Rendered by P. M. Eckel
Editor, The Clinton Papers
Buffalo Museum of Science
1020 Humboldt Parkway
Buffalo, NY 14211 USA
January 8, 2003

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[1863]     Sept. 1. Tuesday. We take the Bay State this evening. Paid our bill, $33.75.  Wife & I (rowed by a young man, & Mr. Scriptor & daughter, went up the River & dined on the same point where we dined on Friday. Noticed the Shepherdia Canadensis. About 6 P.M., with Dr. Hall & wife, & the Harrises, took the Bay State for Charlotte. Fare of self & wife $11, wooded on Well's Island. 


[1863]     Sept. 2. Wednesday. At about 3 P.M. landed at Charlotte. The Conductor would not take any fare for my wife. Reached Rochester at about 4*30' Scranton, at Congress Hall, gave us tea, toast & whitefish, & would take no pay. Took the 5*30' express, & reached Buffalo at about 8* & home at about 8*30' P.M. 


[1863]     Sept. 3. Thursday. Put Mr. Thurber's coat into the Express, & wrote to him.


[1863]     Sept. 4. Friday. Went to Rochester, with my daughter Kate, in the 8 A. M. train, & stopped at Congress Hall, where we dined & supped. Bill $2. Hack line $4. Fare $2.80. Prof. Dewey returned me my Carices, with additions. Visited the Lower Falls, House of Refuge (very much pleased). The University (found it open, but no one there & the Ward Collection locked up, probably vacation) & Mount Hope. In the University grounds found a grass, which I do not now remember having collected, probably a Panicum (=P. capilare), & took specimens. On Mt. Hope Cemetery took a small Andropogon (=A. scoparius), & noticed there the grass ("tall & beautiful") found on the Plains, Aug. 11 (p.35) (=Sorghum nutans). Returned, by 8* P.M. train, in 1*40'.

Mr. Nichols, who has been at the sea side, tells me that the fishermen catch the striped bass in nets, that, in order to find them, they cut a hole through the skin back of the head of a living one, put a string throught it, secure it, tie a cork to the end of the string, & let him go, watching him, & he seeks a school, whereupon they encircle it with their nets.


[For Mount Hope Cemetery see the Miscellaneous Index. "The Western House of Refuge for Juvenile Delinquents, a State institution, established in 1844, is located upon a farm of 42 acres 1 1/2 mi. N. of the courthouse. The buildings consist of a large and imposing main edifice, with wings containing offices, cells, a chapel, &c. and a variety of workshops. They occupy a site of 4 1/2 acres, surrounded by a high wall. The average number of inmates is nearly 400. [In footnot No. 1: " ... Juvenile delinquents are sentenced to this institution from the central, northern, and western parts of the State, - those from the eastern part being sent to a similar institution on Wards Island, New York City. The inmates spend a portion of each day in study and a portion in laboring at some useful employment. The principal business carried on is the manufacture of shoes and brushes. A library of 9,000 volumes is connected with the institution. The  yearly cost is about $31,000, and the earnings of the inmates $12,000." (French 1860 p. 404). On page 42: footnote no.4. The House of Refuge "is supported by the labor of its inmates, the product of its farm, and an annual State appropriation. ... Its rules require half an hour more at labor and an hour less at school than is required at the New York Asylum; and 10 hours are allowed for sleep. In 1859, 508 boys were received at this institution. Of these, 128 were employed in making chains, 171 in making shoes, 37 in making brushes, 7 upon the farm, 20 in the sewing rooms, and 23 as domestics."]


[1863]     Sept. 5. Saturday. 5 P.M. walked to Wheelbarrow Point, found the Panicum (capillare) collected yesterday at Rochester, it seems common. A grass which I collected here some weeks ago, when immature, is, probably, Bromus ciliatus, but it looks very different from the one, which, July 5, I collected in the yard or enclosure at the Whirlpool, with, but much taller than the Bromus Kalmii, lean this one to the B. mollis (=B. ciliatus v.  purgans). Day had mentioned a locality in the Point where he found what he thinks may be Plantago cordata. Found the locality & plant, & took some specimens. I don't see that it corresponds with the description of that plant, or differs from P. major, unless it be in the no. of seeds, which seems to be uniformly 4 in each pod. (This is what they thought P.  Rugelii.) Collected also a Lophanthus, which may be scrophulariaefolius, Aster      , Solidago     , Cirsium discolor, Polygonum    , Apios tuberosa very abundant & profusely in flower, in the hollow by the railroad.  Collected, also, in the Point, a Spartina, probably the cynosuroidea, but with broader & less elongated & attenuated leaves than that species usually



[Asa Gray, in a letter of Sept. 10 below: '3. Day's 4‑seeded Plantago, from Wheelbarrow Point, see Sept. 5, is P. Rugelii of Decaisne. 4. The Lophanthus from Wheelbarrow Point, Sept. 5, is the Scrophularaefolius.] 


