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Articles or books by two or more authors are cited as follows. When there are two authors, citation is alphabetical after the second author's name. When there are three or more authors, references are cited in the body of the text as (e.g.) Chase et al. 2000a, 2000b, 2000c, and are listed following these sometimes alphabetically qualified dates of publication immediately after all the single- or two-authored articles by the first author.

Ma, G. [et al. 2012], Zhang, X., Bunn, E., & Dixon, K. 2012. Megasporogenesis and embryogenesis in three sympatric Posidonia seagrass species. Aquat. Biol. 100: 1-7.

Ma, H. [et al. 2015], Lu, J., Liu, B.-B., He, X.-D., & Liu, J.-Q. 2015. Phylotranscriptomic analyses in plants using Betulaceae as an example. J. Syst. Evol. 53: 403-410.

Ma, J. [et al. 2013], Yang, B., Zhu, W., Sun, L., Tian, J., & Wang, X. 2013. The complete chloroplast genome sequence of Mahonia bealei reveals a significant expansion of the inverted repeat and phylogenetic relationship with other angiosperms. Gene 528: 120-131.

Ma, J. F., & Takahashi, E. 2002. Soil, Fertilizer, and Plant Silicon Research in Japan. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Ma, L. [et al. 2015], Hatlen, A., Kelly, L. J., Wang, W., Kovarik, A., Leitch, I. J., & Leitch, A. R. 2015. Angiosperms are unique among land plant lineages in the occurrence of key genes in the RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM) pathway. Genome Biol. Evol. 7: 2648-2662.

Ma, O. S. W., & Saunders, R. M. K. 2003. Comparative floral ontogeny of Maesa (Maesaceae), Aegiceras (Myrsinaceae) and Embelia (Myrsinaceae): Taxonomic and phylogenetic implications. Plant Syst. Evol. 243: 39-58.

Ma, P.-F. [et al. 2014], Zhang, Y.-X., Zeng, C.-X., Guo, Z.-H., & Li, D.-Z. 2014. Chloroplast phylogenomic analyses resolve deep-level relationships of an intractable bamboo tribe Arundinarieae (Poaceae). Syst. Biol. 63: 933-950.

Ma, P.-F. [et al. 2021], Liu, Y.-L., Jin, G.-H., Liu, J.-X., Wu, H., He, J., Guo, Z.-H., & Li, D.-Z. 2021. The Pharus latifolius genome bridges the gap of early grass evolution. Plant Cell 33: 846-864.

Ma, Q. [et al. 2017], Liu, X., Franks, R. G., & Xiang, Q.-Y. (J.) 2017. Alterations of CorTFL1 and CorAP1 expression correlate with major evolutionary shifts of inflorescence architecture in Cornus (Cornaceae) — a proposed model for variation of closed inflorescence forms. New Phytol. 216: 519–535. doi: 10.1111/nph.14197

Ma, Q. [et al 2017], Zhang, W., & Xiang, Q.-Y. (J.) 2017. Evolution and genetics of floral display — a review of progress. J. Syst. Evol. 55: 487-515.

Ma, Q.-W. [et al. 2009], Ferguson, D. K., Li, F.-L., & Li, C.-S. 2009. Leaf epidermal structures of extant plants of Cunninghamia and Taiwania (Cupressaceae sensu lato) and their taxonomic application. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 155: 15-24.

Ma, Y.-P. [et al. 2008], Fang, X.-H., Chen, F., & Dai, S.-L. 2008. DFL a FLORICAULA/LEAFY homologue gene from Dendranthema lavandulifolium is expressed both in the vegetative and reproductive tissues. Plant Cell Reports 27: 647-654.

Ma, Z. [et al. 2001], Bielenberg, D. G., Brown, K. M., & Lynch, J. P. 2001. Regulation of root hair density by phosphorus availability in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Environ. 24: 459-467.

Ma, Z. [et al. 2018], Guo, D., Xu, X., Lu, M., Bardgett, R. D., Eissenstat, D. M., McCormack, M. L., & Hedin, L. O. 2018. Evolutionary history resolves global organization of root functional traits. Nature 555: 94-97.

Ma, Z.-Y. [ert al. 2020], Nie, Z.-L., Ren, C., Liu, X.-Q., Zimmer, E. A., & Wen, J. 2021 [= 2020]. Phylogenomic relationships and character evolution in the grape family (Vitaceae). Molec. Phyl. Evol. 154:106948.

Maad, J., & Nilsson, L. A. 2004. On the mechanism of floral shifts in speciation: Gained pollination efficiency from tongue- to eye-attachment of pollinia in Platanthera (Orchidaceae). Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 83: 481-495.

Maas, P. J. M. 1972. Flora Neotropica Monograph No. 8. Costoideae (Zingiberaceae). Hafner, New York.

