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Rare, Endangered and Vulnerable Plants of the Republic of Georgia

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CAMPANULACEAE

Asyneuma campanuloides (Bieb. ex Sims) Bornm.
meadows of subalpine and alpine belts, rarely forest belt, 700-2700 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Javakheti, Meskheti), shore of the Black Sea, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Campanula albovii Kolak. [Image 1]
meadows, rocky places; subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Guria).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. argunensis Rupr.
rocky places, rock streams; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. armazica Charadze
rock fissures; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

C. bellidifolia Adams
rocky places; subalpine and alpine belts
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Shida Kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. bzybica Jabr.-Kolak.
gorges; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

C. calcarea (Albov) Charadze
stream, meadows, limestones; 1900-2300 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

C. ciliata Stev.
rocky places; alpine belts
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Mtiuleti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. circassica Fomin
rocky places; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. crispa Lam.
rock fissures, volcanic shales; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Javakheti, Meskheti), Armenia.  Rare.

C. dzaaku Albov [Image 1]
calcareous rocks of alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

C. dzyschrica Kolak.
calcareous rock fissures of alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

C. engurensis Charadze
wet rocks, gorges; forest belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to Georgia.

C. fedorovii Charadze
calcareous rocks of subalpine and alpine belts
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. fonderwisii Albov
calcareous rocks; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

C. hieracioides Kolak.
calcareous rock fissures; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

C. hypopolia Tzautv.
rock fissures from subalpine up to alpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Osetia); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. imeretica Rupr.
rock fissures; forest belt up to subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Imereti).  Endemic to Georgia.

C. irinae A.Khutath.
calcareous rocks; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti). Endemic to Georgia.

C. jadvigae Kolak.
calcareous places of circus; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

C. kachetica Kantsch.
rock fissures
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kiziki). Endemic to Georgia.

C. kantschaveli Zagareli
dry calcareous rock fissures; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

C. kemulariae Fomin
calcareous rocks; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti). Endemic to Georgia.

C. kluchorica Kolak.
subalpine zone
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

C. kolakovskyi Charadze [Image 1]
rock fissures; forest zone
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

C. kolenatiana C.A. Mey.
wet rocks; middle forest belt, rarely subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. letschchumensis Kem.-Nath.
calcareous rocks of forest zone
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi). Endemic to Georgia.

C. longistyla Fomin
dry slopes, rocky places; lower mountain belt
Northern Caucasus (Shore of the Black Sea); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. lyrata Lam.
shrubwoods, slopes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Rare.

C. makaschvilii E. Busch
forests, shrubwoods; lowland
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

C. megrelica Manden. & Kuthatheladze
meadows, limestones; alpine zone
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

C. mirabilis Albov
calcareous rocks; lower and middle mountain belt, to 2100 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

C. ochroleuca Kem.-Nath.
rocky places, subalpine meadows; mainly subalpine belt, rarely forest and alpine belts
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Greater Caucasus).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. ossetica Bieb.
calcareous rock fissures; subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Osetia); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli).  Endemic to Georgia.

C. panjutinii Kolak.
calcareous rocks of alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

C. paradoxa Kolak. [Image 1]
calcareous rock fissures; lower forest belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

C. petrophila Rupr.
rock fissures; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. radchensis Charadze
on cliffs and rocky places
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumu). Endemic to Georgia.

C. raddeana Trautv.
rocky places of middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti, Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

C. sarmatica Ker.-Gawl. [Image 1]
rocky places; subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. saxifraga Bieb.
rocky places; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. shistosa Kolak.
rock steam; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

C. sosnowsky Charadze
calcareous rocks; alpine belt and subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. sphaerocarpa Kolak.
rocky places, rock streams; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Guria, Adjara). Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. suanetica Rupr.
forests, gorges; middle mountain belt and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to Georgia.

C. symphytifolia (Albov) Kolak.
meadows, calcareous rocks; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

Symphyandra antiqua Kolak.
gorges, limestones, rock fissures
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

S. pendula (Bieb.) A.DC.
calcareous and clay shale, rock fissures; lower and middle forest belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti).  Rare.

CAPPARACEAE

Capparis spinosa L.
dry slopes, lowland and semidesertic areas
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki, Gare Kakheti, Gardabani, Trialeti, Kvemo Kartli), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Vulnerable.

