THE BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF G. W. CLINTON
Rendered by P. M. Eckel
Editor, The Clinton Papers
Buffalo Museum of Science
Missouri Botanical Garden, Res Botanica
www.mobot.org/plantscience/ResBot/
Botanical Index: October 29, 2004

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BOTANICAL INDEX

Transcribed, with synonymy, by P. M. Eckel

The botanical collecting journal of George W. Clinton, written 1862 through 1872 and which is conserved at the Buffalo Museum of Science, Buffalo, New York, has two rather unusual features: in Clinton's own handwriting there is an index to his own botanical references in the text of the journal. One finds the scientific name in the index, and one should be able to find in the journal text the conditions under which the species was found. Here was distributional information relating to the local flora around the city of Buffalo and the general region in western New York and the peninsular region of what is now the Regional Municipality of Niagara in Ontario, Canada. There is also populational information, substrate, and ecological notes. This is a snapshot of a flora that in most respects no longer exists, but was extensively collected and documented during the 1860's.

 

This index is also, in a sense, an extended herbarium label. The collections Clinton made in the days noted were pressed and mounted and sent to various institutions in the United States and Europe. They form the basis of the ninth oldest continuously existing herbarium in the United States, the Clinton Herbarium (BUF) of the Buffalo Museum of Science in Buffalo, New York.

 

Clinton's individual herbarium labels are generally without any habitat data, and often without locality data. The journal, together with the index presented below, is expected to provide more details (data) with respect to the specimens residing in BUF and other herbaria that retain his collections.

 

Note that the index presented here is part of an ongoing initiative by myself to transcribe and edit Clinton's journal and the collection of his correspondence still housed in the research library of the Buffalo Museum of Science. It is important to gather and process this information at this time because the Buffalo Museum has, as in so many other instances around the world, changed from a scientific institution with a distinguished collection of specimens, correspondence, books and other information resources that took over a century of dedicated effort to collect and curate, into what is essentially a science center for children, abandoning a professionally mediated 150-year baseline study of historical change in the regional flora.

 

The editor's contribution here is to provide an updated nomenclature to the plants, including a few lichens, liverworts and mosses and algae, noted in the journal. Clinton's nomenclature follows the fifth edition of Asa Gray's Manual of the Botany of the Northern United States, including the District East of the Mississippi and North of North Carolina and Tennessee, published in 1867. Clinton was in active correspondence with Gray from at least 1862 regarding the identification and nomenclature of his plants. He intended to build a scientific research collection for the city of Buffalo, but also contributed to that of the State herbarium, located in Albany, New York State.

 

Clinton's interest in garden species gives some insight into the horticultural trade in Buffalo in the 1860's, but also, in an earlier decade, into such plants that took his interest as they had been present in people's gardens before Clinton turned from the law (he was a lawyer and a Superior Court Judge, and a New York State Regent, with additional responsibilities) to botany.

 

Such horticultural material also was an indication of the nascent interest in forming a distinguished horticultural garden for the city of Buffalo, now located south of that city in Lackawanna - the South Park Conservatory. Although Clinton himself was primarily interested in the science of botany, his great friend and legal colleague, David F. Day, would be a prime mover in both the horticultural institution, as well as that of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences, the organization that gave rise to the Buffalo Museum of Science, for which Clinton served as first president. His friend Day would succeed him in that capacity after Clinton retired to Albany, New York, later in the century (he died in 1885).

 

Nomenclature follows the most modern synopsis of the species occuring or to have occurred in the State of New York by Richard S. Mitchell and Gordon C. Tucker (1997). Much nomenclature in synonymy not mentioned in this synopsis was derived from Homer House's extraordinary annotated list of the plants of the State, published in 1924, wherein exhaustive synonymy is given, with particular attention to the various early editions of Gray's Manual of Botany. Horticultural information was derived from Liberty Hyde Bailey's Manual of Cultivated Plants (1949). Liverwort nomenclature follows Raymond Stotler and Barbara Crandall-Stotler's (1977) North American Checklist. Mosses follow the North American checklist by Anderson, Crum and Buck (1990) with earlier references from the Index Muscorum (Van der Wijk et al. 1959-1969).

 

It is expected that the actual text of the species entries can be collected in a future posting to accompany this list. An example would be that for Dirca palusstris, May 5, 1866, the Leatherwood or Moosewood, growing with an abundance of other spring wildflowers at a local favorite haunt of rambling botanists from Buffalo, south of the city, and the State Line Railroad, later to become a part of the Erie Railroad system:

 

At Smokes' Creek wood on St. L. R. R.: 'Have noticed in flower,   this Spring, besides Elms, willows, poplars, alders, maples, Caltha   palustris, Anemone nemorosa, Hepatica acutiloba, Ranunculus abortivus, Caulophyllum, Cardamine rhomboidea, Dentaria laciniata, Dicentra cucullaria & Canadensis, Sanguinaria, Claytonia (both), Viola cucullata & pubescens,   Stellaria media, Dirca ...'

 

 

Below, all words not actually transcribed from Clinton's collecting journal are given in square brackets.

 


 

Indexes

I. Botanical.

II. Local, Personal & Miscellaneous [in progress].

 


 

Botanical Index.

[All years underlined, dittoes before each epithet under the first one.]

 

A.

 

Abies. 1864. June 8.

  Canadensis. 1862. June 19.

    [Abies canadensis Michx.  = Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.]

  nigra. 1864. Sept. 2.

    [Black Spruce: Abies nigra Poir. = Picea nigra (Ait.) Link = Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP]

  alba. 1864. Sept. 2.

    [White Spruce = Picea alba Link = = Picea canadensis (Mill.) BSP = Picea glauca(Moench) Voss]

 

Abutilon Avicennae. 1863. Aug. 5. Sept. 11. Oct. 4. 1864. Sept. 10, 12. Oct. 18.

    [Abutilon avicennae Gaertn. = Abutilon theophrasti Medik.]

 

Acalypha Virginica. 1862. Sept. 11. 13. 1867. p. 205.

    [Acalypha virginica L., Three-seeded Mercury]

 

Acer. 1864. May. 1. 1865. June 4. 1866. May 5.

    ? [sic] 1862. June 6.

  spicatum. 1862. June 20.

    [Acer spicatum Lam., Mountain Maple]

  Pennsylvanicum. 1863. May 28. June 25. 1874. Oct. 18.

    [Acer pensylvanicum L. Striped Maple]

  saccharinum. 1864. May 12. June 10. 1868. May 15.

    [Acer saccharinum L., Silver Maple]

  nigrum.

    [Acer nigrum Michx. f. Black Maple]

  dasycarpum. 1863. Ap. 23 [crossed out: 24. May 10: probably reidentified.] 1864. June 7.

    [Acer dasycarpum Ehrh. = Acer saccharinum L.]

  rubrum. 1863. Ap. 23. 24. May 10.

    [Acer rubrum L. Red Maple] 

 

Achillea millefolium. 1863. June 18. Aug. 2.

    [Achillea millefolium L., Common Yarrow]

  tomentosa. 1867. June 11.

    [Achillea tomentosa Pursh = A. lanulosa Nutt. = A. millefolium var. occidentalis DC.

 

Aconitum napellus. 1864. July 18.

    [Aconitum napellus L. Turk's-cap, Garden Monk's-hood, Wolf's-bane, cultivated.]

 

Acorus Calamus. 1862. June 24.

    [Acorus calamus of American authors, not L. = Acorus americanus (Raf.) Raf. Sweet Flag]

 

Actaea spicata. 1864. July 15.

    [Actaea spicata var. alba L. = A. alba (L.) Mill.  White Baneberry = Actaea

  pachypoda Ell.

    [Actaea spicata var. rubra Ait. = A. rubra (Ait.) Willd. Red Baneberry  =   

    Actaea spicata ssp. rubra (Ait.) Hulten]

 

Adiantum pedatum. 1862. Aug. 4.

    [Adiantum pedatum L. Maidenhair Fern]

 

Adlumia cirrhosa. 1864. June 15. 30. Oct. 3.

    [Adlumia cirrhosa Raf. = Adlumia fungosa  (Ait.) Greene ex BSP. Allegheny Vine, Mountain Fringe, Climbing Fumitory]

 

Aesculus glabra. 1862. May 21.

    [Aesculus glabra Willd. Ohio Buckeye]

  hippocastanum [DATE?]

    [Aesculus hippocastanum L. Horse-chestnut]

  flava. 1864. June 16.

    [Aesculus flava Ait., Sweet Buckeye, "Rich woods, Virginia to Ohio, Indiana, and southward. p. 118 Ed 5]

  Pavia. 1865. May 30.

    [Aesculus Pavia L., Red Buckeye "Fertile valleys, Virginia, Kentucky, and southward." Gray's Manual ed 5 p. 115].

 

Aethusa Cynapium. 1863. Sept. 17.

    [Aethusa cynapium L. Fool's-Parsley in the Apiaceae, cultivated]

 

Ageratum. 1862. Sept. 14.

    [Ageratum conyzoides L. Wild Ageratum = Eupatorium coelestinum Mistflower, Wild Ageratum, Blue Boneset, Purple Boneset, cultivated]

 

Agrimonia eupatoria. 1862. July 9. 26.

    [Agrimonia eupatoria L., Agrimony, Cocklebur, cultivated]

 

Agrostemma Githago. 1862. July 9.

    [Agrostemma githago L. Corn-cockle, Corn-rose, Purple Cockle, cultivated]

 

Agrostis. 1864. July 7. 13. 1865. July 19. 22. 1866. Sept. 20. 23.

  scabra. 1863. Aug. 21.

    [Agrostis scabra Willd. Hairgrass, Fly-away Grass, Ticklegrass]

  vulgaris.

    [Agrostis vulgaris With. = Agrostis tenuis Sibth. = Agrostis capillaris L., Colonial bent, Rhode Island bent, cultivated]

  alba. 1863. July 24. Sept. 6. 22. 1864. June 28.

    [Agrostis alba of authors, not L. = Agrostis stolonifera var. major (Gaud.) Farw. = Agrostis gigantea Roth, Redtop, Black Bent, cultivated.]

[in pencil: perennans?] 1865. July 19. 22.

   [Agrostis perennans (Walt.) Tuckerm. Autumn Bent, Upland Bent]

 

Ailanthus glandulosus. 1878. Oct. 12.

    [Ailanthus glandulosa Desf. = Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle, Tree of Heaven]

 

Aira caespitosa. 1864. July 7. 1865. June 15.

    [Aira caespitosa L. = Deschampsia caespitosa (L.) Beauv. Tufted Hairgrass]

  flexuosa. 1864. July 12.

    [Aira flexuosa L. = Deschampsia flexuosa (L.) Trin. Common Hairgrass]

 

Alisma plantago. 1862. July 15.

    [Alisma plantago-aquatica of American authors in part not L., = Alisma subcordatum Raf., Water-plantain.]

 

Allium 1862. June 13.

  Canadense. 1862. June 1. 28. July 11. 1864. July 6. 1878. May 7.

    [Allium canadense L. Wild Garlic, Wild Onion]

 tricoccum. 1862. June 25. July 11. 1863. Ap. 26.

    [Allium tricoccum Ait., Wild Leek, Ramp]

  Schoenoprasum. 1864. July 16.

    [Gray in the Fifth Edition of his manual lists A. schoenoprasum, the "Var. with recurved tips to the sepals (A. Sibiricum, L.) Shore of Lakes Huron, Superior, and northward." p. 534 as introduced from Europe (the Garden Chives). The variety sibiricum is considered native, but has usually been lumped with the European species as an introduction].

 

Allosorus atropurpureus. 1862. Sept. 11. 1863. Sept. 11.

    [Allosorus atropurpureus  (L.) Kunze ex Presl. = Pellaea atropurpurea (L.) Link, Purple Cliff-brake]

 

Alnus. 1864. Ap. 4. 29. 1866. May 5. 1867. Sept. 21. 1878. Oct. 29.

  incana. 1863. Ap. 10. June 12. 1864. May 24.

    [Alnus incana (L.) Moench, Speckled Alder]

  serrulata. 1864. May 24. July 4. Nov. 1.

    [Alnus serrulata (of Day, 1882) = Alnus incana ssp. rugosa (DuRoi) Clausen, Hazel Alder]

 

Alopecurus aristulatus. 1862. Aug. 3.

    [Alopecurus aristulatus Michx. = Alopecurus aequalis Sobol, Short-awned Foxtail]

  geniculatus. 1863. June 10. 24.

    [Alopecurus geniculatus L. Marsh Foxtail]

 

Alsine Michauxii. 1864. June 1.

    [Alsine Michauzii Fenzl = Arenaria stricta Michx. = Minuartia michauxii (Fenzl) Farw. Rock Sand-wort]

  Groenlandica. 1863. July 31.

    [This is perhaps a mistake by Clinton for Arenaria groenlandica (Retz.) Spreng. in Gray's Fifth edition. Its current name is Minuartia groenlandica Retz.) Ostenf., Mountain Sand-wort]

 

Althaea rosea. 1862. Oct. 7. 1863. Aug. 15.

    [Althaea rosea (L.) Cav. = Alcea rosea L. Garden Hollyhock]

  ficifolia. 1862. Oct. 7.

    [Althaea filicifolia Cav. is an unusual cultivated plant, not often grown with large lemon-yellow to orange flowers in terminal spikes; European.]

 

Alyssum. 1864. July 10.

  calycinum. 1863. June 5. Sept. 11. 14. 1864. July 8. Sept. 12. 13. 1867. Oct. 3. 1868. June 16. 1875. June 27.

    [Alyssum calycinum L. = Alyssum alyssoides (l.) L., Yellow Alyssum]

 

Amarantus. 1864. Nov. 1. 1865. Sept. 7. 1866. Sept. 14.

  hypochondriacus. 1865. Aug. 25.

    [Amaranthus hypochondriacus L., Prince's Feather]

  hybridus

    [Amaranthus hybridus L., Green Amaranth, Pigweed, Prince's-Feather]

  retroflexus

    [Amaranthus retroflexus L., Green Amaranth, Pigweed]

  [spinosus. 1865. Sept. 10. 1866. Sept. 15. 23. 1868. Sept. 5.

    Amaranthus spinosus L., Spiny Amaranth]

  albus.

    [Amaranthus albus L., Tumbleweed, Pale Amaranth]

  melancholicus.

    [Amaranthus melancholicus L. = Amaranthus tricolor L., a garden plant.]

  polygonoides. 1863. Aug. 4. 1864. Oct. 15.

    [Amaranthus polygonoides L. is a native plant, but only in Texas, Florida and South Carolina.]  

 

Ambrosia trifida. 1862. July 27.

    [Ambrosia trifida L., Great Ragweed, Giant Ragweed]

  "       "    var. 1865. Sept. 10.

    [There is, in synonymy with the above, an A. trifida var. integrifolia (Muhl.) Torr. & Asa Gray]

  artemisiaefolia.

    [Ambrosia artemisiifolia L., Common Ragweed]

 

Amelanchier Canadensis. 1862. May 13. 1863. Sept. 15. 1864. May 17. 1866. May 5.

    [Amelanchier canadensis (L.) Medik., Canadian Shadbush, Serviceberry, Juneberry]

 

Ammannia humilis. 1864. Ap. 4.

    [Ammania humilis Michx. = Ammania ramosior L. = Rotala ramosior (L.) Koehne ex Mart., Tooth-cup, rare in New York State, a species in the Lythraceae; Ammannia is an alternative spelling, House 1924.

  latifolia. 1864. Ap. 4.

    [As Ammannia latifolia L. in the Fifth edition of Gray's Manual "Ohio, Illinois, and southward. Ship-yards, Philadelphia, an immigrant from the south, C. F. Parker" (p. 182); this is a species native to the southern United States.] 

 

Amphicarpaea monoica. 1862. Aug. 11.

    [Amphicarpaea monoica (L.) Ell. = Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Rickett & Stafleu, Hog Peanut.]

