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Rare, Endangered and Vulnerable Plants of the Republic of Georgia

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RAFFLESIACEAE

Cytinus ruber (Fourr.) Kom.
pine forests
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Rare.

RANUNCULACEAE

Aconitum cymbulatum (Schmalh.) Lipsky
morains, meadows; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. nasutum Fisch. ex Reichenb.
meadows, forest margins; mountain and alpine belts.
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Guria, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Javakheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. pubiceps (Rupr.) Trautv.
upper mountain and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. tusheticum (N.Busch) N. Busch
meadows, shrubwoods, slopes; upper forest belt and subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Anemone caucasica Willd. ex Rupr.
forest, forest margins, shrubwoods, meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Adjara, Kartli,, Trialeti, Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. fasciculata L. [Image 1]
subalpine and alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia. Vulnerable.

A. ranunculoides L.
wet, broad-leaved forests; middle mountain belt up to upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Kartli, Kakheti). Vulnerable.

A. speciosa Adams ex G. Pritz.
rocky places, stony places; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Aquilegia caucasica Bieb.
meadows and forest margins; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. colchica Kem.-Nath.
calcareous rocks; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. gegica Jabr.-Kolak.
steep calcareous rocks; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Georgia.

Delphinium bracteosum Somm. & Levier
meadows, forest margins; upper mountain or subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

D. caucasicum C.A. Mey.
morains, nearby glaciers; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkumi, Mtiuleti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

D. charadzeae Kem.-Nath.
stony slopes, meadows; middle and upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus (Osetia); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

D. dasycarpum Stev. ex DC.
meadows; upper mountain, subalpine and alpine belts
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

D. elisabethae N. Busch
meadows; upper mountain belt and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

D. fedorovii Dimitrova
meadows, forest margins; upper mountain and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

D. flexuosum Bieb.
meadows, megaphorbias; upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumu, Samegrelo, Mtiuleti), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

D. ironorum N. Busch
meadows, forest margins; subalpine and alpine belt, 2000-2850 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi). Endemic to Georgia.

D. ochroleucum Stev. ex DC.
dry, open slopes, arable lands; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

D. osseticum N. Busch
meadows, forest margins; upper mountain and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli).  Endemic to Georgia.

D. pyramidatum Albov
meadows, megaphorbias; subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

D. thamarae Kem.– Nath.
forest margins, slopes; upper forest belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

Ficaria ledebouri Grossh. & Schischk.
forest margins, shrubwoods; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

F. varia Otschiauri
terrace, alder forests; 1300 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to Georgia.

Helleborus abchasicus A.Br. [Image 1]
forests and forest margins, limestone piedmonts; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti).  Endemic to Georgia.

H. caucasicus A. Br. [Image 1]
forest margins, slopes of river gorges, piedmonts; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti, Adjara, Kartli, Shiga Kartli, Kakheti, Meskheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Pulsatilla aurea (Somm. & Levier) Juz.
meadows, Rhododendron shrublets; subalpine and alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo, Guria, Adjara).  Endemic to Georgia.

P. georgica Rupr.
screes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

P. violacea Rupr.
stony slopes; subalpine and alpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Racha-Lechkhumi, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Ranunculus abchasicus Freyn
rock fissures, open slopes; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. arachnoides C.A. Mey.
screes, rock streams; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi). Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. baidarae Rupr.
meadows, by streams; upper mountain and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. buschii Ovcz.
subalpine and alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. crassifolius (Rupr.) Grossh.
subalpine and alpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Shiga Kartli). Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. dzavakheticus Ovcz.
rock streams, meadows; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. grossheimi Kolak.
hornbeam, pine forests; middle mountain up to alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

R. helenae Albov
meadows, stony places, by snow patches; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. lojkae Somm. & Levier
stony places, rock streams; alpine and subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. migaricus Kem.-Nath & Chinth.
calcareous rocks; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

