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Illustrated Flora

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We present 100 representative species that grow in the páramo of CNP. They are not necessarily the most common species, but they are showy, easy to find, and relatively easy to identify. Included are only native plants. We believe that by recognizing, naming, and understanding the use of the wild plants found in CNP the reader will gain an increased appreciation of the flora of the Park and Ecuador, and will strive to protect them and the environment.

The species are arranged in alphabetical order by families. For each species there is its scientific name (Latin binomial and author), the family, a description and distribution, and a photograph taken in CNP. The scientific name has a link to the TROPICOS database where addition information on the species and specimens can be found. The descriptions are short and present a summary description of the plant with the most important information for its identification and differentiation. The description is generally divided into five parts: the life form and its maximum height; the leaves with their arrangement on the stem, the shape, maximum length, the margins, etc.; the inflorescences that are the arrangement of flowers; the flowers with their size, shape and color, occasionally are mentioned the stamens and pistils if they are showy; and finally, for some species, there are notes about the fruits. Although an effort has been made to use a very simple vocabulary, without losing the scientific rigor, sometimes, technical words were used and can be consulted in the glossary. Although the descriptions present the maximum measurements of the various parts of the plant, the user does not have to take them strictly since natural variation exists. The descriptions were based on plant material collected in CNP. Below the formal plant description is a paragraph on the general distribution of the species by countries. It is also here noted if the plant is endemic to Ecuador or if it is a narrow endemic restricted to CNP. The next sentence describes briefly the distribution within the Park's páramo environment.

©C. Ulloa Ulloa & P.M. Jørgensen, photographs.
Flora Ilustrada


    by Latin Name

Use % as a wildcard before, in the middle
of, or after a portion of a word.

 by color
Alstroemeriaceae

Bomarea glaucescens (Kunth) Baker

Apiaceae

Arracacia elata Wolff
Azorella pedunculata (Spreng.) Mathias & Constance
Eryngium humile Cav.

Asteraceae

Baccharis caespitosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.
Baccharis genistelloides (Lam.) Pers.
Chuquiraga jussieui J. F. Gmelin
Diplostephium ericoides (Lam.) Cabrera
Diplostephium glandulosum Hieron.
Dorobaea pimpinellifolia (Kunth) B. Nord.
Gynoxys cuicochensis Cuatrec.
Gynoxys miniphylla Cuatrec.
Hieracium frigidum Wedd.
Hypochaeris sessiliflora Kunth
Loricaria thuyoides (Lam.) Sch. Bip.
Oritrophium crocifolium (Kunth) Cuatrec.
Pentacalia arbutifolia (Kunth) Cuatrec.
Pentacalia vacciniodes (Kunth) Cuatrec.
Perezia pungens (Bonpl.) Less.
Senecio chionogeton Wedd.
Werneria nubigena Kunth
Werneria pumila Kunth
Werneria pygmaea Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.
Xenophyllum humile (Kunth). V.A. Funk
Xenophyllum roseum (Hieron.) V. A. Funk

Berberidaceae

Berberis lutea Ruiz & Pav.

Brassicaceae

Cardamine jamesonii Hook.
Draba steyermarkii Al-Shehbaz

Bromeliaceae

Puya clava-herculis Mez & Sodiro

Calceolariaceae

Calceolaria rosmarinifolia Lam.

Campanulaceae

Lysipomia vitreola McVaugh

Caryophyllaceae

Cerastium floccosum Benth

Cyperaceae

Scirpus rigidus Boeck

Ephedraceae

Ephedra americana Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.

Equisetaceae

Equisetum bogotense Kunth

Ericaceae

Disterigma empetrifolium (Kunth) Drude
Pernettya prostrata (Cav.) DC.
Vaccinium floribundum Kunth

Escalloniaceae

Escallonia myrtilloides L.f.

Fabaceae

Lupinus microphyllus Desr.

Gentianaceae

Gentiana sedifolia Kunth
Gentianella cerastioides (Kunth) Fabris
Gentianella hirculus (Griseb.) Fabris
Gentianella hyssopofila (Kunth) Fabris
Gentianella longibarbata (Gilg) Fabris
Gentianella rapunculoides (Willd. ex Schult.) J. S. Pringle
Halenia serpyllifolia J. S. Pringle

Geraniaceae

Geranium multipartitum Benth.

Grossulariaceae

Ribes lehmannii Janc.

Haloragaceae

Myriophyllum quitense Kunth

Hypericaceae

Hypericum aciculare Kunth

Iridaceae

Sisyrinchium palustre Diels

Isoëtaceae

Isoëtes novo-granadensis H. P. Fuchs

Lamiaceae

Clinopodium nubigenum (Kunth) Kuntze
Stachys elliptica Kunth

Lentibulariaceae

Pinguicula calyptrata Kunth

Lycopodiaceae

Huperzia crassa (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Rothm.

Malvaceae

Nototriche hartwegii A. W. Hill

Melastomataceae

Brachyotum jamesonii Triana
Miconia chionophila Naudin
Miconia salicifolia (Bonpl. ex Naudin) Naudin

Onagraceae

Fuchsia vulcanica André

Orchidaceae

Epidendrum tenuicaule F. Lehm. & Kraenzl.
Pleurothallis coriacardia Rchb. f.

Orobanchaceae

Bartsia laticrenata Benth.
Bartsia pedicularioides Benth.
Castilleja fissifolia L. f.
Pedicularis incurva Benth.

Oxalidaceae

Oxalis phaeotricha Diels

Passifloraceae

Passiflora cumbalensis (H. Karst.) Harms

Piperaceae

Peperomia graveolens Rauh & Barthlott

Plantaginaceae

Plantago australis Lam.
Plantago rigida Kunth

Poaceae

Chusquea villosa (L. G. Clark) L. G. Clark [Neurolepis villosa]
Paspalum bonplandianum Flüggé
Calamagrostis intermedia (J. Presl) Steud.

Polygalaceae

Monnina crassifolia (Bonpl.) Kunth

Portulacaceae

Calandrinia acaulis Kunth

Potamogetonaceae

Potamogeton paramoanus R.R. Haynes & Holm-Nielsen

Pteridaceae

Jamesonia goudotii (Hieron.) C. Chr.

Ranunculaceae

Ranunculus flagelliformis Sm.
Ranunculus praemorsus Kunth ex DC.

Rosaceae

Geum peruvianum Focke
Hesperomeles obtusifolia (Pers.) Lindl.
Lachemilla hispidula (L. M. Perry) Rothm.
Lachemilla orbiculata (Ruiz & Pav.) Rydb.
Polylepis reticulata Hieron.
Potentilla dombeyi Nestl.
Rubus coriaceus Poir.

Rubiaceae

Arcytophyllum filiforme (Ruiz & Pav.) Standl.
Arcytophyllum vernicosum Standl.
Galium hypocarpium (L.) Endl. ex Griseb.

Scrophulariaceae

Ourisia chamaedrifolia Benth.

Valerianaceae


Valeriana henricii (Graebn.) Eriksen
Valeriana microphylla Kunth
Valeriana plantaginea Kunth
Valeriana rigida Ruiz & Pav.
Valeriana secunda B. Eriksen

Violaceae

Viola pygmaea Juss. ex Poir.

 
 
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