Maas, P. J. M. 1977. Flora Neotropica Monograph No. 18 Renealmia (Zingiberaceae - Zingiberoideae), Costoideae (Additions) (Zingiberaceae). New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Maas, P. J. M., & Maas-van der Kamer, H. 1993. Flora Neotropica Monograph 61. Haemodoraceae. New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Maas, P. J. M., & Rübsamen, T. 1986. Flora Neotropica Monograph Number 40. Triuridaceae. New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Maas, P. J. M., & Ruyters, P. 1986. Flora Neotropica Monograph Number 41. Voyria and Voyriella (Saprophytic Gentianaceae). New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Maas, P. J. M., & Westra, L. Y. T. 1984. Studies in Annonaceae. II A monograph of the genus Anaxagorea A. St. Hil. Part 1. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. Pflanzenges. Pflanzengeog. 105: 73-134.

Maas, P. J. M., & Westra, L. Y. T. 1984. Studies in Annonaceae. II A monograph of the genus Anaxagorea A. St. Hil. Part 2. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. Pflanzenges. Pflanzengeog. 105: 145-204.

Maas, P. J. M., & Westra, L. Y. T. 1993. Neotropical Plant Families. Koeltz, Koenigstein.

Maas, P. J. M. [et al. 1986], Maas-van der Kamer, H., Van Bentham, J., Snelders, H. C. M., & Rübsamen, T. 1986. Flora Neotropica Monograph Number 42. Burmanniaceae. New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Maas, P. J. M. [et al. 1992], Baas, P., Boesewinkel, F. D., Hiepko, P., Lobreau-Callen, D., van den Oever, L., & ter Welle, B. J. H. 1992. The identity of "Unknown Z": Maburea Maas, a new genus of Olacaceae in Guyana. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. Pflanzenges. Pflanzengeog. 114: 275-291.

Maas, P. J. M. [et al. 2003], Westra, L. Y. T., Chatrou, L. W., & collaborators. 2003. Flora Neotropica Monograph 18 Duguetia (Annonaceae). New York Botanical Garden, New York.

Maas, P. J. M. [et al. 2011], Westra, L. Y. T., Reiner, H., Lobão, A. Q., & Erkens, R. H. J. 2011. An updated index to genera, species, and infraspecific taxa of Neotropical Annonaceae. Nordic J. Bot. 29: 257-356.

Maas, P. J. M. [et al. 2015], Westra, L. Y. T., Guerrero, S. A., Lobão, A. Q., Scharf, U., Zamora, N. A., & Erkens, R. H. J. 2015. Confronting a morphological nightmare: Revision of the neotropical genus Guatteria (Annonaceae). Blumea 60: 1-219.

Maas, P. J. M. [et al. 2019], Baas, P., Christenhusz, M. J. M., Clarkson, J. J., Koek-Noorman, J., Mennega, A. M. W., Tokuoka, T., van der Bank, M., van der Ham, R. W. J. M., van Marle, E.-J., Westra, L. Y. T., & Chase, M. W. 2019. 'Unknown yellow': Pibiria, a new genus of Passifloraceae with a mixture of features found in Passifloroideae and Turneroideae. Bot. J. Linnean Soc. 189: 397-407.

Maassoumi, A. [et al. 2016], Kazempour Osaloo, S., & Sotoodeh, A. 2016. A new infrageneric grouping of Astragalus (Fabaceae). Iranian J. Bot. 22: 88-100.

Maas-van de Kamer, H. 1995. Triuridiflorae - Gardner's delight? Pp. 287-301, in Rudall, P. J., Cribb, P. J., Cutler, D. F., & Humphries, C. J. (eds), Monocotyledons: Systematics and Evolution. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Maas-van de Kamer, H. 1998. Burmanniaceae. Pp. 154-163, in Kubitzki, K. (ed.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. III. Flowering Plants: Monocotyledons. Lilianae (except Orchidaceae). Springer, Berlin.

Maas-van de Kamer, H. 2003. Afrothismia gesnerioides, another new species of Afrothismia (Burmanniaceae) from tropical Africa. Blumea 48: 475-478.

Maas-van de Kamer, H., & Maas, P. J. M. 2008. The Cannaceae of the world. Blumea 53: 247-318.

Maas-van de Kamer, H., & Weustenfeld, T. 1998. Triuridaceae. Pp. 452-458, in Kubitzki, K. (ed.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. III. Flowering Plants: Monocotyledons. Lilianae (except Orchidaceae). Springer, Berlin.

Maas-van de Kamer, H. [et al. 2016], Maas, P. J. M., Wieringa, J. J., & Specht, C. D. 2016. Monograph of African Costaceae. Blumea 61: 280-318.

Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The Plant Book. Ed. 2. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Mabberley, D. J. 2008. Mabberley's Plant Book: A Portable Dictionary of Plants, their Classifications, and Uses. Ed. 3. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Mabberley, D. J. 2011. Meliaceae. Pp. 185-211, in Kubitzki, K. (ed.), The Families and Genera of Flowering Plants. X. Flowering Plants: Eudicots. Sapindales, Cucurbitales, Myrtaceae. Springer, Berlin.

Mabberley, D. J. 2017. Mabberley's Plant Book: A Portable Dictionary of Plants, their Classifications, and Uses. Ed. 4. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Mabberley, D. J. [et al. 1995], Pannell, C. M., & Sing, A. M. 1995. Meliaceae. Pp. 1-407, in Kalkman, C. et al. (eds), Flora malesiana, vol. 12. Rijksherbarium, Leiden.