Cleome daghestanica (Rupr.) Tzvel.
rocky places, talus
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

CAPRIFOLIACEAE

Linnaea borealis L.
coniferous forests, rarely mixed and deciduous forests, stony places; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Imereti, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Rare.

Lonicera buschiorum Pojark.
meadows, shrubwoods, birch forests, S-slopes; alpine and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

L. iberica Bieb.
open woodland, shrubwoods; 2500 m
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki, Trialeti), Azerbaijan (Talysh). Rare.

Viburnum opulus L.
forests; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Imereti, Adjara, Kartli, Kakheti,), Azerbaijan.  Vulnerable.

V. orientale Pall.
forests; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Shiga Kartli), Armenia. Vulnerable.

CARYOPHYLLACEAE

Arenaria holostea Bieb.
stony slopes, meadows, limestones; forest and subalpine belts
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Cerastium argenteum Bieb.
dry, open, stony places, rocky places; lower mountain and forest belts
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Trialeti, Kvemo Kartli).  Endemic to Georgia.

C. holosteum Fish. ex Hornem.
forests, roadside; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. kasbek Parrot
rock streams; mainly subnival and alpine belts, 3000-3800 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. multiflorum C.A. Mey.
morains, rock streams; mainly subalpine and alpine belts, 1800-3000 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Greater Caucasus).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. polymorphum Rupr.
rock streams; subalpine belt up to subnival belt, 3350 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. ponticum Albov
calcareous rocks of middle and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti), shore of the Black Sea.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. pseudokasbek Vysokoostr.
rock streams; subnival belt, 3300 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti), Armenia. Rare.

C. salavaticum Rupr.
morains, rock streams; alpine and subalpine belts
Northern Caucasus (Teberda); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. sosnowskyi Schischk.
rocky places of middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Guria, Adjara, Kartli, Javakheti, Meskheti).  Endemic to Georgia.

C. svanicum Charadze
morains, shale; alpine and subnival belts, 2550-3100 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to Georgia.

C. undulatifolium Somm. & Levier
morains, rock streams; mainly subnival, nival and alpine belts, rarely subalpine belt, 2500-4500 m
Northern Caucasus (Greater Caucasus); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Charesia akinfievii (Schmalh.) E.Busch
rocky places
Northern Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Dianthus abchasicus Gvinianidze
calcareous rocks, stony places; from subalpine up to alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

D. atschurensis Sosn.
rocky places of middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

D. caucaseus Smith [Image 1]
meadows of upper mountain and subalpine belts
Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

D. charadzeae Gagnidze & Gviniashvili
stony, calcareous rock streams; 500-2200 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

D. daghestaincus Charadze
rocky places, screes, river terraces
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania, Ingushetia); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). endemic to the Caucasus.

D. imereticus (Rupr.) Schischk.
calcareous rocks of middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo, Imereti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

D. inamoenus Schischk.
dry, stony places, semideserts; forest belt, 700 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kakheti, Kiziki, Gare Kakheti, Gardabani, Meskheti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

D. ketzkhovelii Makaschvili
rocky places of lower forest belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara, Meskheti). Endangered.

D. kusnezovii Marc.
rocky places, rock streams; subalpine and alpine belts
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

D. multicaulis Boiss. & Huet
rocky places, dry slopes; subalpine and alpine belt, 1800-3500 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara, Kartli, Trialeti, Javakheti, Meskheti)

D. ruprechtii Schischk.
subalpine meadows, 2300 m
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti,), Azerbaijan (Kuba). Vulnerable.

D. subulosus Freyn & Conrath
dry meadows, shrubwoods; from middle mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Gare Kakheti, Gardabani, Trialeti, Kvemo Kartli, Javakheti, Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

D. transcaucasicus Schischk.
dry meadows, rock streams; 1750-2550 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Gypsophila robusta Grossh.
stony places, riverside steppe and semidesertic areas
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Gare Kakheti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

G. steupii Schischk.
calcareous rocks of middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

G. steveni Fisch. ex Schrank
steppe, semidesert and lower forest belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki, Gare Kakheti, Gardabani, Meskheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Minuartia abchasica Schischk.
calcareous rocks; 200-2500 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo), Shore of the Black Sea.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

M. biebersteinii (Rupr.) Schischk.
rocky places, screes, morains of subalpine and alpine belts, 1800-3000 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). endemic to the Caucasus.

