae, imprimis vernales, herbs annual, principally vernal (of spring).

- herbae annuae perennes v. suffrutescentes rarius fruticosae, annual, perennial or subshrubby, more rarely shrubby.

- herbae annuae radice fibrosa, v. perennantes caudice lignoso (B&H), annual herbs with a fibrous root or perennial [herbs] with a woody caudex.

summer annual (plant), q.v., spring-germinating, dying by autumn; planta,-ae (s.f.I) annua (adj.A), planta aestivalis (adj.B) or aestiva (adj.A).

winter annual (plant), q.v., autumn germinating, overwintering and dying the following autumn; planta,-ae (s.f.I) annua (adj.A) hiemalis (adj.B).

NOTE: herbaceus,-a,-um (adj.A), q.v., “producing an annual stem from a perennial root” (Lindley);

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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