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Rare, Endangered and Vulnerable Plants of the Republic of Georgia

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SALICACEAE

Populus euphratica Olivier
riversides; lower mountain belt, 700-800 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kiziki). Rare.

Salix apoda Trautv.
birch forests; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. kazbekensis A. Skvorts.
morains, rocks, lake coast; subalpine and alpine belt, 1700-3300 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Ablhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Imereti, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. kikodze Goerz.
forest margins, morains, bogs; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Guria). Endemic to Georgia.

S. kuznetzowii Laksh. ex Goerz
forest margins, birch forests; subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. pantosericea Goerz
moist places, morains, rock streams; subalpine belt, 2100-2500 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

SANTALACEAE

Thesium laxiflorum Trautv.
meadows, forest margins; lower mountain and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Imereti, Kartli, Meskheti).  Endemic to Georgia.

T. szovitsii DC.
clay-sandy slopes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kiziki). Rare.

SAXIFRAGACEAE

Chrysosplenium albovianum Kutath.
moist places; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

Saxifraga abchasica Oetting
calcareous rocks; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti). Endemic to Georgia.

S. caucasica Somm. & Levier
rock fissures; alpine belt, 2800-3000 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. colchica Albov
rocky places; subalpine and alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. kusnezowiana Oetting
rocky places; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi). Endemic to Georgia.

S. pontica Albov
rocky places; alpine belt
Trancaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

S. pseudolaevis Oetting
rock streams, pebbly, stony places; 1700-2500 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. ruprechtiana Manden.
rocky places; alpine and subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. scleropoda Somm. & Levier
rocky places; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. sosnowskyi Manden.
rocky places; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

S. subverticillata Boiss.
wet rocks; alpine belt, 200-2500 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. trautvetteri Manden.
rocky places; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

SCROPHULARIACEAE

Digitalis ciliata Trautv.
rocky places, forest, forest margins (pine forests)
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Svaneti, Samegrelo, Imereti)

D. ferruginea L.
forests, forest margins, shrubwoods; from lower mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Kakheti, Javakheti, Meskheti)

D. schischkinii Ivanina
forest margins, shrubwoods; from lower mountain belt up to upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi , Samegrelo, Imererti, Guria, Adjara, Shiga Kartli)

Euphrasia adenocaulon Juz.
shrubwoods, slopes; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Shiga Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

E. caucasica Juz.
meadows; from upper mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia. Endemic to the Caucaus.

E grossheimii Kem.–Nath.
rock streams; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

E. kemulariae Juz.
rocky places, meadows; from upper mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Transaucasus: Georgia.  Endemic to Georgia.

E. sosnowskyi Kem. – Nath.
meadows; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

E. svanica Kem. – Nath.
rock streams; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to Georgia.

E. woronowii Juz.
rocky places, along streams; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

Linaria schelkownikowii Schischk.
meadows, shrubwoods, forest margins; middle and upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti, Mtiuleti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

L. schirvanica Fomin
dry slopes, clay, rarely arable lands; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Gare Kakheti, Gardabani, Meskheti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Melampyrum alboffianim Beauverd
meadows, shrubwoods; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Guria, Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

M. caucasicum Bunge
meadows,shrubwoods, oak forests
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Kakheti, Meskheti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

M.chlorostachyum Beauverd
open woodland, shrubwoods, pebbly places; from lower mountain up to upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

M. mulkijanianii T.N. Pop.
forests, shrubwoods; subalpine meadows, 2800 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Paederotella pontica (Rupr. ex Boiss.) Kem. – Nath.
rock fissures; subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Svaneti, Imereti, Guria, Meskheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Pedicularis elisabethe T.N. Pop.
subalpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

P. panjutinii E. Busch
meadows; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Rhamphicarpa medwedewii Albov
wet meadows, bogs, swamps, ponds; from lower mountain up to upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Shiga Kartli)

Scrophularia imerethica Kem. – Nath.
rocky places; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti). Endemic to Georgia.

S. lateriflora Trautv.
wet rocks, forest margins; 2050 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. minima Bieb.
screes, morains; alpine belt, rarely subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. ruprechtii Boiss.
screes, morains, subalpine meadows; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. sosnowskyi Kem. – Nath.
meadows; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Rare.

S. sprengerana Somm. & Levier
forests; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Guria). Endemic to Georgia.

Veronica amoena Bieb.
dry slopes; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kakheti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. caucasica Bieb.
rocky places, stony slopes; from lower mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. charadzeae Kem. – Nath.
pine and birch forests, meadows; upper forest and subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Kartli, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. colchica Kimeridze
talus, rocky places; at forest and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to Georgia.

V. galathica Boiss.
calcareous rocks; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. imerethica Kem.–Nath.
calcareous rocks; from foothills up to upper forest belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti, Adjara, Kartli, Trialeti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. liwanensis C.Koch
rocky places, rock fissures; middle and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara, Kartli, Meskheti). Rare.

V. nigricans C. Koch
forests, shrubwoods; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Smagrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adjara).  Endemic to Georgia.

V. petraea (Bieb.) Stev.
rocky places, rock streams; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. propinqua Boriss.
meadows, rocky places, stony slopes; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tusheti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. shistosa E. Busch
shale; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. tumadzhanovii T. Mardalejshvili
clayey places; 2600-3100 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

Verbascum adzharicum Gritzenko
pine forests, subalpine meadows, moist places; 2000-2500 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Guria, Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

V. alpigenum C. Koch
forest, forest margins, meadows; form upper mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Kartli, Meskheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. formosum Fisch. ex Schrank
dry places; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki, Kakheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. paniculatum Murb.
dry stony places; lower mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti, Meskheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. sessiliflorum Murb.
shrubwoods, sand by seashore
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

V. wilhelmsianum C.Koch
forests and forest margins, meadows; upper mountain and subalpine belts
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Samegrelo, Shiga Kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

SOLANACEAE

Atropa caucasica Kreyer
forest margins; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Lycium ruthenicum Murr.
sandy, saline soil, semideserts and deserts
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kiziki). Rare.

Solanum woronowii Pojark
roadsides, gullies; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Imereti, Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

STAPHILEACEAE

Staphylea colchica Stev.
oak forests, beech forests, mixed forests, gullies; forest belt, 1200 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Kartli). Vulnerable.

S. pinnata L.
oak forests, mixed forests; forest belt, 1000 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Kakheti). Vulnerable.

TAMARICACEAE

Reaumuria kuznetzovii Sosn. & Manden.
clay, gypsum, saline slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

TAXACEAE

Taxus baccata L.
moist places, mainly beech forests; 1500-1800 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Gare Kakheti, Kakheti, Meskheti).  Endangered.

THYMELEACEAE

Daphne axilliflora (Keissl.) Pobed.
forests, river banks; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Kakheti, Gare Kakheti, Gardabani, Meskheti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

D. pseudosericea Pobed.
calcareous slopes; alpine, rarely forest belt, 300-2400 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

D. transcaucasica Pobed.
dry, stony slopes; middle and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Javakheti). Rare.

TILIACEAE

Tilia begoniifolia Stev.
forest, forest margins, gullies; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia. Rare.

T. cordata Mill.
dry, open places, mountain forests; mainly upper mountain belt, 1200-2000 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Rare.

TRAPACEAE

Trapa colchica Albov
ponds near seashore
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Guria, Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

T. hyrcana Woronow
lake, bogs
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Gardabani). Endangered.

T. maleevi V.Vassil
lake, bogs
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

 

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