Rendered by P. M. Eckel
Editor, The Clinton Papers
Buffalo Museum of Science
Missouri Botanical Garden, Res Botanica
July 16, 2003

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[1866.]    May 1. The weather, this Spring, has been cool. In the  waning of this day we had snow, which, however, did not lie. 


[1866.]    May 5. Walked to Smoke's Creek wood on St. L. R. R. [=State Line  Railroad]. Have noticed in flower, this Spring, besides Elms, willows,  poplars, alders, maples, Caltha palustris, Anemone nemorosa, Hepatica  acutiloba, Ranunculus abortivus, Caulophyllum, Cardamine rhomboidea,  Dentaria laciniata, Dicentra cucullaria & Canadensis, Sanguinaria,  Claytonia (both), Viola cucullata & pubescens, Stellaria media, Dirca,  Amelanchier, Taraxacum, Benzoin, Erythronium Americanum & albidum, Trillium  grandiflorum & erectum v. albidum. In the wood at Smoke's Creek, Erigenia  bulbosa commonish, & Collinsia verna just flowering. Collected mosses,  among them what I suppose is Timmia megapolitana!


 [1866.]    May 10. Crossed to Waterloo [=Fort Erie, Canada] & looked for mosses  about Frenchman's Creek.


[1866.]    May 11. With Mr. Stewart, visited the trees of Ulmus racemosa,  all aborted fruit. In the grove, on the hill side, South of the Creek,  Timmia megapolitana. Forest Lawn, in the nursery of Norway spruce (?) found  a little Bryum (=B. atropurpureum) in fruit. In the field, between Dr.  White's grove & the McAdam road, two of the small mosses found yesterday in  Canada?


[1866.]    May 12. Went to Goat Island, all] with Mr. Forbes, & a party of  young ladies from the Bo. Fem. Seminary & passed the day there, botanizing  &c., until about 3 P.M., then to Geo. W. Holley's, where Mr. & Mrs. H.  entertained the party, & thence to the railroad station & home.  On the  Island, the girls found a few specimens of the green petalled Trillium,  which seems to be T. grandiflorum. I found Fegatella conica capitally in  fruit. 


[P. 729 Gray's 6th: = Fegatella conica, Corda. = Conocephalus     conicus, Dumort, an Hepatic (Liverwort). See Buffalo Female Academy. See  letter:  Name: Holley, Esq. George W. V3: 3:59 regarding this trip:]


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Vol. 3 (58) [M171]   Name: Holley, Esq. George W., Niagara Falls, New York. Niagara Falls [Clinton index Vol.3]   V3:   3:59  [M 170]     Niagara Falls       May 9th, 1866 Dear Sir,     I learn from my daughter Lily that a party of the young ladies from the  B. F. Academy are expecting to visit this place next Sat.y on a botanizing  expedition, and that you will accompany them. Lily has invited the party to  our home for rest and refreshmet at 4. O. C. P. M. [4 o'clock, P.M.] after  the labors of the Island are finished [probably Goat Island]. Mrs. Holly  and myself will be glad to have you join them.     The expectation is that the party will go from our house to the cars.     Very Truly Yours       George W. Holley Judge Clinton, Buffalo, N.Y. Received May 9

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[1866.]    May 14. Pine Hill woods. Collected some mosses & one or two  Hepaticaceae. Among the mosses, Timmia megapolitana. Tetraphis pellucida,  with his cap on, is beautiful.


[1866.]    May 15. By 5 P.M. Erie R. R. train to Caledonia, arrived at  Shaw's Tavern at 7*40', supper, segar, good bed.


[It appears a segar is a cigar.]


[1866.]    May 16. Walked the Creek swamps &c. until 1 1/2 in a drizzle,  back to Shaw's in disgust, dined, dried up, dozed, & back to Buffalo by  6*26' P.M.  train. 


[1866.]    May 17. Walked to Poor House. Returning, turned northerly & went  into the Sherwood Swamp woods, looking for mosses. In the old Sherwood  burying ground, Vinca minor (which spreads by the root. I think, & does not  perfect its seed) in flower. Along the fence, between it & the McAdam  road, a Prunus coming into flower, which may be Prunus spinosa. 


[1866.]    May 18. After dinner to Forest Lawn. In the nursery of Norway  spruce, where I found what Peck decides to be Bryum atropurpureum (May  24th), found a very ceratodonish looking Bryum (Peck writes, a very slender  form of Ceratodon). In the plashy places, on the edge of the Marsh, beyond  the Spring, found a few more capsules of Hypnum aduncum, as Peck pronounces  it to be. Ribes cynosbati & hirtellum both in full flower. 


[The text of Peck's letter is as follows - note it is May the 14th,      rather than the 24th:]



Vol. 3 (67) [M 163]                                       

 Albany, May 14th, [18]/66

My Dear Sir,   

The Mosses of May 5th are 1. Hyp. curvifolium, sterile     Hypnum Muhlenbeckii fertile but fruit too young. I would remark besides  that the leaves are unusually strongly serrate and I would like to see it  again with mature fruit.  2. Dicranum virens. Not abundant here 3. Hypnum curvifoium  4 Hypnum serpens var. with a few sterile stems of Mnium and Hypnum laetum. 5 Ceratodon purpureus  6 Funaria hygrometrica 7=5  8=3 9 Pleuridium alternifolium mostly: some Pottia truncata and young growth of  Ceratodon purpureus, septd and retd.  10 Bryum caespiticium 11 Mnium cuspidatum  12 Bryum nutans.