 

Ampelopsis qinquefolia. 1862. July 16.

    [Ampelopsis quinquefolia (L.) Michx. = Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch ex DC., Virginia Creeper]

 

Anacharis Canadensis. 1862. June 13.

    [Anacharis canadensis (Rich ex Michx.) Planch. = Elodea canadensis Rich ex Michx., Waterweed]

 

Anagallis arvensis. 1862. Sept. 14.

    [Anagallis arvensis L., Scarlet Pimpernel]

 

Andromeda polifolia. 1864. Aug. 13. 1866. July 18. 1875. Oct. 15. 16. 1877.June 18-20.

    [Andromeda polifolia varieties = Andromeda glaucophylla Link, Bog Rosemary]

 

Andropogon furcatus. 1863. Aug. 6. 11. 18. Sept. 11. Oct. 17. 1864. Sept. 6.

    [Andropogon furcatus Muhl. = Andropogon gerardii Vitm., Big Bluestem]

  "     scoparius. 1863. Sept. 4. 9. 11.

    [Andropogon scoparius Michx. var. scoparius = Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash ssp. scoparium, Little Bluestem]

 

Anemone nemorosa. 1862. May 11. 13. July 9. 1866. May 5.

    [Anemone nemorosa var. quinquefolia (L.) Pursh = Anemone quinquefolia L. Wood Anemone, Snowdrops]

  cylindrica. 1862. July 3 & 4. 9. 1866. July 11.

    [Anemone cylindrical Gray, Long-fruited Anemone, Thimbleweed]

  Virginica. 1862. June 26.

    [Anemone virginiana L., Thimbleweed]

  Pennnsylvanica. 1862. June 8. 1865. June 21. 1876. June 13.

    [Anemone pennsylvanica L. = Anemone canadensis L. Canada Anemone, Windflower]

  multifida. 1864. June 2.

    [Anemone multifida Poir. ex Lam., Cut-leaf Anemone, a native species in New York State, now considered to have been extirpated (Mitchell & Tucker 1997 p. 31.]

 

Anethum foeniculum. 1862. Oct. 9.

    [Anethum in part = Foeniculum according to A. Wood (no date)  The American Botanist and Florist, Part IV; (Foeniculum foeniculum (L.) Karst. = Foeniculum vulgare Mill., the Garden Fennel]

  graveolens. 1864. Aug. 13.

    [Anethum graveolens L., the Garden Dill]

 

Anomodon viticulosus. 1865. Sept. 23. 27. Oct. 18. 21. Nov. 3. 4.

    [Anomodon viticulosus (Hedw.) Hook. & Tayl.]

 

Annona triloba 1863. May 21. Oct. 20, 21, 22, 28. Nov. 2. 1864. May 23. 1868. June 12.

   [Annona triloba L. = Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal, Pawpaw]

 

Anthemis arvensis. 1868. June 12.

    [Anthemis arvensis L., Corn Chamomile, Dog Fennel]

 

Anthoxanthum oderatum. 1866. July 7.

    [Anthoxanthum odoratum L., Sweet Vernal Grass]

 

Antennaria. 1862. Aug. 1.

  plantaginifolia. 1862. May 15. 1865. June 1.

    [Antennaria plantaginifolia (L.) Richards., Everlasting, Pussy's-Toes, Lady's Tobacco]

  margaritacea. 1862. Aug. 9.

    [Antennaria margaritacea (L.) R. Br. = Anaphalis margaritacea (L.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex Clarke,, Pearly Everlasting]

 

Antirrhinum orontium. 1869. July 9. 13.

    [Antirrhinum orontium L., Lesser Snapdragon]

 

Anychia dichotoma. 1864. Ap. 11. 1866. Sept. 20.

    [Anychia dichotoma Michx. not L. = Paronychia canadensis (L.) Wood, Forked Chickweed].

 

Aphyllon uniflorum. 1863. June 5. 21.               

    [Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) Torrey & Asa Gray ex Asa Gray = Orobanche uniflora L., One-Flowered Cander-root]

 

Apios tuberosa. 1862. Aug. 28. Sept. 6. 1863. Sept. 5. 25.

    [Apios tuberosa Moench = Apios Americana Medik., Groundnut]

 

Apium petroselinum [=Parsley] . 1866. July 11.

    [Apium petroselinum L. = Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nyman ex Hill, Parsley of gardens.]

 

Aplectrum hyemale. 1862. June 25. Oct. 14. 1863. June 9.

  1865. June 23.

  1865. Aug. 23.

    [Aplectrum hyemale (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt., Putty-root Orchid, Adam-and-Eve]

 

Apocynum cannabinum. 1862. July 24. 1863. July 17. 1864. July 4. 8.

  hypericifolium.  TO DO

    [Apocynum cannabinum L., Clasping-leaved Dogbane, Indian Hemp, Dogbane ]

 

Aquilegia Canadensis. 1862. June 3. 1863. May 23.

    [Aquilegia Canadensis L., Wild Columbine, Red Columbine]

  vulgaris 1868. June 21.

    [Aquilegia vulgaris L., Garden Columbine]

 

Arabis. 1862. June 20. 21. July 19. Aug. 14. 1863. June 24. 1864. May 23.

  lyrata. 1862. May 17. June 26. July 3 & 4. Oct. 1. 1865. May 23.

    [Arabis lyrata L., Lyre-leaved Rock Cress]

  hirsuta. 1862. June 20. 1863. June 5. 1864. June 2. 1865. June 1.

    [Arabis  hirsuta (L.) Scop., Hairy Rock Cress ]

  laevigata. 1862. July 9. 1863. June 10. 19. 23.

    [Arabis laevigata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Poir. ex Lam., Smooth Rock Cress ]

  Canadensis. 1862. July 3 & 4. 9. 1863. June 19.

    [Arabis Canadensis L., Sickle-pod]

  perfoliata. vide Turritis glabra.

    [Turritis glabra L. = Arabis perfoliata Lam. = Arabis glabra (L.) Bernh., Tower-cress, Tower-mustard]

  Drummondii.  "  "  stricta. 

    [Turritis stricta Graham, not Arabis stricta Huds. according to House, 1924 p.365 = Arabis drummondii A. Gray, Drummond's Rock Cress]

 

Aralia. See Panax.

  spinosa. 1862. Ap. 24.

    [Aralia spinosa L.,, Hercules' Club ]

  racemosa. 1862. May 27.

    [Aralia racemosa L., Spikenard]

  hispida. 1862. Aug. 17. 1863. May 29. Jun3 26. July 15. 19. Aug. 2. 1865. July 29. 1875. July 21.

    [Aralia hispida Vent., Bristly Sarsaparilla]

  nudicaulis. 1862. May 19. June 1.

    [Aralia nudicaulis L., Wild Sarsaparilla]

 

Archangelica atropurpurea. 1862. June 23.

    [Archangelica atropurpurea Hoffm. = Angelica atropurpurea L, Purple-stemmed Angelica]

  hirsuta. 1862. Aug. 8. 27. 1864. Sept. 24. 1878. Oct. 16. 17.

    [Archangelica hirsute Torrey & Asa Gray = Angelica venenosa (Greenway) Fern., Hairy Angelica, Deadly Angelica]

 

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi. 1862. July 5. 1863. June 5. Aug. 24. 28. Sept. 11. 1864. May 12. Oct. 24. 1865. May 13. Aug. 9.

    [Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng., Bearberry]

 

Argemone mexicana 1868. Sept. 15. 1878. Sept. 12.

    [Argemone mexicana L., Yellow Poppy, Mexican Prickly Poppy, cultivated. 'Waste places; not common ... Adv. from trop. Amer." Gray, 1862. p. 25].

 

Aristidia dichotoma. 1866. Sept. 20.

     [Aristidia dichotoma L., Poverty Grass ]

 

Aristolochia tomentosa. 1865. May 30.

    [Aristolochia tomentosa Sims, Wooly Pipe-vine, cultivated]

 

Arethusa bulbosa. 1863. June 26. 1866. June 8. 1874. June 9. 1875. June 10. 11. 1876. June 2. 3. July 7. 1877. June 18-20.

    [Arethusa bulbosa L., Dragon's Mouth Orchid, Swamp Pink]

 

Arenaria serpyllifolia. 1862. July 16. Oct. 4.

    [Arenaria serpyllifolia L., Thyme-leaved Sandwort]

 

Arisaema. See Arum.

 

Artemisia abrotanum 1862. Aug. 11. Oct. 1. 4. 1863. Sept. 28.

     [the ending is -um as this is an old generic name, Abrotanum, and is a noun in apposition: Absinthium is the same; Artemisia abrotanum L., Southernwood,].]

  vulgaris. 1865. Aug. 17.

    [Artemisia vulgaris L., Common Mugwort]

  Canadensis. 1863. May 21. June 18. Sept. 7. 1864. Oct. 13. 24.

    [Artemisia canadensis of NY reports, not Michx. (and of Day, 1882)  = Artemisia campestris L. ssp. caudata (Michx.) Hall & Clem.  Tall Wormwood, Wild Sage

  biennis. 1862. Sept. 15. Oct. 14. 1863. Sept. 13. 14. 22. 1864. Oct. 6. 17. 25. 1866. Sept. 6. Oct. 2. 7. 1867. p. 205.

    [Artemisia biennis Willd., Biennial Wormwood]

  Dracunculus. 1869. May 9

    [Artemisia dracunculus L. Tarragon, cultivated].

 

Arum (Arisaema) triphyllum. 1862. May 12. 13. 1864. May 22. (monstrous)  1877. June 30.

    [Arum triphyllum L. = Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott ex Schott & Endl., Jack-in-the-Pulpit]

  dracontium. 1862. May 20. June 19. Aug. 28. 1863. June 25.

    [Arum dracontium L. = Arisaema dracontium (L.) Schott ex Schott & Endl., Green Dragon]

 

Asarum Canadense. 1862. June 3. 15. 1863. May 28. 1864. May 18.

    [Asarum canadense L. Wild Ginger]

 

Asclepias Cornuti. 1862. July 24. 1864. July 3. 4. Oct. 24.

    [Asclepias cornuti Dec. in DC. = Asclepias syriaca L. Common Milkweed]

  phytolacoides. 1862. July 9. 1864. July 3.

    [Asclepias phytolaccoides Pursh = Asclepias exaltata L., Poke Milkweed]

  quadrifolia. 1862. June 26. 1863. June 24.

    [Asclepias quadrifolia Jacq., Four-leaved Milkweed]

  incarnata. 1862. July 22. 1864. July 3.

    [Asclepias incarnata L., Swamp Milkweed]

  tuberosa. 1862. July 5. 9.

    [Asclepias tuberosa L., Butterfly-weed]

  verticillata. 1862. Aug. 1. 1865. Aug. 9.

    [Asclepias verticillata L. Whorled Milkweed]

 

Asparagus officinalis. 1862. Aug. 24.

    [Asparagus officinalis L., Garden Asparagus]

 

Aspidium. 1862. June 22. Nov. 2.

  Thelypteris. [no date]

    [Aspidium thelypteris (L.) Sw.  = Thelypteris palustris Schott, Marsh Fern]

  Noveboracense. 1865. Sept. 1.

    [Aspidium noveboracense (L.) Sw. = Thelypteris noveboracensis (L.) Nieuwl. , New York Fern]

  spinulosum. 1863. June 25.

    [Aspidium spinulosum (O.F.Muell.) Watt. = Dryopteris carthusiana (Vill.) Fuchs, Spinulose Woodfern]

  cristatum. [no date]

    [Aspidium cristatum (L.) Sw. = Dryopteris cristata (L.) Gray, Crested Shieldfern]

  "    "  v. Clintonianum. 1864. Oct. 14. 1865. June 19. July 25. 1867. July 14.

    [Aspidium cristatum var. clintonianum D. C. Eaton = Dryopteris clintoniana (D. Eaton ex Gray) Dowell, Clinton's Fern]

  Goldianum. 1864. Oct. 3.

    [Aspidium goldianum Hook. ex Goldie = Dryopteris goldiana (Hook. ex Goldie) Gray, Goldie's Fern]

  marginale. 1862. Oct. 2. 1863. June 25. 1864. Oct. 3.

    [Aspidium marginale (L.) Sw. = Dryopteris marginalis (L.) Gray, Marginal Shieldfern]

  acrostichoides. 1862. Oct. 14. 1865. June 19.

    [Aspidium acrostichoides (Michx.) Sw. = Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott, Christmas Fern]

  "   "     v. incisum. 1862. Sept. 25. 1865. June 8. 19.

    [Aspidium acrostichoides (Michx.) Sw. var. incisum Gray = Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott, Christmas Fern]

 

Asplenium. 1862. Sept. 23. Nov. 2

  ruta muraria. 1864. May 31.

    [Asplenium ruta-muraria L., Wall-rue Spleenwort]

  ebeneum. 1862. Oct. 2. 1864. July 8. 1866. July 11.

    [Asplenium ebeneum Ait. = Asplenium platyneuron (L.) BSP. , Ebony Spleenwort]

  Trichomanes. 1863. July 5. Sept. 11. 1864. Oct. 3. 7.

    [Asplenium trichomanes L., Maidenhair Spleenwort]

  angustifolium. 1864. June 15. Oct. 3. 1866. Sept. 9.

    [Asplenium angustifolium  (of authors) = Diplazium pycnocarpon (Sprengel) M.Broun, Narrow-leaf Spleenwort]

  thelypteroides. 1863. Sept. 10.

    [Asplenium thelypteroides Michx. = Deparia acrostichoides (Sw.) Kato, Maidenhair Spleenwort]

  filix foemina. [no date]

    [Asplenium filix-femina of Gray's Manual, ed 7 = Athyrium fiilix-femina (L.) Roth ex Mertens var. angustum (Willd.) Lawson, Lady Fern]

 

Aster. 1862. July 28. Aug. 14. 19. 20. 21. 27. 30. Sept. 6. 10. 11. 1869. [underlined: apparently undulatus]. 1863. Aug. 24. Sept. 5. 9. 10. 11. 14. 15. 16. 19. 22. 23. 25. 1864. Oct. 3. 25. 1865. Aug. 18. Sept. 14. 1866. Sept. 6.

    [Aster undulatus L., Wavy-leaved Aster]

  corymbosus. [no date]

    [Aster corymbosus Ait. = Aster divaricatus L., White Wood Aster]

  macrophyllus. 1864. Oct. 5.

    [Aster macrophyllus L., Large-leaved Aster]

  laevis. 1862. Sept. 21.

    [Aster laevis L., Smooth Aster]

  azureus. 1865. Sept. 14. 25.

    [Aster azureus Lindl. ex Hooker = Aster oolentangiensis Riddell, Sky-blue Aster]

  undulatus. 1863. Oct. 17. 1869. Aug. 24.

    [Aster undulates L., Wavy-leaved Aster]

  cordifolius. [no date].

    [Aster cordifolius L., Heart-leaved Aster]

  sagittifolius. 1863. Sept. 22. 25.

    [Aster sagittifolius Wedem. ex Willd., Arrow-leaved Aster]

  ericoides. 1862. Oct. 2. 1863. Sept. 11. 1864. Aug. 27. 1866. Oct. 2.

    [Aster ericoides L., White Heath Aster]

  multiflorus. 1862. Sept. 21. 1863. Sept. 22.

    [Aster multiflorus Aiton = Aster ericoides L., White Heath Aster]

  Tradescantii [no date.]

    [Aster tradescantii L. = Aster lateriflorus (L.) Britt. var. hirsuticaulis (Lindl. ex DC.) Porter, Calico Aster, White Woodland Aster]

  miser [no date.]

    [Aster miser Nutt. = Aster lateriflorus (L.) Britt., Calico Aster, White Woodland Aster]

  simplex. 1863. Sept. 22. Oct. 1. 1864. Oct. 3.

    [Aster simplex Willd. = Aster lanceolatus Willd. var. simplex (Willd.) A. Jones, Tall White Aster]

  tenuifolius. [no date.]

