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Rare, Endangered and Vulnerable Plants of the Republic of Georgia

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UMBELLIFERAE

Agasyllis latifolia (Bieb.) Boiss.
subalpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Trialeti, Javakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Angelica adzharica M.Pimen.
meadows, tall herbaceous; 900-1900 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

A. tatianae Bordz.
forest margins, tall herbaceous; upper mountain and subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abhkhasia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi ,Shiga Kartli, Kartli), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Anthriscus ruprechtii Boiss.
rock streams; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Mtiuleti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. shmalhausenii (Albov) K.–Pol.
forests; subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Svaneti, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Shiga Kartli). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Astrantia colchica Albov
calcareous meadows; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti).  Endemic to Georgia.

A. pontica Albov
limestones, rock streams; 1000-2000 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia), Shore of the Black Sea.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. trifida Hoffm
alpine and subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Mtiuleti, Trialeti, Kvemo Kartli, Javakheti), Azerbaijan Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Buplerum abchasicum Manden.
calcareous rock, rock fissures; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

B. rischawii Albov
calcareous slopes; 1500-2000 (2300) m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia), Shore of the Black Sea.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

B. sosnowskyi Manden.
shrubwoods; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Meskheti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

B. wittmannii Stev.
dry, open slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki, Gare Kakheti, Gardabani), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Carum grossheimii Schischk.
subalpine and alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Shiga Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

Chaerophyllum astrantiae Boiss. &Bal.
alpine meadows, rocky places, among Rhododendron species
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Adjara). Rare.

C. borodinii Albov
calcareous slopes; alpine belt, 1900-2500 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. confusum Woronow
subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Meskheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. humile Stev.
screes, morains; subalpine belt, 3200 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Ankhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli), Armenia, Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. roseum Bieb.
subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. rubellum Albov
subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti), Shore of the Blck Sea. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Chymsydia agasylloides (Albov) Albov
calcareous rock, rock streams; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

C. colchica (Albov) Woronow
subalpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

Cnidium grossheimii Manden
meadows, forest margins; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Kartli, Javakheti).  Endemic to Georgia.

C .mandenovae Gagnidze
rocky places, porphyrite slopes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to Georgia.

C. pauciradiatum Somm& Levier
subalpine meadows, 2300 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Shiga Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

Cryptotaenia flahaultii (Woronow) K.–Pol.
wet rocks; forest belt, 800 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

Eleatherospermum lazicum Boiss.
mixed forest, forest margins; upper mountain belt and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Shiga Kartli). Vulnerable.

Eryngium maritimum L.
sandy beach
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Adjara). Vulnerable.

Heracleum aconitifolium Woronow
forest margins, meadows, tall herbaceous; subalpine and upper forest belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti).  Endemic to Georgia.

H. asperum (Hoffm) Bieb.
tall herbaceous, forest margins, meadows; upper forest and subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti,Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. calcareum Albov
rock streams; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia), Shore of the Black Sea.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. chorodanum (Hoffm) DC.
meadows, shrubwoods, forest margins; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Mtiuleti, Trialeti, Meskheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. egrissicum Gagnidze
calcareous rock, screes; subalpine and alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

H. freynianum Somm & Levier
screes, morains, tall herbaceous; alpine and subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. grossheimii Manden.
forest margins, moist places, river banks; upper mountain and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Guria, Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

H. leskovii Grossh.
stony slopes, screes; from middle mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Siga Kartli, Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. mandenovae Satzyperova
forest margins, subalpine meadows; upper moutain and subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhezia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Imereti), Shore of the Black Sea. Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. mantegazzianum Somm & Levier
forest margins, river banks
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo), Shore of the Black Sea. Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. osseticum Manden.
rocky places, rock streams
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti).  Endemic to Georgia.

H. poinicum (Lipsky) Schischk. ex Grossh.
forest margins, subalpine meadows, tall herbaceous; upper mountain and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti), Shore of the Black Sea.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. roseum Stev.
subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. scabrum Albov
forests, fields; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. sommieri Manden.
subalpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to Georgia.

