Rendered by P. M. Eckel
Editor, The Clinton Papers
Buffalo Museum of Science
1020 Humboldt Parkway
Buffalo, NY 14211 USA
January 10, 2003

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[1863]     Oct. 1. Gray does not mention that the leaves of Polygonum aviculare, v. erectum, are petiolate. Wood does. I am inclined to think it a distinct species.

To York St. by Street Car, thence down York to Sandytown, scattering a few seeds of Lithospermum officinale, Euphorbia lathyris & Nicandra physaloides, by the wall of Webb's garden, & on the left side of the R. Road, going in, up to, around & beyond the Round House. The tall or true Sporobolus cryptandrus seems quite common at Sandytown, especially along the Rail Road. Below the fishing shanties, noticed a tendency of the Juncus Balticus culms to flatten & become spiral. Saw one or two of, I think, the Juncus I found at the head of Grand Island in the 23 instant, and took one of them. Collected an Aster, with smallish or middle sized white flowers, by the fence, in walking up the R. R., probably A. simplex.

Yesterday, Prof. James Hall came to town, &  visited our Room last evening. He was also present at the Meeting of the Society this evening, and gave us some sound advice. Wrote to E. J. Pickett, Esq. Rochester. 


[1863]     Oct. 2. Equinoctial has reappeared. Wrote to Henry Eccles Esq. Toronto, & Prof. James Hall, Albany.


[1863]     Oct. 3. Walked, with Day, to Wheelbarrow Point. This Nabalus crepidineus was in the hollow by the road. Found one dead stalk, from which nothing could be determined. Did not find any Plantago Rugelii. On the Creek side of the fence, where the Creek comes up to the R. R. at end of Wheelbarrow Point, in the corner beyond the Point, was a few stalks of what Day thought to be Helianthus giganteus, very tall, also one on the Point among the tall grasses & shrubs. It is a Helianthus, but can't be that species, the leaves being strongly 3‑nerved.

The Osier from Grand Island (Sept. 23) is, probably, Salix petiolaris, Smith (No! = S. purpurea).

Wrote to Halliday Jackson, enclosing specimen of Azolla Caroliniana, received from Pickett.


[1863]     Oct. 4. P.M. Took walk with Day. In vacant lot, East side of Main St., where the Silybum marianum is growing, took specimen of Nigella damascanum.  Noticed the Symphitum officinale and 1 plant of Abutilon Avicennae. Took seeds of the Silybum, & scattered them in divers woods & places. By Schanzlin's, what I have collected as Malva sylvestris, Day thought might be Malva grandiflora, & so I took a specimen. Also a little Aster sinensis, which had crept out of the garden. In the wood, at the right of Main St., before reaching the Gate, took specimen of Gentiana quinqueflora, the flowers remarkably pale, nearly white. There Day found a young poplar with the leaves downy on the underside (Day thought this P. heterophylla, which see!). Took 1 specimen of what may be Helianthus strumosus. What he supposed might be a Vilfa is Poa compressa. Swartz's ravine. South of the road, took specimen from a fine poplar, leaves like those of the Lombardy poplar. Grove on the north side of the Road, Day showed me his two cucumber trees, & the Populus grandidentata, & a (black?) birch tree. Took leaves of the two last. 


[1863].     Oct. 6. Collected leaves of Populus alba & Populus dilatata. Gray writes that my water weed is Naias, and, of course, I must assume that it is N. flexilis.]


[1863]     Oct. 7. D. F. Day visited my garret. Says he was mistaken in supposing the plant collected on the 4th was Malope, that it is Malva sylvestris. Gave him some specimens of grasses, Asters, &c. In the morning, in Court, before opening, wrote to Gray, in answer to his letter de Darwinian Theory.

[See 1863:April 5.; Malope sylvestris = Malva sylvestris L.]


[1863]     Oct. 10. The rains which had been falling for about a week stopped last night, or this morning. Wind N easterly. Tried, P.M., to catch a few perch [ x, as fishing].  Nothing bit but blue pike, & so I came back in disgust. 


[1863]     Oct. 12. Found one culm of an Alopecurus? on 6th St. and by the Work House [Erie County Penitentiary], 1 culm of the same, either diseased, or with the seeds in the spike grown (= nothing but Phleum). 


[1863]     Oct. 13. Walking from Court, picked up a Panicum (Digitaria) probably the sanguinale. 


[1863]     Oct. 14. Received a letter from Halliday Jackson, with specimen of Euphorbia peplus. 3 P.M. Got some seeds of the Silybum from vacant lot on Main St. & scattered them occasionally as I walked to & from the old brick ponds, this side of Cold Spring, which I visited with the slightest possible hope of finding the Isoetes, & where I found, nil. I can hardly expect anything more this season. 


[1863]     Oct. 15. Took a boat at the Dam, looked in at the mouth of Frenchman's Creek. No Isoetes, nor anything else. Caught & skinned 40 perch & 1 rock bass, & took them home. 