    [Aster tenuifolius (of Day, 1882)  = Aster borealis (Torr. & A. Gray) Prov., Rush Aster, Bog Aster]

  longifolius. 1863. Sept. 20. 1865. Sept. 26.

    [Aster longifolius of some NY reports, not Lam.  = Aster praealtus Poir., Willow-leaved Aster]

  puniceus. [no date.]

    [Aster puniceus L., Purple-stemmed Aster]

  puniceus v. vimineus. [no date.]

    [Aster puniceus L. var. vimineus Gray = A. vimineus, Willd. of Gray's Botany, 5th edition, thought to be a shade form of A. puniceus p. 234.

  prenanthoides. 1863. Oct. 17. 1878. Sept. 15. 24.

    [Aster prenanthoides Muhl., Crooked-stemmed Aster]

  Novae-Angliae. 1863. Sept. 25. 1864. Oct. 3.

    [Aster novae-angliae L., New England Aster]

   var. roseus. 1878. Sept. 23.

    [There is an Aster novae-angliae L. var. roseus (=A. roseus Desf.) in Gray's Manual, 5th ed p. 235 ]

  acuminatus. 1863. Aug. 21. 1864. Sept. 24. Oct. 3. 1865. Sept. 1. 1874. Oct. 18.

    [Aster acuminatus Michx., Whorled Aster, Mountain Aster]

  Sinensis. 1863. Oct. 4.

    [Aster sinensis L. Mitchell and Tucker (1997) give the epithet as Aster chinensis L., the present name being Challistephus chinensis (L.) Nees, the China Aster, a beautiful cultivated species.]

  ptarmicoides. 1862. Sept. 11. 1863. Sept. 11. 1864. Aug. 9.

    [Aster ptarmicoides (Nees) Torr. & A. Gray  = Solidago ptarmicoides (Nees) Boiv., Upland White Aster]

  [aestivus. 1864. Dec. 30.]

    [Aster aestivus Aiton = A. laxifolius Nees. with a var. laetiflorus Gray p. 233. Aster aestivus Aiton = A. longifolius Lam., according to House (1924). Aster longifolius of some NY reports, not Lam.  = Aster praealtus Poir. , Willow-leaved Aster].

 

Astragalus Cooperi. 1862. June 26. July 2. Sept. 27. 1863. Sept. 11. 1864. July 7. 8. Oct. 25.

    [Astragalus cooperi Gray  = Astragalus neglectus (Torr. & A. Gray) Sheldon

  canadensis. 1862. July 2. 10. Sept. 27. 1863. Sept. 23.

    [Astragalus Canadensis L., Canadian Milkvetch]

 

Atriplex hortensis. 1866. Aug. 11.

    [Atriplex hortensis L., Garden Orach]

  hastata. 1862. Aug. 22. 1864. Aug. 20. Sept. 29. 1865. July 16. 23.

    [Atriplex hastata sensu Aellen, not L.  = Atriplex prostrata Boucher ex DC. in Lam. & DC., Orach, Spearscale which has just recently been described for western New York. It is probably more l ikely to be Atriplex patula L., Spreading Orache]

  hastata ? (narrow leaved.) 1864. Aug. 20. 1865. Sept. 18. 1866. Aug. 4. 12. 1868. Oct. 5. 1869. July 17.

    [Atriplex patula L. var.littoralis (L.) Gray has linear leave. The var. patula also has rather narrow leaves; all varieties are now combined under the variable species Atriplex patula]

  rosea 1867. July p. 204. Oct. 25. 1868. [July? illegible, see text somewhere] 14.

    [Atriplex rosea L., Red or Rosy Orach, a cultivated plant.]

 

Avena sativa. 1862. Aug. 4. 9. 1863. July 31.

    [Avena sativa L. = Avena fatua ssp. sativa (L.) Thell., Oats]

  striata. 1864. June 2. 1865. June 1.

    [Avena striata (of authors)  = Schizachne purpurascens (Torr.) Swallen, False Melic]

 

Azalea nudiflora. 1862. Aug. 8. 1863. Ap. 30. May 28. June 25. 1864. Oct.14. 1874. June 9. 1875. June 3.4. 1876. June 5.6.

    [Azalea nudiflora L. (of Day, 1882)  = Rhododendron prinophyllum (Small) Millais, Mountain Azalea]

 

Azolla Caroliniana. 1864. Aug. 26. Sept. 25.

    [Azolla caroliniana Willd.

 

B.

 

Baccharis. 1864. Nov. 3.

    [Baccharis halimifolia L., Groundsel-tree, Sea-myrtle]

 

Baptisia tinctoria. 1862. Aug. 28. 1864. Sept. 24.

    [Baptisia tinctoria (L.) Vent., Wild Indigo, Rattleweed, Horsefly-weed. ]

 

Barbarea vulgaris. 1862. May 31. 1864. Ap. 4.

    [Barbarea vulgaris R. Br., Winter Cress, Yellow Rocket]

 

Barbula tortuosa. 1865. June 10.

    [Barbula tortuosa (Hedw.) Web. et Mohr = Tortella tortuosa (Hedw.) Limpr., an acrocarpous moss]

  unguiculata. 1866. Ap. 7 or 8.

    [Barbula unguiculata Hedw., an acrocarpous moss]

 

Batrachospermum. 1865. Aug. 6. Sept. 2.

    [Batrachospermum is a large, filamentous freshwater alga of the Rhodophyta. Some species enjoy shallow stream beds in swift water and appear black. Structurally, they may grow with elongated axes with intermittent whorls of branched filaments.]

 

Bellis perennenis. 1869. June 18.

    [Bellis perennis L., English Daisy]

 

Benzoin odoriferum. 1862. May 1. 13. 19. 1863. Sept. 13. 1866. May 5.

    [Benzoin odoriferum Nees & ed 2 of Gray's Manual = Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume, Spice Bush]

 

Berberis vulgaris. 1863. June 17. 1870. Sept. 28. 1871. Sept. 7. 1874. Nov. 10. 1876. Oct. 8.

    [Berberis vulgaris L., Common Barberry]

  aquifolia. 1869. May 19. [1871. Sept. 7. crossed out].

    [Berberis aquifolium Pursh = Mahonia aquifolium Nutt., Grape-Holly, Oregon Grape]

 

Betula. 1863. May 9. 1864. May 16. 18. June 16. 18. 20. Aug. 29.

  papyracea. 1863. Ap. 25. 1864. May 9. 12. 1865. Aug. 8. 15.

    [Betula papyrifera Marsh., Paper Birch, White Birch]

  alba. v. populifolia. 1876. July. Aug.

    [Betula alba var. populifolia (Marsh.) Spach = Betula populifolia Marsh. Gray Birch]

  lenta. 1864. Ap. 22.

    [Betula lenta L., Black Birch, Sweet Birch, Cherry Birch]

  excelsa. [no date.]

    [Betula exelsa Poir = Betula alleghaniensis Britt., Yellow Birch]

 

Bidens. [Inserted on next page by mistake; see below.]

 

Blasia pusilla. 1867. Sept. 25.

    [Blasia pusilla L., in the Blasiaceae, is a liverwort

 

Blephilia hirsuta. 1862. Aug. 21. 1866. Sept. 9. 1875. Aug. 16.

    [Blephila hirsuta (Pursh) Benth., Wood Mint ]

 

Blitum capitatum. 1862. July 13. Aug. 29. 1864. Sept. 10. 23. 1865. Jan. 26.

    [Blitum capitatum L.  = Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Aschers, Strawberry Blite, Indian Paint.

  maritimum. 1864. Aug. 20. Sept. 29.

    [Blitum maritimum Nutt. = Chenopodium rubrum L., Red Pigweed]

  Bonus Henricus. 1866. July 17. 18, bis. Aug. 26.

    [Blitum bonus-henricus Reichenb. = Chenopodium bonus-henricus L, Good-King-Henry]

 

Bluegrass of Kentucky. 1863. Sept. 29. 1864. Ap. 6. 11. 1865. Jan. 14.

    [Poa pratensis L., Kentucky Bluegrass]

 

Bidens. 1862. Sept. 3. 5.

  frondosa. 1862. Sept. 9. 1864. Sept. 13.

    [Bidens frondosa L., Common Beggar-ticks]

  connata. [no date.]

    [Bidens connata Muhl. ex Willd., Beggar-ticks, Stick-tights]

  cernua. 1862. Sept. 8. 1865. Sept. 16. 19.

    [Bidens cernua L., Nodding Sticktight, Bur-marigold]

  chrysanthemoides. [no date.]

    [Bidens chrysanthemoides Michx. = Bidens laevis (L.) BSP, Smooth Beggar-ticks]

       "  var.? 1864. Oct. 4.

  Beckii. 1862. Aug. 15. Sept. 4. 1863. Aug. 17. 23. 1866. Aug. 26.

    [Bidens beckii Torr. ex Spreng. = Megalodonta beckii (Torr. ex Spring.) Greene, Water-marigold]

  bipinnata. 1862. Oct. 3. 1863. Sept. 6. 13. 1864. Aug. 31. 1865. Sept. 10. 1866. Sept. 23. 1868. Sept. 5.

    [Bidens bipinnata L., Spanish Needles]

 

Blephilia hirsuta. Aug. 16. 1875. Sept. 19/25. [sic]

    [Blephila hirsute (Pursh) Benth., Wood Mint]

 

Bocconia frutescens  1865. Aug. 20.

    [Bocconia is an early name for the genus Macleaya. Macleaya cordata (Willd.) R. Br., the Plume-poppy, Tree Celandine, is escaped cultivar in the New York flora (Mitchell & Tucker 1997). These are native perennial herbs of China and Japan in the Papaveraceae].

 

Boehmeria cylindrica. 1862. Aug. 5. Sept. 9.

    [Boehmeria cylindrical (L.) Sw., False Nettle]

 

Borago officinalis. 1863. Sept. 13.

    [Borago officinalis L., Borage]

 

Botrychium Virginicum. 1863. May 11.

    [Botrychium virginianum (L.) Sw., Rattlesnake Fern]

  lunarioides. 1862. Sept. 10. Oct. 14. 1863. Aug. 13. Sept. 19. 27. 1864. Sept. 22. 23.

    [Botrychium lunarioides  Swartz. of Gray's 5th edition has two varieties the var. obliquum (B. obliquum Muhl.) and var. dissectum (B. dissectum Muhl.) (p. 672). These ferns are today probably Botrychium dissectum Spreng.

  "  " v. dissectum. 1862. Oct. 14.

    [Botrychium lunarioides var. dissectum Gray, see note just above]

  simplex. 1864. June 1. 24.

    [Botrychium simplex E. Hitchc., Little Grape Fern, Least Moonwort]

  "  "  (Wood's mistake as to taking it for Schizaea. 1865. Nov. 12. 14. 24. 1865. Jan. 10.

  lanceolatum. 1874. July 21.

    [Botrychium lanceolatum (Gmel.) Aongstr., Lance-leaved Grape Fern]

 

Brachyelytrum aristatum. 1863. July 29. Aug. 7. 15. 1865. Aug. 7. 1866. July 18. 1876. June 2. 3.

    [Brachyelytrum aristosum (Michx.) Trel. = Brachyeleytrum erectum (Schreb.) Beauv., Bearded Short-husk. It is Brachyelytrum aristatum Beauv. = Muhlenbergia erecta Schreb. = Dilepyrum aristosum Michx. in Gray's 5th edition, p. 614]

 

Brasenia peltata. 1862. Aug. 21. 1864. Aug. 11. 1874. July 21. 1871. July  21

    [Brasenia peltata Pursh = Brasenia schreberi Gmel., Water-shield]

 

Brassica campestris. 1863. June 13. 21.

    [Brassica campestris L. = Brassica rapa L., Field Mustard, Bok Choy, Chinese Cabbage, Turnip]

 

Briza maxima. 1866. Sept. 24.

  [media L. spelling somewhat obscured. two species in Gray 1862]. 1866. Sept. 24.

    [Briza media L., Quaking Grass]

 

Bromus. 1863. June 20. 28. Sept. 28. 1865. June 26. July 21.

  secalinus. 1864. July 6. 14.

    [Bromus secalinus L., Cheat, Chess]

  racemosus. [no date.]

    [Bromus racemosus L., Smooth Brome-grass]

  Kalmii. 1863. June 24. July 5. 12. 24. 1864. July 6.

    [Bromus kalmii Gray, Kalm's Brome-grass.]

  ciliatus. 1863. July 29. Aug. 18. 1864. July 8. 9.

    [Bromus ciliatus L., Fringed Brome-grass]

 "  " v. purgans. 1863. Sept. 5. 1864. Aug. 31.

    [Bromus ciliatus var. purgans (L.) Gray  = Bromus pubescens Muhl. ex Willd., Canada Brome-grass]

  mollis. 1864. June 27. July 10.

    [Bromus mollis of authors not L. = Bromus hordeaceus L., Soft Chess]

 

Brunella [Pennsylvanica crossed out]  vulgaris. 1862. July 22.

    [Prunella vulgaris L., Heal-all]

 

Bryum bimum. 1865. June 10.

    [Bryum bimum (Brid.) Turn. = Bryum pseudotriquetrum (Hedw.) Gaertn. et al., a moss]

  argenteum. 1866. Ap. 6 or 7.

    [Bryum argenteum Hedw., a moss]

  atropurpureum. 1866. May 11. 18. 31. June 9.

    [Bryum atropurpureum Wahlenb. in Fuernr. = Pohlia atropurpurea (Wahlenb. in Fuernr.) H. Lindb., a moss]

  annotinum. 1867. March 25.

    [Bryum annotinum Hedw. = Pohlia annotina (Hedw.) Loesk., a moss]

  intermedium. 1867. Ap. 16.

    [Bryum intermedium auct. Eur. & Amer. = Bryum lisae De Notaris var. cuspidatum (Bruch & Schimper in B.S.G.) Marg., a moss]

  cyclophyllum. 1867. Oct. 25.

    [Bryum cyclophyllum(Schwaegr.) Bruch & Schimp. in B. S. G., a moss]

 

C.

 

Cacalia atriplicifolium. 1862. Aug. 28. 1863. Aug. 9.

    [Cacalia atriplicifolia L., Orache-leaved Indian Plantain, Pale Indian-Plantain, Wild Collard ]

 

Cakile Americana. 1862. July 27. 1863. July 31. Sept. 7. 1864. Sept. 10. Oct. 25.

    [Cakile americana Nutt. (of local authors)  = Cakile edentula (Bigel.) Hook., Sea Rocket, Shore-Rocket, Sea-Rocket]

 

Calamagrostis Canadensis. 1864. July 4. 7.

    [Calamagrostis Canadensis (Michx.) Beauv., Bluejoint Grass]

  arenaria. 1864. Oct. 25. 1878. Oct. 25.

    [Calamagrostis arenaria Roth. of Gray's Manual ed 5 has Arundo L. and Psamma Beauv. as generic synonyms (p. 616). House (1924) gives Psamma as an earlier synonym of Ammophila, hence Ammophila arenaria Am. Auth., not A. arenaria (L.) Link, of Europe = Ammophila breviligulata Fernald, according to House.]

 

Calamintha Clinopodium. 1862. July 15. 1864. Oct. 18.

    [Calamintha clinopodium Benth. in DC. = Clinopodium vulgare L., Garden Basil]

  glabella var. Nuttallii. 1862. July 17. 28. Aug. 1. 1863. July 10. 1864. June 28. Sept. 10.

    [Calamintha glabella var. nuttallii (Benth.) Gray  = Calamintha arkansana (Nutt.) Shinners , Calamint]

 

Calicium Curtisii. 1870. Jan. 21. 1870. Feb. 6.

    [Calicium curtisii Tuckerman = Phaeocalicium curtisii (Tuck.) Tibell, a lichen]

  subtile. 1870. Feb. 6.

