Rendered by P. M. Eckel
Editor, The Clinton Papers
Buffalo Museum of Science
Missouri Botanical Garden, Res Botanica
May 22, 2003

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[1865.]    May 1. To date, this spring, have collected & had identified by Mr. Peck 15 mosses & one Liverwort.

The elm in the barn yard, going from the Williamsville road to the entrance of the Gun [?] is Ulmus racemosa. At any rate the flowers are racemed, though I can discover no sign of corkiness on bough or branch.


[Ulmus racemosa Thomas is Ulmus Thomasi Sargent, according to House, 1924). The Rock Elm has older twigs that are often irregularly winged with plates of cork.]


[1865.]    May 13. Went, by 12*30' P.M. train to Suspension Bridge, & walked in the Whirlpool Wood. Found the Arctostaphylos in full bloom. Carex eburnea abundant on the rocks in the wood on the edge of the cliffs.


[1865.]    May 14. P.M. Wheelbarrow Point, Erythronium albidum passing flower, could not find any Erigenia. 

Day brought in Carex pedunculata from a wood, or, rather from where a wood, recently felled, had been, near the Cent. R. R. cattle yards, 2 ‑3 miles from the City. He also found there Viola rotundifolia.


[1865.]    May 15. Rowed down to Falconwood, towed back by the Undine. The endogenous? [indigenous?] little plant (=Ranunculus reptans) on the bank of Strawberry, above Little Bay, has not yet made its appearance. The willows cultivated on the head of Grand Island (Salix purpurea) was cut last year for the market, & the stumps are just putting forth new shoots. Saw no signs of fructification.  Collected some Floerkea. 


[The Undine is a steam ship (ferry).]


[1865.]    May 19. Expressed a bundle of grasses, Carices, ferns &c. to

Hon. John Stanton Gould, Hudson, N.Y.


[1865.]    May 22. Expressed package to Miss Rhoda Waterbury, Schoharie, and to James L. Bennett, Providence, R.I.

Walked out to Smoke's Creek. Collinsia verna abundant, in the wood just above the R. R. bridge. Its inflorescence being centripetal, it is in nice condition, flowers above, full sized fruit below. Collected also Viola Canadensis (and, as I found out on the 30th, 1 specimen of V. striata). Oryzopsis asperifolia, Vaccinium Pennsylvanicum, Carex pubescens ?!, This season, until today, I have collected very little. I have enjoyed grabbing mosses & sending them to Mr. Charles H. Peck, for determination. And I have called several times on Addie Wilson, & enjoyed ministering to her botanical tastes.

God Almighty be thanked for this great goodness to me this day!


[1865.]    May 23. P.M. Rode with Dr. Gay, to Gennessee St. wood. A Carex and a Poa, noticed yesterday, which in their immature state bother me, abound there.


[1865.]    May 25. Thursday. Mary made up a package of plants, to be put in Express to morrow, for C. M. Tracy, Curator of Botany, of the Essex Institute, care of Dr. Henry Wheatland, Secretary, Salem, Massachusetts. Expressed it 26th.


['Mary' is Mary Wilson. Day wrote of her in the Plants of Buffalo and its Vicinity, mentioned above: "Early in the history of the Society, the investigation of our Lichens was generously undertaken by Miss Mary L. Wilson, then of our city, now of Haverhill, Mass. The success which attended her efforts in this difficult and neglected field, is demonstrated by the very valuable collection of plants of that order, constituting a part of the [Clinton] Herbarium. Miss Wilson has now enhanced the value of her labors by preparing with her own hand the list of the Lichens of Buffalo which makes a part of the Catalogue." (Day p. 74).]


[1865.]    May 28. Sunday. After dinner, walked on Seneca St., to Cent. R. R., on that, to the Plank road, on that to 1st road crossing it, on that, turning to the left, across the Conjocketies to next cross road, on that, turning to the left, to Pine Hill road, & a little beyond, & turned into the wood on the right, in the corner of that wood, found genuine Sphagnum, & Drosera rotundifolia, also Carex disperma. Took a moss or two. Cut through the wood to the Schanzlin Road. On that road, in the front yard of Mr. Crocker, the milk‑man, found Fedia olitoria ?(!) growing freely among the grass. Also, on the edge of a small garden, further on, saw a thrifty single plant of the same, evidently spontaneous. Took the street car at Schanzlin, & home by 6*20!