M. buschiana Schischk.
rocky places, screes of subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

M. rhodocalyx (Albov) Woronow
calcareous rock streams; 1550-2500 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abhkazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

M. subuniflora (Albov) Woronow
calcareous rocks, screes; 2500-2600 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

M. traurvetteriana Sosn. & Charadze
rocky places, morains; subnival belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Silene alexeji Kolak.
calcareous rock fissures, pebble; 1500 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

S. boissieri Panjut.
rocky places, screes, limestones of alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

S. caucasica (Bunge) Boiss.
screes, circus mainly; alpine belt, 3100 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. daghestanica Rupr.
rocky places; 1800-1900 m
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. humilis C.A.Mey.
pebble; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. lacera (Stev.) Sims
screes, pebble, morains, rock steams; upper forest belt and subalpine belt, rarely alpine belt, 2800 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. linearifolia Otth.
rocky places of subalpine belt, rarely alpine and forest belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. lychnidea C.A. Mey.
pebble; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. marcowiczii Schischk.
stony places of subalpine and alpine belts, 2500-3200 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. pygmaea Adams
rocky places of subalpine and alpine belts, rarely forest belt, 1300-3100 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Greater Caucasus), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Stellaria anagalloides C.A. Mey. ex Rupr.
beech forests, meadows, peatbogs; forest, subalpine and alpine belts
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

CELASTRACEAE

Euonymus leiophloea Stev.
river gorges, gully, dark coniferous forests, beech forests, beech-hornbeam forests, shrubwoods; 2100 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

CELTIDACEAE

Celtis australis L.
calcareous outcrops near sea level; up to 700 m
Northern Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Guria). Vulnerable.

C. caucasica Willd
stony places; from lower mountain belt up to middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kakheti, Gare Kakheti, Kiziki, Kvemo Kartli). Vulnerable.

C. glabra Stev. ex Planchon
dry, stony places; 1500-1700 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Vulnerable.

CHENOPODIACEAE

Anabasis aphylla L.
winter pastures
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kiziki), Azerbaijan. Rare.

Chenopodium nidorosum Otschiauri
dry slopes; 1600 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to Georgia.

CISTACEAE

Helianthemum georgicum Juz. & Pozd.
dry stony places; lower and middle mountain belts
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Trialeti, Javakheti, Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

COLCHICACEAE

Colchicum speciosum Stev.
wet meadows; upper mountain belt up to alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Adjara, Imereti, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Kakheti). Vulnerable.

C. szovitsii Fisch & C.A. Mey.
subalpine and alpine meadows, 2500 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Javakheti). Vulnerable.

C. umbrosum Stev.
shrubwoods, grassy slopes; lower and upper mountain belt, 2400 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkumi, Imereti, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Trialeti). Vulnerable.

C. woronowii Bokeria
forests; 300 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abhkazia). Endemic to Georgia.

Merendera raddeana Regel
subalpine and alpine meadows, 3100 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Guria, Kartli). Vulnerable.

M. trigyna (Ad.) Woronow
dry slopes from lower mountain belt up to upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kakheti). Vulnerable.

COMMELINACEAE

Commelina benghalensis L.
shore of the Black Sea
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Rare.

COMPOSITAE

Achillea griseo-virens Albov
forests, forest margins; subalpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Samegrelo, Imereti), Shore of the Black Sea.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. ptarmicifolia (Willd.) Rupr. ex Heimerl
rocky places, screes of subalpine and alpine belts
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. sedelmeyeriana Sosn.
moist places of middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti).  Endemic to Georgia.

Aetheopappus caucasicus Sosn.
rocky places, rock streams
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. vvedenskii (Sosn.) Sosn.
stony places, subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Albovidoxa elegans (Albov) Woronow
limestones, rock fissures, screes; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

Anthemis emiliae Sosn.
dry rock fissures
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

A. maris-nigri Fed.
forest belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasicus.

A. marschalliana Willd.
stony places of alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Shiga Kartli).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. saguramica Sosn.
forest margins, shrubwoods of middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

A. saportana Albov
rocky places; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. schischkiniana Fed.
subalpine and alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti).  Rare.

A. zyghia Woronow [Image 1]
meadows, calcareous rocks; 2000-2100 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

Arctium palladini (Marc.) Grossh.
forests, forest margins, open stony places
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Imereti, Kartli), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. transcaucasicum Sosn.
ruderal places; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti, Trialeti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Artemisia splendens Willd.
rocky places; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Aster colchicus Albov
limestones from middle mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Samegrelo, Racha-Lechkhumi). Endemic to Georgia.