R. raddeanus Regel
subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. subtilis Trautv.
meadows, by streams; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. svaneticus Rupr.
wet meadows, slopes; alpine and subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Guria, Adjara).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. tebulossicus Prima
screes; alpine belt up to 3600 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Thalictrum buschianum Kem.-Nath.
forests, shrubwoods, forest margins, meadows; middle mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

T. triternatum Rupr.
rocky places; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti, Kakheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

RESEDACEAE

Reseda globulosa Fisch. & Mey.
dry, stony slopes, limestones, pebbly places; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki, Gardabani), Azebaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

RHAMNACEAE

Rhamnus cordata Medw.
limestones, rock fissures
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti).  Endemic to Georgia.

R. imeretina Booth
forest margins, broad-leaved and conuferous forest; middle mountain and subalpine belt, 2000 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Guria, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Meskheti). Vulnerable.

R. microcarpa Boiss.
dry, calcareous rocks, rock fissures; 1000-2300 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Kartli, Trialeti, Javakheti, Meskheti).  Rare.

ROSACEAE

Alchemilla abchasica Bus.
alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

A. adelodictya Juz.
rocky places; alpine zone
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

A. alexandri Juz.
alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

A. aurata Juz.
rocky places, stony places, screes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

A. bakurianica Sosn.
meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

A. capillacea Juz.
forests, fields
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

A. cartalinica Juz.
meadows, forests; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Karlti). Endemic to Georgia.

A. chlorosericea (Bus.) Juz.
rocky places; alpine and subnival forest
Northen Caucasus (Dagestania) Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. debilis Juz.
morains, rocky places; alpine belt
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. depexa Juz.
mountain meadows
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. divaricans Bus.
alpine meadows
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. diversipes Juz.
alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. elisabethae Juz.
meadows, morains; alpine belt, 2200-2400 m
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. erectilis Juz.
alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

A. georgica Juz.
meadows; 1750-2900 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

A. grandidens Juz.
rocky places, stony places; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

A. holotricha Juz.
along streams, in meadows
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

A. hypochlora Juz.
alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

A. hypotricha Juz.
alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

A. impolita Juz.
subalpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to Georgia.

A. indurata Juz.
rocky places; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

A. insignis Juz.
mountain meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

A. kozlowskii Juz.
meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

A. laeta Juz.
along streams, among tall herbaceous; subalpine and alpine belts
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. languida Bus
alpine meadows
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. microdictya Juz.
rocky places; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

A. microdonta Juz.
meadows, fields
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Mtiuleti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. obtegens Juz.
meadows; moutain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Guria). Endemic to Georgia.

A. pascualis Juz.
meadows, rocky places; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

A. pseudomollis Juz.
shrubwoods, river banks, meadows; subalpine belt
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. pycnotricha Juz.
wet rocks, along streams, in meadows, among tall herbaceous plants
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. speciosa Bus.
meadows
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. stellulata Juz.
wet rocks, along streams, meadows; 1500-2600 m
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. subcrenatiformis Juz.
meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

A. suberectipila Juz.
meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

A. subsplendens Bus.
rocky places; 3500 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Guria, Javakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

A. tamarae Juz.
meadows
Northen Caucasus (Osetia) Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. tephrosericea (Bus.) Juz.
rock fissures, screes; subalpine belt
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. tredecimloba Bus.
along streams; subalpine belt
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Shiga Kartli).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. undecimloba Juz.
forests, megaphorbias; subalpine belt
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. urceolata Juz.
forest margins, meadows; subalpine belt
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. venosa Juz.
meadows; 1900-2400 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. woronowii Juz.
stony slopes, shrubwoods; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

Amygdalus georgica Desf.
fields
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

Cerasus incana (Pall.) Spach
dry stony slopes, shrubwoods
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Gare Kakheti, Trialeti). Rare.

