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Rare, Endangered and Vulnerable Plants of the Republic of Georgia

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LABIATEAE

Amaracus rotundifolius (Boiss.) Briq.
dry, rocky places, open places, oak forests
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Rare.

Betonica abchasica (Bornm.) Chinthib. [Image 1]
limestones; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhasia). Endemic to Georgia.

B. ossetica (Bornm.) Chinth.
rock streams; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Eremostachys iberica Vis.
dry slopes; lower mountain and middle mountain belts
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki). Rare.

Galeopsis nana Otschiauri
screes; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to Georgia.

Marubium goktshaicum N. Pop.
dry slopes; foothills up to subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Katli, Javakheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Nepeta biebersteniana (Trautv.) Pojark.
dry, stony slopes; lower and middle mountain belt, 150-2000 m
Northern Caucasus (Stavropol, Dagestania) Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

N. grandiflora Bieb.
meadows, slopes, shrubwoods; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Rasha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

N. iberica Pojark.
dry slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

N. komarovii E. Busch
rocky places; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

N. troitzkyi Sosn.
dry slopes, stony places
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Gardabani), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Salvia compar Trautv.
gypsum, pebble clay, slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli).  Endemic to Georgia.

S. garedji Troitzk.
gullys and stony areas; middle mountain belt, 600-800 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Gare Kakheti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. ringens Smith
calcareous rocks
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Kvemo Katrtli). Rare.

Satureja bzybica Woronow
dry, calcareous rocks, rock fissures, screes, forest margins
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Scutellaria helenae Albov
calcareous rocks; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

S. karatchaica Charadze
rock streams; forest belt, 2000 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. leptostegia Juz.
dry, stony slopes, screes; middle mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. oreophila Grossh.
screes, meadows; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania) Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Shiga Kartli), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. ossetica Charadze
rock streams, mountain slopes; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Osetia) Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Shiga Kartli). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. pontica C. Koch
rocky places, meadows; subalpine and alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Rare.

S. raddeana Juz.
rocky places, screes; subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. sosnowskyi Takht.
dry, stony slopes; middle and upper mountain belt, 1800(2200) m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Trialeti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Stachys macrophylla Albov
stony slopes, dry meadows; lower to upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Adjara).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Teucrium nuchense C. Koch
dry slopes, screes, shubwoods; 2350 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucaus.

Thymus caucasicus Willd. ex Ronn.
rock sreams, rock fissures, meadows; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo, Imereti, Shiga Kartli). Endemic to the Caucasus.

T. collinus Bieb.
stony places, rocky places, shrubwoods, meadows; middle mountain belt, 2400 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakhety, Javakheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

T. coriifolius Ronn.
dry, stony slopes, shrubwoods; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Gardabani, Meskheti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

T. karjaginii Grossh.
calcareous rocks, stony places; 600-800 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kiziki), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

T. ladjanuricus Kem.–Nath.
calcareous rocks, screes; lower mountain belt, 700 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Letchkhumi). Endemic to Georgia.

T. tiflisiensis Klok. & Shost.
dry places; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kacheti, Kiziki, Gare Kekheti, Trialeti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Ziziphora borzhomica Juz.
dry, stony places; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

Z. puschkinii Adams
stony places, rock streams; subalpine belt up to subnival belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-khevsureti, Gare Kakheti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Z. woronowii Maleev
dry, stony places, calcareous slopes; subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

LAURACEAE

Laurus nobilis L.
lower forest belt or foothills
Northern Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Samegrelo, Imereti). Extinct.

LEGUMINOSEAE

Anthyllis grossheimii Chinth.
rocky places, limestones, meadows; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo). Rare.

A. irenae Juz.
dry meadows; upper and middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Kartli), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. lachnophora Juz.
dry meadows, rock streams; lower and middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Astragalus adzharicus M. Pop.
dry stony places; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Rare.

A. argillosus Manden.
gypsum, clay, slopes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

A. aspindzicus Manden. & Chinth.
dry slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

A. atenicus Ivanishvili
dry stony slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

A. aureus Willd.
stony slopes; 1450-1700 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Trialeti). Rare.

A. bachmarensis Grossh.
subalpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Samegrelo, Gruia, Adjara). Rare.

A. brachytropis (Stev.) C.A.Mey.
morains, meadows; 2000-3000 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. bungeanus Boiss.
meadows; middle and lower mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Kiziki, Gare Kakheti, Gardabani), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. captiosus Boriss.
stony slopes; upper and subalpine belts
Northern Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. campylosema Boiss.
dry, stony slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti, Meskheti). Rare.

A. caucasicus Pall.
dry, stony places; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki). Rare.

A. chordorrhizus Fish. ex Bunge
rocky places, screes; alpine belt, 2000-3100 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti).  Endemic to Georgia.

