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A Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin

abietinus,-a,-um (adj.A): abietine, of, or growing upon firs (Abies); (epithet) Abies-like; “resembling the fir tree” (Stearn 1996);

- disco trunci abietini serra truncati innatum (S&A), adherent on a sawnoff disc of the trunk of a fir (tree) cut off with a saw.

- in ligno semiputri serra truncato (abietino, ut videbatur) semel reperta (S&A), on half-rotted wood cut with a saw (fir, as it seemed) found once.

- truncos abietinos aliosque praeamat vulgatior a, folia ac varias quisquilias humi degentes locis praesertim tectis b; utraque aestiva et autumnalis (S&A), it loves very much fir-tree trunks and other [trees], more common a, leaves and various litter living on the ground, especially roofs b; each one of summer and autumn.

- in ramulis frondosis rarior: praefert enim cortices pineos abietinsque (S&A), more rare on leaf-bearing [i.e. deciduous hard-wood] branches, for it prefers the bark of pines and firs.

- in pinetis (vix in sylvis abietinis, nedum frondosis) (S&A), in pine-woods (scarcely in fir-forests, much less frondose [i.e. deciduous].

- (fungi) disco trunci abietini serra truncati innatum (S&A), adherent with the disc to the fir-trunk by a truncate tooth.

- [fungi] [var. alpha] ramulis siccis deciduis, muscis, foliis etc. innata in abietinis umbrosis ineunte Septembri (B&H), grown up on dry branchlets, mosses, leaves, etc. of shaded Abies at the onset of September.

- vulgaris occurrit ad ramos tiliaceos, quercinos , abietinos etc. praesertim tamen in populneis abundantissima: autumno, frequentior vere (S&A), common, it occurs on tiliaceous branches, oaken, fir, etc., especially however most abundant on Poplar: in autumn, more frequent in spring.

- [moss] in sylvis abietinis, plantis putredine decompositis vel stercore vaccino insidens vetusto, socio Splachno gracili, haud raro occurrit (c. Mueller), in fir forests, situated on plants decomposed by putrefaction or on old cow dung, it does not rarely occur in the society of Splachnum gracilis.

- [fungus] arcte caespitosus vel fascicularis truncis putridis praeprimis abietinis innascitur fungus serotinus (S&A), a late-developing fungus tightly caespitose or in fascicles, arises primarily on rotted fir trunks.

Dendroalsia abietina (Hook.) Britt., although preferring angiospermous substrates, the name of this moss perhaps is due to its growth in the cedar-hemlock-larch ecozone of northern Idaho, NW Montana and SE British Columbia; Polyporus abietinus, a fungus growing on the dead wood of conifers; Thuidium abietinum, a pleurocarpous moss species “named in reference to a supposed resemblance to Abies, or fir, perhaps in the flat manner of branching” (Crum & Anderson 1981).

Abietinella, a genus of mosses: the adj. + dim. -ella.

abiegnus,-a,-um (adj.A), abiegneus,-a,-um (adj.A): made of fir (Abies), fir-wood, or deal (i.e. pine or fir wood); pertaining to fir trees, like fir (Abies,-etis (s.f.III), q.v.; cf. salignus,-a,-um (adj.A), saligneus,-a,-um (adj.A), ‘of willow or willow-wood, pertaining to willow;’

Deal (Eng. noun): in forestry, a plank of softwood timber, such as fir or pine, or such planks collectively; the sawn wood of various coniferous trees, such as that from the Scots pine (red deal) or from the Norway Spruce (white deal) [The Free Dictionary]; see beam.

- trabs,-is (s.f.III) abiegna, a board of fir-wood or deal, fir-wood timber.

- ad ligna item abiegna, on wood, likewise fir-wood.

- in sylvis acerosis vulgares: in dumetis frondosis semel lecta; in abiegnis, haud rara (S&A), common in needle-leaved forests; once collected in deciduous thorn-thickets; on fir-wood it is not rare.

- lignis abiegnis putrilagine in superficie contaminatis (Hedw.), with fir-wood on the surface contaminated with rottenness.

- [fungi] in abiegnis muscosis hinc inde, non infrequens (S&A), here and there on mossy fir-wooded places, not infrequent.

- [fungi] in muscosis umbrosis abiegnis (S&A), on mossy, shady fir-woods [sc. locis].

