ORNAMENTAL PLANTS OF HORTICULTURE VALUE
Selection of perennials
About 100 species, mainly in the temperate regions of the
Northern Hemisphere, of which 24 in the FSU (Caucasus, Central
Asia and the Far East). Almost all have been tested.
F. caucasica Adams
Caucasus and northeastern Turkey. In open forests, on dry
slopes and in scrub.
Bulb white, of 2 fleshy scales, 2-3 cm diam. Flowering stem
25-40 cm high. Leaves 3-4 from the middle of the stem, 8 cm x
2.5 cm, grey-green. Flowers pendulous, campanulate, dark purple
or reddish-violet. V -April to June. Fl - March in the wild, in
St. Petersburg May, for 2-3 weeks. Fr - June. P - by daughter
bulbs or by seed. Tolerants of a semi-shaded position and moderate
dry soil. Z 5 (4). New.
F. latifolia Willd.
Caucasus and northeastern Turkey. On grassy slopes in subalpine
and alpine zones.
Bulb about 2 cm diam. Leafy stem 20-30 cm. Leaves 5-7,
wide-lanceolate. Flowers solitary, large, checkered. V - early
spring-late summer. Fl - mid spring to mid summer. Fr - late
summer. Tolerants of a semi-shaded position and moderate dry soil.
Z 5 (4).
F. pallidiflora Schrenk
Central Asia (Tarbagatay, Dzshungarskiy Alatau). On grassy
slopes in subalpine zone.
Bulb 3.5-4.0 cm diam. Leafy stem 20-40 (-70) cm. Leaves
numerous, 10 x 2.5-4 cm, grey green, oblong-lanceolate. Flowers
5-10, campanulate, 3.5 cm long, pale yellow, in panicle on top
of the stem. V - early spring to late summer. Fl - Mid spring
(May in St. Petersburg). Fr - mid summer. P - by seed and
daughter bulbs. Self-sowing plant if planted in a semi-shaded
place. Can grow in full sun also. Z 4.
F. ussuriensis Maxim.
Far East (southern regions). In wet meadows, on moist sandy soil.
Bulb small (2cm). Stem 50-60 cm leafy in middle and upper parts.
Leaves 10-15 cm long, verticillate. Flowers solitary large (3.5 cm),
perianth narrowly campanulate, brownish-violet outside, purple and
checkered inside with yellowish tipped. V - early spring to late
autumn. Fl - mid spring. Fr - late summer. P - by seed and daughter
bulbs. Requires a moist place, but not stagnant water. Z 6 (5).
Also of garden interest are the following:
F. grandiflora Grossh.
Caucasus (Talysh) . In forest on cliffs, rare.
Flowers large (5-6 cm), solitary, brown-purple, checkered. Very
attractive. Z 6 (5). New.
F. meleagris L.
European part of FSU, western Siberia and Europe. In moist
meadows, in clearings.
Flowers large (3-5 cm), solitary, dark purple, pink or white,
checkered. Z 4.
F. meleagroides Patrin ex Schult. et Schult. fil.
European part of the FSU (southeastern regions), Caucasus,
western Siberia, steppes of Central Asia and southwestern Europe.
In meadows, along stream, sometimes on saline soil.
Flowers 2-3 cm, solitary, dark brown-violet, obscurely chekered.
Z 5 (4). New.
F. olgae Vved.
Central Asia (Kugitang, Zerawshan). In juniper forest, on
Flowers 1-5, 3 cm long, yellow-green. Requires dry soil and a
sunny position. Z 6 (5). New.
F. orientalis Adams.
Caucasus (the Greater Caucasian Range). In alpine meadows.
Flowers 2-4 cm, solitary, dark purple, yellowish inside. Z 5 (4).
F. ruthenica Wikstr.
European part of the FSU, western Siberia, Kazakstan. Steppe,
Flowers 1-5, 3-3.5 cm, dark red, obscurely checkered. Z 5 (4).