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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Animal: animal (s.n.III), gen. sg. animalis, acc. ag. animal, dat. & abl. sg. animali, nom. & acc. pl. animalia, gen. pl. animalium, dat. & abl. pl. animalibus; syn. Gk. zoon,-i (s.n.II), q.v., = ‘animal;’ see zoo-; for declension; see -al; cf. bestia,-ae (s.f.I), abl. sg. bestia, 'beast;'

NOTE: the ending in the abl. sg. is -i (animali) not -e, as one would expect.

- foetidissimum animalium, most foetid of the animals (the goat).

- semina ope animalium dispersa, seeds dispersed with the aid of animals.

- paullo post substantia fuscescente ac persistente exacte ad instar cruoris animalis aeri expositi, somewhat afterward the substance grows brownish and persistent exactly like the blood of animals when exposed to the air.

- herba (quae paludosa videtur ) animalibus infesta et a Dorabeyo Centella dicta, (DeCandolle), an herb (which seems a swamp plant) attacked by animals and called Centella by Dorabeyus.

- Vera biologia nititur perfecta anatomica cognitione organorum quorum opere vita peragitur. Hoc respectu plantae conveniunt cum animalibus. (DozyMoek), true biology rests upon complete anatomical knowledge or the organs by the work of which life is accomplished. In this respect, plants correspond with animals.

- stercora passim obtegit animalium variorum, locis humentibus sylvaticis vel alio modo umbrosis jacentia — succerdas, muscerdas etc. coelo praesertim madente (S&A), everywhere it covers over the droppings thrown down of various animals, in moist forest places or, in another place, only shady places - swine dung, mouse dung etc. primarily in wet weather.

NOTE: some irregularities in declension: the abl. sg. ends in -i, not the expected -e, and the gen. pl. ends in -ium, rather than -um (an i-stem noun, q.v.). This is the only third declension neuter noun ending in -al to be declined this way. The word ‘bestia,-ae (s.f.I)’ or 'beast' is a creature without reason, as opposed to 'man,' whereas 'animal' is a living being that includes man. As 'animal' as a noun, seems to be formulated originally as an adjective, one might wonder that there was a noun, now forgotten, once associated with this word; see bestia,-ae (s.f.I); see serpens,-entis (part.B).

Herbivore: animal (s.n.III) herbaticum (adj.A), gen. sg. animalis herbatici, nom. & acc. pl. animalia herbatica, grass- or herb-eating animals; see herbaticus,-a,-um (adj.A); animal herbivorum (adj.A), gen. sg. animalis herbivori; see -vorus,-a,-um (adj.A).

Regnum Animalia, the Kingdom Animalia or Animal Kingdom (Animalia, a nom. pl. neuter noun is a noun in apposition to Regnum (a nom.sg. neuter noun); see regnum,-i (s.n.II)’ see also Order.

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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