[1863]     Sept. 6. Sunday. After dinner, walked up the Turnpike & took to the wood on the beach, this side the tollgate. On the sand, in approaching it, found a grass, past seed, which lies on the sand & seems to, if it does not, root & creep (=Agrostis alba). Collected a common Polygonum, white flowered (=hydropiperoides). Crossed the Turnpike, & along the ditches to the dark wood. The ditch sides beautified by Coreopsis trichosperma. Along the cross road to the meadow, & through that to the Buffalo & Erie (State Line) R. R., and so home. At the Cattle Stand, Bidens tripinnata, Physalis angulata, v. Philadelphica? & Xanthium spinosum, of each 1 plant. Day tells me that, on the head of Squaw Island, Gentiana Andrewsii is abundant & in flower, some white, & some blue, but of a lighter blue than those we found last year, & that some of the  flowers are open.


[1863]     Sept. 7. Monday. Took 6*30' A.M. train for Irving. Engine got out of order, & lost over 1* [ i.e. one hour]. Collected in the sand of the beach, Digitaria glabra, Cyperus diandrus v. castanea (stem terete, triquetrous) Polygonum aviculare? & noticed also Cyperus Schweinitzii. Collected also Cakile Americana, the small, Sporobolus, with purple flowers, (=Tricuspis purpurea), and the grass noticed yesterday. Collected on the dunes Artemisia Canadensis, not yet well in flower, and, near Irving, a branching Desmodium well in seed. Walked along the shore to Silver Creek. In the wood west of the Station & on the left of the R. R., noticed the Ginsang (Panax quinquefolia) and, high up the hill, Chimaphila maculata. Collected in the east end of the wood, where it declines to the creek, a Carex. The field east of the wood house & north side of the railroad (partially cleared) is full of Euphorbia lathyris, which has also crept over the fence in the edge of the wood in the field beyond. Collected also a grass on the north bank of the R. R., near the end of that wood. Returned by the 4 P.M. train.

By the R. R., approaching Silver Creek, where it cuts through the slate, found Euphorbia hypericifolia.


[1863]     Sept. 8. Tuesday. Rainy this morning. Probably I have not noted the fact that the Polygonum orientale (Prince's feather) is a rare garden scape with us.


[1863]     Sept. 9. Wednesday. Went, by the 8 A.M. train to Rochester. Called on Prof. Dewey, and went with him to Mt. Hope. Collected the small Andropogon purpurascens (the Prof. called it A. scoparius) & Sorghum nutans, and Gerardia pedicularis. Took specimen Hieracium paniculatum, also of Desmodium, Solidago squarrosa, Solidago     , and Helianthus     . Also of a common, delicate grass, which the Prof. says is Aira or the genus next to it. Could not find the clover said to grow there. Dr. D. says it flowers in June. Returned to his house & dined. Took specimen (not in flower) of Lysimachia nummularia. The Trifolium incarnatum (formerly cultivated by him) has died out. Walked, on R. road, to Coldwater. Approaching it, collected Aster     , Solidago    , and a Carex. In a pool, south side of the R. R., saw the Sagittaria with floating leaves &c., collected near Alexandria Bay, & could see that some of the leaves, on the other side of the pool, were erect. Begin to think that it is a common form of S. heterophylla.

Prof. D. gave me a dried specimen of a cultivated Datura from California. Took the train at 6*50', & home!

Prof. D. showed me a hollow, or woody dell, on the side of which the early Carices grow, & he named C. Emmonsii, varia, pedunculata & plantaginea.


[Coldwater, Monroe Co., is a station on the Buffalo Branch of the N.Y.C.R.R. (Letter from Asa Gray, Sept. 10 below: 2. The Sagittaria with floating leaves & linear or lanceolate submerged ones, See Aug. 25, Aug. 31, Sept. 9, is, probably, S. calycina, Engelm.]


