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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
Albumen,-inis (s.n.III), acc. sg. albumen, abl. sing. albumine, nom.& acc. pl. albumina, gen. pl. albuminum, dat. & abl. pl. albuminibus: albumin, the white of an egg or eye; “the matter that is interposed between the skin of a seed and the embryo, or the vitellus if there is one. Matter deposited in the cells of the nucleus during the growth of the seed” (Lindley); “any deposit of nutritive material accompanying the embryo” (Fernald 1950); considered to be an archaic form of endosperm (WIII); see ‘album;’ see endospermium,-ii (s.n.II), dat. & abl. sg. endospermio.

"This store of starchy or oily food-material accompanying the embryo, by which it is absorbed during germination, instead of during seed-formation as in exalbuminous seeds (semina exalbuminata) which lack such a separate store at maturity, may be abundant (albumen copiosum), or scanty (parcum) its substance mealy (farinaceum), oily (oleosum), fleshy, i.e. firm but easily cut (carnosum), mucilaginous (mucilaginosum) or even fluid (liquidum), cartilaginous (cartilagineum), horny (corneum), bony (osseum), hard (durum) or almost woody (subligneum), stony (scleroideum), solid (solidum), and uniform (aequabile), or hollow (cavum), with a central or ventral cavity (cavitate centrali vel ventrali exsculptum), or ruminate (ruminatum) by intrusions of the seed-coat (plicis irregularibus testae); see endopleura,-ae (s.f.I); see endosperm;

- albumen copiosum carnosum nec farinaceum, albumen abundant fleshy not floury (Stearn).

- embryo intra albumen parcissimum mucilaginosum homotrope arcuatus, embryo within the very scanty mucilaginous albumen in the same direction as the seed curved (Stearn).

- Albumen saepius farinosum embryone peripherico v. excentrico (B&H), the albumin more frequently farinose, with the embryo peripheral or off-center.

- embryo ratione albuminis longior in Menispermaceis pluribus et in generibus paucis aliorum Ordinum. (B&H),the embryo is in proportion to the albumin longer in many Menispermaceae and in a few genera of other Orders.

- embryo in albumine copioso insigniter ruminato parvus v. minutus. (B&H),

- Embryo in basi albuminis cornei v. rarins carnosi minimus. (B&H), the embryo at the horney or more rarely fleshy base of the albumin, very small.

- embryo albuminis dimidium superans, (B&H), the embryo rising above half of the albumin.

- ab Anonaceis albumine non ruminato, from the Anonaceae by the albumin not ruminate (chewed-looking, ‘from plications of the seed-coat’).

- embryo in axi albuminis cylindricus, (B&H), the embryo in the axis of the albumin cylindric.

cinctus,-a,-um (part.A): encircled, girdled, enclosed, “used of albumen when surrounded by an annular embryo” (Jackson).

Medula,-ae (s.f.I) seminis (gen.sg. semen), “(obsol.) the albumen of seeds” (Lindley).

Vitellus,-i (s.m.II), abl. sg. vitello: “an old name for peculiar albumen which in some cases is deposited within the embryo-sac” (Jackson).

NOTE: the English spelling is [usually] ‘albumin “(from L. albumen) + -in; originally formed as F[rench] albumine” (WIII).

NOTE: albumen “1 the white of an egg, 2, egg albumin 2. archaic: endosperm 3 albumin” (WIII).

NOTE: Secundinae (pl.f.I) internae (adj.A), “an old term for Albumen of a seed” (Jackson); see secundina,-ae (s.f.I).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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