Cotoneaster melanocarpus Fisch. ex Blytt
stony places, shrubwoods, forests; middle mountain belt
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kiziki), Azebaijan, Armenia.  Rare

C. saxatilis Pojark.
stony places, shrubwoods
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. soczavianus Pojark
forests; middle mountain belt
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Crataegus caucasica C.Koch
rocky places, stony slopes, shrubwoods
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Trialeti, Meskheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. orientalis Pall. ex Bieb.
open woodland, forest margins, dry stony slopes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara, Kartli, Trialeti, Meskheti).  Rare.

C. pontica C.Koch
stony places, gardens
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endangered.

Cydonia oblonga Mill.
forest margins, slopes; lower mountain belt, sometimes middle mountain belt, 1400 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara, Kartli, Kiziki, Kvemo Kartli).  Rare.

Dryas caucasica Juz.
dry sony slopes, rocky places, morains; subalpine and alpine belt
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan. Rare.

Laurocerasus officinalis Roem.
forests; 2400 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Gare Kakheti). Vulnerable.

Potentilla agrimoniodes Bieb.
rocky places, meadows; subalpine belt
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. brachypetala Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex Lehm.
rocky places; subalpine belt
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo, Adjara, Meskheti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. camillae Kolak.
caleareous rock fissures; lower mountain belt up to upper mountain belt, 500-2500 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

P. caucasica Juz.
forest margins, shrubwoods, meadows; middle mountain up to subalpine belt
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Kartli, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Kakheti, Gare Kakheti, Javakheti, Meskheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. imerethica Gagnidze & Sochadze
calcareous rock; 700 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti). Endemic to Georgia.

P. kemulariae Kapell. & A. Kurthath.
open places; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti). Endemic to Georgia.

P. nordmanniana Ledeb.
meadows; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Adjara, Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

P. sommieri Siegfr. & R.Keller
meadows; upper forest belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to Georgia.

P. sosnowskyi Kapeller
dry slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

P. svanetica Siegfr. & Keller
forests, river banks; 600-1200 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to Georgia.

Pyrus caucasica Fed.
forests; lower and middle mountain belt
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. demetri Kuthatheladze
open places; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Gare Kakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

P. eldarica Grossh.
open woodland
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kiziki), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. federovii Kuthatheladze
open places, shrubwoods; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Gare Kakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

P. georgica Kuthatheladze
dry places, rarely forest margins, shrubwoods; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Kiziki, Gare Kakheti, Meskheti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. ketzkhovelii Kuthatheladze
open places, shrubwoods; lower moutain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Gare Kakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

P. sachokiana Kuthatheladze
dry places; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kiziki, Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

P. takhtadzhianii Fed.
open places, forest margins; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Gare Kakheti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Rosa bushiana Chrshan.
dry, stony slopes; alpine belt, 2200-2500 m
Northen Caucasus (Dagestania) Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. didoensis Boiss.
open places, rocky places; upper mountain and subalpine belts, 1500-2000 m
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. doluchanovii Manden.
alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti). Endemic to Georgia.

R. ermanica Manden.
stony places, shrubwoods, meadows; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti). Endemic to Georgia.

R. galushkoi Demurova
dry, open places, shrubwoods; upper mountain and subalpine belt
Northen Caucasus (Osetia) Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuelti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. hirtissima Lonacz.
meadows, rock fissures, morains; subalpine and alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Svaneti, Samegrelo, Shiga Kartli).  Rare.

R. irysthonica Manden.
forest margins, meadows; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to Georgia.

R. koslowskii Chrshan.
open places, shrubwoods, forest margins; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kvemo Kartli), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. marschalliana Sosn.
meadows, shrubwoods; upper mountain and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuelti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. oplisthes Boiss.
forest margins; upper mountain and subalpine belt
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. ossethica Manden.
forest margins; upper mountain belt
Northen Caucasus (Dagestania) Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. oxyoden Boiss.
forest margins, shrubwoods; upper mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. prilipkoana Sosn.
shrubwoods; 1000-1700 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. pulverulenta Bieb.
open slopes; upper mountain and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Svaneti, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti, Trialeti). Rare.