- [fungi] eligit sibi ligna humentia putredine emollita inprimis pinea et abiegna, quae neutiquam rara incolit vere et aestate (S&A), it selects for itself moist timber softened with decomposition chiefly pine and fir [cf. ligna] wood, which lives not at all rare in spring and summer.

- [fungi] in lignis pineis abiegnisque hinc inde (S&A), here and there on pine and fir wood.

- [fungi] in pinetis et abiegnis frequens, autumno (S&A), in pine associations and fir frequent, in autumn.

- [fungi] cinnamomea plerumque: colore tamen etiam variat luteo, flavo, imo ochroleuco, quo insignem semel in trunco abiegno invenimus caespitem. Aprili (S&A), usually cinnamom (colored): however it also varies with the color a deep yellow, paler yellow, even ochre-white [i.e. yellowish-white], by which once we found a remarkable clump on a fir trunk. In April.

- [fungi] species admodum vulgaris ligna cariosa putrida, inprimis pinea et abiegna, ubique incolit agmine denso (S&A), a species altogether common, it dwells everywhere, especially in [cf. locis] pine- and fir-places [i.e. in pine and fir-woods] in a dense multitude.

- [fungi] ligna putria pinea (nec abiegna hactenus) frequens colit Apr. Mai. Jun. (S&A), it lives frequent on putrifying pine wood (not so far on fir). In April, May, June.

- [fungi] aliquoties in cortice abiegno vere, aestate. (S&A), several times on fir bark in spring, summer.

- [fungi] sylvarum apprime abiegnarum amat penetralia umbrosa, quae copiose incolit Septembri et Octobri (S&A), it loves the shaded interior of especially forests of fir-trees, which copiously live in September and October.

- [fungi] in sylvis acerosis, praesertim abiegnis, locis humidis copiose. (S&A), in needle-leaved [i.e. coniferous] forests, especially firs, copiously [sc. incolit, it lives or dwells] in moist places.

- [fungi] in abiegnarum sylvarum umbris neutra rara (S&A), neither rare in the shades of fir forests.

- [fungi] in abiegnis unico tantum loco solitarium invenimus: praefert enim apud nos quoque nemora et ambulacra frondosa umbrosa subhumentia — crescens v. c. in hortis ad Jankendorfi; in ambulacro amoeno illo, quod est inter arcem aedemque sacram Ullersdorfensem; in fageto umbroso montis Löbaviensis satis frequens (S&A), we have found it solitary in only one place on fir [-wood]: for it chooses with us also woodlands and leafy [i.e. deciduous trees] shaded, somewhat humid avenues - growing for example in the gardens at Jankendorf; in that visually beautiful avenue, which is between the citadel and the holy shrine at Ullersdorf; in a shady beech wood of the Löbaviensis mountain quite frequent.

- [fungi] colore vivace praepulchro, quo oculos e longinquo allicit, sylvarum (quas praeamat) abiegnarum muscosarum umbras mire exhilarat (S&A), with a color gaily, intensely beautiful, by which it attracts the eyes from a distance, it enlivens wonderfully the shadows (which it loves above all) of mossy, fir forests.

- [fungi] frequens in sylvis acerosis, in greges ingentes saepe effusa, truncos pineos abiegnosve putrescentes totos quantos tegit (S&A), frequent in needle-leaved [i.e. coniferous] forests, often widespread in huge groups, it covers over as much as entire decaying pine or fir trunks.

- in abiegnis muscosis aere pluvio frequens. Augusto, Septembri. (S&A), frequent on mossy fir-wood in rainy weather. In August, September.

- ligni pinei et praesertim abiegni cupidus: quandoque sylvaticus et truncigenus; sed saepius hortensis domesticusve ad asseres, palos etc.(S&A), fond pf pine wood and especially fir: now and then [the wood] is native to forests and born on trunks; but more often it is of gardens or domestic, on beams, fence-posts etc.

- ibidem etiam var. g, aliquoties reperta ad caudices abiegnos locis madidis suffocatis jamdudum projectos, putredine jamjam dissolvendos (S&A), in the same place also the var. g, several times found projected out for a long time now on fir trunks in wet, stifling places, as it is already dissolving with decay. Abies,-etis Mill. (s.f.III), abl.sg. Abiete: the fir-tree (Pinus picea, L.), the classical Latin name (Pinaceae); Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. forma hudsonia (Jacques) Fern. & Weath.; A. Fraseri (Pursh) Poir. fo. prostrata (Rehd.); Pholiota abietis (gen.sg.), a mushroom found on conifer wood.
  singular  plural    Abies,-etis Mill. (s.f.III) ‘fir-tree’

Nom. Abies     Abietes 
Gen. Abietis   Abietum 
Dat. Abieti    Abietibus 
Acc. Abiem     Abietes 
Abl. Abiete    Abietibus
NOTE: Abies, the fir-tree of classical Latin, has its genitive singular in -etis, hence is a third (not a fifth) declension noun.