[1863]     Sept. 10. Thursday. A. M. Went to Day's garden & took thereupon, besides chickweed for Dick, specimen of Tropaeolum majus, & Polygonum orientale, also of a Polygonum (growing as a weed) which, on examination, turns out to be P. Pennsylvanicum.

Received letter from Prof. Gray. He writes,

1. The water plant found at Alexandria Bay (See Aug. 24), is Callitriche autumnalis.

2. The Sagittaria with floating leaves & linear or lanceolate submerged ones, See Aug. 25, Aug. 31, Sept. 9, is, probably, S. calycina, Engelm.

3. Day's 4‑seeded Plantago, from Wheelbarrow Point, see Sept. 5, is P.

Rugelii of Decaisne.

4. The Lophanthus from Wheelbarrow Point, Sept. 5, is the Scrophularaefolius. 

P.M. Near Swartz's ravine, collected Asplenium thelypteroides. By the south fence along Forest Lawn, a Solidago, an Aster, a Heliathus, & Gnaphalium decurrens? In Day's Sphagnum, Solidago Muhlenbergii, 2 Asters, Epilobium palustre!, E. coloratum, a Ribes with black currants (from the bush I called R. rubrum?), & the same Helianthus?, 3 Polygonums growing all together, one of them the persicaria? On Squaw Island, the Phragmites, Gentiana Andrewsii, & 4 specimens of a white variety? I can see no difference except that they are more slender, & the flowers are smaller. On the pier, from the same clump as last year, Hibiscus moscheutos.


[Dick is Clinton's canary.]


[1863]     Sept. 11. Friday. Went by 8 A.M. train to Lewiston. On the bank of the River collected Aster ericoides.  Walked to the Suspension Bridge in a cultivated field, on the right in the road & on the Bank of the River, Abutilon Avicennae abundant, crossed & went to Brock's Monument. The Alyssum gone but put some dead stalks in my pocket, hoping there might be a seed or two in them. The Monument gate‑keeper, as Medicine] asked me if I knew the Lobelia (L. inflata of course, written above), I said yes! He said he had the asthma & it was recommended to him & showed me some Verbascum blattaria & asked if that was it. I told him no! But that it was a very common plant, & if I found it in going to the bridge I'd leave it at the bridge, tollhouse, for him, which I did. He told me that the gravel around the monument had been drawn in part from the first village above, & in part from below. I inquired about this, partly because I wished to trace the origin of the Alyssum, & partly because I had found & collected from the side of the gravelly road near the Monument, a small grass (= Vilfa vaginiflora) very much resembling the smaller Sporobolis (Tricuspis) of the Lake Shore. In descending to the Bridge found the Senecio vulgaris, of an unusual aspect, & so took some of it, to try Dick, our canary, with it, unless it sould turn out something different [which it did not, written later]. Recrossed the Bridge & walked to the Station house, & in going thither, noticed the Houstonia caerulea still flowering, & picked 1 specm.  of a tufted grass. Took the 12*30' train to Suspension Bridge, & walked to the Red Mulberry Tree near the Bank of the River, found several younger trees of the species in the wood near it, so that there is probably a male among them, took some of the lobed leaves. On a rock in the wood found the Camptosorus, & on rocks near the bank, Allosorus atropurpureus and Asplenium trichomanes. Kept along the bank to the Whirlpool House, & found, in one place, in a slight, gravelly (?) depression in the edge of the bank the same grass I found near the Monument, or one very much like it.  Collected also 1 specm. of Gerardia tenuifolia with white flowers, Andropogon scoparius & A. furcatus (noticed Sorghum nutans) Arctostaphylos uva‑ursi in fruit, Aster ptarmicoides, Liatris cylindracea. Descended about 1/2 way to the River, &, in the right of the path, planted a few roots & scattered spores of the Scolopendrium, &. also planted a few roots of it on the talus just below the American Staircase at the Falls. In reascending found & took a Strawberry with a runner 2‑3 feet long. In the wood by the Whirlpool, collected Zizia integerrima, Desmodium nudiflorum & Pyrola rotundifolia in seed. Saw Gerardia flava. Walked back to the Falls. Between the Bridge & the Falls, following the railroad, took 1 Solidago, 1 Aster, & Lespedeza violacea, exuberantly in flower. At the Falls, near the Grove [probably Prospect Park], found & took one plant of Sinapis alba? (= probably S. nigra) small leaved & very smooth. Also a low Euphorbia, or a suspicion that it might be E. peplus, though it is probably, only the helioscopia.  Went on foot of Americn. Staircase & searched diligently for Carex Clintonii, but in vain, found long dead culms of this year, connected with the plant in full seed, culms which had shed all their seeds & may be what Dr. Dewey took for staminate spikes. On Goat Isld., in the flat by Terrapin Bridge, collected a few seeds of Astragalus Cooperi, and one Plantago, in the hope that it would turn out P. rugelii (It did not.), and, on the Island, 1 specimen of P. major. Took the 6*20' P.M. train for home. 