R. rapinii Boiss. & Bal.
stony slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Meskheti). Rare.

R. teberdensis Chrshan
shrubwoods; middle and upper mountain belt
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Kartli, Kakheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. transcaucasica Manden.
forest margins, shrubwoods; middle and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Meskheti).  Endemic to Georgia.

R. tushetica Boiss.
stony slopes; subalpine and alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to Georgia.

R. woronowii Lonacz.
forest margins, open woodland; upper mountain and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Guria, Adjara, Trialeti, Kvemo Kartli, Javakheti, Meskheti). Vulnerable.

Rubus abchaziensis (Sudre) Sudre
seashore
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti). Endemic to Georgia.

R. adsharicus Sanadze
deciduous forests
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

R. cartalinicus Juz.
along streams, river banks; middle and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. caucasigena (Sudre) Juz.
seashore; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

R. cyri Juz.
forest margins, slopes, river banks
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

R. discernendus Sudre
forest margins, foothills
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

R. dolichocarpus Juz.
forests and forest margins
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kakheti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. georgicus Focke
forest margins, shrubwoods
Northen Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. ibericus Juz.
along streams, river banks, shrubwoods
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

R. juzepczukii Sanadze
deciduous and mixed forests, forest margins
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

R. kachethicus Sanadze
decicuous forests, forest margins
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

R. ketzkhovelii Sanadze
deciduous forests
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

R. kudagorensis Sanadze
deciduous forests
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

R. lepidulus (Sudre) Juz.
forests, forest margins, shrubwoods
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

R. leptostemon Juz.
coniferous forests; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

R. longipetiolatus Sanadze
deciduous forests, forest margins
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

R. miszczenkoi Juz.
rocky places, forests, forest margins, shrubwoods
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

R. moschus Juz.
forests, forest margins, along streams
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Kartli).  Endemic to Georgia.

R. nakeralicus Sanadze
deciduous forests
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi). Endemic to Georgia.

R. ochthodes Juz.
river banks, slopes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

R. ossiucus Juz.
rocky places, forest margins; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

R. piceetorum Juz.
coniferous forests, rarely mixed and deciduous forests; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

R. ponticus (Focke) Juz.
forest margins
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (West). Endemic to the Caucasus.

R. woronowii (Sudre) Sudre
forest margins; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

Sorbus caucasica Zinserl.
calcareous rock; 900-1600 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Javakheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. caucasigena Kom. ex Gatsch.
forests; subalpine belt, 1600-2400 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. colchica Zinserl.
forests
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Adjara).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. fedorovii Zaikonn.
forests; 1600-2000 m
Northern Caucasus (Teberda); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Mtiuleti, Shiga Kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. migarica Zinserl.
calcareous rocks; 1800-2000 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Javakheti, Meskheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. subfusca (Ledeb.) Boiss.
forests, Rhododendron scrub, beechwoods; 1700-2400 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. turcica Zinserl.
forests and rocky places; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Trialeti). Rare.

S. velutina (Albov) Schneid.
stony slopes, limestones, forests
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Woronowia speciosa (Albov) Juz.
meadows, screes, limestones; subapline and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

RUBIACEAE

Asperula abchasica V.Krecz.
calcareous rocks, rock fissures, screes; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti).  Endemic to Georgia.

A. cristata (Somm. & Levier) V. Krecz.
rocky places, screes
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. kemulariae Manden.
calcareous rocks; lower and middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Galium anfractum Somm. & Levier
alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to Georgia.

G. praemontanum T. Mardalejshvili
rock fissures; middle mountain belt, 725-800 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki). Endemic to Georgia.

G. valentioides Bieb.
rock fissures, screes; middle mountain belt up to alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Rubia transcaucasica Grossh.
dry slopes; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kiziki), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

RUSCACEAE

Ruscus colchicus P.F. Yeo
evergreen forests
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shore of the Black Sea). Rare.

R. pontricus Woronow ex Grossh.
forests, shrubwoods; forest belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Imereti, Kartli). Vulnerable.

 

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