Carduus hohenackeri Kazmi
riverside
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Trialeti). Endemic to Georgia.

C. onopordioides Fish. ex Bieb.
dry, stony slopes, rocky places; lower to middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Trialeti, Meskheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. poliochrus Erhr.
mountain meadows
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Centaurea adjarica Albov
rocky places
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara, Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

C. bagadensis Woronow
calcareous rocks, rock fissures
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Racha-Lechkhumi).  Endemic to Georgia.

C. bella Trautv.
rock fissures of lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kakheti, Gare Kakheti, Trialeti, Javakheti, Meskheti). Vulnerable.

C. georgica Klok.
rocky places, stony foothills
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

C. glechnii Trautv.
dry slopes, meadows, lake coast; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Mtiuleti, Kvemo Kartli, Javakheti, Meskheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. gulissashvili Dumbadze
river gorges, slopes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. ossetica Sosn.
dry meadows of subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli). Rare.

C. stevenii Bieb.
dry, grass, slopes; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. transcaucasuca Sosn. ex Grossh.
dry slopes, screes, rocky places
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kakheti, Gardabani, Trialeti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Cicerbita deltoides (Bieb.) Beauverd
forests of middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. macrophylla (Willd.) Wallr.
shrubwoods, forest margins, wet gorges, tall herbaceous vegetation
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Kakheti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Trialeti, Javakheti), Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. olgae Leskov
forests, river gorges; upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. prenanthoides (Bieb.) Beauverd
forest margins, gully, tall herbaceous vegetation
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi \, Adjara, Shiga kartli, Kakheti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Cirsium abkhasicum (Petrak) Grossh.
forest belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

C. albowianum Somm. & Levier
forest belt, 200 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to Georgia.

C. aggregatum Ledeb.
meadows, megaphorbias
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Meskheti). Rare.

C. bushianum Charadze
forests, riverside, screes; middle mountain belt and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Balkaria); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. caput–medusae Somm. & Levier
middle mountain and subalpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo).  Endemic to Georgia.

C. chlorocomos Somm. & Levier
riversides, screes; 1500-2600 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. erythrolepis C. Koch
roadsides; middle mountain belt up to alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. euxinum Charadze
roadside; lower mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. fominii Petrak
subalpine and alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

C. hydrophiloides Charadze
moist places, gullys; forest and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Shiga Kartli). Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. hypoleucum DC.
coniferous forests, tall herbaceous; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara, Kartli, Meskheti). Rare.

C. imereticum Charadze
middle mountain and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti). Endemic to Georgia.

C. kemulariae Charadze
felling area; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti). Endemic to Georgia.

C. ketzkhovelii Charadze
rock streams; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kekheti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. kuznezowianum Somm. & Levier
river gorges, tall herbaceous, forest margins; upper mountain and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo, Adjara, Imereti, Kartli, Meskheti). Rare.

C. lappaceum (Bieb.) Fisch.
dry slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Shiga Kartli), Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. oblongifolium C. Koch
wet meadows, pebble; upper forest and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

C. osseticum (Adams) Petrak
shrubwoods; forest belt and subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Trialeti, Kakheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. pugnax Somm. & Levier
subalpine and alpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. sosnowskyi Charadze
limestones; middle mountain and alpine belts
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. sychnosanthum Petrak
river banks, tall herbaceous; upper forest and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. svaneticum Somm. & Levier
forests; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. uliginosum (Bieb.) Fisch.
moist places, by streams; middle mountain belt to subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Cladochaeta candidissima (Bieb.) DC. [Image 1]
river banks, seashore, pebble, sand; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Kartli, Gare Kakheti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Crepis pulcherima Grossh.
meadows, ruderal places; upper mountain belt.
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. sonchfolia (Bieb.) C.A. Mey.
stony places; middle and upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Dolichorrhiza caucasica (Bieb.) Galushko
wet gorges, meadows, rock fissures; subalpine and alpine belts
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Javakheti, Meskheti).  Rare.

D. correvoniana (Albov) Galushko
limestones of alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Rare.

D. renifolia (Bieb.) Galushko
rock fissures, moist places; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Rare.

Echinops cirsifolius C.Koch
shrubwoods, river gorges, dry slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

E. colchicus Sosn.
forest margins, rocky places; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

E. conrathii Freyn
dry slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kvemo Kartli), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

E. ossicus C. Koch
forest margins, shrubwoods, dry slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Shiga Kartli, Kartli), shore of the Black Sea.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Galatella eldarica Kem.–Nath.
fields
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti, Kiziki). Endemic to Georgia.

