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Rare, Endangered and Vulnerable Plants of the Republic of Georgia

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MALVACEAE

Alcea abchasica Iljin
dry, open places, forest margins
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

A. sosnovskyi Iljin
steppes, vineyards
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Gare Kkaheti, Kiziki), Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. transcaucasica (Iljin) Iljin
shrubwoods, forest margins, dry slopes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Adjara, Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

Althaea officinalis L.
shrubwoods, river banks, saline soil
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Kartli, Gardabani). Rare.

Hibiscus ponticus Rupr.
swamps near sea level
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

MARSILEACEA

Marsilea quadrifolia L.
ponds; lowlands
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara).  Rare.

MENYANTHACEAE

Menyanthes trifoliata L.
peat bogs, swampy areas; 2300 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Shiga Kartli, Trialeti, Javakheti, Meskheti).  Rare.

MORACEAE

Ficus carica L.
rocky places; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia. Endangered.

NITRARIACEAE

Nitraria schoberi L.
shaley, sandy soil; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki, Meskheti). Rare.

NYMPHAEACEAE

Nuphar lutea L.
ponds, lakes, bogs
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Adjara). Endangered.

Nymphaea colchica (Woronow ex Grossh.) Kem. – Nath.
bogs, lakes; lower and middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

OLEACEAE

Fraxinus coriariifolia Scheele
forests; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti, Kiziki). Rare.

F. excelsior L.
mixed and broad-leaved forests; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi , Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Kakheti, Kiziki, Gare Kakheti, Gardabani, Trialeti, Kvemo Kartli, Meskheti). Vulnerable.

F oxycarpa Willd.
dry places; lower mountain belt up to middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Trialeti, Kvemo Kartli, Meskheti)  Rare.

Jasminum officinale L.
forest margins and shrubwoods
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Imereti).  Rare.

Olea europaea L.
dry, stony, calcareous rocks
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endangered.

Osmanthus decorus (Boiss & Bal.) Kasapligil
forests; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Adjara). Rare.

ORCHIDACEAE

Anacamptis pyramidalis (L.) Rich.
meadows, shrubwoods; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Kartli, Trialeti).  Vulnerable.

Caphalanthera damasonium (Mill.) Druce
forests, shrubwoods; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Kartli,Trialiti). Vulnerable.

C. longifolia (L.) Fritsch
moist forests, shrubwoods; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti, Guria , Kartli, Kakheti, Trialeti). Vulnerable.

C. rubra (L.) Rich.
forest margins, forests, shrubwoods; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhasia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti, Kartli, Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli). Vulnerable.

Coeloglossum viride (L.) C.Hartm.
subalpine and alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Mtiuleti).  Vulnerable.

Corallorrhiza trifida Chatel.
forests; middle and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Mtiuleti, Trialeti, Meskheti).  Vulnerable.

Dactylorhiza euxina (Nevski) Czer.
wet meadows; subalpine and alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Guria, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Kvemo Kartli, Javakheti). Vulnerable.

D. flavescens (C.Koch) Holub
forests, field, shrubwoods; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Adjara, Kartli, Kakheti, Trialeti).  Vulnerable.

D. iberica (Bieb. ex Willd.) Soo
wet meadows; middle mountain belt up to upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Kartli). Vulnerable.

D. incarnata (L.) Soo
wet meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Guria, Adjara, Kartli, Meshkheti).  Vulnerable.

D. salina (Turcz. ex Lindl.) Soo
wet meadows; mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia. Vulnerable.

D. urvelleana (Steud) H.Baumann
subalpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Imereti, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Mtiouleti, Trialeti, Javakheti).  Vulnerable.

Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz.
forest margins, light forests, shrubwoods; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Kakheti, Trialeti).  Vulnerable.

E. palustrisi (L.) Crantz.
bogs, moist places
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Adjara, Shiga Kartli).  Vulnerable.

Epipogium aphyllum Sw.
pine forests
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Kartli). Vulnerable.

Goodyera repens (L.) R.Br.
coniferous forests; middle mountain belt up to upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Trialeti).  Vulnerable.

Gymnadenia conopsea (L.) R. Br.
meadows; upper mountain belt and alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Kakheti, Trialeti). Vulnerable.

Herminium monorchis (L.) R. Br.
meadows; upper mountain belt up to alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti). Vulnerable.

Limodorum abortivum (L.) Sw.
forests, shrubwoods; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Imereti, Kartli, Kakheti).  Vulnerable.

Listera cordata (L.) R.Br.
broad-leaved forest and coniferous forest; middle and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Guria, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Mtiuleti).  Vulnerable.

L. ovata (L.) R. Br.
mixed forests, wet meadows, shrubwoods; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Kakheti, Meskheti).  Vulnerable.

Ophrys apifera Huds.
forests; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Vulnerable.

O. caucasica Woronow ex Grossh.
forest margins, shrubwoods, open slopes
Transcaucasus: Georgia. Vulnerable.

O. oestifera Bieb.
forests, shrubwoods; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Shiga Kartli, Kartli).  Vulnerable.

Orchis coriophora L.
meadows, shrubwoods; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Imertei, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Tiraleti, Kvemo Kartli). Vulnerable.

O. mascula (L.) L.
forest margins, shrubwoods; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Imereti, Racha-Lechkhumi,Guria, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Trialeti).  Vulnerable.

O. pallens L.
forests; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti, Kartli).  Vulnerable.

O. palustris Jacq.
swampy middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adjara).  Vulnerable.

O. purpurea Huds.
forests; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi,Imereti, Kartli, Gare Kakheti).  Vulnerable.

O. simia L.
forests, shrubwoods; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Vulnerable.

O. spitzelii Saut. ex Koch
forest margins, shrubwoods
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo, Kartli).  Vulnerable.

O. stevenii Reichenb. fil.
forest, moist places; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Gare Kakheti, Trialeti).  Vulnerable.

O. tridentata Scop.
meadows; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Kartli). Vulnerable.

O. ustulata L.
forest margins, shrubwoods
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Gare Kakheti). Vulnerable.

Platanthera bifolia (L.) Rich.
forests; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti). Vulnerable.

P. chlorantha (Cust.) Reichenb.
forests; lower mountain belt up to middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Imereti, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Kakheti, Trialeti). Vulnerable.

Serapias vomeracea (Spreng.) Schlechter
meadows; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Imereti). Vulnerable.

Spiranthes spiralis (L.) R. Br.
forest margins; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Shiga Kartli). Vulnerable.

Steveniella satyrioides (Spreng.) Schlechter
forests, steppes; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Meskheti). Vulnerable.

Traunsteinera globosa (L.) Reichenb.
subalpine and alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Kartli). Vulnerable.

T. sphaerica (Bieb.) Schlechter
meadows; upper mountain belt up to alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia. Vulnerable.

OROBANCHACEAE

Orobanche gamosepala Reut.
subalpine meadows, stony slopes; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Javakheti, Meskheti), Azerbaijan). Endemic to the Caucasus.

O. grossheimii Novopokr.
forests, subalpine meadows, stony slopes; middle mountain belt up to alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Adjara, Kartli, Shiga Kartli).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

O. inulae Novopokr & Abramov
subalpine meadows, shrubwoods, stony slopes; middle mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara, Shiga Kartli).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

OSMUNDACEAE

Osmunda regalis L.
moist places, swampy areas by the seashore, rarely river gorges; foothills
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Guria, Adjara).  Endangered.

 

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