Mabry, M. E., & Simpson, M. G. 2018. Evaluating the monophyly and biogeography of Cryptantha (Boraginaceae). Syst. Bot. 43: 53-76.

Mabry, M. E. [et al. 2020], Brose, J. M., Blischak, P. D., Sutherland, B., Dismukes, W. T., Bottoms, C. A., Edger, P. P., Washburn, J. D., An, H., Hall, J. C., McKain, M. R., Al-Shehbaz, I., Barker, M. S., Schranz, M. E., Conant, G. C., & Pires, J. C. 2020. Phylogeny and multiple independent whole-genome duplication events in Brassicales. American J. Bot. 107: 1148-1164.

Mc... and Mac... go together.

McAbee, J. M. [et al. 2005], Kuzoff, R. K., & Gasser, C. S. 2005. Mechanisms of derived unitegmy among Impatiens species. Plant Cell 17: 1674-1684.

McAbee, J. M. [et al. 2006], Hill, T. A., Skinner, D. J., Izhaki, A., Hauser, B. A., Meister, R. J., Reddy, G. V., Meyerowitz, E. M., Bowman, J. L., & Gasser, C. S. 2006. ABERRANT TESTA SHAPE encodes a KANADI family member, linking polarity determination to separation and growth of Arabidopsis ovule integuments. Plant J. 46: 522-531.

McAdam, S. A. M., & Brodribb, T. J. 2012a. Fern and lycophyte guard cells do not respond to endogenous abscisic acid. Plant Cell 24: 1510-1521.

McAdam, S. A. M., & Brodribb, T. J. 2012b. Stomatal innovation and the rise of seed plants. Ecology Lett. 15: 1-8.

McAdam, S. A. M., & Brodribb, T. J. 2013. Ancestral stomatal control results in a canalization of fern and lycophyte adaptation to drought. New Phytol. 198: 429-441.

McAdam, S. A. M., & Brodribb, T. J. 2014. Separating active and passive influences on stomatal control of transpiration. Plant Physiol. 164: 1578-1586.

McAdam, S. A. M., & Brodribb, T. J. 2016. Linking turgor with ABA biosynthesis: Implications for stomatal responses to vapor pressure deficit across land plants. Plant Physiol. 171: 2008-2016.

McAdam, S. A. [et al. 2016], Brodribb, T. J., Banks, J. A., Hedrich, R., Atallah, N. M., Cai, C., Geringer, M. A., Lind, C., Nichols, D. S., Stachowski, K., Geiger, D., & Sussmilch, F. C. 2016. Abscisic acid controlled sex before transpiration in vascular plants. Proc. National Acad. Sci. 113: 12862-12867,

McAdam, S. A. M. [et al. 2021], Duckett, J. G., Sussmilch, F. C., Pressel, S., Renzaglia, K. S., Hedrich, R., Brodribb, T. J., & Merced, A. 2021. Stomata: The holey grail of plant evolution. American J. Bot. 108: 366-371.

McAllister, C. A. [et al. 2018], McKain, M. R., Li, M., Bookout, B., & Kellogg, E. A. 2018. Specimen-based analysis of morphology and the environment in ecologically dominant grasses: The power of the herbarium. Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. B, 2017:0403.

McBride, C. S. [et al. 2009], van Velzen, R., & Larsen, T. B. 2009. Allopatric origin of cryptic butterfly species that were discovered feeding on distinct host plants in sympatry. Molec. Ecol. 18: 3639-3651.

McCall, A. C., & Fordyce, J. A. 2010. Can optimal defence theory be used to predict the distribution of plant chemical defences? J. Ecol. 98: 985-992.

McCartha, G. L. [et al. 2019], Taylor, C. M., van der Ent, A., Echevarria, G., Navarrete Gutiérrez, D. M., & Pollard, A. J. 2019. Phylogenetic and geographic distribution of nickel hyperaccumulation in neotropical Psychotria. American J. Bot. 106: 1377-1385.

McCarthy, J. K. [et al. 2020], McGlone, M. S., & Heenan, P. B. 2021 [= 2020]. Lineage through time analyses have their limitations: The case of the New Zealand flora. New Zealand J. Bot. 59: 157-174.

McCarthy, P. M. (ed.). 1995. Flora of Australia. Volume 16. Elaeagnaceae, Proteaceae 1. A.B.R.S/C.S.I.R.O., Melbourne.

Machado, M. C. 2008. What is the role of hybridization in the evolution of Cactaceae? Bradleya 26: 1-18.

Machado, S. R. [et al. 2014], Teixeira, S. D. P., & Rodrigues, T. M. 2014. Bacterial leaf glands in Styrax camporum (Styracaceae): First report for the family. Botany 92: 403-411.

Machado-Allison, C. E. [et al. 1983], Rodriguez, D. J., Barrera R., R., & Cova, C. G. 1983. The insect community associated with inflorescences of Heliconia caribaea in Venezuela. Pp. 247-270, in Frank, J. H., & Lounibos, L. P. (eds), Phytotelmata: Terrestrial Plants as Hosts for Aquatic Insect Communities. Plexus, New Jersey.