A. cyri Fomin
dry, stony and clay places; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Meskheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. denudatus Stev.
stony places; 1800 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. doluchanovii Manden.
rocky places; alpine belt, 2280 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

A. freynii Albov
meadows; upper mountain and subalpine belts, 1900-2500 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

A. goktschaicus Grossh.
meadows, screes, river banks, lake coasts; middle and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti, Meskheti).  Endemic to Georgia.

A. hirsutus Ledeb.
dry slopes, rocky places; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

A. kadschorensis Bunge
clay slopes; 1000-1500 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kakheti, Trialeti, Kvemo Kartli).  Endemic to Georgia.

A. kazbekii Char.
rocky places; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkumi, Samegrelo, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-khevsureti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. kemulariae Grossh.
rocky places; middle mountain belt, rarely upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Imererti, Kartli, Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

A. ketzkhovelii Charadze
rock streams; subalpine belt, 1700-2200 m
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania) Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. kozlovskyi Grossh.
dry, stony places; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

A. lagurus Willd.
dry, stony slopes; middle mountain and alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Rare.

A. leonidae Manden.
dry, stony slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

A. levieri Freyn ex Somm. & Levier
stony slopes; 1300-3000 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. magnificus Kolak.
calcareous rock; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

A. massalskyi Grossh. ex Fed.
dry slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. raddeanus Regel
rocky places; middle and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Trialeti). Endemic to Georgia.

A. schischkinii Grossh.
middle to subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

A. sommieri Freyn
dry, stony slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Rare.

A. spaerocephalus Stev.
dry slopes; foothills
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki, Gare Kakheti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. supinus Bunge
screes; alpine and subalpine belt, 3200 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkumi, Samegrelo, Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. takhtadzhjanii Grossh.
dry, stony slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Rare.

A. tanae Sosn.
dry, stony slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

A. trichocalyx Trautv.
dry, grassy slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti). Rare.

A. vardziae Charadze & Chinth.
rocky places, screes; middle mountain up to subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

A. vavilovii Tamamsch. & Fed.
screes, stony slopes; alpine and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Caragana grandiflora (Bieb.) DC.
dry, stony slopes, shrubwoods; lower mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki, Gardabani, Meskheti).  Rare.

Cicer arietinum L.
arable land, ruderal places
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

C. caucasicum Bornm.
screes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

Colutea cilicica Boiss. & Bal.
moist places, river banks, lake coast, forest margins; forest belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti, Adjara).  Rare.

C. orientalis Mill.
forests, forest margins, shrubwoods; forest and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkumi, Imereti, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Kakheti). Rare.

Cytisus caucasicus Grossh.
rocky places; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Imereti, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Gare Kakheti, Trialeti, Meskheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Eversmania subspinosa (Fsch. ex DC.) B. Fedtsch.
dry slopes; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (kiziki), Azerbaijan. Rare.

Galega orientalis Lam.
forests, forest margins, shrubwoods; forest and subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Mtiuelti, Kakheti, Gare Kakheti, Trialeti, Kvemo Kartli), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Genista abchasica Sachok.
rocky places, calcareous slopes, pine forests; lower and middle mountain belt, 700-1000 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia).  Endemic to Georgia.

G. adzharica M. Pop.
rock fissures; lower mountain belt, 700 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

G. flagellaris Somm. & Levier
dry slopes; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Trialeti).  Rare.

G. humifusa L.
stony slopes; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti). Rare.

G. kolakowskyi Sachok.
forest, screes; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

G. mingrelica Albov
alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Shiga Kartli).  Endemic to Georgia.

G. patula Bieb.
broad-leaved forest, semideserts; lower mountain belt up to middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Kakheti, Gare Kakheti, Gardabani, Kvemo Kartli), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

G. sachokiana A. Kuthath.
calcareous rock; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti). Endemic to Georgia.

G. suanica Schischk.
rocky places, stony slopes; middle mountain belt up to subalpine belt, 1000-3000 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Svaneti).  Endemic to Georgia.

G. transcaucasica Schischk.
forests, dry stony places, shrubwoods
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Kakheti, Gare Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Glycyrrhiza glabra L.
lowland and foothills
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kakheti, Kiziki, Gare Kakheti, Gardabani).  Vulnerable.

Halimodendron halodendron (Pall.) Voss.
dry places; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Gare Kakheti, Gardabani). Rare.

Medicago glutinosa Bieb.
rocky places, stony slopes, limestones; upper mountain and subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav Khevsureti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

M. virescens Grossh.
meadows; middle mountain and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania) Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Melissitus brachycarpus (Fisch.) Latsch.
dry, grassy slopes, shrubwoods, ruderal places; 400-1500 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Meskheti). Vulnerable.

Onobrychis angustifolia Chinth.
dry, stony places, shrubwoods; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Vulnerable.