Grossheimia macrocephala (Muss.–Puschk. ex Willd.) Sosn. & Takht. [Image 1]
meadows of upper mountain belt and subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Kartli, Gare Kakheti, Trialeti, Kvemo Kartli, Javakheti, Meskheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Rare.

G. polyphylla (Ledeb.) Holub
meadows of upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Adjara, Shiga Kartli). Rare.

Helichrysum plintocalyx (C.Koch) Sosn.
dry, stony places of lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki, Gardabani). Vulnerable.

H. polyphyllum Ledeb.
stony places; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Guria, Adjara, Kartli, Trialeti).  Endemic to Georgia.

Hieracium caucasicum Naeg. & Peter
forest margins, shrubwoods; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

H. chlorochromum Sosn. & Zahn
subalpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to Georgia.

H. chromolepium (Zahn) Kem.-Nath.
alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo, Adjara, Meskheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. cincinnatum Fries
open slopes, pebble
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Adjara, Imereti, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. elisabethae Kem.-Nath.
bogs; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. khartlicum Kem.-Nath.
forests; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). endemic to Georgia.

H. laetevirens Somm. & Levier
forests, meadows; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti). Endemic to Georgia.

H. ruprechtii Boiss.
meadows; upper mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Samegrelo, Adjara, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Javakheti, Meskheti), Armenia.  endemic to the Caucasus.

H. tschkubianishwilii Kem.-Nath.
slopes of subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. turfosum Kem.-Nath.
peatbog; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. x abakurae Schelk & Zahn
forests, meadows; upper mountain belt to subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Shiga Kartli, Kartli).  Endemic to Georgia.

H. x erythrocarpum Peter
meadows, forests, shrubwoods; upper mountain belt to subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. x incaniforme Litv. & Zahn
pine forests of upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Javakheti), Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. x litwinowianum Zahn
forest margins; upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Javkheti), Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. x pannoniciforme Litv. & Zahn
pine forests; upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

H. x pseudosvaneticum Peter
alpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti).  endemic to the Caucasus.

H. x raddeana Zahn
oak forests from middle mountain up to upper mountain belts
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara, Kartli, Trialeti), Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Inula acaulis Schott
stony places of mountain steppe; 2400 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti), Armenia. Rare.

I. magnifica Lipsky
meadows, forest margins; from upper forest belt up to alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Jurinea cartalinica Boiss.
middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Meskheti). Rare.

J. elegans (Stev.) DC.
dry, stony slopes; lower mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

J. exuberans (Trautv.) Sosn.
stony places of alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to Georgia.

J. levieri Albov
limestones of alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti), Shore of the Black Sea.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

J. pumila Albov
rock fissures; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Jurinella squarrosa (Fish. & C.A.Mey.) Iljin
screes; alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Kemulariella abchasica (Kem.-Nath.) Tamamsh.
limestones; middle mountain belt up to upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

K. colchica (Albov) Tamamsh.
limestones; middle up to alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Samegrelo, Racha-Lechkhumi). Endemic to Georgia.

K. rosea (Stev. ex Bieb.) Tamamsh.
forest margins, rocky places, moist places, south slopes; upper forest belt, 1600-1800 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

K. tugana (N.Albov) S.Tamamsh. [Image 1]
calcareous rocks from middle mountain belt up to alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

Lamyropsis charadzeae Kimeridze
rock streams, cobbles, slopes; subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Balkaria, Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

L. sinuata (Trautv.) M.Dittrich
screes; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Lapsana pinnatisecta (Somm. & Levier) Ter-Chatsch.
forests, forest margins; upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Samgrelo, Imereti, Adjara, Kakheti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Petasites georgicus Manden.
wet gorges, forests; from upper mountain up to upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

P. fominii Bordz.
pebble, rock fissures of alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti).  Endemic to Georgia.

Podospermum alpigenum C.Koch
subalpine and alpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Guria, Adjara), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. grigoraschvilii Sosn.
alpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. idae Sosn.
middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

Psephellus abchasicus Albov
stony places, limestones
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

P. adjaricus (Albov) Grossh.
limestones; alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

P. barbeyi Albov [Image 1]
calcareous rocks, pebble
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti), Shore of the Black Sea.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. carthalinicus Sosn.
stony slopes of lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki, Gare Kakheti).  Endemic to Georgia.