Machado da Costa, F. G. C. [et al. 2018], Klein, D. E., Philbrick, C. T., & Bove, C. P. 2018. Silica bodies in leaves of Neotropical Podostemaceae: Taxonomic and phylogenteic perspectives. Ann. Bot. 122: 1187-1201.

McClain, A. M., & Manchester, S. R. 2001. Dipteronia (Sapindaceae) from the Tertiary of North America and implications for the phytogeographic history of the Aceroideae. American J. Bot. 88: 1316-1325.

McClellan, Y., & Boecklen, W. J. 1993. Plant mediation of ant-herbivore associations: The role of sticky rings formed by Boerhavia spicata. Coenoses 8: 15-20.

McClintock, E. 1957. A monograph of the genus Hydrangea. Proc. California Acad. Sci. 29(5): 147-256.

McCloud, E. S. [et al. 1995], Tallamy, D. W., & Halaweish, E. T. 1995. Squash beetle trenching behavior: Avoidance of cucurbitacin induction or mucilaginous plant sap? Ecol. Entomol. 20: 51-59.

McClure, B. 2008. Comparing models for S-RNase-based self-incompatability. Pp. 217-236, in Franklin-Tong, V. E. (ed.), Self Incompatability in Flowering Plants: Evolution, Diversity, and Mechanisms. Springer, Berlin.

McClure, F. A. 1968. The Bamboos: A Fresh Perspective. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press.

McClure, F. A. 1973. Genera of bamboos native to the New World (Gramineae: Bambusoideae). Smithsonian Contrib. Bot. 9: 1-148.

McCollum, R. L. 1939. The development of the embryo sac and seed of Commelina angustifolia Michx. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 66: 539-548.

McCombe, D., & Ackerman, J. D. 2018. Collector motion affects particle capture in physical models and in wind pollination. American Naturalist 192: 81-93.

McConchie, C. A. 1983. Floral development of Maidenia rubra Rendle (Hydrocharitaceae. Australian J. Bot. 31: 585-603.

McConchie, C. A., & Knox, R. B. 1989. Pollination and reproductive biology of seagrasses. Pp.74-111, in Larkum, A. W. D., McComb, A. J., & Shepherd, S. A. (eds), Biology of Seagrasses. A Treatise on the Biology of Seagrasses with Special Reference to the Australian Region. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

McConchie, C. A. [et al. 1982], Ducker, S. C., & Knox, R. B. 1982. Biology of Australian seagrasses: Floral development and morphology in Amphibolis (Cymodoceaceae). Australian J. Bot. 30: 251-264.

McConchie, C. A. [et al. 1986], Hough, T., Singh, M. B., & Knox, R. B. 1986. Pollen presentation on petal combs in the geoflorous heath Acrotriche serrulata (Epacridaceae). Ann. Bot. 57: 155-164.

McConkey, K. R., & Drake, D. R. 2015. Low redundancy in seed dispersal within an island frugivore community. AoB Plants 7: plv088. doi: 10.1093/aobpla/plv088

McConnell, J. R., & Barton, M. K. Leaf polarity and meistem formation in Arabidopsis. Development 125: 2935-2942.

McCormack, M. L. [et al. 2015], Dickie, I. A., Eissenstat, D. M., Fahey, T. J., Fernandez, C. W., Guo, D., Helmisaari, H.-S., Hobbie, E. A., Iversen, C. M., Jackson, R. B., Leppälammi-Kujansuu, J., Norby, R. J., Phillips, R. P., Pregitzer, K. S., Pritchard, S. G., Rewald, B., & Zadworny, M. 2015. Redefining fine roots improves understanding of below-ground contibutions to terrestrial biosphere processes. New Phytol. 207: 505–518. doi: 10.1111/nph.13363

McCormack, M. L [et al. 2017], Guo, D., Iversen, C. M., Chen, W., Eissenstat, D. M., Fernandez, C. W., Li, L., Ma, C., Ma, Z., Poorter, H., Reich, P. B., Zadworny, M., & Zanne, A. 2017. Building a better foundation: Improving root-trait measurements to understand and model plant and ecosystem processes. New Phytol. 215: 27–37. doi:10.1111/nph.14459

McCormick, M. K., & Jacquemyn, H. 2014 [= 2013]. What constrains the distribution of orchid populations? New Phytol. 202: 392-400.

McCoy, S. K. R. [et al. 2006], Kuehl, J. V., Boore, J. L., & Raubeson, L. A. 2006. The complete plastid genome sequence of Welwitschia mirabilis. P. 289, in Botany 2006 - Looking to the Future - Conserving the Past. [Abstracts: Botanical Society of America, etc.].

McCoy, S. K. R. [et al. 2008], Kuehl, J. V., Boore, J. L., & Raubeson, L. A. 2008. The complete plastid genome sequence of Welwitschia mirabilis: An unusually compact plastome with accelerated divergence rates. BMC Evol. Biol. 8:130. doi: 10:1168/14721-2148-8-130

McCoy, T. 2019. The Aloes of Arabia. McCoy Publishing.