[For Dewey see 1863:June 9 ['Sent C. [Carex] Clintonii & one from the flat [on Goat Island, June 8] to Dr.  Dewey.' Sept. 14. ['In walking on to the Abbott Road, noticed, by the Road Side, the Onopordum, Sedum telephinum (which is abundant on the Williamsville Road, on a gravelly place by the road side, sowed the seeds (if any there were) of Alyssum calycinum, I got at Brock's Monument, on the 11th instant.' See Sept. 10 for reference to the Canary].


[1863]     Sept. 12. Saturday. The cucurbit in the angle before Mr. Fillmore's & M. S. Hawley's, on Niagara St., is Sicyos angulatus. Took specimen. 

P.M. Went to the wood, east side of McAdam road, between Creek & Tollgate, examined the Plantagoes there, no P. Rugelii, though one plant seemed to have 5 seeds in each pod. Collected some Solidagoes. Gentiana quinqueflora, few & not fit for collections yet. Scattered some seeds of divers plants there.

Riding back, noticed a small tree right in front of Hodge's gate, with odd‑looking fruit.


[1863]     Sept. 13. Sunday. After dinner, took a short walk. The tree before Mr.  Hodge's yesterday was one of two Pteleas (trifoliata.) Collected, in fruit, Cornus paniculata, Benzoin odoriferum, Prinos verticillatus, Smilacina racemosa, &, in Forest Lawn, Hieracium scabrum. 

Evening.  Brother Day had been to Sulphur Spring. In the hollow just above the Dam, a few rods from the Creek, on the Hotel side, he found a small patch of the Tussilago farfara. Also, there, he saw 2 species of Helianthus which bothered him. There too he found a Cyperus, like the strigosus, but with very small spikelets & the branches of the umbel [note this symbol or word elsewhere used] loosely panicled, Cyperus phymatodes, Muhl.  Of these, he gave me a specimen, & also specimens of an Eleocharis (obtusa) and of a commonish grass (which I have collected several times, but never so large) and one of Borago officinalis. Also specimen of Mentzelia alba, raised by him from seeds sent to me by Miss Mary H. Clark. He says, that the Artemisia biennis is scattered along the Buffalo & N.Y. City R. R., & Clinton St., & that the cattle yard of the Buffalo & Erie R. R. is grown up with it.

Also that on Wheelbarrow Point, about 10 rods below the R. R. Bridge he found 1 specimen of Nabalus crepidineus (sed quaere?) [= to find the place?], & that the Helianthus giganteus is thereabouts, or on the Point. 


[Mentzelia is in the Loasaceae. All three species listed in Gray's 6th edition occur in the plains and prairies of the Dakotas, Illinois, Kansas, Texas. M. alba was not listed. None are listed in the 1997 New York state checklist by Mitchell & Tucker. Note the Sulphur Spring appears to be on the Little Buffalo Creek.] 


