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Rare, Endangered and Vulnerable Plants of the Republic of Georgia

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ACERACEAE

Acer hyrcanum Fisch. & C.A. Mey.
rocky slopes, forests from lowland up to middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Meskheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Rare.

A. ibericum Bieb.
dry stony and rocky slopes, deciduous forests; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki, Trialeti, Kvemo Kartli), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Rare.

A.sosnowskyi Doluch.
stony, rocky, calcareous slopes; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha – Lechkhumi). Endemic to Georgia.

A. trautvetteri Medw.
subalpine tall herbaceous, shrubwoods of 1700-2300 to (2500) m
Northern Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Vulnerable.

A. velutinum Boiss.
deciduous forests, gully, river terrac; from lower mountain belt up to 1500 m.
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti), Azerbaijan. Rare.

ADIANTACEAE

Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
forests, moist places; lower and middle mountain belts
Northern Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Rare.

ALLIACEAE

Allium albovianum Vved.
limestone; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Samegrelo).  Endemic to Georgia.

A. candolleanum Albov [Image 1]
subalpine and alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

A. chevsuricum Tscholokashvili
dry, fissures rock
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to Georgia.

A. gracilescens Somm. & Levier
lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

A. karsianum Fomin
stony places, grassy slopes; from lower mountain belt up to middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Kartli, Trialeti, Javakheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. kunthianum Fomin
alpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. ledshanense Conrrath & Freyn
meadows of upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. leucanthum C. Koch
dry, stony places; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (E-Georgia), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. otschiauriae Tscholokaschvili
shaley slopes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to Georgia.

A. paradoxum (Bieb.) G. Don fil.
forests, schrubwoods; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Azerbaijan.  Rare.

A. ponticum Miscz. ex Grossh.
dry slopes; lower and middle mountain belts
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Guria, Adjara, Kartli).  Rare.

A. ruprechtii Boiss.
rocks of alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Mtiuleti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

AMARYLLIDACEAE

Galanthus alpinus Sosn. [Image 1]
alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

G. caucasicus (Baker) Grossh. [Image 1]
shrubwoods, forest margins; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Imereti, Shiga Kartli, Kartli). Vulnerable.

G. kemulariae Kuthatheladze
forests; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli).  Endemic to Georgia.

G. ketzkhovelii Kem.-Nath.
upper forest belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti).  Endemic to Georgia.

G. krasnovii A.Khokhr.
wet gorges
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara).  Endemic to Georgia.

G. lagodechianus Kem.-Nath.
upper forest belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti).  Endemic to Georgia.

G. platyphyllus Traub & Moldenke [Image 1]
forests and meadows; subalpine and alpine belts, 2600 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Mtiuleti).  Endemic to Georgia.

G. rizehensis Stern
arable lands, plantation
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara).  Rare.

G. shaoricus Kem.-Nath.
shrubwoods; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti).  Endemic to Georgia.

G. woronowii Losinsk [Image 1]
forests, shrubwoods; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Imereti, Adjara, Kartli).  Vulnerable.

Leucojum aestivum L.
shrubwoods, sowing, lowland
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Guria).  Vulnerable.

Pancratium maritimum L.
sands by the sea
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Adjara).  Rare.

Sternbergia colchiciflora Waldst. & Kit.
dry places; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kakheti).  Vulnerable.

ANACARDIACEAE

Pistacia mutica Fisch. & Mey.
dry stony places; lower and middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia. Vulnerable.

APOCYNACEAE

Vinca herbacea Waldst. &. Kit.
shrubwoods, dry slopes; lower and middle mountain belts
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia. Vulnerable.

V. pubescens Durv.
forests; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adjara).  Vulnerable.

AQUIFOLIACEAE

Ilex colchica Pojark.
mixed and coniferous forests; 200-2300 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Armenia. Vulnerable.

ARACEAE

Acorus calamus L.
bog, lake edges, lowland
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Samegrelo, Guria, Adjara). Rare.

ARALIACEAE

Hedera colchica (C. Koch) C.Koch
mixed, deciduous, coniferous forests to 1500 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, shore of the Black Sea.  Vulnerable.

H. pastuchovii Woronow
forests, forest margins; lower and middle mountain belts
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan.  Vulnerable.

ASCLEPIADACEAE

Vincetoxicum albowianum (Kusn.) Kuthatheladze
stony, calcareous slopes; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Svaneti, Meskheti), Azerbaijan (Kuba)

ASPARAGACEAE

Asparagus caspius Schult. & Schult. fil.
shrubwoods
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Gardabani), Azerbaijan. Rare.

ASPHODELACEAE

Asphodeline lutea (L.) Reichenb. [Image 1]
rocks, rarely forests, steppes; 1100 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Kartli). Rare.

A. taurica (Pall.) Kunth.
dry, stony places, rocks, gorges; subalpine and alpine belts
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Rare.

Eremurus spectabilis Bieb. [Image 1]
dry slopes, rocks; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Javakheti). Rare.

ATHYRIACEAE

Cystopteris regia (L.) Desv.
rock fissures, calcareous rocks, screes; subalpine and alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti). Rare.

 

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