- abietis arbor, the fir-tree.

- trabecula ligni Pini Abietis putrilagine contaminata (Hedw.), small beams of the wood of the Pine Abies contaminated with rot.

- [lichen] formam diminutam ad ligna putrescentia Abietis prope Mont-Dore Arverniae in Gallia legi (Nyl.), I have collected a small [cf. depauperate] form on the putrescent wood of a fir near Mont-Dore of Arvernia in France.

- [lichen] in pinetis Scandinavicis, ad ligna et cortices, praesertim ad truncos pini vel abietis vetustos decorticatos (Nyl.), in Scandinavian pine-woods, on the wood and bark, chiefly on the very old decorticated trunks of pine or fir.

- [lichen] ad lignum induratum abietis in Vogesis (Mougeot). (Nyl.), on the hardened wood of fir [trees] in the Voges [Mountains].

- [lichen] supra rupes, terram muscosam et ad radices abietum in Helvetia, (Nyl.), over rocks, mossy earth and on the roots of firs in Switzerland.

- [fungi] occurrit in Abiete hinc inde, sed parum frequens (S&A), it occurs here and there on Abies, but is not very frequent.

- [fungi] abundantissima var. utraque in acubus Pinorum — Abietis, ubi major est et perfectior (S&A), both varieties very much abundant on the needles [sc. leaves] of Pines- Abies, in which place it is larger and more perfect [i.e. complete].

- [fungi] legimus speciem raram in terra rasa acubus obtecta sub Abiete (S&A), we have collected the species [scattered, thin] on polished [i.e. cleared] earth overspread with needles under Fir.

- [fungi] utraque in Abiete Pinove putrefacta ac paene consumta hinc illinc reperta; ineunte Augusto (S&A), both [sc. varieties] are found here and there on rotted and almost consumed Abies or Pinus.

- [fungi] In foliis Abietis (propaginum inprimis novarum) maculae steriles dilutiores vulgatae (S&A), the paler sterile spots common on the leaves of Abies (especially of young shoots).

- [fungi] parasitatur species distinctissima solitaria gregariaque in Strobilis Pinorum sylvestris [sic] et Abietis (S&A), a most distinctive species, solitary and gregarious parasitic on the cones of the [wild] Pines and Fir.

- [fungi] vulgaris utraque in sylvis acerosis: [var. B], in Pino aeque ac Abiete epixyla (S&A), each [sc. variety] common in needle-leaved [i.e. coniferous] forests: (var. B), as epixylic on Pine as equally on Fir.

- [fungi] innascitur varietas haecce elegantula notabilis acubus Pinorum, inprimis Abietis, hinc illinc frequens (S&A), this particular elegant, remarkable variety grows here and there on the needles of Pines, especially fir [= Pinus abies L.].

- [fungi] in sylvarum penetralibus opacis truncos ramosve deciduos colit Abietis, sed et Capreae, Coryli etc. (S&A), it lives in the dark interior of forests on trunks or fallen branches of Abies, but also of [Salix?] Caprea, Corylus, etc.

- [fungi] utramque var. mixtam alimus loco unico ad Abietum truncos radicesque coelo pluvio frequentem (S&A), we maintain each variety mixed in one place on the trunks and roots of Abies [sc. trees] frequent in rainy weather.

- [fungi] vulgaris occurrit in sylvis abietinis (nec aliis) umbrosis muscosis, ubi ad radices praesertim Pinorum Abietis ac piceae, quarum ramulis dejectis emortuis inhaerere solet (S&A), common, it lives in shaded, mossy fir-forests (not other ones), where on the roots especially of Pines, Abies and picea, it is accustomed to adhering to fallen, dead branchlets

Pinus abies L. = Picea abies, the Norway spruce.


A work in progress, presently with preliminary A through R, and S, and with S (in part) through Z essentially completed.
Copyright © P. M. Eckel 2010-2018

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