    [Calicium subtile Pers. = Mycocalicium subtile (Pers.) Szatala, a lichen]

 

Calla palustris. 1862. July 19. 1864. Aug. 13. 1868. May 28. 1875. May 25. 6. June 10, 11. July 221 [?]. 1876. June 18.

    [Calla palustris L., Wild Calla, Water Arum ]   

 

Callitriche verna. 1862. June 6. July 12. 1863. Sept. 17. 1864. Sept. 23. Oct. 1. 17.

    [Callitriche verna L.  = Callitriche palustris L., Water Starwort]

  verna, v. terrestris. 1863. June 18.

  autumnalis. 1863. Aug. 24. Sept. 10. 24.

    [Callitriche autumnalis L. = Callitriche hermaphroditica L., Water Starwort]

 

Calopogon pulchellus. 1863. June 26. 1864. June 30. 1865. June 23. 1866. July 18. 1874. July 23. 1876. July 7. 1877. June 18. 20.

    [Calopogon pulchellus (Salisb.) R. Br. ex Ait.  = Calopogon tuberosus (L.) BSP, Grass Pink Orchid]

 

Caltha palustris. 1862. May 11. 13. 1863. Ap. 25. 1864. Ap. 22. 1866. May 5.

    [Caltha palustris L., Marsh Marigold, Cowslip ]

 

Calycanthus floridus. 1863. June 13.

    [Calycanthus floridus L., Sweet-scented Shrub, a horticultural plant]

 

Calypso borealis. 1864. June 2. 1865. July 15. 1866. July 18.

    [Calypso borealis Salisb.  = Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes, Calypso Orchid, Fairyslipper]

 

Calystegia sepium. 1862. July 2. 13.

    [Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br., Hedge Bindweed, Wild Morning-Glory]

  spithamaea. 1863. June 24.

    [Calystegia spithamea (L.) Pursh, Low Bindweed ]

 

Camelina sativa. 1863. May 23. 30. June 17. July 13.

    [Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz, False Flax, Dutch-Flax, Gold-of-Pleasure ]

 

Campanula rotundifolia. 1862. July 5. 1863. July 17. 29. Aug. 4.

  aparinoides. 1862. July 18.

     [Campanula aparinoides Pursh, Marsh Bellflower

  Americana. 1862. July 27. 1875. Nov. 2. 1878. July 27.

     [Campanula americana L., Tall Bellflower]

  rapunculoides. 1862. Aug. 19. 1864. July 17. 1866. July 17.

    [Campanula rapunculoides L., Creeping Bellflower]

 

Camptosorus rhizophyllus. 1862. Sept. 23. 1863. Sept. 11. 1864. May 18. Oct. 7.

    [Camptosorus rhizophyllus (L.) Link = Asplenium rhizophyllum L., Walking Fern]

 

Cannabis sativa. 1862. July 29. [crossed out: 1863. May 23. 30. June 17. July 13.]

    [Cannabis sativa L., Hemp, Marijuana]

 

Capsella bursa pastoris. 1863. June 19.

    [Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Britt., Shepherd's Purse]

 

Cardamine rhomboidea. 1862. Ap. 26. May 13. 1863. Ap. 18. 25. 1864. May 25. 1866. May 5.

    [Cardamine rhomboidea DC. = Cardamine bulbosa (Schreb. ex Muhl.) BSP, Bulbous Spring Cress]

  var. purpurea. 1864. Ap. 29. May 2.3.9.

    [Cardamine rhomboidea var. purpurea Torr.  = Cardamine douglassii Britt. (not Torr.), Purple Spring Cress]

  pratensis. 1862. June 1. 1863. May 29. 1864. May 20. 22.

    [Cardamine pratensis L., Cuckoo-flower]

  hirsuta. 1862. May 23. 24. June 2. 1865. June 23.

    [Cardamine hirsute sensu Torrey's NY Flora, not L. = Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd., Pennsylvania Bitter Cress]

 

Carduus nutans. 1872. May 23.

    [Carduus nutans L., Nodding Thistle]

 

Carex 1862. May 1. 24. 26. 27. June 8. 20. 1863. Ap. 22. May 28. June 5. 8.9. 12. 13. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 28. 29. 30. July. 5. 15. 17. 19. 24. Sept. 7. 9. 25. 1864. May 2. 8. 12. 25. 26. June 2. 5. 7. 8. 12. 24. 25. 28. July 3. 4. 6. 8. Aug. 15. 1865. May 23. June. 1. 8. 12. 15. 20. 28. July 3. 15. 17. Sept. 1. 1866. July 7. Sept. 20.

 

  ampullacea. 1864. June 22

    [Carex ampullaceal. There is a Carex ampullaceal var. utriculata "of former ed." mentioned under Carex utriculata Boott. in Gray's Manual, ed 5 p. 600]

  angustata. 1863. June 13.

    [Carex  angustata Boott = Carex stricta Lam., Tussock Sedge]

  aquatilis. 1867. Jan. 2.

    [Carex aquatilis Wahl., Northern Water Sedge]

  aurea. 1864. May 9. June. 28. July 7.

    [Carex autea Nutt., Golden-fruited Sedge - note that this may also be Carex garberi Fern.]]

  bromoides. 1864. June 7.

    [Carex bromoides Schkuhr ex Willd., Brome-like Sedge]

  chordorhiza. 1864. Sept. 2.

    [Carex chordorrhiza Ehrh. ex L. f., Creeping Sedge]

  Clintoni? 1863. Sept. 11 (a mere form of Oederi)

    [Carex Clintoni: Carex oederi Michx. according to House, 1924, p. 195 = Carex cryptolepis Mackenzie, Small Yellow Sedge]

  comosa 1863. Aug. 15. 1864. June 18. July 3. 31.

    [Carex comosa Boott, Bristly Sedge]

  Crawei. 1863. July 10. Aug. 5. 1864. June 28. Sept. 2.

    [Carex crawei Dewey ex Torr., Crawe's Sedge]

  crinita. 1864. July 3.  [next page]

    [Carex crinita Lam., Sickle-sedge]

  Carex curta. 1863. Aug. 15.

    [Carex curta Good = Carex canescens L., Silvery Sedge, according to Gray 1867, Manual ed 5]

  debilis. 1863. June 18. 1864. June 5.

    [Carex debilis Michx., Rudge's Sedge]

  digitalis. 1864. June 18. July 13.

    [Carex digitalis Willd., Slender Wood Sedge]

  disperma. 1865. May 28.

    [Carex disperma Dewey, Soft-leaved Sedge]

  disticha, v. Sartwellii. 1863. Aug. 15.

    [Carex disticha var. Sartwellii; Carex disticha (of Day, 1882) = Carex sartwelii Dewey, Sartwell's Sedge] 

  eburna. 1864. May 31. June 2. Aug. 22. 1865. May 3. June 1. July 15.

    [Carex eburnea Boott ex Hook., Bristle-leaved Sedge]

  filiformis. 1863. Aug. 15. 1864. June 15. 22.

    [Carex filiformis of authors, not L. = Carex lasiocarpa ssp. Americana (Fern.) Hultén , Slender Sedge]

  flava. 1864. June 22. 28. Sept. 2. 1865. May 29. June 15. July 15. 1874. July 21.

    [Carex flava L., Yellow Sedge]

  folliculata. 1864. Sept. 2. 6. 1865. June 25. 1868. June 21. 1874. Dec. 19. 1875. July 11.

    [Carex folliculata L., Long Sedge]

  granularis. 1864. June 28. 1865. June 10.

    [Carex granularis Muhl. ex Willd., Meadow Sedge]

  Grayii. 1865. June 20.

    [Carex grayii Carey, Gray's Sedge]

  gynocrates. 1865. June 23.

    [Carex gynocrates Wormsk ex Drej., Northern Bog Sedge]

  hirsuta. 1863. Aug. 13.

    [Carex hirsuta Willd. = Carex triceps Michx. of Gray's Manual ed 5 1867 p. 588 = Carex hirsutella Mackenzie of House, 1924 (p. 188) = Carex complanata Torr. & Hook., Northern Hirsute Sedge]

  Hitchcockiana. 1865. June 20. 28.

    [Carex hitchcockiana Dewey, Hitchcock's Sedge

  hystricina. 1865. July 15.

    [Carex hystericina Muhl. ex Willd., Porcupine Sedge]

  intumescens. 1863. June 18. 19.

    [Carex intumescens Rudge, Bladder Sedge]

  lacustris. 1863. June 13.

    [Carex lacustris Willd., Lake-bank Sedge]

  laxiflora [no date]

    [Carex laxiflora Lam., Loose-flowered Sedge]

    "  v. patulifolia. 1865. May 29. June 8. 11.

    [Carex laxiflora var. patulifolia: this variety does not occur in Gray's Manuel, ed 5, 1867, under Carex laxiflora p. 589.]

  limosa. 1864. June 15. 30. Sept. 2. 1874. July 14.

    [Carex limosa L., Mud Sedge]

   "  v. Painei. 1864. Sept. 2. 1877. June 18-20.

    [Carex limosa var. Painei; this variety does not occur in Gray's Manual, ed 5 1867 under Carex limosa p. 584]

  livida. 1864. Sept. 2.

    [Carex livida (Wahl.) Willd., Sedge]

  lupulina. 1863. Aug. 15.

    [Carex lupulina Muhl. ex Willd., Hop Sedge]

  Muhlenbergii. 1863. Aug. 15.

    [Carex muhlenbergii Schkuhr ex Willd., Muhlenberg's Sedge]

  Oederi. 1863. June 8. 24. July 10. 1864. June 28. July 7. 1865. June 10. 1874. July 21.

    [Carex oederi Michx. according to House, 1924, p. 195 = Carex cryptolepis Mackenzie, Small Yellow Sedge]

  pauciflora. 1864. Sept. 2. 1874. July 14. 1876. June 2. 3. 1877. June 18- 20.

    [Carex pauciflora Michx., Few-flowered Sedge]

  pallescens. 1865. June 5. 11.

    [Carex pallescens L., Pale Sedge]

  pedunculata. 1865. May 14. June 12. 1868. May 15.

    [Carex pedunculata Muhl. ex Willd., Long-fruited Sedge]

  Pennsylvanica. 1863. Aug. 15.

    [Carex pennsylvanica Lam., Pennsylvania Sedge]

  plantaginea. 1862. June 20. 1865. June 10. 1867. Ap. 16. 1868. May 15.

    [Carex plantaginea Lam., Plantain-leaved Sedge]

  platyphylla. 1865. June 5. 8. 10. [next page]

    [Carex platyphylla Carey, Broad-leaved Sedge]

  Carex pseudocyperus. 1864. July 14. Sept. 2.

    [Carex pseudocyperus L., Cyperus-like Sedge]

  pubescens. 1865. May 22. June 7. 23.

    [Carex pubescens Muhl. = Carex hirtifolia Mackenzie, Pubescent Sedge]

  polytrichoides. 1865. June 23.

    [Carex polytrichoides Muhl. ex Willd.  = Carex leptalea Wahl. , Bristle-stalked Sedge]

  retrocurva. 1863. Aug. 15. 1864. June 11. 17.

    [Carex retrocurva Dewey in Wood  = Carex laxiculmis Schwein., Spreading Sedge]

  scabrata. 1863. May 28. Aug. 15. 1865. July 25.

    [Carex scabrata Schwein., Rough Sedge]

  schweinitzii. 1864. Sept. 2.

    [Carex schweinitzii Dewey ex Schwein, Schweinitz's Sedge]

  scirpoidea. 1863. June 17. Aug. 15. 1867. June 7.

    [Carex scirpoidea Michx., Scirpus-like Sedge]

  siccata. 1865. June 23.

    [Carex siccata Dewey, Dry Sedge]

  sparganioides. 1863. Aug. 15. 1865. June 11.

    [Carex sparganioides Muhl. ex Willd., Bur-reed Sedge]

  stellulata. 1865. July 15.

    [Carex stellulata Good = Carex sterilis Willd., Barren Prickly Sedge]

  sterilis. 1865. July 15.

    [Carex sterilis Willd., Barren Prickly Sedge]

  straminea. 1863. July 15. [sic]

    [Carex straminea Willd. ex Schkuhr, Straw Sedge; this rare species is concentrated in the New York City area. Carex straminea of some old NY reports, not Schkuhr ex Willd. = Carex festucacea Schkuhr ex Willd., Fescue Sedge, Mitchell and Tucker, 1997.]

  stricta. 1863. July 15.

    [Carex stricta Lam., Tussock Sedge]

  tenuiflora. 1864. June 15. 30.

    [Carex tenuiflora Wahl., Sparse-flowered Sedge]

  teretiuscula. v. major. 1865. June 23.

    [Carex teretiuscula var major Koch = Carex diandra Schrank, Lesser Panicled Sedge]]

  torta. 1868. May 15.

    [Carex torta Boott ex Tuckerm., Twisted Sedge]

  trichocarpa. 1863. Aug. 15.

    [Carex trichocarpa Schkuhr ex Willd., Hairy-fruited Sedge]

  trisperma. 1863. June 23. 1864. Aug. 13.

    [Carex trisperma Dewey, Three-seeded Sedge]

  Tuckermani. 1863. Aug. 15. 1865. June 20. 26. 1867. July p. 204.

    [Carex tuckermani Dewey, Tuckerman's Sedge]

  utriculata. 1865. June 21.

    [Carex utriculata Boott in Hook.  = Carex rostrata Stokes ex With. var. utriculata (Boott) Bailey

  vaginata. 1866. June 8.

    [Carex vaginata Tausch, Sheathed Sedge]

  vulpinoidea. 1865. July 22.

    [Carex vulpinoidea Michx., Foxtail Sedge]

 

    

Carpinus Americana. 1862. June 12.

    [Carpinus Americana Michx. = Carpinus caroliniana Walt., American Hornbeam, Blue Beech, Ironwood, Musclewood]

 

Carthamus tinctorius. 1864. Aug. 3.  [Not in Gray 1862.]

    [Carthamus tinctorius L., Safflower, False Saffron]

 

Carum carui. 1862. June 25. 1863. June 26. 1865. June 1. 1866. July 6.

    [Carum carvi L., Caraway, Anise]

 

Carya. 1863. June 17. 1864. June 14. 1865. Sept. 25. [See under C. amara below].

  alba. 1863. June 8.

    [Carya alba (L.) K. Koch  = Carya tomentosa (Lam. ex Poir.) Nutt., Mockernut Hickory, BUT ALSO, Carya alba Nutt.  = Carya ovata (Mill.) K. Koch, Shag-bark Hickory]

  tomentosa. 1864. July 14.

   [Carya tomentosa (Lam. ex Poir.) Nutt., Mockernut Hickory]

  amara. 1863. July 5. 1864. Aug. 29.

    [Carya amara (Michx. f.) Nutt.  = Carya cordiformis (Wang.) K. Koch, Bitternut Hickory]

  "   "  ? 1865. Sept. 25.

  microcarpa [TO FIND DATE]

    [Carya microcarpa Nutt. = Carya ovalis (Wang.) Sarg., Sweet Pignut, False Shagbark]

 

Cassandra calyculata. 1863. May 1. 1864. May 5. Aug. 13. 1868. May 25. 1874. June 9.

    [Cassandra calyculata (L.) D. Don  = Chamaedaphne calyculata (L.) Moench, Leather Leaf, Cassandra]

 

Cassia Marilandica. 1863. Aug. 7. 1864. Ap. 11-18. July 29.

    [Cassia marylandica of NY reports, not L.  = Senna hebecarpa (Fern.) Irwin & Barneby, Wild Senna, Partridge-pea, American senna]

  chamaecrista. 1868. Aug. 22.

    [Cassia chamaecrista L.  = Chamaecrista fasciculata (Michx.) Greene, Partridge Pea, Locust Weed]

 

Castanea vesca. 1863. July 13. 1864. Oct. 3.

    [Castanea vesca var. americana Michx.  = Castanea dendata (Marsh.) Borkh., American Chestnut]

 

Castilleia coccinea. 1862. May 24. 1876. June 5. 6.  June 13.