[Probably the Main Street street car.]


[1865.]    May 29. Monday. Took 5 A.M. train to Batavia, thence by 7 A.M. train, on Canandaigua & Niagara Falls R. R. to Caledonia (17 miles) & the conductor, transportation] kindly carried me 2 1/2 or 3 miles further & let me off in the swamp. Entered it about 8 A.M. Found Cypripedium parviflorum (=pubescens), but don't believe in the species. The Poa of our wet woods, I think it is alsodes, although the branches of the panicle are (often at least) in fives, common here, & quite a tall & handsome grass, also Milium effusum, and Carex laxiflora v. patulifolia ? & a Climacium. Gathered a little Equisetum scirpoides, but it is not in fruit, & dosen't appear as though it had been, & ever would be. Mitella nuda is in this swamp, & also in the one at Caledonia. Got back to Caledonia at about noon, dined at Shaw's tavern. Walked in the wood &c., in the left bank of the creek & back, & crossed to the swamp on the right bank. A Carex, probably flava (!) abundant. The Salix candida is in fruit, & the fruit frequently open, Lonicera oblongifolia & Potentill fruticosa just beginning to flower. A leafless bush just beginning to show heads of flower buds & terminal leaves. May be a Myrica or a Rhus: = Myrica cerifera, male. The Juncus in this swamp may be Balticus (!), may be filiformis, did not examine its rootstock. Must send it to Bebb, immature though it be. From the swamp took the road & walked down to Seth Green's.  He was out fishing on the stream. Took the 5*45' train & got home at about 7 1/2 P.M. Found some specimens of Viola striata left by Day, I presume.  Yes! Smoke's Creek wood. 


[1865.]    May 30. P.M. Walked with Day, turned into the wood east of & this side of the tollgate, & so, through the next copse, & by Ambrose's tavern, to Mr. Crocker's, collected more Fedia olitoria, a garden umbellifer, = anise. Chaenophyllum sativum. Viola tricolor, in his front yard, walked back a little way, & then turned to the right, into the fields & copses, found Scirpus Clintonii abundant. Then back, homeward, stopped in at Mr. Hodge's garden, & young Mr Hodge gave me specimens of Aesculus Pavia, &c., a Cytisus? Mem. In Mr. H.'s garden, to be obtained ‑

Althaea off's, as Day thinks, but I don't. Not near flowering.

The Scotch Thistle, neither Silybum nor Chenopodium, = Echinopsis.

Aristolochia tomentosa



On the Plains also collected a specimen or two of a dwarf oak, Staphylea, Lithospermum arvense, Erigeron bellidiflora,  say Specularia, large. By Mr. Forsyth's[e?] (the Granger place) gate, took specimen of Rhamnus cathartica in flower, & of a small leaved Ulmus.


[1865]     May 31. P.M. In White's Grove, found Scirpus planifolius, and a trailing Rubus (blackberry) which is not hispid, & is much smaller than what I have taken for R. villosus v. humifusus. It is R. canadensis. Took 1 or 2 specimens, & also collected some Viola arvensis, Moehringia, Lathyrus ochroleucus &c. I can now distinguish Crataegus coccinea & C. tomentosa. (think we have, of thelatter, vars. pyrifolia & punctata. I don't believe we have Cerastium vulgatum.

Walked on to the wood on Delaware St. In the swamp, near the old house, Pyrus arbutifolia, quite tallish. Ought to get it in fruit. On the edge of the swamp near Delaware St., plenty of Sphagnum, took some. In damp ground, in the field south of the woods, a small red fungus, took some.


Scientific names may be looked up in the online checklist of Western New York plants. Find genus names beginning with  A - C  D - K  L - P  Q - Z.