Maccracken, S. A. [et al. 2019], Miller, I. M., & Labandeira, C. C. 2019. Late Cretaceous domatia reveal the antiquity of plant-mite mutualisms in flowering plants. Biol. Lett. 15:20190657.

McCubbin, A. 2008. Heteromorphic self-incompatability in Primula: Twenty-first century tools promise to unravel a classic nineteenth century model system. Pp. 289-308, in Franklin-Tong, V. E. (ed.), Self Incompatability in Flowering Plants: Evolution, Diversity, and Mechanisms. Springer, Berlin.

McCulloch, G. A., & Waters, J. M. 2019. Phylogenetic divergence of island biotas: Molecular dates, extinction, and "relict" lineages. Molec. Ecol. 28: 4354-4362. doi: 10.1111/mec.15229

McCulloch, L. A., & Porder, S. 2021. Light fuels while nitrogen suppresses symbiotic nitrogen fixation hotspots in neotropical canopy gap seedlings. New Phytol. 231: 1734-1745.

McCully, M. 1995. How do real roots work? Some new views of root structure. Plant Physiol. 109: 1-6.

McDade, L. A. 1992. Pollinator relationships, biogeography, and phylogenetics. Bioscience 42: 21-26.

McDade, L. A., & Moody, M. L. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships among Acanthaceae: Evidence from noncoding trnL-trnF chloroplast DNA sequences. American J. Bot. 86: 70-80.

McDade, L. A. [et al. 2000a], Masta, S. E., Moody, M. L., & Waters, E. 2000a. Phylogenetic relationships among Acanthaceae: Evidence from two genomes. Syst. Bot. 25: 106-121.

McDade, L. A. [et al. 2000b], Daniel, T. F., & Riley, K. M. 2000b. Phylogenetic relationships within the enigmatic tribe Justiceae. American J. Bot. 87(6, suppl.): 143.

McDade, L. A. [et al. 2000c], Daniel, T. F., Masta, S. E., & Riley, K. M. 2000c. Phylogenetic relationships within the tribe Justicieae (Acanthaceae): Evidence from molecular sequences, morphology, and cytology. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 87: 435-458.

McDade, L. A. [ et al. 2002], Daniel, T. F., & Foose, S. E. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships among Acantheae (Acanthaceae): Taxonomic, biogeographic and morphological implications. P. 138, in Botany 2002: Botany in the Curriculum, Abstracts. [Madison, Wisconsin.]

McDade, L. A. [et al. 2005], Daniel, T. F., Kiel, C. A., & Vollesen, K. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships among Acantheae (Acanthaceae): Major lineages present contrasting patterns of molecular evolution and morphological differentiation. Syst. Bot. 30: 834-862.

McDade, L. A. [et al. 2006], Daniel, T. F., & Kiel, C. A. 2006. Relationships among the major lineages of Acanthaceae s.l.: The big picture. Pp. 238-239, in Botany 2006 - Looking to the Future - Conserving the Past. [Abstracts: Botanical Society of America, etc.]

McDade, L. A. [et al. 2008], Daniel, T. F., & Kiel, C. A. 2008. Toward a comprehensive understanding of phylogenetic relationships among lineages of Acanthaceae s.l. (Lamiales). American J. Bot. 95: 1136-1152.

McDade, L. A. [et al. 2009], Daniel, T. F., Ocampo, G., & Kiel, C. A. 2009. Relationships, character evolution, and biogeographic patterns in the phylogenetically pivotal lineage Nelsonioideae (Acanthaceae s.l.). P. 186, in Botany and Mycology 2009. Snowbird, Utah July 25-29. Abstract Book.

McDade, L. A. [et al. 2012], Daniel, T. F., Kiel, C. A., & Borg, A. J. 2012. Phylogenetic placement, delimitation, and relationships among genera of the enigmatic Nelsonioideae (Lamiales: Acanthaceae). Taxon 61: 637-651.

McDade, L. A. [et al. 2018], Daniel, T. F., & Kiel, C. A. 2018. The Tetramerium lineage (Acanthaceae, Justicieae) revisited: Phylogenetic relationships reveal polyphyly of many New World genera accompanied by rampant evolution in floral morphology. Syst. Bot. 43: 97-116.

McDade, L. A. [et al. 2020], Kiel, C. A., Daniel, T. F., & Darbyshire, I. 2021 [= 2020]. Justicieae II: Resolved placement of many genera and recognition of a new lineage sister to Isoglossinae. Aliso 38: 1-31.

McDaniel, J., & Cameron, K. 2016. The power of movement in orchids: A kinematic study of Poroglossum (Pleurothallidinae). P. 164, in Botany 2016. Celebrating our History, Conserving our Future. Savannah, Georgia. [Abstracts.]

McDaniel, S. F. 2021. Bryophytes are not early diverging land plants. New Phytol. 230: 1300-1304.

McDaniel, S. F. [et al. 2013], Atwood, J., & Burleigh, J. G. 2013. Recurrent evolution of dioecy in bryophytes. Evolution 67: 567-572.