    [C. coccinea (L.) Spreng., Painted Cup, Indian-Paintbrush, Scarlet-Paintbrush]

 

Catalpa bignonioides. 1862. July 21. 1863. Sept. 24.

    [Catalpa bignonioides Walt., Catalpa, Catawba, Indian-bean]

 

Caulophyllum thalictroides. 1862. May 11. 13. 14. 1863. Ap. 26. 1866. May 5.

    [Caulophyllum thalictroides (L.) Michx., Blue Cohosh]

 

Ceanothus Americanus.

    [Ceanothus americanus L., New Jersey Tea, Redroot]

  ovalis. 1864. June 2.

    [Ceanothus ovalis Bigelow = Ceanothus herbaceus Raf., Redroot]

 

Centaurea Cyanus. 1866. Aug. 26.

    [Centaurea cyanus L., Bachelor's Button, Bluebottle, Corn-Flower Bluet]

 

Cephalanthus occidentalis. 1862. Aug. 5.

    [Cephalanthus occidentalis L., Buttonbush]

 

Cerastium   ? depauperate. 1862. May 16.

  vulgatum. 1865. May 31.

    [Cerastium vulgatum of NY authors, not L.  = Cerastium fontanum Baumg. emend. Jalas, Common Mouse-ear Chickweed]

  viscosum. [1863 crossed out].

    [Cerastium viscosum of authors, not L.  = Cerastium glomeratum Thuill., Mouse-ear Chickweed]

  nutans. 1863. May 21. June 10. 1864. May 22. June 15. 1865. June 8. 1868. May 25. June 3.

    [Cerastium nutans Raf., Nodding Chickweed]

  arvense. 1863. June 5. 1864. May 18. [sic: order]

    [Cerastium arvense L., Field Chickweed, Meadow Chickweed]

  

Ceratodon purpureus. 1866. Ap. 6 or 7.

    [Ceratodon purpureus (Hedw.) Brid., a moss]

  "          "      v. gracilis. 1866. May 18. 26.

    [Ceratodon purpureus (Hedw.) Brid., a moss]

 

Ceratophyllum demersum. 1864. July 14.  Aug. 1.

    [Ceratophyllum demersum L., Hornwort, Coontail]

 

Chaerophyllum ? 1862. June 6. 1864. July 4.

  procumbens. 1872. Ap. 7.

    [Chaerophyllum procumbens (L.) Crantz., Spreading Chervil]

 

Chamaelirium luteum. 1862. Aug. 28. Sept. 10. 1863. June 19. 21. 25. 28. 1864. June 9.

    [Chamaelirium luteum (L.) Gray, Blazing-star, Fairy-Wand, Devil's-bit]

 

Chara. 1862. June 6. 1864. July 14. Aug. 24. Oct. 11. 1865. June 15. July 3.

    [Chara, one of two genera in the Characeae or Stonewort Family - the other being Nitella (see below). It is an alga but looks like a vascular plant, having a long axis with whorls of leaves at intervals along this stem-like structure. Nitella appears this way, as does Batrachospermum (see above) also an alga in the Rhodophyta. Chara forms beds along the Niagara River bottom, such as on the west side of Navy Island, Ontario. The clear water that forms around the Chara beds is apparently a typical effect of populations of Stoneworts.]

 

Chelidonium majus. 1862. June 25. 1863. June 19. 1866. July 8. 1867. May 25.

    [Chelidonium majus L., Celandine, Greater Celandine]   

 

Chelone glabra. 1864. Sept. 6.

    [Chelone glabra L., Turtlehead]

 

Chenopodium. 1864. July 12.

  hybridum. 1862. Aug. 17. Sept. 11. 25.

    [Chenopodium hybridum Chenopodium hybridum of some authors, not L.  = Chenopodium simplex (Torr.) Raf.,  Maple-leaved Goosefoot]

  urbicum, var. rhombifolium. 1863. Sept. 19. 1867. Sept. 12.

    [Chenopodium urbicum L., City Goosefoot; Chenopodium rhombifolium  Muhl. = Chenopodium urbicum var. rhombifolium Moquin occurs on p. 407 of Gray's Manual, ed 5, 1867. By the 6th edition of 1889, this variety had disappeared.]

  album. 1866. Sept. 16. 20.

  "  "  ? 1865. June 18. 19. Sept. 10.

   [Chenopodium album L., Lamb's Quarters, Pigweed]

  glaucum. 1862. Aug. 22. 1863. Aug. 4. 1864. Sept. 29. Oct. 17. 1866. Sept. 15. 1868. Oct. 5.

    [Chenopodium glaucum L. Oak-leaved Goosefoot]

  Botrys. 1862. July 30. 1864. Aug. 2. Sept. 10. Oct. 15. 1874. July 23.

    [Chenopodium botrys L., Jerusalem Oak, Feater-Geranium]

  ambrosioides. 1863. Sept. 19.

    [Chenopodium ambrosioides L., Mexican Tea, Wormseed]

  anthelminticum. 1862. Oct. 1. 1864. Sept. 10. Nov. 1. 2. 1877. Sept. 22. [1878 crossed out].

    [Chenopodium anthelminticum L. = Chenopodium ambrosioides L., Mexican Tea, Wormseed]

 

Chimaphila umbellata. 1862. May 19. June 29. 1863. July 29. 1864. July 8.

    [Chimaphila  umbellata (L.) Bart., Prince's Pine, Pipsissewa]

  maculata. 1862. June 29. Aug. 4. 7. 1863. Sept. 7. 1864. July 15.

    [Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh, Spotted Wintergreen]

 

Chiogenes hispidula. 1864. Aug. 13. 15. 1866. Aug. 4.

    [Chiogenes hispidula(L.) Torr. & A. Gray  = Gaultheria hispidula (L.) Muhl. ex Bigel.,Creeping Snowberry, Moxie-plum, Maidenhair-berry]

 

Chrysosplenium Americanum. 1862. May 11. 13.

    [Chrysosplenium americanum Schwein. ex Hook., Golden Saxifrage, Water-Mat, Water-Carpet]

 

Cichorium intybus. 1862. Aug. 19.

    [Cichorium intybus L., Chicory, Blue-Sailors, Tattered-Sailors, Cornflower]

 

Cicuta maculata. 1862. July 9. 26. Aug. 5.

    [Cicuta maculata L., L., Bulb-bearing Water Hemlock]

  bulbifera. 1862. Aug. 21. Sept. 11.

    [Cicuta bulbifera L., L., Bulb-bearing Water Hemlock]

 

Cinna arundinacea. 1865. Sept. 1.

    [Cinna arundinacea L., Woodreed, Stout Woodreed, Wood Reedgrass]

 

Cimicifuga racemosa. 1862. July 26. Aug. 8.

    [Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt., Black Snakeroot, Black Cohosh]

 

Circaea alpina. 1862. July 11.

    [Circaea alpina L., Smaller Enchanter's-Nightshade]

 

Cirsium. 1865. Sept. 16.

  arvense. 1862. July 14.

    [Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop., Canada Thistle]

  lanceolatum. 1862. July 29.

    [Cirsium lanceolatum of NY reports, not (L.) Hill  = Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Tenore, Bull Thistle]

  discolor. 1862. Aug. 28. 1863. Sept. 5. 23. 30. 1864. Sept. 7. Oct. 22.

    [Cirsium discolor (Muhl. ex Willd.) Spreng., Field Thistle]

  altissimum. 1862. Aug. 28. 1863. Sept. 25.

    [Cirsium altissimum (L.) Scop., Canada Thistle] 

  muticum. 1862. Aug. 30. 1864. Oct. 14. 1865. Aug. 18.

    [Cirsium muticum Michx., Swamp Thistle]

  pumilum. 1862. Aug. 11.

    [Cirsium pumilum (Nutt.) Spreng., Pasture Thistle, Small Bull-Thistle]

 

Cladium mariscoides. 1864. Sept. 2. Oct. 4. 25. 1874. July 21. 23.

    [Cladium mariscoides (Muhl.) Torr., Twig-rush, Bog-Rush]

 

Clarkia elegans. 1869. July 13. [1874. July 23 crossed out].

    [Clarkia elegans Dougl., a Californian plant in the Onagraceae with bright crimson flowers.]

 

Clasmatodon pusillum, var.? 1867. Nov. 30.

    [There is a Clasmatodon parvulum var. rupestris Sull. & Lesq. in Lesq. & James, a moss. Clasmatodon pusillus Hook. & Wils. in Drumm. is a synonym of  Clasmatodon parvulus, as mentioned  in W. S. Sullivant's Icones Muscorum of 1864.]

 

Claytonia. 1863. Ap. 18.

  Caroliniana. 1862. May 13. 1863. Ap. 22. 27. 1864. Ap. 22. 29. May 1.2.3. 1865. Ap. 7. 1866. May 5.

    [Claytonia caroliniana Michx., Broad-leaved Spring Beauty]

  Virginica. 1862. May 13. 1863. Ap. 25. 1866. May 5.

    [Claytonia virginica L., Narrow-leaved Spring Beauty, Mayflower]

 

Clematis viticella. 1862. July 23. 1864. Sept. 15.

    [Clematis viticella perhaps Clematis verticillaris DC.  = Clematis occidentalis (Hornem.) DC., Clematis verticillaris DC.  = Clematis occidentalis (Hornem.) DC., a native species of the eastern mountains.]

  erecta? 1865. Aug. 20.

    [Clematis erecta L. = Clematis recta L.,  is a horticultural species from southern Europe]

  Virginiana. 1862. Aug. 5.

    [Clematis virginiana L., Virgin's Bower]

 

Clethra alnifolia. 1864. Nov. 3. 1867. July. p. 204.

    [Clethra alnifolia L., White Alder, Summer-sweet, Sweet Pepper-bush]

 

Clintonia borealis. 1862. Aug. 30. 1863. June 25. 1864. May 31. 1866. July 18. 1874. June 9. Oct. 18. 1876. June 2.3.

    [Clintonia borealis (Ait.) Raf. Yellow Clintonia, Woodlily, Bluebeads, Cornlily] 

  umbellata. 1863. June 20. 25. 1864. June 9. 10. 1865. Sept. 1.

    [Clintonia umbellata Torr. in Gray's Manuel, 5th ed, 1867 is perhaps C. umbellulata (Michx.) Morong, White Clintonia, Speckled or White Woodlily.Clintonia multiflora Beck. = Convallaria umbellulata Michx. = Clintonia umbellata Torr. (p. 529]

 

Climacium. 1865. May 29.  1878. Oct. 25.

    [Climacium species are three: Climacium dendroides (Hedw.) Web. & Mohr with a boreal distribution, and Climacium americanum Brid., a more southern species, as is Climacium kindbergii (Ren. & Card.) Grout, considered to be an irregularly branched form of C.americanum associated with flooding. Perhaps it is the first to which Clinton refers. All three are acrocarpous mosses.]

 

Collinsia verna. 1864. June 18. 24. July 3. 1865. May 22. June 7. June 19. 1866. May 5.

    [Collinsia verna Nutt., Blue-eyed Mary, Innocence]

 

Collinsonia Canadensis. 1862. July 28.

    [Collinsonia canadensis L., Horse Balm, Richweed, Stoneroot]

 

Comandra umbellata. 1862. May 30. June 8.

    [Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt., Bastard Toad Flax]

 

Comptonia asplenifolia. 1862. Sept. 25.

    [Comptonia asplenifolia (L.) L'Hér. = Comptonia peregrina 9L.) Coult., Sweet-fern]

 

Conferva. 1865. Oct. 21. 1867. May 11.

    [An older genus of filamentous, branched, green, freshwater algae, typical of growth as scum in ditches and other features with sluggish or stagnant water. The species in the genus were of uncertain relationship, many of them now may be found in the genus Tribonema]

 

Conioselinum Canadense. 1862. Aug. 30. 1863. Oct. 17. 1864. Oct. 14.

    [Conioselinum canadense Torr. & Gray = Conioselinum (L.) BSP, Hemlock Parsley]

 

Conium maculatum. 1862. July 8.

    [Conium maculatum L., Poison Hemlock]

 

Conomitrium Julianum. 1865. Sept. 26. [note misprint (as 625) in Gray's 1862 index]

    [Conomitrium julianum (Cand.) Mont. = Fissidens fontanus (Pyl.) Steud., an acrocarpous aquatic moss]

 

Conopholis Americana. 1865. June 8. 24. 1878. July 8.

    [Conopholis americana (L.) Wallr., Squaw-root, Cancer-Root]

 

Convolvulus arvensis. 1862. July 9. 1863. July 24. 1875. Aug. 18.

    [Convolvulus arvensis L., Field Bindweed]

 

Coptis trifolia. 1862. May 15. 19.

    [Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb., Goldthread]

 

Corallorhiza? 1862. June 10.

  innata. 1862. June 1. 7. 25. 1876. June 2. 3. July 7.

    [Corallorhiza innata R. Br. in Ait.  = Corallorhiza trifida Chat. (not (L.) Chat.), Early Coral-root] 

  multiflora. 1862. July 25. Aug. 4. 7. 8. 1863. June 18.

    [Corallorhiza multiflora Nutt.  = Corllorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf., Spotted Coral-root]

  odontorhiza. 1864. Oct. 25.

    [Corallorhiza odontorhiza (Willd.) Nutt., Autumn Coral-root]

 

Coreopsis tinctoria. 1862. Aug. 3. 26.

    [Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt., Garden Tickseed]

  tripteris. 1863. Aug. 9.

    [Coreopsis tripteris L., Tall Coreopsis, a species not noted in the New York flora (Mitchell & Tucker 1997)]

  trichosperma. 1863. Sept. 6. 14. 20. 1864. Sept. 9. 1865. Sept. 10.

    [Coreopsis trichosperma Michx.  = Bidens coronata (L.) Britt. , Tickseed Sunflower]

 

Coriandrum sativum. 1862. Aug. 13. Oct. 4. 1864. July 4. 1869. July 30.

    [Coriandrum sativum L., Garden Coriander]

 

Corispermum hyssopifolium. 1862. Sept. 8. 17. 1864. Oct. 15. 1865. Sept. 19.

    [Corispermum hyssopifolium L., Bugseed]

 

Cornus Canadensis. 1862. June 3. 25.

    [Cornus canadensis L., Bunchberry, Dwarf Cornel]

  florida. 1862. May 29.

    [Cornus florida L., Flowering Dogwood ]

  circinata. 1862. June 13. 20. 26. 1865. June 1.

    [Cornus circinata L'Hér.  = Cornus rugosa Lam. , ., Round-leaved Dogwood ]

  sericea. 1862. July 10. 13.

    [Cornus sericea L., Red-osier Dogwood ]

 stolonifera. 1862. June 8. 13. 18.

    [Cornus stolonifera Michx.  = Cornus sericea L., Red-osier Dogwood]

  paniculata. 1862. June 29. July 9. 1863. Sept. 13. 22.

    [Cornus paniculata L'Hér.  = Cornus foemina ssp. racemosa (Lam.) J. Wilson, Gray Dogwood ]

 alterniflora [sic] 1862. June 5. 14. 18. 20. 1864. June 20.

    [Cornus alternifoliaL.f., Alternate-leaved Dogwood, Green Osier, Pagoda Dogwood]

 

Corydalis glauca. 1863. Aug. 21. 23. 1865. July 24.

    [Corydalis glauca Corydalis glauca Pursh  = Corydalis sempervirens (L.) Pers. , Pink Corydalis]

 

Corylus Americana

    [Corylus americana Walt., American Hazelnut, American Filbert]

  rostrata. 1862. Aug. 8. 1863. Ap. 27. July 19. 1864. Ap. 22.

    [Corylus rostrata Corylus rostrata Ait.  = Corylus cornuta Marsh.]

 

Crataegus. 1862. May 28. June 2. 5. 12. 27.

  oxyacantha. 1863. June 16.

