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Rare, Endangered and Vulnerable Plants of the Republic of Georgia

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DIOSCOREACEAE

Dioscorea caucasica Lipsky
limestones, broad-leaved forest, forest margins; 1300 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti)

DIPSACACEAE

Cephalaria armeniaca Bordz.
wet meadows of subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. balkharica E. Bush
subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Shiga Kartli), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. calcarea Albov
limestones of subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

C. sosnowskyi Kolak.
calcareous slopes; 2200 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

Scabiosa adzharica Schchian
rocky places; middle mountain belt up to upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Guria, Adjara, Meskheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. caucasica Bieb.
subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. colchica Stev.
calcareous rocks; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi). Endemic to Georgia.

S. correvoniana Somm. & Levier
dry, calcareous rocks; upper forest and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. georgica Sulak
dry slopes, shrubwoods, forest margins; lower and middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. imeretica (Somm. & Levier) Sulak
limestones of lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti). Endemic to Georgia.

S. olgae Albov
limestones; lower mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

S. owerinii Boiss.
forest margins, rocky places; middle mountain up to upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

DROSERACEAE

Drosera anglica Huds
peatbogs; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Rare.

D. intermedia Hayne
peatbogs; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Rare.

D. rotundifolia L.
peatbogs
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Rare.

DRYOPTERIDACEAE

Dryopteris liliana Golits.
forests, wet rock fissures, among Rhododendron shrubs
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Rare.

EBENACEAE

Diospyros lotus L.
mixed forests, forest margins near sea level; up to 1500 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Kartli, Kakheti). Endangered.

ELAEAGNACEAE

Hippophae rhamnoides L.
river banks, gullys, pebble; middle mountain belt up to alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Gare Kakheti, Trialeti, Meskheti).  Vulerable.

EPHEDRACEAE

Ephedra distachya L.
dry, stony places; semideserts and foothills

EQUISETACEA

Equisetum silvaticum L.
wet forests
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti). Vulnerable.

ERICACEAE

Arctostaphylos caucasica (Kvaratzchelia) Lipsch.
pine forests, shrubwoods, rocky places of forest and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Imereti). Rare.

Arbutus andrachne L.
rocky places near seashore
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Adjara). Vulnerable.

Erica arborea L.
oak forest, forest margins, shrubwoods, calcareous rock of lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Rare.

Epigaea gaultheroides (Boiss. & Bal.) Takht.
beech and birch forests
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Endangered.

Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hill.
peatbogs
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Rare.

Rhododendron smirnowii Tzautv.
forests of middle mountain and upper mountain belt to alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Rare.

R. ungernii Trautv.
forests, forest margins; middle mountain and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Rare.

EUPHORBIACEAE

Euphorbia armena Prokh.
dry, stony places, screes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Meskheti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

E. boissieriana (Woronow) Prokh.
meadows, shrubwoods, arable land; middle mountain belt, rarely upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Samegrelo, Kartli, Gare Kakheti, Kiziki).  Endemic to Georgia.

E. eugeniae Prokh.
subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

E. glaberrima C. Koch
forests, shrubwoods, meadows, tall herbaceous, stony places, limestones from upper mountain belt up to alpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Kakheti, Trialeti), Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

E. kemulariae Ter-Chatsch.
rock streams; subnival belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi). Endemic to Georgia.

E. macroceras Fisch. & C.A. Mey.
forests, forest margins, shrubwoods, megaphorbias from lower mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

E. panjutinii Grossh.
alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

E. scripta Somm. & Levier
alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia, Shore of the Black Sea. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Leptopus colchicus (Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex Boiss.) Pojark.
calcareous rock; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Imereti). Endemic to Georgia.

 

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