[1863]    Oct. 16. Went, by 5 (4*40') A. M. train to Portage. Found an Aster, which looked queer to me, with blue flowers, probably the undulatus (!), quite common. Aster prenanthoides of both forms, one very tall, say 4 feet.  Going down Letchworth's road, found 2 plants of an umbellifer, perhaps Archangelica hispida, but dosen't look so, = Conioselinum. Came out on the road at the Middle Falls Stairs, & ascended the hill. Met Mr. A. Jenkins, & he told me he had married a woman who owned a few acres there on the left bank. The view therefrom, up, is glorious. It curtains a nice little grove of the red, or what he calls, of Norway Pine (P. resinosa?) with some white Pines intermixed. He has just made a rude footpath down to the river bed, & his cow & hogs use the same. The little flat at the river side has some very nice timber on it. He showed me down his path & accompanied me to the Lower Falls, pointing out objects & explaining the details of his plans for a carriage road down the bank. He wants to build, or have built a mill, & also to make an artificial fall at the foot of the point to which his path leads, & he expects the railroad from Rochester to Mt. Morris to be continued up the chasm to [Neander? Andover? Hanover? Granger] or Olean. On the edge of the River he showed me what he calls wild rice. It is Andropogon furcatus. Growing with it Panicum virgatum. Walked with him to the table rock at the Lower Falls, & there we separated. Ascended the bank & returned by the road to Mr.  Letchworth's, but, he not being at home, I did not call. Picked a Gnaphalium, probably uliginosum, but may be purpureum. The Cuscuta I noticed on the wet rock on the left of the road descending by his lawn, is C. Gronovii. The Parnassia hereabouts is the Caroliniana. Crossed the bridge, went under the Canal [Genesee Valley Canal] & ascended the right bank of the River, went to the Hotel, & took a walk on the railroad east of the Bridge. Nothing new. On this (East) side of the river, Gentiana quinqueflora commonish, & I took some specimens. At Attica, walked into the Graveyard, & took specimen of Euphorbia. Returned to Buffalo by the 4*P.M. train. Found there a few specimens of plants, from Dr. D. E. Bostwick of Litchfield, Conn., including one of Marsilea quadrifolia from the borders of the Lake there. 

Perhaps the Populus from Swartz's Ravine, immediately S. of the crossroad, (St. John's Thal) is P. nigra.


[The town of Mount Morris was then the terminus of the Genesee Valley Railroad, a road not discussed by French in his 1860 Gazetteer; see Mount Morris in the miscellaneous index; see Genesee Valley Canal in the Miscellaneous Index. The Populus is mentioned above, Oct. 4.]


[1863]     Oct. 20. Received by Express, from C. C. Haskins of New Albany,

1st.‑ 3 roots & 2 leaves of Adam's or Aurora's Apron, probably one of the Araceae. 

2nd.‑ Slips of the annual, and of the monthly, Boquet Rose.

3d. ‑ Seeds of the Pawpaw, Annia triloba.

4th.‑ Seeds of the Balsam apple, cultivated by the Germans in this vicinity, & from the fruit of which they make a tincture which they use for sprains &c. A cucurbit.


[New Albany is in Indiana. The Pawpaw is Asimina triloba, Dunal. The Wild Balsam‑Apple is Echinocystis lobata, Torrey & A. Gray., which was cultivated for arbors. See 1864: April 6 and '11‑18'.]


[Adam's or Aurora's Apron may have been the Adam and Eve: Aplectrum hiemale, Nutt. in the Orchidaceae (not Araceae). This species "sends up late in summer a large, oval, many‑nerved and plaited, petioled, green leaf, lasting through the winter, and early in the succeeding summer its scape is terminated by a loose raceme of dingy rather large flowers." p. 500, the 6th edition of Gray's Manual of Botany (1889). Perhaps the leaf and its shape created the image of the modest fig‑leaf of the Victorians, or cod‑piece of the earlier and more earthy Elizabethans. Aurora, the pagan goddess of the dawn may have been later substituted by Eve.]


[1863]     Oct. 21. Gave most of the Rose slips to Ed. Bowen. He says it is difficult to grow Rose slips without a hot house, which he does not have at present, but will try.  Also gave a slip of each kind, together with some seeds of the Pawpaw & Balsam Apple to Richard Bullymore. 


[See 1862:Oct.4: Bullymore's garden was a Main Street.]


[1863]     Oct. 22. Went to Waterloo [Fort Erie], gave Mr. Douglass a slip of the annual & one of the monthly Bouqet Rose, & seeds of the Balsam Apple & Pawpaw. Walked up the Railroad, & in the grove on the left, at the junction, planted a dozen & more seeds of the Pawpaw. The Solanum Carolinianum has disappeared perhaps cut off by the frost, perhaps covered with the muck thrown from the cattle trains. 


[1863]     Oct. 23. Rain! Rain!! Rain!!!

Court! Court!! Court!!!


[Clinton was a Superior Court Judge.]


[1863]     Oct. 28. Swartz's Ravine, and near the Swamp (or Day's Sphagnum, planted seeds of Asimina triloba. In Forest Lawn, on edge of grove on the east side, beyond the tombs, found a patch of small strawberry bush, red in seed, & thought they might be Euonymus americanus (= E. atropurpureus).

Scientific names may be looked up in the online checklist of Western New York plants. Find genus names beginning with  A - C  D - K  L - P  Q - Z.