McDill, J., & Simpson, B. B. 2011. Molecular phylogenetics of Linaceae with complete generic sampling and data from two plastid genes. Bot. J. Linnean Soc. 165: 64-83.

McDill, J. [et al. 2008], Repplinger, M., Simpson, B., & Kadereit, J. W. 2008. Molecular phylogenies of Linum and Linaceae, with implications for their classification, biogeographic history, and evolution of heterostyly. P. 117, in Botany 2008. Botany without Borders. [Botanical Society of America, etc. Abstracts.]

McDill, J. [et al. 2009], Repplinger, M., Simpson, B. B., & Kadereit, J. W. 2009. the phylogeny of Linum and Linaceae subfamily Linoideae, with implications for their systematics, biogeography, and evolution of heterostyly. Syst. Bot. 34: 386-405.

Macdonald, A. D. 1978. Organogenesis of the male inflorescence and flowers of Myrica esculenta. Canadian J. Bot. 56: 2415-2423.

Macdonald, A. D. 1979. Development of the female flower and gynecandrous partial inflorescence of Myrica californica. Canadian J. Bot. 57: 141-151.

Macdonald, A. D. 1989. The morphology and relationships of the Myricaceae. Pp. 147-165, in Crane, P. R., & Blackmore, S. (eds), Evolution, Systematics, and Fossil History of the Hamamelidae, Volume 1. Clarendon Press, Oxford. [Systematics Association Special Volume 40B.]

Macdonald, G. M. [et al. 2006], Beilman, D. W., Kremenetski, K. V., Sheng, Y., Smith, L. C., & Velichko, A. A. 2006. Rapid early development of circumarctic peatlands and atmospheric CH4 and CO2 variations. Science 314: 285-288.

McDonald, J. A. [et al. 2011], Hansen, D. R., McDill, J. R., & Simpson, B. B. 2011. A phylogenetic assessment of breeding systems and floral morphology of North American Ipomoea (Convolvulaceae). J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas v5: 159-177.

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Martín-Bravo, S., & Escudero, M. 2012. Biogeography of flowering plants: A case study in mignonettes (Resedaceae) and sedges (Carex, Cyperaceae). Pp. 257-290, in Stevens, L. (ed.), Global Advances in Biogeography. Intech, Rijeka, Croatia.

Martín-Bravo, S. [et al. 2007], Meimberg, H., Luceño, M., Märkl, W., Valcárel, V., Bräuchler, C., Vargas, P., & Heubl, G. 2007. molecular systematics and biogeography of Resedaceae based on ITS and trnL-F sequences. Molec. Phyl. Evol. 44: 1105-1120.

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Martín-Bravo, S., [et al. 2019], Jiménez-Mejías, P., Villaverde, T., Escudero, M., Hahn, M., Spalink, D., Roalson, E. H., Hipp, A. L., and the Global Carex Group [Benítez-Benítez, C., Bruederle, L. P., Fitzek, E., Ford, B. A., Ford, K. A., Garner, M., Gebauer, S., Hoffmann, M. H., Jin, X.-F., Larridon, I., Léveillé-Bourret, É., Lu, Y.-F., Luceño, M., Maguilla, E., Míguez-Corro, J. I., M., Míguez, M., Naczi, R. F. C., Reznicek, A. A., & Starr, J. R.] 2019. A tale of worldwide success: Behind the scenes of Carex (Cyperaceae) biogeography and diversification. J. Syst. Evol. 57: 695-718.

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Martínez, C. [et al. 2013], Madriñan, S., Zavada, M., Jaramillo, C. A. 2013. Tracing the fossil pollen record of Hedyosmum (Chloranthaceae), an old lineage with recent Neotropical diversification. Grana 52: 161-180.

Martínez, C. [et al. 2015], Carvalho, M. R., Madriñan, S., & Jaramillo, C. A. 2015. A Late Cretaceous Piper (Piperaceae) from Colombia and diversification patterns for the genus. American J. Bot. 102: 273-289.

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Martínez, L. C. A. [et al. 2012], Artabe, A. E. E., & Bodnar, J. 2012. A new cycad stem from the Cretaceous in Argentina and its phylogenetic relationships with other Cycadales. Bot. J. Linnean Soc. 170: 436-458.

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Martinez, S. 1993. Relaciones feneticas entre las especies del genero Azorella (Apiaceae, Hydrocotyloideae). Darwiniana 32: 159-170.

Martínez-Alberola, F. [et al. 2013], del Campo, E. M., Lázaro-Gimeno, D., Mezquita-Claramonte, S., Molins, A., Mateu-Andrés, I., Pedrola-Monfort, J., Casano, L. M., & Barreno, E. 2013. Balanced gene losses, duplications and intensive rearrangements led to an unusual regularly sized genome in Arbutus unedo chloroplasts. PLoS ONE 8(11): e79685. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0079685

Martínez-Aguilar, L. [et al. 2013], Salazar-Salazar, C., Méndez, R. D., Caballero-Mellado, J., Hirsch, A. M., Vásquez-Murrieta, M. S., & Estrada-de los Santos, P. 2013 Burkholderia caballeronis sp. nov., a nitrogen fixing species isolated from tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) with the ability to effectively nodulate Phaseolus vulgaris. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 104: 1063-1071

Martínez-Azorín, M. [et al. 2011], Crespo, M. B., Juan, A., & Fay, M. F. 2011. Molecular phylogenetics of subfamily Ornithogaloideae (Hyacinthaceae) based on nuclear and plastid DNA regions, including a new taxonomic arrangement. Ann. Bot. 107: 1-37.