H. transcaucasicum Manden.
subalpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Guria, Adjara, Kartli, Trialeti, Javakheti), Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. sosnowskyi Manden.
forest margins, meadows, tall herbaceous; from middle mountain belt up to alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti, Trialeti, Kvemo Kartli, Meskheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. wilhelmsii Fisch. & Ave-Lall
forest margins, meadows; upper mountain and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

Laserpitium affine Ledeb.
meadows, elfin woodland; subalpine and alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Guria, Imereti). Endemic to Georgia.

Ligusticum arafoe Albov
forest margins, megaphorbias; upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Ablhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

L. caucasicum Somm & Levier
subalpine and alpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

L. physospermifolium Albov
forest margins, megaphorbias; upper mountain belt and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Mandenovia komarowii (Manden.) Alava
dry slopes; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Oenanthe abchasica Schischk.
moist places, river banks, lake coast
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia), Shore of the Black Sea.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Pastinaca aurantiaca (Albov) Kolak.
alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti), Shore of the Black Sea.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Peucedanum adae Woronow
rocky places, forests; middle mountain belt, 1500 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. pshavicum Boiss.
subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Pimpinella aromatica Bieb.
dry meadows; lower and middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki, Trialeti, Meskheti,), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. idea Takht.
calcareous rock, rock fissures
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

P. schatilensis Otschiauri
mountain slopes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to Georgia.

Polylophium panjutinii Manden.
rocky places, screes; subalpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Samegrelo, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti).  Endemic to Georgia.

Prangos acris-romanae Boiss. & Huet
dry, grassy slopes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti). Rare.

Scandix stellata Banks & Soland.
dry, stony slopes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Rare.

Seseli alpinum Bieb.
rocky places, alpine meadows; upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Azerbaljan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. grandivittatum (Somm &Levier) Schischk.
dry, stony slopes; lower and middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Mtiuleti, Kiziki, Gare Kakheti, Gardabani, Kvemo Kartli, Meskheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. rupicola Woronow
calcareous rock; near s.l. up to upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia), Shore of the Black Sea.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. saxicolum (Albov) mPimen.
calcareous rock; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

Symphyoloma graveolens C.A. Mey.
stony slopes, rock stream; 1700-3500 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

URTICACEAE

Parietaria cryptorum C.Koch
calcareous rock fissures; 700-1000 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Meskheti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. kemulariae Schchian
calcareous rock; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti). Endemic to Georgia.

VALERIANACEAE

Valeriana allariifolia Adams
forest margin, meadows; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Javakheti, Meskheti).  Vulnerable.

V. cardamines Bieb.
rock, rock streams; from forest belt up to alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. colchics Utkin
meadows, forest margins, shrubwoods; upper mountain and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Kartli). Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. jelenevskyi P. Smirn.
rocky places; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. kassarica Charadze & Kapell.
calcareous rock, rock stream; subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. saxicola C.A. Mey.
rock fissures; alpine, rarely subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. tilifolia Troitzk.
forest margins; subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Kakheti, Trialeti, Javakheti, Meskheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

VIOLACEAE

Viola caucasica Kolenati
alpine and subalpine belt, 300 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. minuta Bieb.
rock stream; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. orthoceras Ledeb.
subalpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Samegrelo, Guria, Adjara).  Endemic to Georgia.

V. somchetica C. Koch
calcareous rock, stony slopes; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. vespertina Klok.
forest margins, meadows; subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

VITACEAE

Vitis sylvestris C.Gmel.
river gorges, forests; 1500-1800m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Kartli, Kakheti, Gare Kakheti, Kiziki, Kvemo Kartli, Javakheti, Meskheti). Endangered.

V. vinifera L.
forests
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Kakheti, Gare Kakheti, Trialeti, Kvemo Kartli, Meskheti). Endangered

WOODSIACEAE

Woodsia fragilis (Trev.) Moore
limestones, wet rocks; 800-2400 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Adjara, Imereti, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Rare.

 

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