P. colchicus Sosn.
limestones of alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Imereti, Shiga Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

P. daghestanicus Sosn.
dry, stony slopes
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. dealbatus (Willd.) C.Koch
subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. holophyllus Socz. & Lipat.
stony places
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. kolakovskyi Sosn.
pebble, limestones, dry slopes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

P. meskheticus (Sosn.) Sosn.
dry slopes, clay places
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

P. somcheticus Sosn.
meadows of middle mountain and upper mountain belts
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Trialeti, Kvemo Kartli), Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Pseudopodospermum leptophyllum (DC) Kutatheladze
dry stony slopes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Rare.

Ptilostemon echinocephalus (Willd.) greuter
calcareous rocks, rocky places, slopes
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Pyrethrum aromaticum Tzvel.
rocky places, stony slopes; 2500 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. carneum Bieb. [Image 1]
subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Kvemo Kartli, Trialeti), Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. demetrii Manden.
stony places, rock streams; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. glanduliferum Somm. & Levier
subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Samgrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. leptophyllum Stev. ex Bieb.
rocky places; middle and upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. marionii Albov
meadows, rock stream, limestones; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abhkazia). Rare.

P. peucedanifolium (Sosn.) Manden.
rocky places; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to Georgia.

P. sevanense Sosn.
stony slopes, rock fissures; middle and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kvemo Kartli), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. sericeum (Adams) Bieb.
dry, stony slopes of middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kvemo Kartli), Armenia. Vulnerable.

Scorzonera biebersteinii Lipsh.
dry slopes; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Mtiuleti, Kakheti, kiziki, Gare Kakheti, Trialeti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. charadzeae Papava
calcareous rocks of middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti). Endemic to Georgia.

S. dzhawakhetica Sosn. ex Grossh.
dry slopes of middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Rare.

S. ketzkhoweli Sosn. ex Grossh. [Image 1]
dry slopes of middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

S. kozlowskyi Sosn. ex Grossh.
dry slopes; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

Senecio kolenatianus C.A. Mey
subalpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Guria, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. lapsanoides DC.
forest margins, meadows; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. massagetovii Schischk.
rocky places; middle and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

S. pandurifolius C.Koch
rock fissures, meadows, from lower mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti, Adjara).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. platyphylloides Somm. & Levier
forest margins; subalpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Adjara). Endangered.

S. pojarkovae Schischk.
forest margins, tall herbaceous
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. propinquus Schischk
forests, forest margins; upper mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhuni, Samegrelo, Imererti, Guria, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Trialeti, Meskheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. rhombifolius (Adams) Sch. Bip.
forest margins, megaphorbias; upper mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adjara, Shiga Kartli, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Meskheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. similiflorus Kolak.
screes; upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

S. sosnovskyi Sof.
morains, screes; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Solidago caucasica Kem.-Nath.
forests, meadows; upper mountain to alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. turfosa Woronow ex Grossh.
lowland
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara, Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

Sonchus ketzkhovelii Schischk.
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Sosnowskya amblyolepis (Ledeb.) Takht.
rocky places; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Mtiuleti, Meskheti), Azerbaijan. Rare.

Steptoramphus tuberosus (Jacq.) Grossh.
rocky places, screes, in tragacanth formation
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Rare.

Taraxacum confusum Schischk.
meadows; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Imereti, Mtiuleti, Shiga Kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kvemo Kartli, Meskheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

T. grossheimii Schischk.
ruderal places; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Adjara), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

T. praticola Schischk.
meadows, grassy slopes; lower mountain belt up to upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki, Gare Kakheti, Gardabani), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

T. woronowii Schischk.
roadsides, grassy slopes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli). Endemic to Gerogia.

Tephroseris cladobotrys (Ledeb.) Griseb.
meadows; middle mountain belt up to subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kakheti, Gare Kakheti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

T. karjaginii (Sof.) Holub
stony places, rock streams; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania, Osetia); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

T. subfloccosa (Schischk.) Czer.
forest margins; middle mountain belt up to subalpine
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Tragopogon colchicus Albov
alpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

T. filifolius Rehm. ex Boiss.
alpine and subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

T. kemulariae Kuthatheladze
subapline belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

T. ketzkhovelii Kuthatheladze
xerophilous areas; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

T. makaschwilii Kuthatheladze
arable lands; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

T. marginatus Boiss. & Buhse
dry, open slopes; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

T. meskheticus Kuthatheladze
saline soils; lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

T. otschiauri Kuthatheladze
subalpine meadows
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to Georgia.

T. serotinus Sosn.
dry places; lower forest belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Meskheti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