[1863]     Sept. 14. Monday. Walked to Wheelbarrow Point, saw no Nabalus & no Helianthus, the Heliopsis abundant. At the Cattle Stand on the R. R. there are 2 plants of Xanthium spinosum, and a good many of Bidens tripinnata. In the cattle pens, the Artemisia biennis abundant, & some plants 4*‑5* high & much branched. Took specimen of the Coreopsis from the ditch side behind the pen & towards Tifft's farmhouse. They too attain 4*‑5* in height.  Crossed from the R. R., to 1st dark wood, S. of the track, & through the wood to the cross road, & across it & through the wood on the other side to the R. R. Noticed the Smilax rotundifolia had clumb to the top of a small tree. Collected 2 of the large blue‑flowered Asters with numerous narrow rays. Collected Viburnum dentatum in fruit, also, by side of R. R. another Aster. Along R. R. to path, by ditch, & across to 2nd dark wood, north of R. R., & collected a grass [and also a Polygonum with longish nodding red, flesh colored spikes, crossed out]. In that land, on the south edge of it, 2 grasses. Across the line of woods &c., to the Limestone Ridge Road.  Collected a Helianthus (probably) decapetalus. Turned down the plank road to Mr. Kelly's, he returned with me to St. Joseph's Orphan Asylum, in the enclosure, (by the toll gate) took specimens of a very tall, 8*‑9* Helianthus (probably) tuberosus (!) Very politely received by Rev. Thomas F. Hines, the Superintendent, & Sister Veronica, the Manageress. Went through the establishment, & was very much pleased. In walking on to the Abbott Road, noticed, by the Road Side, the Onopordum, Sedum telephinum (which is abundant on the Williamsville Road, on a gravelly place by the road side, sowed the seeds (if any there were) of Alyssum calycinum, I got at Brock's Monument, on the 11th instant. Noticed the Dianthera pedunculata [americana written above] in the Buffalo Creek.  Before reaching the Seneca St. road, collected the Helianthus which I collected last year, & which Gray decided was H. decapetalus, & there on to Seneca St., & home. Saw also, in the Creek, the Cyperus phymatodes Day gave me yesterday from Sulphur Spring. Collected Solidago caesia & 2 or 3 others. Also, in crossing by the ditch to the 2nd dark wood, a Polygonum with a nodding red spike & concave seeds, perhaps lapathifolium [=P.  incarnatum written above]. Also Osmunda regalis, with its seed fronds assuming shape.  [? check]


[Is this not Artemisia vulgaris? The Williamsville Road is apparently Bailey Avenue.]


[1863]     Sept. 15. The 2 large blue flowered Asters gathered yesterday differ from the one collected in Day's Sphagnum. One of them is much shorter leaved & the heads or flowers are crowded, the other, which resembles it closely, is smooth‑stemmed. The long leaved white Aster collected yesterday, is, probably, the same as the one collected at Alexandria Bay.

Warren Bryant, poisoned on the wrists, face & privates, in weeding & working his garden on North Street, called on me & I went there with him, he supposing it was the wild buckwheat (Polygonum convolvulus,) I found the poison ivy (Rhus toxicodendron), planted at the root of one of his trees, and he remembered he had been working among it. I was poisoned about the eyes &c., by collecting the Euphorbia lathyrus, & touching my skin with my unwashed hands, at Silver Creek.

By his house a fine tree, he calls the Juneberry, probably an Amelanchier. On his lawn, left side entering, a woody shrub, or small tree, with a very singular leaf, took a specimen, Salisburia adiantifolia. At the corner right in entering, a clover like plant, which Mr. B. says is called the Crown of Thorns, very likely a Medicago.

At 3. P.M. took stage for Aurora. When we changed horses, about 1 mile this side of "The house that Jack built" on the bank of Cazenovia Creek, found Gentiana crinita, growing with G. Andrewsii. Stopped at the tavern in the Upper Village of Aurora, the lower now called Willink, & got supper. Dr. Hoyt, came in & said I had been committed to his charge, & took me to his house, where I was most hospitably entertained during my stay.


[Salisburia adiantifolia (or Ginkgo biloba), Wood 1870. This is the start of events leading to the Aurura Agricultural Address of Sept. 17.]


[1863]     Sept. 16. Walked around in the morning. Found in a court yard, &, afterwards, in the street edge of a garden, the true Lophanthus nepetoides, & took specimens. Collected in the Bank of the Creek, a small blue flowered Aster (tradescanti?) & Solidago caesia and by the roadside 2 other Solidagoes. Went to the Fair, a lovely grove, & delivered my Address to the Union Fair.


[This is the Aurora Agricultrual Address, delivered in the Upper village of Aurora, or the lower (Willink). The Creek is the Cazenovia.]


[1863]     Sept. 17. Mr. Nathaniel A. Turner, with his team, rode me & Dr. Hoyt to the Buffalo Creek & also to the Carding mill on Cazenovia Creek, a very pleasant excursion. Mr. Turner has some Indian Relics, which he wishes to give to The Buffalo Historical Society, & become a member thereof. Took the Stage at about 1 1/2* P.M. and arrived at home at about 5 1/2*P.M. (Found, in a wood, two specimens of what may be Conioselinum (=Aethusa cynapium). Gathered, in the Spring on Mr. Turner's farm, a Callitriche, probably the verna. There is on a little run, or brook, below the spring, an issue of carburetted hydrogen which he thinks would be sufficient to light his house & do his cooking.