O. biebersteinii Sirj.
dry stony places, rocky places, meadows; upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuelti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

O. cornuta (L.) Desv.
dry, stony slopes; middle mountain and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Trialeti, Javajheti). Rare.

O. grosshemii Kolak. ex Fed.
calcareous rocks; subalpine and alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

O. iberica Grossh.
forest margins, fields; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Gare Kakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

O. kachetica Boiss. & Buhse
dry, grassy slopes, open places; foothills
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kakheti, Kiziki, Gare Kakheti, Gardabani).  Rare.

O. kemulariae Chinth.
dry, stony places; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara, Kartli). Rare.

O. komarovii Grossh.
stony places, clay, pebble
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kakheti, Kiziki, Gare Kakheti, Gardabani).  Endemic to Georgia.

O. meschetica Grossh.
stony places; lower mountain and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara, Kartli, Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

O. oxyodonta Boiss. & Huet.
stony, dry places; subalpine and alpine belts, 2400-3000 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Javakheti).  Vulnerable.

O. petraea (Bieb. ex Willd.) Fisch.
stony slopes, screes, shrubwoods; forest belt and middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

O. radiata (Desf.) Bieb.
dry stony slopes; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki, Trialeti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Orobus ciliatidentatus (Czefr.) Avasneli
subalpine meadows; 2000-2500 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Kartli, Trialeti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Oxytropis dasypoda Rupr. ex Boiss.
dry meadows, stony places; middle and upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Mtiuelti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

O. lazica Boiss.
stony places, alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara).  Rare.

O. owerinii Bunge
mountain slopes; 2000 m
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania, Osetia); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Guria, Mtiuelti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Trifolium fontanum Bobr.
meadows, streams; 1500-2500 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Trigonella calliceras Fisch.
shrubwoods, stony and sandy places; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Karlti). Vulnerable.

T. gladiata Stev. ex Bieb.
dry places, stony slopes; foothills
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kiziki). Vulnerable.

Vavilovia formosa (Stev.) Fed.
rocky streams; alpine and subnival belts
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Rare.

Vicia abbreviata Fisch. & Spreng.
forests, forest margins; 1000-2500 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Shiga Kartli).  Endemic to Georgia.

V. akhmaginica Kazar.
dry, stony slopes; middle and upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti), Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. antiqua Grossh.
moist places, river banks
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Imereti, Adjara, Kartli, Gare Kakheti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. caucasica Ekvtim.
meadows, morains, screes; 1700-3300 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. ciliata Lipsky
moist places, forests, forest margins, river banks; 1500 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Kartli, Kakheti, Kizki, Gare Kakheti, Gardabani, Trialeti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

V. faba L.
cultivated plants
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Kartli). Rare.

V. grossheimii Ekvtim.
meadows, shrubwoods, arable lands; 1600-2200 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

LENTIBULARIACEAE

Urticullaria minor L.
bogs, ponds; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Adjara, Kartli, Trialeti, Meskheti)

LILIACEAE

Erythronium caucasicum Woronow
forests, forest margins; 1000-1200 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imerti), Shore of the Black Sea. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Fritillaria caucasica Adams
shrubwoods; 1200 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Mtiuleti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

F. collina Adams
alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Kvemo Kartli).  Vulnerable.

F. lagodechiana Charkev.
moist places, subalpine meadows, open woodland, tall herbaceous
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

F. latifolia Willd. [Image 1]
subalpine and alpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Mtiuleti, Kartli, Meskheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

F. orientalis Adams
alpine meadows
Central Caucasus.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Gagea charadze Davlianidze
lake coasts; upper forest belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

G. helenae Grossh.
shrubwoods, forest margins
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Lilium caucasicum (Miscz. ex Grossh.) Grossh.
forests, forest margins; lower and middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia), Shore of the Black Sea.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

L. georgicum Manden.
forests; subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

L. kesselringianum Miscz. [Image 1]
forest margins, tall herbaceous, meadows; upper moutain and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Guria). Vulnerable.

L. monadelphum Bieb. [Image 1]
forest margins; upper mountain and supalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

L. ponticum C. Koch
forest margins, meadows; upper mountain and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Rare.

L. szovitsianum Fisch. & Ave-Lall. [Image 1]
forest margins, shrubwoods, tall herbaceous, meadows; middle and subalpine belts
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti, Guria, Shiga Kartli, Trialeti, Javakheti). Vulnerable.

Tulipa biebersteiniana Schult. & Schult. fil. [Image 1]
rocky places, shrubwoods; 1000-1200 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Rare.

T. eichleri Regel [Image 1] [Image 2]
dry slopes, shrubwoods; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

LIMONIACEAE

Acantholimon fomini Kusn.
steppes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kiziki, Gare Kakheti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

 

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