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ORNAMENTAL PLANTS OF HORTICULTURE VALUE

Selection of perennials

Saxifraga L.
Saxifrage, rockfoil
Saxifragaceae

Saxifraga
A large genus of about 300-370 species depending on classification. In the FSU about 130 species, mostly in the Arctic and the Caucasus. Many are well-known garden plants. They are very desirable because of their life-forms.

S. juniperifolia Adams

The Caucasus. On humid rocks, on limestone, in shady places, mainly in the alpine zone.

Plant forming a thick evergreen mosslike cushion or carpet. Perennial shoots repeatedly branched and creeping. Vegetative ascending shoots 3-7 cm. Leaves small, dark green, almost subulate. Corymblike inflorescence with bright yellow flowers exceeding leaves by 3-5 cm. V - evergreen plant, new leaves appear April-May. Fl - May for 2-3 weeks. Fr - July. Propagation by seed and cuttings. Prefers sunny places, but can grow in semishaded sites. Well suited for the rock garden. Z 4. Poorly known in cultivation.

S. sachalinensis F. Schmidt

Far East (Sakhalin, Kuril Islands). On stony slopes in crevices near sea shore.

Plant up to 35 (-50) cm. Rhizome short, oblique. Leaves 3-7 in rosette, somewhat fleshy, ovate, 3.5-8.0 cm x 5 cm, pubescent, reddish-violet beneath, green above. Inflorescence a loose panicle, flowers minute, numerous, white. V - April to October. Fl - May. Fr - June-July. P - by seed and by division. Plant in partially shaded locations in rock gardens. Z 4.

Some other new species have been investigated, among them the following.

S. subverticillata Boiss.

Caucasus (Dagestan and western Transcaucasus). In alpine zone.

Mat-forming plant 4-5 cm, leaves linear, flowers yellow. Evergreen.

S. scleropoda Sommier et Levier.

Caucasus (the Great Caucasus and Transcaucasus). In alpine zone.

Mat-forming plant 5 cm, develops a dense evergreen cushion. Flowers yellow.

Both species well suited to the rock garden. Z 5 (4). New.

SELECTION OF PERENNIALS
 
 
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