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ORNAMENTAL PLANTS IN THEIR NATURAL HABITATS

E. Uzbekistan

Korolkowia severzowii Rhinotelaum karelinii T. vvedenskyii Iris longiscapa T. vvedenskyii
The natural landscape of Uzbekistan varies greatly, from the hot sand and gypsum deserts of the Kyzylkum, to the permanent glaciers of the Pamiro Alay. From the capital of Tashkent, the Kuraminskiy and Chatkalskiy ranges, both of the Tien Shan system, can be reached within one day’ journey. The road first runs along the Chirchik river valley, where cotton, maize, rice, melons and other crops are grown. Plants along the spurs of Chatkalskiy Range that flower in April include a diminutive iris, Iridodictyum kolpakowskianum [=Iris kolpakowskiana], the brown-flowered Korolkowia severzowii as well as the tuberous yellow-flowered Gymnospermium alberti [=Leontice alberti] as well as the brownish blooms Eminium lehmannii. Several tulips such as Tulipa bifloriformis, T. greigii, T. kaufmanniana, T. tschimganica and T. vvedenskyii contribute to the beauty of the landscape. Many dramatic desert candles from Eremurus lactiflorus, E. regelii, E. robustus and E. sogdianus flower in late spring into early summer. Monocots include also Iris korolkowii and Polygonatum sewerzowii, both unknown in cultivation but well worth attention. Tall grasses and shrubs as well as an abundance of Tamarix, Rosa, Ferula and Prangos, all grow in this area. Salvia sclarea, Roemeria refracta and Pseudosedum longidentatum are also among attractively interesting plants there.

Forest, subalpine and alpine vegetation can be seen also in Central Asian nature reserves such as the Aksu-Dzabagly (Kazakstan), Hissarskiy (Tadjikistan), Zaamin-Guralash (Uzbekistan) and Almaatinskiy (Kazakstan). The first is located on the Aksu river in the Chimkent Region, whereas the Almaatinskiy reserve is very close to Almaty, and can be reached within one day. Forests also occur in the Sary Chelek reserve of the Namangan Region (Uzbekistan) and in the Chatkalskiy reserve of the Tashkent Region (Uzbekistan). However, shrub thickets dominate the Issyk Kul’ reserve (Kyrgyzstan). The "Tiger Ravine" reserve in the Pyanczh Region (Tajikistan) includes forests, meadows and deserts and also special forest and scrub complex at the bottom of river valleys, "tugai," in Russian. The Badkhyz and Repetek reserves (Turkmenistan) include semideserts interspersed with Pistacia woodlands and more typical desert vegetation. Badkhyz is actually the southernmost point in the FSU.

ORNAMENTAL PLANTS FROM RUSSIA
 
 
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