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Rare, Endangered and Vulnerable Plants of the Republic of Georgia

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PAEONIACEAE

Paeonia cartalinica Ketzch. [Image 1]
thorn bush, fields; foothills
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki). Endangered.

P. caucasica (Schipcz.) Schipcz. [Image 1]
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Imereti, Adjara, Kartli, Shiga Kartli, Trialeti, Kakheti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. lagodechiana Kem.-Nath. [Image 1]
forest margins, beech forests; middle mountain belt, 1900 m
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. macrophylla (Albov) Lomak.
elfin woodlands, fields, on limestones; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Racha-Lechkhumi , Imereti, Guria, Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

P. majko Ketzch.
oak-hornbeam forests, forest margins
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli).  Extinct.

P. mlokosewitschii Lomak. [Image 1]
stony slopes; middle mountain belt up to upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti, Kiziki).  Endemic to Georgia.

P. ruprechtiana Kem.–Nath.
forests, gullies; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

P. steveniana Kem.–Nath.
forest margins, shrubwoods; upper forest belt
Transcaucasus: Ceorgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

P. tenuifolia L.
fields, shrubwoods
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki). Vulnerable.

P. wittmannian Hartwiss ex Lindl.
beech forests, forest margins, shrubwoods; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazi). Endemic to Georgia.

PAPAVERACEAE

Glaucium flavum Crantz
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Adjara, Kartli). Rare.

Papaver oreophylum Rupr.
dry stony, grassy slopes; subalpine and alpine belts, 1700-3000 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuelti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. orientale L.
shubwoods, meadows; upper mountain and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kakheti, Gare Kakheti, Trialeti, Kvemo Kartli, Javakheti). Rare.

P. pseudo-orientale (Fedde) Medw.
meadows; 1600-2200 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Javakheti, Meskheti). Rare.

PEGANACEAE

Peganum harmala L.
dry, ruderal, saline places
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki, Gardabani, Meskheti).  Rare.

PINACEAE

Pinus eldarica Medw.
dry, rocky, stony places; 450-600 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kiziki). Endangered.

P. pityusa Stev.
calcareous rocky places, sandy places near seashore
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

PLUMBAGINACEAE

Acantholimon fominii Kusn.
steppes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kiziki, Gare Kakheti). Rare.

A. glumaceum (Jaub. & Spach) Boiss. [Image 1]
stony slopes; upper mountain and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Rare.

A. lepturoides (Jaub. & Spach) Boiss.
dryslopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli).  Rare.

Psylliostachys spicata (Willd.) Nevski
dry places
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kiziki). Rare.

POLYGALACEAE

Polygala albowii Kem.-Nath.
calcareous rocks, shrubwoods, meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

P. caucasica Rupr.
subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Imereti, Adjara, Kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. makashwilii Kem.-Nath.
calcareous slopes, shrubwoods, forest margins
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti).  Endemic to Georgia.

P. mariamae Tamamsch.
shrubwoods, meadows; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Trialeti, Javakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

P. sosnowsky Kem.-Nath.
stony slopes, foothills
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

POLYGONACEAE

Atraphaxis caucasica (Hoffm.) Pavl.
rocky places, dry places
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Karlti, Trialeti, Meskheti). Rare.

Oxyria elatior R.Br. ex Meissn.
moraines, rock streams; alpine and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti). Rare.

Polygonum dshawachischwili Charkev.
subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Trialeti, Javakheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. panjutinii Charkev.
subalpine meadows, stony places, megaphorbias; upper mountain and subalpine belts
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuelti, Kakheti, Trialeti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. tiflisiense Kom.
dry places
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

PRIMULACEAE

Androsace raddeana Somm. & Levier
pine forests, stony places; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Cyclamen abchasicum (Medw. ex Kusn.) Kolak [Image 1]
forest, shrubwoods; mainly lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi). Endemic to Georgia.

C. adzharicum Pobed.
forests, shrubwoods, slopes; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Rare.

C. colchicum (Albov) Albov
rocky places, stony places; lower mountain belt up to subalpine belt, 300-2500 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo).  Endemic to Georgia.

C. coum Mill.
broad-leaved forests, mainly oak forests; forest belt up to alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Vulnerable.

C. vernum Sweet
open slopes, beech-hornbeam forests; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia

Primula abchasica Sosn.
deciduous forests
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia), Shore of the Black Sea.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. amoena Bieb.
meadows, pebbly places; subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. bayernii Rupr.
rocky places, rock streams, moist places, by glaciers; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. cordifolia Rupr.
alpine and subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Javakheti), Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. darialica Rupr.
rocky places; forest belt and subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. farnifolia Rupr.
rock fissures; forest and subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. juliae Kusn. [Image 1]
wet rocks; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. komarovii Losinsk
broad-leaved forests; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Rare.

P. luteola Rupr.
wet meadows, swampy places; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. meyeri Rupr.
meadows, morains, rocky places; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. pseudoelatior Kusn.
subalpine and alpine meadows
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. ruprechtii Kusn.
subalpine and alpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. saguramica Gavr.
deciduous forests, slopes; 800 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

P. woronowii Losinsk. [Image 1]
forest, gullys; middle mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Sredinskya grandis (Trautv.) Fed.
wet meadows, by river streams; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Balkaria); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi). Endemic to the Caucasus.

PUNIACACEAE

Punica granatum L.
dry places, river terraces
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Imereti, Guria, Kartli, Kakheti, Kiziki, Gardabani, Trialeti, Kvemo Kartli.  Endangered.

 

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