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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

 
aggregate, aggregated: aggregatus,-a,-um (part.A + in and acc. ), clustered, collected together; “several things collected together into one body; as the Achenia in the fruit of a strawberry [Fragaria]; the flowers of Cuscuta” (Lindley); “heaped or crowded into a dense cluster, but not cohering; cf. agglomerate” (Fernald 1950) [> L. agggrego,-avi,-atum 1., to add to a flock or group, to add to, reckon among, to bring or add to a flock]; see clustered; cf. coacervatus, heaped together; cf. cumulatus, heaped;

- sporophyta e uno perichaetio aggregata, sporophytes from one perichaetium aggregate.

- floribus in capitulum aggregatis, with flowers into a head clustered.

- plasmodium (s.n.II) aggregatum, aggregate plasmodium.

- flores in fasciculos aggregati, flowers clustered together into fascicles.

- staminum filamenta in fascículos 3 plus minus aggregata (B&H), the filaments of the stamens clustered into fascicles of more or less three.

- flores in fascículos laterales aggregati, flowers collected into lateral fascicles.

- pedunculi axillares, solitarii v. aggregati, peduncles axillary, solitary or clustered.

- Flores in cymas bracteatas v. receptaculum involucratum densissime aggregati (B&H), flowers into bracteate cymes or the invulucral receptacle very densely clustered.

- Flores parvi, ad apices ramulorum subumbellati v. capitatim aggregati(B&H), flowers small, at the apices of the branchlets subumbellate or aggregated into heads.

- antherae lineares, subsessiles, in massam secundam aggregatae v. connatae (B&H), anthers linear, subsessile, aggregated or connate into a unilateral mass.

- cymis ad axillas in panículas densas fasciculiformes aggregatis (B&H), with cymes clustered in the axils into dense fascicle-like panicles.

NOTE: 'in aggregate', in statu aggregato.
Aggregate fruit, a fruit formed by the coherence of pistils that were distinct in the flower, as a blackberry: fructus,-us (s.m.IV) aggregatus, abl.sg. fructu aggregato; see fruit, multiple fruit.

In the Raspberry and Bramble [Rubus spp.], we have a kind of etaerio formed of a number of little drupes, or drupels as these small drupes are sometimes termed, crowded together upon a dry thalamus. The etaerio and its modifications are placed by Lindley under a class of fruits called by him aggregate fruits, the characters of more than a single series which are 'Ovaria strictly simple, produced by each flower.' The term aggregate is also by some botanists applied to fruits which are the produce of several flowers” (Bentley); see etaerio,-onis (s.f.III).

 

A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2017

 
 
 
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