    [Crataegus oxyacantha (of authors)  = Crataegus monogyna Jacq. , English  Hawthorn ]

  coccinea. 1865. May 31.

    [Crataegus coccinea of American authors in large part, not L., and of Zenkert 1934  = Crataegus pedicellata  Sarg.]

  tomentosa. 1865. May 31.

    [Crataegus tomentosa Sarg. in part  = Crataegus calpodendron (Ehrh.) Medik., Pear Thorn]

  Crus-galli. [no date]

    [Crataegus crusgalli L. Cockspur Thorn ]

 

Crucifer - an undetermined. 1862. July 16.

 

Cryptotaenia Canadensis. 1862. June 13.

    [Cryptotaenia canadensis (L.) DC., Honewort, Wild Chervil ]

 

Cucurbita pepo. 1862. Oct. 11.

    [Cucurbita pepo pepo L., Pumpkin, Acorn Squash, Summer Squash ]

 

Cunila? 1864. July 4.

    [Cunila origanoides (L.) Britt., Dittany, is a native species rare in New York State]

 

Cuscuta. 1864. Nov. 1.

  epilinum. 1863. July 10. 13.

    [Cuscuta epilinum Weihe, Flax Dodder ]

  inflexa. 1864. Aug. 29. Sept. 7. 24. Oct. 1. 1865. Sept. 1.

    [Cuscuta inflexa Engelm.  = Cuscuta coryli Engelm. , Hazel Dodder, Strangleweed]

  Gronovii. 1862. Aug. 17. 1863. July 28. Oct. 17. 1864. Sept. 6.

    [Cuscuta gronovii Willd. ex Schultz, Common Dodder]

     ? 1862. Aug. 28.

 

[later note at the top of the page:] Cyclamen europaeum. 1867. Ap. 4.

    [Cyclamen species in the Primulaceae, among well-known florists' plants of Central Europe and the Mediterranean]

 

Cynanchum nigrum. 1865. Aug. 20.

    [Cynanchum nigrum Cynanchum nigrum (L.) Pers.  = Cynanchum louiseae Kartesz & Gandhi , Black Swallow-wort ALSO Cynanchum nigrum in part  = Cynanchum rossicum (Kleop.) Borh. Swallow-wort ]

 

Cynoglossum officinale. 1865. July 29.

    [Cynoglossum officinale L., Hound's-tongue ]

  Virginicum. 1863. June 25. 1864. June 15. 1866. July 15.

    [Cynoglossum virginicum L. in Gray's Manual, 5th edition 1867 p. 366 is currently spelled Cynoglossum virginianum L., Northern Wild Comfrey]

  Morisoni [DC.]. 1862. July 30. ["a vile weed" according to Gray, 1862.]

    [Cynoglossum morisonii A.DC.  = Hackelia virginiana (L.) Johnst., Virginia Stickseed, Beggar-lice]

 

Cynosurus cristatus. 1864. June 21. 27. July 10. 1877. July 1. 10.

    [Cynosurus cristatus L., Dog's-tail Grass, Crested Dog's Tail ]

 

Cyperus. 1862. Sept. 8. 1864. Aug. 29. Oct. 24.

  diandrus. 1863. Sept. 7. 1864. Sept. 10.

    [Cyperus diandrus Torr., Galingale ]

  Michauxianus. [no date]

    [Cyperus michauxianus Schultes = Cyperus odoratus L., Fragrant Cyperus]

  strigosus. 1864. Sept. 10. 13. Oct. 4.

    [Cyperus strigosus L., Straw-colored Cyperus ]

  phymatodes. 1863. Sept. 13. 14. 1864. Aug. 20. Oct. 4.

    [Cyperus phymatodes Muhl. = Cyperus esculentus L., Yellow Nut Grass]

  Schweinitzii. 1862. Oct. 8. 1863. July 10. 31. Sept. 7. 19. 1864. Sept. 10. Oct. 15.

    [Cyperus schweinitzii Torr., Schweinitz's Cyperus ]

  filiculmis. 1863. July 10. Aug. 13. Sept. 19. 1864. Sept. 10.

    [Cyperus filiculmis Cyperus filiculmis of authors, not Vahl  = Cyperus lupulinus (Spreng.) Marcks, Slender Galingale , ssp. lupulinus]

  dentatus. 1867. July. p. 204.

    [Cyperus dentatus  Torr., Cyperus, Flat Sedge]

  inflexus. 1867. July. p. 204.

    [Cyperus inflexus = Cyperus squarrosus L., Cyperus]

  Nuttallii. 1867. July. p. 204.

    [Cyperus nuttallii Eddy = Cyperus filicinus Vahl, Nuttall's Cyperus]

 

Cypripedium pubescens. 1862. May 18. 27. 1863. May 28. 1864. May 31. 1865.  May 29. 1874. June 9.

    [Cypripedium pubescens Willd. = Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb., var. pubescens (Willd.) Kinight, Large Yellow Ladyslipper]

  parviflorum. 1863. June 5. 1864. May 31. 1876. June 5. 6.

    [Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. = Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb. var. parviflorum, Small Yellow Ladyslipper]

  candidum. 1866. June 8.

    [Cypripedium candidum Muhl. ex Willd., White Lady's Slipper ]

  spectabile. 1863. June 25. July 7. 1864. June 30. July 13. 1865. June 15. 1866. July 18. 1874. June 9.

    [Cypripedium spectabile Cypripedium spectabile Salisb.  = Cypripedium regina Walt., Showy Lady's Slipper]

  acaule. 1863. May 28. 1864. Aug. 13. 1868. May 25. 1876. June 2.3. 1877. June 18-20.

    [Cypripedium acaule Ait., Moccasin Flower, Pink Lady's Slipper]

  arietinum. 1864. May 3. 31.

    [Cypripedium arietinum R. Br., Ram's-Head Lady's Slipper, a species rare in New York State.]

 

Cystopteris bulbifera. 1862. Sept. 23. 1863. June 24.

    [Cystopteris bulbifera (L.) Bernh., Bulblet Bladder-fern ]

  fragilis. 1865. June 19. July 11.

    [Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh., Brittle Bladder-fern ]

 

Cytisus. 1864. June 16. 21. 1865. May 30.

    [Cytisus. Two species of Cytisus are known from New York State: C. scoparius (L.) Link, the Scotch-broom, and Cytisus villosus Pour., Broom, both alien, the latter perhaps extirpated (Mitchell and Tucker 1997).

 

D.

 

Dactylis glomerata. 1863. June 15. 28. 29. 1864. June 24.

    [Dactylis glomerata L., Orchard Grass]

 

Dalea alopecuroides. 1872. Ap. 7.

    [Dalea alopecuoirdes Willd., Foxtail Dales in the Leguminosae, adventive in New York from the central plains region.]

 

Dalibarda repens. 1862. June 25.

    [Dalibarda repens L., Dewdrop, False-Violet]

 

Danthonia spicata. 1863. June 24. 26. 1874. July 21.

    [Danthonia spicata (L.) Beauv. ex R. & S., Poverty Grass, Junegrass, White Oatgrass]

 

Datura. 1863. Sept. 9.

  stramonium. 1864. Aug. 30. 1878. Sept. 7.

    [Datura stramonium L., Jimsonweed, Stramonium, Common Thorn-apple]

  "  "   var. tatula. 1862. July 16. 1864. Aug. 30.

    [Datura stramonium var. tatula (L.) Torr. = Datura stramonium L.]

 

Daucus carota. 1863. June 16. July 24. 1864. Nov. 1. 2.

    [Daucus carota L., Queen Anne's Lace, Wild Carrot]

 

Delphinium consolida. 1862. Aug. 3. Sept. 14. 1864. Sept. 13. 1865. Aug. 25.

    [Delphinium consolida of Torrey's NY Flora, not L. = Consolida ajacis (L.) Schur., Rocket Larkspur; also Delphinium consolida L. = Consolida regalis S. Gray, Royal Larkspur]

  Ajacis. 1866. July 11.

    [Delphinium ajacis L. Delphinium ajacis L. of ON reports = Consolida ajacis (L.) Schur, Rocket Larkspur]

  azureum? 1864. July 19.

    [Delphinium azureum Michx., a native species "Wisc. to the Dakotas and southward" Gray's Manual ed 5, 1867, p. 46]

 

Dentaria laciniata. 1862. Ap. 29. May 11. 13. 1864. May 2. 9. 1866. May 5.

    [Dentaria laciniata Muhl. ex Willd. = Cardamine concatenata (Michx.) Schwein., Cut-leaved Toothwort]

  diphylla. 1862. May 12. 13. 1864. May 16. 18.

    [Dentaria diphylla Michx. = Cardamine diphylla (Michx.) Wood, Two-leaved  Toothwort]

  maxima. 1868. May 15.

    [Dentaria maxima Nutt. = [Cardamine concatenata x diphylla = C. x maxima (Nutt.) Wood, Large Toothwort]]

 

Desmatodon arenaceus. 1865. Nov. 4.

    [Desmatodon arenaceus Sull. et Lesq. = Desmatodon obtusifolius (Schwaegr.) Schimp., an acrocarpous moss]

 

Desmodium. 1862. Aug. 5. 8. 28. 1863. Sept. 7. 9. 1865. Aug. 9. 17. 19.

  nudiflorum. 1863. Sept. 11. 1865. Aug. 9.

    [Desmodium nudiflorum (L.) DC., Naked-flowered Tick Trefoil]

  acuminatum. 1862. July 26. Aug. 4. 1865. Aug. 9.

    [Desmodium acuminatum DC. = Desmodium glutinosum (Muhl. ex Willd.) Wood, Sticky Tick Trefoil]

  rotundifolium. 1862. July 29.

    [Desmodium rotundifolium DC., Round-leaved Tick Trefoil]

  cuspidatum [no date.]

    [Desmodium cuspidatum (Muhl. ex Willd.) DC. ex Loud., Pointed-leaved Tick Trefoil] 

  Dillenii. 1865. Aug. 7. 9.

    [Desmodium dillenii of some authors, not Darl. = Desmodium glabellum (Michx.) DC.; ALSO Desmodium dillenii Darl. in part = Desmodium perplexum Schub.; ALSO Desmodium dillenii Darl. = Desmodium paniculatum (L.) DC.]

  paniculatum. 1865. Aug. 19.

    [Desmodium paniculatum L.) DC., Panicled Tick Trefoil]      

  Canadense. 1862. July 28. Aug. 14.

    [Desmodium canadense (L.) DC., Canadian Tick Trefoil, Giant Tick-Clover or Trefoil, Showy Tick-Trefoil, Beggar-Ticks]

 

Dianthera Americana. 1862. July 10. Sept. 11. 1863 Aug. 25.  Sept. 14.

1865. July 23. Aug. 8. 15.

    [Dianthera americana L. = Justicia americana (L.) Vahl, Water-willow, Willow-weed]

 

Dianthus plumarius. 1865. Aug. 20.

    [Dianthus plumarius L., Garden Pink, Grass Pink, a horticultural plant]

  Armeria. 1873. Sept.

    [Dianthus armeria L., Deptford Pink]

 

Dicentra cucullaria. 1862. Ap. 29. May 13. 1863. Ap. 24. bis. 1864. May 2. 12. 1866. May 5.

    [Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernh., Dutchman's Breeches]    

  Canadensis. 1862. May 12. 13. 1863. Ap. 26. 1864. May 9. 1866. May 5.

    [Dicentra Canadensis (Goldie) Walp., Squirrel-corn, Turkey-Corn]

  spectabilis. 1862. June 6.

    [Dicentra spectabilis (L.) Lem., Bleeding-heart, a garden plant]

 

Dichelyma capillaceum. 1868. Dec. 3.

    [Dichelyma capillaceum (With.) Myr., a moss growing on the roots or bases of trees in swamps]

 

Dicranum montanum. 1865. Nov. 10.

    [Dicranum montanum Hedw., a circumpolar moss growing at the bases of trees, logs, stumps]

  varium. 1867. Ap. 7.

    [Dicranum varium Hedw. = Dicranella varia (Hedw.) Schimp., an acrocarpous moss of moist, calcareous clayey soil]

  scoparium, verum. 1868. Dec. 3.

    [Dicranum scoparium Hedw., a moss of soil in dry to moist woods]

  palustre. 1870. Jan. 21.

    [Dicranum palustre Brid. ex Schum. = Ceratodon purpureus (Hedw.) Brid., a moss]

 

Diervilla trifida. 1862. June 20. July 9. 12. 1863. Aug. 21.

    [Diervilla trifida Moench = Diervilla lonicera Mill., Bush Honeysuckle]

 

Digitalis. 1864. June 26.

    [All species of Digitalis in New York State represent garden species, the  Foxglove]

 

Digitaria. See Panicum.

 

Dioscorea villosa. 1862. Aug. 28. 1863. July 15. 1864. July 16.

    [Dioscorea villosa L., Wild Yam]    

 

Diplopappus umbellatus. 1863. Aug. 23. 1865. Aug. 11.

    [Diplopappus umbellatus (Mill.) Hook. = Aster umbellatus Mill., Flat-topped White Aster]

 

Dipsacus sylvestris. 1862. Aug. 1.

    [Dipsacus sylvestris Huds. = Dipsacus fullonum L., Common Teasel, Fuller's Teasel]

 

Dirca palustris. 1862. April. 29. May 13. 1863. Ap. 27. 1864. Ap. 22. 1866. May 5.

    [Dirca palustris L., Leatherwood, Moosewood]

 

Draba arabisans. 1864. June 15. 1865. June 8.

    [Draba arabisans Michx., Rockcress Whitlow-grass]

 

Dracocephalum parviflorum. 1862. July 16. 1865. June 22. 1866. Oct. 2. 1877. Sept. 23.

    [Dracocephalum parviflorum Nutt., Dragonhead]

 

Drosera rotundifolia. 1862. Aug. 21. 1863. June 26. 1864. June 15. Aug. 13. 1865. May 28. July 17.

    [Drosera rotundifolia L., Round-leaved Sundew]

  longifolia. 1867. p. 205.

    [Drosera Drosera longifolia Michx. in part = Drosera intermedia Hayne, Spatulate-leaved Sundew, Narrow-leaved Sundew]

 

Dulichium spathaceum. 1862. Aug. 28. Sept. 11.

    [Dulichium spathaceum (L.) Pers. = Dulichium arundinaceum (L.) Britt., Three-way Sedge]

 

Dysodia chrysanthemoides. 1862. Oct. 1. 1866. Sept. 23.

    [Dyssodia chrysanthemoides (Willd.) Lag. = Dyssodia papposa (Vent.) Hitchc., Fetid Marigold]

 

E.

 

Eatonia. 1864. June 20. 25. July 4. 8.

  obtusata. [no date]

    [Eatonia obtusata (Michx.) Gray = Sphenopholis obtusata (Michx.) Scribn., Prairie Wedgegrass]

  Pennsylvanica. [no date]

    [Eatonia pennsylvanica Asa Gray = Sphenopholis pallens of authors = Sphenopholis intermedia (Rydb.) Rydb.

 =  Sphenopholis obtusata (Michx.) Scribn. var. major (Torrey) Erdm., Slender Wedgegrass]

  "  "  v. major [no date]

    [Eatonia pennsylvanica var. major = Sphenopholis obtusata var. major (Torrey) Erdm., Slender Wedgegrass]

 

Echinacea. [space for epithet]  1878. July 4.

  [Echinacea is the genus of Coneflowers, most of which are native in the central plains states and cultivated east.]

 

Echinocystis lobata. 1862. June 19. July 22.

    [Echinocystis lobata (Michx.) Torr. & A. Gray, Wild Cucumber, Prickly Cucumber, Wild Balsam-apple]

 

Echinops sphaerocephalus. 1865. Aug. 7. 20.

    [Echinops sphaerocephalus L., Globe Thistle]

 

Echinospermum lappula. 1862. June 28.