Mosses of May 11th Forest Lawn &c. 1. Contains the little Bryum of last year with his conspicuous male flowers  - the little puzzler. 2 Weissia viridula in fruit; with some of the same Bryum 3 Here  is the key to the others:  a capsule! oblong-oval uniting abruptly with the pedicel, indicating  unmistakably Bryum. atropurpureum Web. & Mohr. This species has been  regarded as southern. It was found by Mr. Lesqx. among the Lookout Mts. of  Alabama. It is a precious addition to our mosses. Please not take all the  fertile specimens now - let them get nearly ripe so that they may ..... ... dark red.... The leaves of the male plant are longer pointed than in  the other plantand are not distinguishable  from those of Bryum  caespiticium. But the protuberant male flowers, less compact growth and  especially the form of the capsules I think will be good distinctive marks  between the two species. I would like more of it if you can get it -  especially with capsules more ripe - say in two or three weeks. 4 Pleuridium alternifolium fine specimens 5 = 4     I received this morning a letter from Mr. L. He writes thus concerning  Hyp. noterophilum of which I sent a specimen to him. "It is indeed Hypnum  noterphilum Sulliv. & Lesqx. in Musci exsiccati Ed. 1. No. 348. We left  aside this species in the 2d Ed. on acount of the polymorphous aspect of it  according to its station. As we did not find it in fruit and as I am  absolute against the publication of any Hypnum spec. nov. from mere sterile  specimens, I could not but advise the omission of this species."     I however think it should not be omitted from our Catalogue.                         Yours truly                         Chas H. Peck Judge G. W. Clinton P.S. The Hyp. aduncum is the true moss which I hoped you would find plenty  in fruit. The Bryum is not B. Wahlenbergii, but I can not tell  satisfactorily what species it is. Perhaps B. bimum.                                         C. H. P. Recd May 15.     [Part of this letter is faded.]



[1866.]    May 19. Whirlpool, Canadian side, Timmia megapolitana common, a  small Fissidens. Miss Sarah Wilder, one of the teachers in the School at  Suspension Bridge (Niagara City) showed me in her garden, Jeffersonia  diphylla. She got the roots in a wood 1/4-1/2 a mile back from the village.   On a large rock, on the right of the path, at the Whirlpool, going to the  Upper Creek or Fall, a great deal of Seligeria recurvata in last year's  fruit. 


[Suspension Bridge is the town on the American side].


[1866.]    May 26. Dr. Gay, 3 P.M., drove me out, over the Gun Bridge, to  the Cazenovia Creek, & to 1st wood on the right of the road up it. There  collected 2 or 3 mosses. On the bank of the creek collected a willow &  2 or 3 specimens of Trillium erectum, v. albidum, the flowers of the pink  tinge which T. grandiflorum takes on it when old.       Lesquereux writes that the Forest Lawn Ceratodon of May 18 is worth  distinguishing as a variety, & names it Ceratodon purpureus v. gracilis.   See Letter 80. 


[The text of letter 80 is as follows:]


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Vol. 3. No. 80 [M 150]                                  Columbus, May 24th, [18]/66      Hon. G. W. Clinton My dear friend.     Your variety of Ceratodon purpureus is fine indeed and remarkable for  its slender growth. But there are so many, many of these varieties that it  is useless attempting to separate them. Yours nevertheless should be named,  say [T.?] gracilis. If you do not want the specimen, I will preserve it. I  do not know if you get Silliman's journal of Science and arts. I send you  per mail a copy of Gray's mention of our Musci exsiccati. You may cut it  out, blue both half pages and preserve it in your copy of the Musci. I hope  that you will not be mad against me for having mentioned your name among  those of the contributors of the Musci. Gray desired me to give him some  materials for his review and of course I named the contributors to the  work.     Are you well now, mind and body? The more I try to leave Columbus, the  more I stay here. I have still a deal to do for the musci, in packing  copies for Europe and getting out specimens for Schimper, Hampe and other  friends for exchange. And my garden is so green and the trees so shady and  the vines want binding and! and! to tell the truth I am becoming old and  lazy. Don't you come this way and see me?                                         Your friend,                                            L. Lesquereux. Recd May 27

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 [1866.]    May 29. The almost incessant rain storm we have had since  the evening of the 26th is now (3 P. M.) over. The microscope  from Paul Roessler, New Haven, has just arrived, Express charges 6/. 


[1866.]    May 30. By 6*30' A.M. train to North Evans (Eighteen Mile Creek)  walked down the road & turned off to the Sawmill, thence down the creek to  the end of the cliff, up to the road, & stopped by the house by the Bridge,  & had a few moments chat with Mr. Ingersoll who lives there, thence to  the wood on the Point right bank of the Creek, rummaged it pretty  thoroughly, back to the Lake road & walked (following the telegraph poles)  to Evans Centre = 5-5 1/2 miles, thence, 1 mile, to Angola, & got there  at 2*30' went into the woods there & got back to the Station about 5'  before the train came along, at 4*35' or 4*45' P.M., took it, & got home at  about 5*30'. The day unpleasant, cool, cloudy, windy, with rain in the  afternoon, & in changing my vest in the morning, left my spectacles!!!.  Don't know whether I got any mosses worth having or not. Amused myself  in collecting phaenogams for Miss Chester & Miss Forbes, &c. And, for  myself, a remarkably large Viola blanda, if blanda it be. 


[1866.]    May 31. After dinner, Forest Lawn. Picked some mosses. The  Bryum which Peck takes for B. atropurpureum, does not begin to show a  dark colored capsule. I suspect that it may be a form of B. argenteum. Must  look at the specimens I collected of both, & write Mr. P. tomorrow - Pyrus  coronarius begins to blossom. 


Scientific names may be looked up in the online checklist of Western New York plants. Find genus names beginning with  A - C  D - K  L - P  Q - Z.