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Rare, Endangered and Vulnerable Plants of the Republic of Georgia

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FAGACEAE

Castanea sativa Mill.
forests of lower and middle mountain belts, 500 to 1200-1400 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Guria, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Kakheti, Trialeti). Endangered.

Quercus dshorochensis C. Koch
dry slopes of middle and upper forest belt, 800-2400 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti, Trialeti, Meskheti). Rare.

Q. hartwissiana Stev.
clay, half-bog soil; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Kakheti).  Endangered.

Q. iberica Stev.
forests of lower and middle mountain belt, 400-1000 (!500) m
Transcaucasus: Georgia. Rare.

Q. imeretina Stev. ex Woronow
river terrace, moist places, bog soil; lower mountain belt, 300-400 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkumi, Imereti, Guria).  Endemic to Gerogia.

Q. macranthera Fisch. & C.A.Mey ex Hohen.
dry slopes; middle and upper forest belt, 800-2400 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti, Trialeti, Meskheti).  Vulnerable.

Q. peduncyliflora C.Koch.
river banks, gullys, river terraces; 1000-1100 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga kartli, Kartli, Kakheti, Gardabani, Kvemo Kartli). Vulnerable.

Q. pontica C. Koch.
moist, calcareous rocks, clay soil, mainly South slopes; 800-1200 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo, Guria, Adjara).  Endangered.

FUMARIACEAE

Corydalis alexeenkoana N.Busch
forest margins, shrubwoods; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestan); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Meskheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. caucasica DC.
forests, shrubwoods, moist places of lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkumi, Imereti, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti). Rare.

C. emanuelii C.A. Mey.
alpine meadows, 2000-3000 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. erdelii Zucc.
rock streams; middle and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Rare.

C. vittae Kolak.
by melting snow patches; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

GENTIANACEAE

Comastoma dechyanum (Somm. & Levier) Holub
rock streams; subalpine belt, 2300-3200 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Gentiana kolakovskyi Doluch.
rock fissures, meadows, stony places, pine forests; forest and alpine belt, 500-2200 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

G. lagodechiana (Kusn.) Grossh.
wet gorges, rocky places; 850-1800 m
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

G. oschtenica (Kusn.) Woronow
meadows, rock streams; subalpine and alpine belt, 1800-2600 to (3200) m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Letchkhumi, Samegrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

G. paradoxa Albov
calcareous rocks, rock streams; forest and subalpine belt, (500) 1000-2000 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

G. zhodocalyx Kolak.
limestones, rock fissures; subalpine and alpine belt, 2200-2500 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

GERANIACEAE

Erodium anthemidifolium Bieb.
stony places
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Geranium kemulariae Charadze
forest margins, tall herbaceous; forest belt up to subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

G. renardii Trautv.
meadows, morains; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli.  Endemic to Georgia.

G. ruprechtii Woronow
subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

GLOBULARIACEAE

Globularia trichosantha Fisch. & Mey.
forest margins, shrubwoods, dry open calcareous slopes; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Kakheti, Kiziki).  Rare.

GRAMINEAE

Achnatherum caragana (Trin.) Nevski
stony slopes, screes, rocky places, pebble; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan.  Rare.

Agropyron puberulum (Boiss. & Steud.) Grossh.
rock steams; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti).  Rare.

Alopecurus albovii Tzvel.
stony slopes, rocky places; upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus (Greater Caucasus); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. tuscheticus Trautv.
stony slopes, screes, rocky places; upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Calamagrostis caucasica Trin.
dry slopes, meadows, shrubwoods; alpine and subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. iberica (Griseb.) Litv.
stony slopes, rocky places, screes; middle and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Digitaria caucasica Henrard
roadsides, pebble, sands; lower mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Elymus buschianus (Roshev.) Tzvel.
rock streams, stony slopes; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

E. troctolepis (Nevski) Tzvel.
calcareous rocks, stony slopes; middle and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

Elytrigia gracillima (Nevski) Nevski
calcareous rocks, stony slopes
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Festuca bushiana (St.-Yves) Tzvel.
stony slopes, pebble; upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara, Svaneti).  Rare.

F. caucasica (Boiss.) Hack. ex Trautv.
stony places; upper mountain and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Mtiuleti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

F. sommieri Litard.
calcareous rocks, stony slopes; upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Hordelymus europaeus (L.) Harz.
mixed, broad-leaved forests; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Kakheti, Trialeti, Meskheti)

Koeleria luersseni (Domin) Domin
stony places, meadows, calcareous rocks; middle and upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Melica minor Hack.
rocky places; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Osetia, Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Molinia litoralis Host
river banks, swampy areas; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Samegrelo, Imereti, Adjara)

Paracolpodium colchicum (Albov) Tzvel.
morains, circus, stony slopes, pebble; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Guria, Adjara, Mtiuleti, Shiga Kartli).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Poa caucasica Trin.
alpine meadows, stony places
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Secale kuprianovii Grossh.
forest margins, meadows; middle and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endangered.

Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.
middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (West). Extinct.

Stipa daghestanica Grossh.
dry, stony slopes; middle mountain up to upper mountain belts
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. pennata L.
stony places, meadows; middle and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Mtiuleti). Rare.

S. pulcherrima C. Koch
meadows; lower mountain belt up to upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kakheti, Kiziki, Gare Kakheti, Gardabani, Trialeti, Javakheti, Meskheti). Rare.

Trisetum buschianum Seredin
rocky places, rock streamy; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

T. teberdense (Litv.) Charadze
morains, rock streams; subalpine and upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Zingeria biebersteiniana (Claus) P.Smirn.
meadows, roadsides
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia. Rare.

 

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