[See Cazenovia Creek in the miscellaneous index. It is a tributary of the Buffalo Creek. Mr. Turner as well as Dr. Hoyt was a native of the town of Aurora which, in the postal village of Willink, had a woolen factory.] 


[1863]     Sept. 18. Nil of consequence.


[1863]     Sept. 19. Walked in Canada. Collected Polygonum acre & hydropiper and a white flowered Pennsylvanicum, Cyperus filiculmis & C. Schweinitzii (very tall) the 2 Sporoboluses? [=Sporobolus cryptandrus & Tricuspis purpurea, written above] 2 Asters, & probably, 3 Solidagoes, Chenopodium ambrosioides & another [=C. urbicum v. rhombifolium, written above], a very tall & rank Gerardia tenuifolia, 1 specimen of Botrychium lunarioides, and, this side of the turnout of the L. Huron R. R., Solanum Carolinense. The flowers are not large, & are very few, & I am afraid it will not seed this year. There are 5‑8 plants, & all together.*

Received letter from Gray, with the Isoetes.

*Collected also, on the shore of the Lake [i.e. Erie], leaves of a Poplar, tree large, leaves largish & curiously toothed (=Populus monilifera.)


[This is apparently in Fort Erie, as verified by Clinton's entry in his miscellaneous index under Fort Erie.]


[1863]     Sept. 20. After Church & dinner walked up the Turnpike, nearly to the Gate, & then cut through the field to the border of the first wood, & skirted round it, in doing so found a very pretty Aster, stem 3*‑4*, racemose panicled at top, flowers middle sized, first blue, some times white, leaves linear, narrow, long, = A. longifolius. [note abbreviations in left margin]. Also the Solidago of that place, probably Canadensis, & 2, or 3 specimens of Coreopsis trichosperma. At the ditch side, where I entered the field, collected 3 Polygonums, all of which answer Gray's P. nodosum v. incarnatum, pretty wild [= P. Pennsylvanicum, written above], 1 has white flowers, & the 2nd (probably the same) red ones [= Pennsylvanicum, written above.] in both the heads are short, the third has red spikes, elongated & drooping, & is, probably, the one I collected on the 14th sometime since in crossing from the Buffalo & Erie R. R. to the 2nd dark wood. Noticed, by the B. & E. cattle stand this side of Elk St. 2 or 3 plants of Solanum Carolinense, all together, no signs of flowering. 

Evening. Called on Day. He was in Canada today, & had found the S. Carolinense, also, the small, erect form of Sporobolus. If I remember right, it was Vilfa vaginaeflora, and Triglochin palustre in fruit.


[1863]     Sept. 21. The Equinoctial is raging. Of the Polygonums mentioned yesterday, Nos 1 & 2, the short headed ones, are, probably, varieties of P. Pennsylvanicum, but their aspect is very different from its aspect, & no. 3, the one with the long & drooping heads, is, probably P. nodosum, v. incarnatum. Some one having left in Day's Office a white Gentiana Andrewsii? he gave it to me.


[1863]     Sept. 22. Car to Cold Spring. Noticed, in vacant lot, south of Allen St., on East side of Main, a tallish thistle, looking plant (= Silybum) and, on West side of Main, on or just beyond Deacon Bryant's old place, a tall Helianthus (= tuberosus). Took berries of Rhamnus Catharticus from Moffat's Hedge. This side of Burt Scott's old place, Melissa (balm). Turned in to the left, by Sherwood's burial vault. Collected Nabalus albus & an Aster, thence to the meadow by the woods, & collected another Aster, a grass (probably Agrostis alba) and the Polygonum acre & hydropiper. Noticed, near the northwest corner of the meadow, by the wood, a sweet odor, which I supposed might be of the Anthozanthum, but could not discover what it proceeded from. In the wood, collected 2 Asters. Returned to the McAdam road, &., in returning, collected berries of Cornus paniculata & another Cornus, and of Smilax herbacea. The Hungarian grass (a Setaria) is escaping. Went through Poor House orchard to the wood. By the side of a ditch they were digging behind the Poor House, & in the back part of the field, Artemisia biennis abundant. By farm road side, (returning through the fields & line of groves), gathered what seems to me a new Aster, smallish white flowered, leaves ovate, lower ones with a winged petiole (A. sagittifolius.) Collected also Aster multiflorus, Solidago ridiga, and, by the Stone fence near the north side of the last wood north of the Schanzlin road, a Solidago, probably the nemoralis, but of a much softer habit. Another Aster (simplex, I suppose) near the Schanzlin road. By it to the Mc Adam Road, & thence to Cold Spring, where I took the car, & home.