    [Echinospermum lappula (L.) Lehm. = Lappula squarrosa (Retz.) Dumort, European Stickseed]

 

Echium vulgare. 1862. July 5. 1863. July 3. Sept. 25. 1867. July p. 204.

    [Echium vulgare L., Viper's Bugloss, Blue-weed, Blue-devil]  

 

Elaeagnus. 1869. Ap. 19. May 19.

    [Elaeagnus, three species of these trees are known for New York State, all alien species]

 

Elatine Americana. 1863. Aug. 6. 1864. Ap. 7.

    [Elatine americana (Pursh) Arn., American Waterwort, Water Purslane]

 

Eleocharis. 1863. June 15. 22. Aug. 7. 1864. May 21. July 17. Sept. 2.1865. June 15. 1866. Sept. 10.

  obtusa. 1863. June 25. Sept. 10.

    [Eleocharis obtusa (Willd.) Schultes, Spike-rush, Fat Spikerush]  

  palustris. 1863. Aug. 12. 1865. July 14. 15. 1866. Aug. 17.

    [Eleocharis palustris (L.) R.& S., Creeping Spike-rush]

  rostellata. 1865. June 23.

    [Eleocharis rostellata (Torr.) Torr., Beaked Spike-rush]

  tenuis. 1864. June 28. 30.

    [Eleocharis tenuis of NY reports, not (Willd.) Schultes = Eleocharis elliptica Kunth var. elliptica, Compressed Spike-rush] 

  acicularis. [no date]

    [Eleocharis acicularis (L.) R.& S., Needle Spike-rush, Hairgrass, Slender Rush]

 

Eleusine Indica. 1863. Aug. 6.

    [Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn., Goose Grass, Yardgrass, Wiregrass]

 

Elodea Virginica. 1862. Aug. 17.

    [Elodea virginica Elodes virginica (L.) Gray = Triadenum virginicum (L.) Raf., Marsh St. John's Wort ]

 

Elymus Virginicus. 1863. Aug. 1.

    [Elymus virginicus L., Virginia Wild Rye]

  Canadensis. 1863. Aug. 1.

    [Elymus canadensis L., Stout Nodding Wild Rye, Canada Wild Rye]

  striatus. 1863. Aug. 1. (?) 1867. July. p. 204.

    [Elymus striatus (of authors) = Elymus villosus Muhl. ex Willd., Wild Rye]

 

Enslenia. 1864. Ap. 11. 11-18.

    [Enslenia =Gonobolus (or Ampelamus) in the Asclepiadaceae, or Milkweed Family]

 

Epigaea repens. 1862. Aug. 8. 1863. May 28. June 25. 1864. May 6. 1875. May 25-6. [[?]]

    [Epigaea repens L., Trailing Arbutus]

 

Epilobium. 1862. Sept. 9.

  angustifolium. 1862. July 11. 1863. Aug. 21. 1865. July 29.

    [Epilobium angustifolium L., Fireweed, Willow-herb]

  palustre. 1863. Sept. 10. 1864. Sept. 6. 1865. Aug. 23.

    [Epilobium palustre L., Marsh Willow-herb]      

  molle. 1862. Aug. 21. 1865. Aug. 23.

    [Epilobium molle Torr. = Epilobium strictum Muhl. ex Spreng., Soft Willow-herb]         

  coloratum. 1862. Aug. 26. 1863. Sept. 10. 1864. Sept. 6. 1865. Aug. 23.

    [Epilobium coloratum Biehler, Purple-leaved Willow-herb]

        

Epiphagus Virginiana. 1862. Sept. 10. 1865. Jan. 26.

    [Epiphagus virginiana (L.) Bart., Beech-drops, Cancer-root]

 

Equisetum. 1864. June 19. 28. Oct. 14. 1865. May 14.

  hyemale. 1862. May 15. 1863. July 28.

    [Equisetum hyemale L., Tall Scouring-rush var. affine (Engelm.) A. A. Eat.]

  arvense. 1862. May 15. 1863. Ap. 23. 26. 1869. May 26.

    [Equisetum arvense L., Common Horsetail, Field Horsetail]

  sylvaticum. 1862. May 23. 1863. May 10, bis. 11. 1867. June 7.

    [Equisetum sylvaticum Michx., Dwarf Scouring-rush]

  limosum. 1863. Ap. 26. June 10. 13. 1865. June 21.

    [Equisetum limosum L. = Equisetum fluviatile L., Swamp Horsetail, Water Horsetail, Pipes, River Horsetail]

  palustre. 1862. June 23. July 2. 10. 1863. May 26. June 20. 27. July 6.1871. June 17. 1877. June 26.

    [Equisetum palustre L., Marsh Horsetail]

  variegatum. 1862. June 26. July 5. 10. 1863. June 5. 1864. May 12. 1865.July 17. Sept. 19.

    [Equisetum variegatum Schleich. ex Weber & Mohr, Variegated Scouring-rush]

  scirpoides. 1864. Oct. 14. 1865. May 29. July 19. 1874. June 9.

    [Equisetum scirpoides Michx., Dwarf Scouring-rush]

 "  (?)  1866. July 6. 1876. June 5. 6.

    [Equisetum]

 

Eragrostis. 1864. Nov. 2

  pectinacea. 1867. July p. 204.

    [Eragrostis pectinacea (Michx.) Nees, Purple Lovegrass]

  poaeoides. 1877. Sept. 23.

    [Eragrostis poaeoides R. & S. = Eragrostis minor Host, Lovegrass]

 

Erecthites hieracifolia. 1862. Aug. 11.

    [Erechtites hieracifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC., Pilewort, Fireweed]

  

Erigenia bulbosa. 1863. May 3. 8. 1864. May 22. 1865. May 14. 1866. May 5.

    [Erigenia bulbosa (Michx.) Nutt., Harbinger of Spring, Pepper-and-Salt]

 

    [note the generic name Erigeron is changed from neuter to masculine, affecting the Latin endings (from -um to -us)]

Erigeron Canadense. 1862. July 24. 30.

    [Erigeron canadensis L. = Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq., Horseweed, Hogweed]

 bellidifolium. 1862. June 5. 25. 1865. May 30. June 8.

    [Erigeron bellidifolius Muhl.ex Willd. = Erigeron pulchellus Michx.,Robin's-plantain, Poor Robin's Plantain]

  Philadelphicum. 1862. June 19. 1863. June 12. 24.

    [Erigeron philadelphicus L., Philadelphia Fleabane]

  annuum. 1863. Sept. 23. 1864. June 25.

    [Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers., Slender White-top, Daisy-fleabane, Daisy Whitetop]

  strigosum. 1862. July 9. 1864. June 25.

    [Erigeron strigosus Muhl. ex Willd., Daisy Fleabane]

 

Eriocaulon septangulare. 1867. July. p. 204. 1871. Aug. p. 279. Aug. 29. [..5?..]

    [Eriocaulon septangulare With. = Eriocaulon aquaticum (Hill) Druce, Seven- angled Pipewort, White-buttons, Hatpins]

 

Eriophorum. 1863. July 17. 19. Aug. 5. 1865. June 15.

  alpinum. 1866. July 21.

    [Eriophorum alpinum L. = Eriophorum hudsonianus (Michx.) Fern., Hudson's-Bay Cotton-grass = Scirpus hudsonianus (Michx.) Fern.]

  vaginatum. 1864. Sept. 2. 1876. June 2. 3.1877. June 18.20.

    [Eriophorum vaginatum L., Hare's-tail ssp. spissum (Fern.) Hultén]

  polystachyon. 1864. June 15. 30. 1865. June 23. 1877. June 18. 20.

    [Eriophorum polystachyon Torrey = Eriophorum viridicarinatum (Engelm.) Fern., Thin-leaved Cotton-grass]

  gracile. 1864. June 30. 1875. June 10. 11.

    [Eriophorum gracile Koch ex Roth, Slender Cotton-grass]

  Virginicum. 1863. June 26. 1864. July 29. Aug. 13. 1867. p. 205.

    [Eriophorum virginicum L., Tawny Cotton-grass]

 

Erysimum cheiranthoides. 1862. July 15. Aug. 8. 1863. June 21. Aug. 21.

1864. June 24. 28.

    [Erysimum cheiranthoides L., Wormseed Mustard, Treacle-mustard]

 

Erythraea centaurium. 1864. Oct. 6      Centaurium]

    [Erythraea centaurium Pers. = Centaurium erythraea Rafn. (not Raf.), European Centaury]

 

Erythronium Americanum. 1862. Ap. 26. May 13. 1863. Ap. 18. 25. May 9. 1864. May 1. 1866. May 5.

    [Erythronium americanum Ker, Yellow Adder's-tongue, Troutlily, Dog-tooth Violet]

  albidum. 1863. May 3. 8. 10. 13. June 16. 1866. May 5. [1864. June 19. 28. are crossed out]

    [Erythronium albidum Nutt., White Adder's-tongue White Trout-lily, White Dog-tooth Violet]

 

Eschscholtzia. 1863. July 15.

    [Escholtzia californica Cham in the Papaveraceae (Poppy Family) is introduced from  California and occasionally found persistent in old gardens and about dumps. It is not presently recorded for the flora of New York State.]

 

    [The gender of the generic name Euonymus has been corrected to feminine (-us to -a)]

Euonymus obovatus. 1862. June 1. Sept. 18. 1864. June 6.

    [Euonymus obovata Nutt., Running Strawberry-bush]

  atropurpureus. 1862. June 6. 13. 1863. Oct. 28. 1865. Nov. 29.

    [Euonymus atropurpurea Jacq., Wahoo, Burning Bush]

  Europaeus. 1863. June 17.

    [Euonymus europaea L., Spindle-tree]

 

Eupatorium purpureum. 1862. Aug. 4. bis. 14. 1865. Aug. 13.

    [Eupatorium purpureum L., Green-stemmed Joe-Pye-weed]

  ageratoides. 1862. Aug. 14. 21. Sept. 5. 1865. Aug. 15.

    [Eupatorium ageratoides L.f. = Eupatorium rugosum Houtt., White Snakeroot]

  perfoliatum. 1862. Aug. 18.

    [Eupatorium perfoliatum L., Boneset, Thoroughwort]

 

Euphorbia. 1862. Sept. 8. 1863. Oct. 17. 1866. Oct. 7.

  polygonifolia. 1862. July 16. 1863. Aug. 13. 1864. july 20. Oct. 25. 1865. Aug. 21.

    [Euphorbia polygonifolia L. = Chamaesyce polygonifolia (L.) Small, Seaside Spurge]

  maculata. 1863. Aug. 13. 1864. July 20.

    [Euphorbia maculata L. = Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small, Eyebane, Wartweed, Spotted Spurge OR Euphorbia maculata of authors in part not (L.) Small = Chamaesyce nutans (Lag.) Small, Upright Spurge, Eyebane]

  hypericifolia. 1863. Aug. 4. Sept. 7.

    [Euphorbia hypericifolia of authors and Ontario reports = Chamaesyce nutans (Lag.) Small, Upright Spurge, Eyebane]

  corollata. 1862. Aug. 28.

    [Euphorbia corollata L., Flowering Spurge]

  helioscopia. 1862. May 17. 31. 1863. Sept. 11. 1864. July 11. 20. Oct. 24.

    [Euphorbia helioscopia L., Sun Spurge, Wartweed]

  platyphylla. 1862. June 22. 1864. July 11. 20. Oct. 25.

    [Euphorbia platyphylla of authors = Euphorbia platyphyllos L., Broad-leaved Spurge]

  cyparissias. 1862. July 2. 1864. Sept. 13.

    [Euphorbia cyparissias L., Cypress Spurge]

  Peplus. 1874. July 16.

    [Euphorbia peplus L., Petty Spurge]

  Lathyris. 1863. Sept. 7. 15. 28. Oct. 1. 1864. May 2. July 15.

    [Euphorbia lathyris L., Myrtle Spurge, Caper Spurge]

  herniaroides. 1864. Ap. 4.

    [Euphorbia herniaroides  Nutt. = Euphorbia serpens  HBK., native, but not to New York State]

 

F.

 

Fagus ferruginea. 1863. June 17.

    [Fagus ferruginea Ait. = Fagus grandifolia Ehrh., Beech, Beechnut]

 

Fagopyrum esculentum. 1862. July 16.

    [Fagopyrum esculentum Moench., Buckwheat]

 

Fedia Fagopyrum. 1862. May 23. June 6. 1863. May 27. June 16. 29. 1865.  June 3.

    [Fedia fagopyrum Torr. & A. Gray = Valerianella chenopodifolia (Pursh) DC., Goosefoot, Corn-salad]

  olitoria. 1865. May 28. 30. 1877 [? check]. June 10.

    [Fedia olitoria (L.) Vahl = Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterr. (not Betcke), Corn-salad, Lamb's-lettuce]

 

Fegatella conica. 1865. July 16. 1866. May 12.

    [Fegatella conica  Corda = Marchantia conica L. = Conocephalum conicum (L.) Lindb., a liverwort]

 

Festuca ovina. 1862. Oct. 1.

    [Festuca ovina of some authors, not L. = Festuca trachyphylla (Hackel) Krajina, Sheep Fescue]

  duriuscula. 1864. June 11. 12. 20. 25. 27. July 7.

    [Festuca Festuca duriuscula of authors, not L. = Festuca trachyphylla (Hackel) Krajina, [Sheep Fescue]

  elatior. 1863. Aug. 1. 1864. June 22.24. July 4. 1865. June 26.

    [Festuca elatior L., a nomen confusum = Lolium pratense (Hudson) S. Darbyshire, Meadow Fescue, English Bluegrass]

  nutans. 1864. June 2. 15. 1867. June 7.

    [Festuca nutans (of authors) = Festuca subverticillata (Pers.) Alexe'ev, Nodding Fescue]

  tenella. 1871. June 14.

    [Festuca tenella Willd. = Vulpia octoflora (Walt.) Rydb. var. glauca (Nutt.)  Fern., Six-weeks Fescue, Six-weeks grass]

 

Fimbristylis capillacea. 1867. July. p. 204 Sept. 29.

    [Fimbristylis capillacea, perhaps a typographical error for Fimbristylis capillaris A. Gray, now bulbostylis capillaries (L.) Clarke, Sand-rush]

  autumnalis [as ditto to the above, i.e.: 1867. July. p. 204 Sept. 29.].

    [Fimbristylis autumnalis (L.) R. & S. or sandy or peaty shores and low ground manages to avoid growing in New York State.]

 

Fissidens grandifrons. 1865. June 10. July 18. 23. Aug. 8. Oct. 14. 21. Nov. 3. 29.

    [Fissidens grandifrons Bridel, an aquatic moss, attaching themselves to limestone pebbles or rocks and submerged in running water, such as springs.]

  bryoides. 1867. March 25.

     [Fissidens bryoides Hedwig, a moss that grows on moist soil or rocky material, may be associated with springs and other running water.]

 

Floerkea proserpinacoides. 1862. May 18. 23. June 1. 6. 1864. May 16. 22.1865. May 15.

    [Floerkea proserpinacoides Willd., False Mermaid]

 

Fontinalis. 1865. Sept. 1.

  antipyretica. 1865. Oct. 6.

    [Fontinalis antipyretica Hedwig, an aquatic moss, the epithet "was so-named by Linnaeus because of use by Swedish peasants in caulking between the chimney and the walls of houses in a vain hope of preventing fires" (Crum, H. 1973. Mosses of the Great Lakes Forest. University of Michigan Herbarium, Ann Arbor, MI]

 

Fragaria Virginica. 1863. Sept. 11.

    [Fragaria virginica Duchesne, Virginia Strawberry]

  vesca. 1863. June 24.

    [Fragaria vesca L., Woodland Strawberry, Sow-teat Strawberry]

 

Frasera Carolinensis. 1862. Aug. 18. 1863. June 28. 1863. July 12. Sept. 22. 1864. July 14. 16. 1866. July 11.

    [Frasera caroliniensis Walt., American Columbo, Green Gentian]

 

Fraxinus Americana. 1863. July 5.