T. tuberosus C. Koch
dry slopes, shrubwoods; lower mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kvemo Kartli), Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Tripleurospermum colchicum (Manden.) Pobed.
dry, stony slopes
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

T. transcaucasicum (Manden.) Pobed.
wet meadows; middle and upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Trialeti, Javakheti), Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

CONVALLARIACEAE

Convallaria transcaucasica Utkin ex Grossh.
forests, shrubwoods
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Imereti, Kartli, Trialeti, Meskheti), Azerbaijan

Polygonatum glaberrimum C.Koch
forests of middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Imereti, Kartli, Kakheti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

P. obtusifolium (C.Koch) Miscz. ex Grossh.
forests of lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

CORNACEAE

Swida azmazica (Sanadze) Gviniashvili
forests of lower mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia.  Endemic to Georgia.

S. iberica (Woronow) Pojark.
shrubwoods, forest margins; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

CORYLACEAE

Corylus colchicus Albov
stony places, limestones, forest margins; from middle mountain up to subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

C. iberica Wittm. emend Kem.-Nath.
middle mountain up to upper mountain belts
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. imeretica Kem.-Nath.
forests, forest margins, limestones of middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkumi, Imereti, Guria, Kartli).  Endemic to Georgia.

C. kachetica Kem.-Nath.
forests and forest margins
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. pontica C. Koch
forests, forest margins of middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Guria, Adjara). Rare.

Ostrya carpinifolia Scop.
forests of lower and middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Kartli, Meskheti). Rare.

CRASSULACEAE

Sedum abchasicum Kolak.
rocky places, rock streams; subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

S. involucratum Bieb.
stony places; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kvemo Kartli), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Sempervivum annae Gurgenidze
rocky places, meadows, openings; mainly subalpine and alpine belts
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. caucasicum Rupr.
rocky places, morains, pine forests
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. charadzeae Gurgenidze
rocky places, forests; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi). Endemic to Georgia.

S. ermanicum Gurgenidze
rocky places, volcanic shale; subalpine and alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

S. pumilum Bieb. [Image 1]
rocky places, morains; subalpine and alpine belt
Northern Caucasus (Balkaria, Osetia, Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. sosnowskyi Ter-Chatsch. [Image 1]
rocky places; middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Endemic to Georgia.

Umbilicus oppositifolius Ledeb.
limestone places; middle mountain belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

CRUCIFERAE

Aethionema cardiophyllum Boiss. & Held.
dry, stony slopes of middle mountain belt, rarely upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti), Armenia. Rare.

Allaria brachycarpa Bieb.
rock streams; 1500 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Alyssoides graeca (Reut.) Jav.
screes, rarely rocky places; 900-1000 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Rare.

Anchonium elichrysifolium (DC.) Boiss.
calcareous rocks, screes; 2000-3000 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Rare.

Apterigia pumila (Stev.) Galushko
rock streams; 2300-2400 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Arabis colchica Kolak.
wet, calcareous rocks of alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

A. kazbeki Mtzchvetadze
morains; alpine and subalpine belts, 2500-3200 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti). Endemic to Georgia.

A. mollis Stev.
forests, wet rocks; 1750 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Azerbaijan, Armenia

A. nordmanniana Rupr.
wet rocks; forest belt, 1500 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia, Shore of the Black Sea. Endemic to the Caucasus.

A. sachokiana (N.Busch) N.Busch
morains of alpine belt, 2000-2700 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia). Endemic to Georgia.

Barbarea ketzkhovelii T.Mardalejshvili
screes, rock streams; 2500-3200 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Samegrelo).  Endemic to Georgia.

Coluteocarpus vesicaria (L.) Holmboe
screes; 800-2900 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Kartli, Javakheti, Meskheti).  Rare.

Dentaria bipinata C.A. Mey.
rock streams; alpine belt, 2000-3000 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti). Endemic to Georgia.

D. microphylla Willd.
moist slopes; 2000-3200 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Mtiuleti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Diplotaxis muralis (L.) DC.
calcareous slopes
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Imereti, Kiziki, Gare Kekheti).  Rare.