In the grove, where I found, in the openings of it, Andropogon furcatus & Sorghum nutans, found, in a dried up state, a tallish grass (but much lower than they) flowers awned, & in spikes 2‑3 in. long, & took specimen (= Triticum caninum).

Dug up a root & some pieces of roots of Frasera Caroliniensis, & put them in The Express for Gray.


[See Sept. 26 below for the Allen St. Silybum; also the Helianthus. Melissa officinalis L., l.c. is called Garden or lemon balm; the McAdam Road is presently Main St. north of the junction of Main and Scajaquada Creek, a little northeast of Delevan St. The Frasera is mentioned several times before: see 1862:Aug. 18.]


[1863]     Sept. 23. Took a boat at the Dam. Foot of Squaw Island, collected a water‑weed, which I subsequently found also on the west side of Strawberry, between it & the little Island, = Naias flexilis.

Head of Strawberry, collected an Aster, a Solidago, a Cirsium, = discolor, and a fine Panicum, which seems to me to be the same I collected at Albany, Aug. 6, = P. virgatum.

In Little Bay found the Nasturtium lacustre growing in the water, the leaves under the water very much cut.

In Big Bay found one of our common coarse narrow leaved Sagittarias with an erect leaf or two & submerged radical [euriform?] ones, but no floating leaves.  

Head of Grand Island. Collected 2 water weeds, one very humble & mosslike but rigid.  Also pods of Hypericum pyramidatum & Astragalus Canadensis. On the shore found 7‑9 plants of a Juncus, growing together & took all but one [J. nodosus v.  megacephalus written above]. Collected also Sium lineare, a common Erigeron annuum & the Osier [=Salix purpurea, written above] of which Mr.  Allen, or some one, has established a large plantation.

Rowed back to the Dam, & walked up to the Ferry, where I took the Street Car. On the [Squaw] Island collected a white Aster, & a similarly looking blue one, in walking up the head. Visited the locality of Gentiana Andrewsii, & picked 3 or 4 white ones, also a blue Aster. On the Harbor side of the Island, took specimens of a Cirsium, the spines of this instance stand straight out [= Cirsium discolor written above].

What I take to be Polygonum acre seems quite common, abundant on Squaw, Strawberry & Grand Islands.


[There is an Apium lineare in Wood p. 140, but a Sium latifolium L., p. 141. The little island on Strawberry Island (a small channel separating it from the larger area) can be seen in early maps. The Harbor side of Squaw Island is the eastern side where the channel lies; Smuggler's Run is on the western, Niagara River side near the foot of the island. The head of Grand Island might include what is presently Beaver Island State Park, although since Clinton went to Beaver Island occasionally, this time he probably meant somewhere east of it. Polygonum acre HBK = Polygonum punctatum Ell. Salix purpurea L., Basket Willow, an alien species with leaves distinctive in that they are opposite on the branches is present along water courses at the foot of Grand Island today at Buckhorn Island State Park].


[1863]     Sept. 24. Before Breakfast, walked to Squaw Isld. to find my knife, which I left there yesterday. Did not find it. On my way, collected pods of the Catalpa cordifolia.

Wrote to Gray & sent him one of my waterweeds, the Squaw island one for determination.  Think one of the weeds I picked up there was Callitriche autumnalis (= not so!). 

Changing my drying plants, identified Lechea major & L. minor.