Martínez-Azorín, M. [et al. 2015], Pinter, M., & Wetschnig, W. 2015. Desertia, a new genus in Massonieae (Asparagaceae, Scilloideae), including the description of Desertia luteovirens and the taxonomic revisions of Whiteheadia and Namophila. Phytotaxa 221: 201-225.

Martínez-Azorín, M. [et al. 2019], Crespo, M. B.,Alonso-Vargas, M. Á., Dold, A. P., Crouch, N. R., Pfosser, M., Mucina, L., Pinter, M., & Wetschnig, W. 2019. New combinations in the tribe Urgineeae (Asparagaceae subfam. Scilloideae) with comments on contrasting taxonomic treatments. Phytotaxa 397: 291-299.

Martínez-Cabrera, D. [et al. 2009], Terrazas, T., Ochoterena, H., & López-Mata, L. 2010. Bark and wood anatomy of the tribe Hamelieae (Rubiaceae). IAWA J. 31: 425-452.

Martínez-Cabrera, D. [et al. 2009], Terrazas, T., & Ochoterena, H. 2009. Foliar and petiole anatomy in the tribe Hamelieae and other Rubiaceae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 96: 133-145.

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Martínez-Cabrera, D. [et al. 2015], Terrazas, T., Ochoterena, H., & Torres-Montúfar, A. 2015. Madera y corteza de algunas Rubiaceae en México: Similitud estructural. Revista Mexicana Biodivers. 86: 59-71.

Martínez-Cabrera, H. I. [et al. 2017], Zheng, J., & Estrada-Ruiz, E. 2017. Wood functional disparity lags behind taxonomic diversification in angiosperms. Review Palaeobot. Palynol. 246: 251-257.

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Martín González, A. M. [et al. 2015], Dalsgaard, B., Nogués-Bravo, D., Graham, C. H., Schleuning, M., Maruyama, P. K., Abrahamczyk, S., Alarcón, R., Araujo, A. C., Araújo, F. P., Mendes de Azevedo Jr, S., Baquero, A. C., Cotton, P. A., Ingversen, T. T., Kohler, G., Lara, C., Guedes Las-Casas, F. M., Machado, A. O., Machado, C. G., Maglianesi, M. A., McGuire, J. A., Moura, A. C., Oliveira, G. M., Oliveira, P. E., Ornelas, J. F., da Cruz Rodrigues, L., Rosero-Lasprilla, L., Rui, A. M., Sazima, M., Timmermann, A., Varasin, I. G., Vizentin-Bugoni, J., Wang, Z., Watts, S., Rahbek, C., & Martinez, N. D. 2015. The macroecology of phylogenetically sructured hummingbird-plant networks. Global Ecol. Biogeog. 24: 1212-1224.

Martín González, A. M. [et al. 2018], Ornelas, J. F., Dalsgaard, B., Márquez-Luna, U., & Lara, C. 2018. Meta-networks for the study of biogeographical traits in ecological networks: The Mexican hummingbird-plant assemblage. Sci. Nature 105:54.

Martínez-Millán, M. 2010. Fossil record and age of the Asteridae. Bot. Review 76: 83-135.

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Martínez-Millán, M. [et al. 2009], Crepet, W., & Nixon, K. C. 2009. Pentapetalum trifasciculandricus gen. et sp. nov., a thealean fossil flower from the Raritan Formation, New Jersey, U.S.A. (Turonian, Late Cretaceous). American J. Bot. 96: 933-949.

Martínez-Pallé, E., & Herrero, M. 1995. The ponticulus - a structure bridging pollen tube access to the ovule in Pistacia vera. Sex. Plant Reprod. 8: 217-222.

Martínez-Quezadad, D. M. [et al. 2020], Arias, S., Korotkova, N., & Terrazas, T. 2020. The phylogenetic significance of the stem morpho-anatomy in the Hylocereeae (Cactoideae, Cactaceae). Plant Syst. Evol. 306:8.

Martínez-Salazar, S. [et al. 2021], González, F., Alzate, J. F., & Pabón-Mora, N. 2021. Molecular framework underlying floral bilateral symmetry and nectary spur development in Tropaeolum, an atypical member of the Brassicales. American J. Bot. 108: 1315-1330.

Martin-Gómez, J. J. [et al. 2019], Rewicz, A., & Cervantes, E. 2019. Seed shape diversity in families of the order Ranunculales. Phytotaxa 425: 193-207.