Draba bryoides DC.
rocky places, morains of subalpine and alpine belts, 2000-3400 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

D. imeretica (Rupr.) Rupr.
calcareous rocks of middle mountain belt, 1000 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti). Endemic to Georgia.

D. meskhetica Chinth.
calcareous rocks, forests; middle mountain belt, rarely upper mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

D. mingrelica Schischk.
calcareous rocks of alpine belt, 1800-2100 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Samegrelo, Imereti). Endemic to Georgia.

D. ossetica (Rupr.) Somm. & Levier
rocky places; 1200-3000 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Mtiuleti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

D. scabra C.A. Mey.
rocky places of alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

D. subsecunda Somm. & Levier
stony places; middle mountain and upper mountain belts, 1800-2500 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

D. supranivalis Rupr.
rocky places, screes; alpine belt, 2700-3300 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Erysimum aureum Bieb.
forests, shrubwoods, forest margins; 1800 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

E. caucasicum Trautv.
rocky places and slopes of middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Meskheti). Endemic to Georgia.

E. collinum (Bieb.) Andrz.
dry foothills, slopes, forests; lower and middle mountain belts
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Trialeti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

E. contractum Somm. & Lerier
rocky places of forest belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara). Endemic to Georgia.

E. ibericum (Adams) DC.
rocky places, screes; 1500-1800 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

E. krynitzkii Bordz.
stony places; alpine and subnival belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Javakheti). Endemic to Georgia.

E. subnivale Prima
morains, screes; 3000-3200 m
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti). Endemic to Georgia.

E. substrigosum (Rupr.) N. Busch
dry, calcareous slopes; foothills, 1000-2300 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Eunomia rotundifolia C.A. Mey.
stony places; 2000-3400 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Shiga Kartli, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Azerbaijan, Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Isatis caucasica (Rupr.) N. Busch
rocky places; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

I. iberica Stev.
screes; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Gardabani), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

I. kozlowskyi Grossh.
rocky places of subalpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli). Rare.

I. reticulata C.A. Mey.
subalpine meadows, south slopes
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Shiga Kartli).  Endemic to the Caucasus.

Pachyphragma macrophyllum (Hoffm.) N. Busch
forests, forest margins; 2000 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia, Azerbaijan.  Rare.

Pseudovesicaria digitata (C.A. Mey.) Rupr.
screes; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Armenia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

Sysimbrium erucastrifolium (Rupr.) Trautv.
stony slopes; 1700-2500 m
Northern Caucasus (Dagestania); Transcaucasus: Georgia (Shiga Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. lipskyi N. Busch
stony slopes; 1000-3000 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. praetermissum Mardalejshvili
river terrace, calcareous rocks
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Racha-Lechkhumi). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Sobolewskia caucasica (Rupr.) N. Busch
rocky places, stony slopes, pebble; 900-2200 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Kakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

S. clavata (Boiss.) Fenzl. in Tchichat
rocky places, pebble of middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Adjara, Kartli, Meskheti), Azerbaijan, Armenia.  Rare.

Torularia eldarica Grossh.
clay places, steppe and aridity thined; forest belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kiziki), Azerbaijan. Endemic to the Caucasus.

CUPRESSACEAE

Juniperus foetidissima Willd.
rocky places, stony slopes; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki, Trialeti). Vulnerable.

J. polyearpos C. Koch
dry, stony slopes; lower and middle mountain belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Kartli, Kiziki). Vulnerable.

J. pygmaea C. Koch
rocky places; subalpine and alpine belt
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Guria, Adjara, Javakheti).  Vulnerable.

CYPERACEAE

Carex hypaneura V.Krecz.
light forests
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo). Endemic to Georgia.

C. medwedewii Leskov
subalpine meadows, 2600 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Adjara, Javakheti), Armenia.  Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. meinshauseniana V.Krecz.
subalpine and alpine meadows, 1800-2500 m
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia. Endemic to the Caucasus.

C. mingrelica Kuk.
deciduous forests, subalpine meadows
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazeti, Imereti, Samegrelo, Adjara, Kartli, Javakheti)

C. oligantha Steud.
wet meadows; alpine belt
Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Javakheti). Endemic to the Caucasus.

Cladium mariscus (L.) Pohl
river bank, lake coast, bog
Transcaucasus: Georgia (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imererti, Adjara, Kartli, Kakheti, Gardabani, Trialeti). Vulnerable.

Scirpus colchicus Kimeridze
Transcaucasus. Endemic to the Caucasus.

 

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