[1863]     Sept. 25. Went, by R. R., to Suspension Bridge, crossed & walked down to Whirlpool. Collected a grass (=Muhlenbergia diffusa, written in).  Descended to Whirlpool, area north of the little stream, found a vine, without flower or fruit, leaves pinnate in 5s or 7s, perhaps Apios tuberosa. Ascended just beyond the slide, on it found two slim Solidagoes well gone in fruit, one, probably S. canadensis, and the other, perhaps, arguta. Along the Bank,  Vilfa vaginaeflora common. Collected a Vitis, in the unripe fruit, = V.  labrusca.  On the first, wooded, flat (on top of bank) collected Cirsium (perhaps altis.m. though small, Verbena urticifolia ? (in seed) Helianthus      , Trifolium arvense, and 1 specimen of Lophanthus nepetoides.  Walked on to Foster's Flat. Descending. Collected a grass [=Muhlenergia sylvatica, written in], Chenopodium hybridum, Impatiens fulva, and, on the flat, Nabalus altissimus. Walked back to La Salle.  Collected some Asters, Aster sagittifolius is common. The largish blue Aster & the similar bluish‑white one, the former especially so common, are, I think different. The involucres seem different, & the white/blue one has a very smooth leaf, while the blue one's leaves are pubescent. But they are very much alike, = Aster puniceus & A. vimineus & A. novae‑angliae. Between the Falls & LaSalle, took 2 specmens of a large belated Carex and leaves of 2(3) poplars (both =P. monilifera).  At the Falls, gathered some seed of Lithospermum officinale, also, the Echium in fruit. Polygonum acre abundant at La Salle, indeed, seems common everywhere. The Nesaea verticillata's long branches, drooping into the water or on the mud, swell for a foot or two, with swollen part roots & the end contracts and sends up or continues into, a green branch.  Took the 6*20' P.M. train from the Falls, when it came along. 


[Bank is ambiguous here as to whether it occurs at the base of the gorge or not. Usually Clinton mostly uses it to indicate the rim of the gorge above: the limit of the tableland above the gorge of the Niagara River. Otherwise, 'bank' is used as the margin of any body of water. Clinton's itinerary here seems odd: he crossed the suspension bridge at the village of that name and walked downstream in Canada. He recrossed to New York, probably at the same suspension bridge, walked to the Falls, then upstream to LaSalle, taking the train at its station there, home.]


[1863]     Sept. 26. The thistle‑looking plant, on East side of Main Street & south of Allen St., noticed on the 22d, is Silybum marianum. The Helianthus noticed that day is H. tuberosus. Found Nicandra physoides growing, as a garden weed, on Seneca St.


[1863]     Sept. 27. After dinner, rode, in Main St. car, to Schanzlin Road, walked to Ambrose's Tavern, &, by cross road to the Creek, & up it. Found the small, upright Sporobolus‑looking grass, & also the longer & slender one, + Vilfa vaginaeflora. Noticed Polygonum acre with a spike as thick or thicker than that of P. [triste? prob. tenue]. In the wood, near the Pine Hill Plank road, collected a few specimens of Botrychium lunarioides. The 2 barren fronded ones seem commonish. It would seem that the earlier & more radical barren frond withers before or as the upper one matures. Walked back on the Plank Road to Genesee St. car, & by it, home. 


[1863]     Sept. 28. Took road by Schanzlin's to Wollfer's Tavern. Scattered seed, of Lithospermum officinale & Euphorbia lathyrus, on left (west side of Main Street) between Cold Spring & the Schanzlin Road, and, after passing the bridge on that road, on the right (Smith), & , on ascending the first rise, on the left, and, on descending along the wood lot, on the right. Picked chess, Bromus, & Malva moscheutos. From Wollfer's to the Creek, & got the Polygonum mentioned yesterday, am satisfied that it is the acre. Kept through the fields & woods to Pine Hill & then returned by the Schanzlin Road, returning picked by road side one culm of rye (Secale cereale) took car & home. On the S. W. corner of the Schanzlin Road & Main St., picked an Artemisia, = A. abrotanum, a garden scape, very strong scented. Also, in woods, 2 specimens Botrychium lunarioides.


[1863]     Sept. 29. P.M. Went to the Dam & took boat. At foot of Squaw Island collected more of the water plant I sent to Gray (= Naias flexilis). It looks to me fucoidal. Rowed up, close ashore, to Smuggler's Run, looking for the Isoetes. Nil. Mr. Cook (Insurance Agent, and son of Mr. Cook the teacher) promised to procure for me some seed of the Kentucky bluegrass. Being employed in the construction of a R. Road there, he bound down quick sand, or soil equivalent to it, by sowing the blue‑grass. One consequence was that mules &c. seeing thrifty patches of it along the r. r., would jump or break over the fences, & so the R. R. Co. had mules to pay for. Can it be our Poa compressa?


[The water plant being fucoidal refers to its alga-like appearance.]


[1863]     Sept. 30. About Squaw Island. Nil.

Scientific names may be looked up in the online checklist of Western New York plants. Find genus names beginning with  A - C  D - K  L - P  Q - Z.