Martino, E. [et al. 2018], Morin, E., Grelet, G.-A., Kuo, A., Kohler, A., Daghino, S., Barry, K. W., Cichocki, N., Clum, A., Dockter, R. B., Hainaut, M., Kuo, R. C., LaButti, K., Lindahl, B. D., Lindquist, E. A., Lipzen, A., Khouja, H.-R., Magnuson, J., Murat, C., Ohm, R. A., Singer, S. W., Spatafora, J. W., Wang, M., Veneault-Fourrey, C., Henrissat, B., Grigoriev, I. V., Martin, F. M., & Perotto, S. 2018. Comparative genomics and transcriptomics depict ericoid mycorrhizal fungi as versatile saprotrophs and plant mutualists. New Phytol. 217: 1213–1229. doi: 10.1111/nph.14974

Martins, A. C., & Alves-dos-Santos, A. 2013. Floral-oil-producing Plantaginaceae species: Geographical distribution, pollinator rewards and interactions with oil-pollinating bees. Biota Neotrop. 13: 77-89.

Martins, A. C., & Melo, G. A. R. 2016. The New World oil-collecting bees Centris and Epicharis (Hymenoptera, Apidae): Molecular phylogeny and biogeographic history. Zool. Scripta 45: 22–33.

Martins, A. C. [et al. 2013], Aguiar, A. J. C., & Alves-dos-Santos, A. 2013. Interaction between oil-collecting bees and seven species of Plantaginaceae. Flora 208: 401-411.

Martins, A. C. [et al. 2014a], Melo, G. A. R., & Renner, S. S. 2014a. The corbiculate bees arose from New World oil-collecting bees: Implications for the origin of pollen baskets. Molec. Phyl. Evol. 80: 88-94.

Martins, A. C. [et al. 2014b], Scherz, M. D., & Renner, S. S. 2014b. Several origins of floral oil in the Angelonieae, a southern hemisphere disjunct clade of Plantaginaceae. American J. Bot. 101: 2113-2120.

Martins, A. C. [et al. 2017/2018], Bochorny, T., Pérez-Escobar, O. A., Chomicki, G., Monteiro, S. H. N., & Smidt, E. de C. 2017. From tree tops to the ground: Reversals to terrestrial habit im Galeandra orchids (Epidendroideae: Catasetinae). bioXχiv doi: = Martins, A. C. [et al. 2018], Bochorny, T., Pérez-Escobar, O. A., Chomicki, G., Monteiro, S. H. N., & Smidt, E. de C. 2018. From tree tops to the ground: Reversals to terrestrial habit im Galeandra orchids (Epidendroideae: Catasetinae). Molec. Phyl. Evol. 127: 952-960.

Martins, A. R. [et al. 2012], Carmello-Guerreiro, S. M., Buckeridge, M. S., Silva, C. O., & Appezzato-da-Glória, B. 2012. Seed ontogeny and endosperm chemical analysis in Smilax polyantha (Smilacaceae). Australian J. Bot. 60: 693-699.

Martins, D., & Nunez, C. V. 2015. Secondary metabolites from Rubiaceae species. Molecules 20: 13422-13495.

Martins, D. J., & Johnson, S. J. 2013. Interactions between hawkmoths and flowering plants in East Africa: Polyphagy and evolutionary specialization in an ecological context.Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 110: 199-213.

Martins, L. [et al. 2003], Oberprieler, C., & Hellwig, F. H. 2003. A phylogenetic analysis of Primulaceae s.l. based on internal transcribed spacer (ITS) DNA sequence data. Plant Syst. Evol. 237: 75-85.

Martins, L. C., & Paiva, E. A. S. 2016. Flammable resin in Vellozia variabilis (Velloziaceae): Gland structure and chemical composition. Flora 219: 94-100.

Martins, R. L. [et al. 2007], Wendt, T., Margis, R., & Scarano, F. R. 2007. Reproductive biology. Pp. 73-94, in Lüttge, U. (ed.), Clusia: A Woody Neotropical Genus of Remarkable Plasticity and Diversity. Springer, Berlin. [Ecol. Studies 194.]

Martins, S., & Scatena, V. R. 2011. Bundle sheath ontogeny in Kranz and non-Kranz species of Cyperaceae (Poales). Australian J. Bot. 59: 554-562.

Martins, T. R., & Barkman, T. J. 2005. Reconstruction of Solanaceae phylogeny using the nuclear gene SAMT. Syst. Bot. 30: 435-447.

Martins, T. R. [et al. 2007], Stout, J. T., Todd, S. E., Kuipers, K., & Barkman, T. J. 2007. Molecular phylogenetic tests of floral scent evolution in the Solanaceae. Pp. 183-200, in Spooner, D. M., Bohs, L., Giovannoni, J., Olmstead, R. G., & Shibata, D. (eds), Solanaceae VI: Genomics Meets Biodiversity. ISHA Section Root and Tuber Crops. [Acta Hortic. 745.]

Martins, T. R. [et al. 2012], Berg, J. J., Blinka, S., Rausher, M. D., & Baum, D. A. 2012. Precise spato-temporal regulation of the anthocyanin biosynthetic pathway leads to petal spot formation in Clarkia gracilis (Onagraceae). New Phytol. 197: 958-969.

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