    [Fraxinus americana L., White Ash, American Ash]

  "  " sambucifolia.

    [Fraxinus sambucifolia Lam. = Fraxinus nigra Marsh., Black Ash]

  "   " ? [sic]

 

Fumaria officinalis. 1863. June 21.

    [Fumaria officinalis L., Fumitory, Earth-smoke]

 

Funaria hygrometrica 1865. July 29. 1867. March 7. 25.

    [Funaria hygrometrica Hedwig, a moss so common as to be considered a weed, enjoying disturbed substrates]

 

Fungus. 1865. June 3. Sept. 10. See Lycoperdon.

 

Funkia? 1864. Sept. 15.

    [Funkia Spreng. is an earlier generic name for the genus Hosta, cultivated  flowers in New York State]

 

 

G.

 

Galeopsis tetrahit. 1862. Aug. 13.

    [Galeopsis G. tetrahit L., Hemp-nettle]

 

Galinsoga parviflora. 1867. Sept. 20. Oct. 25. 1870. Sept. 27. 1874. July 16.

    [Galinsoga parviflora Cav., Peruvian Daisy, Galinsoga, Quickweed]

 

Galium. 1862. June 5. 6. 19. 27. July 13. 23.

  aparine. 1864. May 23.

    [Galium aparine L., Cleavers, Bedstraw, Goosegrass]

  asprellum. 1862. July 27.

    [Galium asprellum Michx., Rough Bedstraw]

  trifidum. 1862. July 10. 12.

    [Galium trifidum L., Small Bedstraw]

  tinctorium. 1862. July 12. 1866. July 3.

    [Galium tinctorium L., Stiff Marsh Bedstraw]

  triflorum. 1862. June 16. July 13.

    [Galium triflorum Michx., Sweet-scented Bedstraw]

  pilosum. 1862. July 29.

    [Galium pilosum Ait., Hairy Bedstraw]

  circaezans. 1862. July 3 & 4.

    [Galium circaezans Michx., Wild Liquorice Bedstraw]

  lanceolatum. 1862. June 20. July 3 & 4. 1864. July 8. Oct. 14.

    [Galium lanceolatum Torr., Torrey's Wild Liquorice Bedstraw]

  boreale. 1862. July 12. 1864. July 4. 1865. June 23.

    [Galium boreale L., Northern Bedstraw]

 

Gaultheria procumbens. 1862. Aug. 8.

    [Gaultheria procumbens L., Wintergreen, Checker-berry, Teaberry, Mountain-tea]

 

Gaura biennis. 1862. Aug 24. 1864. Aug. 29. Sept. 9.

    [Gaura biennis L., Biennial Gaura]

 

GayLussaccia [sic]. 1866. Sept. 19.

  resinosa. 1862. May 24. June 27. 1864. Aug. 13.

    [Gaylussacia resinosa (Ait.) Torr.& A. Gray ex Torr. = Gaylussacia baccata (Wang.) K. Koch, Black Hucklebarry]

 

Gentiana quinqueflora. 1862. Sept. 10. 2863. Sept. 12. Oct. 4. 17. 1866. Sept. 23.

    [Gentiana quinquefolia L. = Gentianella quinquefolia (L.) Small,  Stiff Gentian,  Ague-weed, Gall-of-the-Earth]

  crinita. 1862. Sept. 27. bis. 1863. Sept. 15. 1864. Sept. 7. 13. Oct. 14. 1867. Ap. 27.

    [Gentiana crinita Froel. = Gentianopsis crinita (Froel.) Ma

  detonsa. 1862. Sept. 11. 23. 1864. Sept. 7. 12.

    [Gentiana detonsa (of Day, 1882) = Gentianopsis procera (Holm) Ma, Smaller Fringed Gentian]

  Andrewsii. 1862. Sept. 6. 13. 15. 18. 27. 1863. Sept. 6. 10. 15. 23. 1864. Sept. 9.

    [Gentiana andrewsii Griseb., Closed Gentian, Bottle Gentian]

  "  "  v. albiflora. 1862. Sept. 24. 27. 1863. Sept. 6. 10. 21. 23. 1864.Sept. 24. 1865. Sept. 27.

    [Gentiana andrewsii fo. albiflora Britt. = Gentiana andrewsii Griseb., Closed Gentian, Bottle Gentian]

  puberula. 1878. Sept. 17. 

    [Gentiana puberula of authors, not Michx. = Gentiana puberulenta Pringle, Downy Gentian]

 

Geranium maculatum. 1862. May 14.

    [Geranium maculatum L.,Wild Crane's-bill, Spotted Geranium]

  Carolinianum. 1864. June 2. 1865. June 6. 16. 1866. July 11.

    [Geranium carolinianum L., Carolina Crane's-bill]

  pusillum. 1864. July 12. 18.

   [Geranium pusillum Burm.f. (not L.), Small-flowered Crane's-bill]

  Robertianum. 1862. June 26. July 29. 1875. Nov. 2.

   [Geranium robertianum L., Herb Robert ]

  sanguineum. 1864. June 23.

   [Geranium sanguineum L., Cranesbill, a cultivated species]

 

Gerardia purpurea. 1862. Aug. 23. Sept. 23. 1863. Aug. 21.

    [Gerardia purpurea L. = Agalinis purpurea (L.) Pennell, Gerardia, False-foxglove]

  tenuifolia. 1862. Aug. 18. 25. Oct. 1. 1863. Sept. 11. 19. 1864. Oct. 25.

    [Gerardia tenuifolia Vahl = Agalinis tenuifolia (Vahl.) Raf., Gerardia, False-foxglove

  flava. 1862. July 28. Aug. 8. 1863. Sept. 11. 1864. July 12. 1865. July 26. Aug.1 . 9.

    [Gerardia flava L. = Aureolaria flava (L.) Farw. , Yellow False-foxglove]

  quercifolia. 1862. Aug. 28. 1865. July 26. Aug. 1. 7. 9.

    [Gerardia quercifolia Pursh = Aureolaria flava (L.) Farw. , Yellow False-foxglove]

  integrifolia. 1865. Sept. 1.

    [Gerardia integrifolia Gray = Aureolaria flava (L.) Farw., Yellow False-foxglove]

  pedicularia. 1863. Sept. 9.

    [Gerardia pedicularia L. = Aureolaria pedicularia (L.) Raf., Cutleaf False-foxglove]

 

Geum album. 1864. June 24.

    [Geum album J.F. Gmel. = Geum canadense Jacq., White Avens]

  Virginianum. 1862. June 21. 1863. June 23. 1864. June 24.

    [Geum virginianum L., Rough Avens, Herb-bennet]

  strictum. 1862. July 12. 1864. June 24.

    [Geum strictum Ait. = Geum aleppicum Jacq., Yellow Avens]

  rivale. 1862. May 27.

    [Geum rivale L., Purple Avens, Chocolate-root, Water Avens]

 

Gillenia trifoliata. 1864. June 8. 1865. Aug. 31.

    [Gillenia trifoliata (L.) Moench = Porteranthus trifoliatus (L.) Britt., Indian Physic]

 

Glechoma. See Nepeta.

 

Gleditschia triacanthos. 1862. June 21. July 14. 1863. Ap. 24. 1864. Aug. 29.

    [Gleditsic triacanthos L., Honey Locust]

 

Glyceria. 1863. June 29.

  Canadensis. 1863. Aug. 5. 23. 1864. July 29. 1866. Sept. 18.

    [Glyceria canadensis (Michx.) Trin., Rattlesnake-grass]

  elongata. [no date]

    [Glyceria elongata (Torr.) Trin. = Glyceria melicaria (Michx.) Hubbard, Slender Mannagrass]

  nervata. [no date]

    [Glyceria nervata (Willd.) Trin. = Glyceria striata (Lam.) Hitchc., Nerved Manna-grass, Fowl Mannagrass]

  pallida. 1864. July 12. 19. Aug. 3. 1866. July 6.

    [Glyceria pallida (Torr.) Trin. = Torreyochloa pallida (Torr.) Church, Pale Mannagrass]

  aquatica. 1864. July 4.

    [Glyceria aquatica (of authors) = Glyceria grandis S. Wats., Reed Meadow-grass]

  fluitans. 1863. June 16. 18. 1864. July 4. Aug. 15.

    [Glyceria fluitans (L.) R. Br., Floating Mannagrass]

 

Glycyrrhiza lepidota. 1862. Sept. 13. 1863. June 17. 30. July 10. Aug. 13. Dec. 3. 1864. Ap. 11. May 2. Sept. 25. Oct. 13. [crossed out: June 18. 30. July 10.] 1865. Aug. 14.

    [Glycyrrhiza lepidota Nutt. ex Pursh, Wild Liquorice]

 

Gnaphalium decurrens. 1863. Sept. 10.

    [Gnaphalium decurrens Ives = Gnaphalium macounii Greene, Macoun's Cudweed, Everlasting]

  polycephalum. [no date]

    [Gnaphalium polycephalum Michx. = Gnaphalium obtusifolium L., Fragrant Everlasting]

  uliginosum. 1862. July 9. 27. Oct. 17.

    [Gnaphalium uliginosum L., Low Cudweed

  purpureum. 1867. Sept. 8.

    [Gnaphalium L., Purple or Sweet Ever-lasting, Cudweed ]

 

Goodyera pubescens. 1862. June 29. Aug. 4. 1865. Aug. 7. 23. Sept. 1.

  repens. 1862. Aug. 20. 1865. Aug. 6. [1865. Sept. 1.]

    [Goodyera pubescens (Willd.) R. Br., Downy Rattlesnake-plantain] [[? to do]]

  repens. 1862. Aug. 20.

    [Goodyera repens (L.) R. Br., Rattlesnake-plantain]

 

Gonobolus. 1864. Ap. 11. 11-18.

    [Gonolobus laevis (of authors) = Cynanchum laeve (Michx.) Pers., Honey-vine, Sand-vine]

 

Gratiola Virginica. 1862. June 26. 27. July 22. Aug. 2.

    [Gratiola virginiana of some early NY reports, not L. = Gratiola neglecta Torr., Clammy Gratiola, Mud-hyssop]

  aurea. 1867. July. p. 204.

    [Gratiola aurea Muhl., Golden-pert, Gratiola, a native species]

 

Gymnocladus Canadensis. 1864. Ap. 11. 18. 19.

    [Gymnocladus Canadensis Lam. = Gymnocladus dioica (L.) K. Koch, Kentucky Coffee-tree

 

Gymnostomum curvirostrum. 1865. Aug. 8.

    [Gymnostomum curvirostrum Hedw. ex Brid. = Hymenostylium recurvirostre (Hedw.) Dix., a moss]

 

H.

 

Habenaria (See Platanthera!) blephariglottis, v. holopetala. 1874. July 21.

    [Habenaria blephariglottis var. holopetala (Lindl.) Gray = Platanthera blephariglottis (Willd.) Lindl.], White-fringed Orchid]

  orbiculata. 1876. June 2.3.

    [Habenaria orbiculata (Pursh) Torr. = Platanthera orbiculata var. orbiculata (Pursh) Lindl.], Roundleaf  Orchid]

 

Hamamelis Virginica. 1862. Oct. 7.

    [Hamamelis virginiana L., Witch Hazel]

 

Hedeoma pulegioides. 1862. July 31. Aug. 5. Sept. 9.

    [Hedeoma pulegioides (L.) Pers., American Pennyroyal]

 

Helenium autumnale. 1862. Sept. 11. 1864. Sept. 22.

    [Helenium autumnale L., Sneezeweed]

 

Helianthemum Canadense. 1862. July 23. 29. 1863. June 19.

    [Heliantheum canadense (L.) Michx., Frostweed]

 

Helianthus. 1862. July 26. Aug. 1. 1863. Aug. 18. Sept. 9. 10. 13. 14. 25. Oct. 4. 1864. Oct. 7. 1866. Sept. 23.

  microcephalus. 1862. Aug. 28.

    [Helianthus microcephalus Torrey & A. Gray, Small Wood-sunflower; the  northern limit of the range of this species is central Pennsylvania]

  giganteus. 1863. Sept. 13. Oct. 3. 1865. Sept. 1.

    [Helianthus giganteus L., Tall Sunflower]

  strumosus. 1865. Aug. 7. 1866. Sept. 23.

    [Helianthus strumosus L. Pale-leaved Sunflower, Wood Sunflower]

  divaricatus. 1862. July 29.

    [Helianthus divaricatus L., Woodland Sunflower]

  decapetalus. 1862. Aug. 4. Sept. 16. 1863. Sept. 14.

    [Helianthus decapetalus L., Thin-leaf Sunflower

  doronicoides? 1865. Sept. 10. 16. 1868. Sept. 16.

    [Helianthus doronicoides (of Day, 1882) = Helianthus tuberosus L., Jerusalem Artichoke]

  tuberosus.1863. Sept. 14. 22. 26.

    [Helianthus tuberosus L., Jerusalem Artichoke ]

  annuus. 1862. Aug. 14.

    [Helianthus annuus L., Common Sunflower, Mirasol ]

 

Heliopsis laevis. 1862. July 27. Aug. 4. 1863. Sept. 14.

    [Heliopsis laevis Pers. = Heliopsis helianthoides (L.) Sweet, False Sunflower, Ox-eye]

  "         "    v. scabra. 1864. July 31.

    [Heliopsis laevis var. scabra (Dunal) Torr. & A. Gray = Heliopsis helianthoides (L.) Sweet]

 

Hepatica acutiloba. 1862. Ap. 24. 25. May 13. 1865. Ap. 27. 1866. May 5. 1873. Ap. 24.

    [Hepatica acutiloba DC. = Hepatica nobilis Mill. var. acuta (Pursh) Steyerm, Sharp-lobed Hepatica]

  obtusiloba. 1862. May 17. 1863. Ap. 25. 1867. Ap. 16.

    [Hepatica obtusiloba, the Round-lobed Hepatica, is Hepatica triloba Chaix in the 5th edition of Gray's Manual, 1867, p. 38., a reference to H. obtusiloba does not come to hand. Hepatica triloba Chaix = Hepatica nobilis Mill. var. obtusa (Pursh) Steyerm., Blunt-lobed Hepatica]

 

Hepaticaceae collected up to Oct. 20. 1865.

    [plants called Liverworts]

 

Heracleum lanatum. 1862. June 14. 1864. June 24.

    [Heracleum lanatum Michx. = Heracleum maximum Bartr., Cow Parsnip Masterwort]

 

Herbarium, History &c. of the. pp. 207-208-209-210-212-213-214 &c.

 

Hesperis matronalis. 1863. June 5. 1866. July 11.

    [Hesperis matronalis L., Dame's Rocket, Dame's-Violet, Mother-of-the-evening]

 

Hibiscus moscheutos. 1862. Aug. 22. Sept. 3. 13. 1863. Aug. 7. Sept. 10. Nov. 2. 1864. Sept. 7. Oct. 4. 1871 Sept. 8.

    [Hibiscus moscheutos L. Rose-mallow, Rose-mallow, Swamp-rose, Marsh Rose, Marsh-mallow]

  Syriacus. 1862. Sept. 14.

    [Hibiscus syriacus L., Rose-of-Sharon, a common garden shrub]

  trionum. 1862. Oct. 4. 1864. Sept. 15.

    [Hibiscus trionum L., Flower-of-an-hour]

 

Hieracium. 1862. Aug. 8.

  canadense. 1862. Aug. 19. 25. 1863. Aug. 21.

   [Hieracium canadense Michx. = Hieracium kalmii L. var. kalmii, Canada Hawkweed]

  scabrum. 1862. Sept. 21. 1863. Sept. 13. 1865. Aug. 13.

    [Hieracium scabrum Michx., Rough Hawkweed]

  Gronovii. 1862. July 9. 29.

    [Hieracium gronovii L., Hairy Hawkweed]

  venosum. 1862. June 26. 1863. June 24.

    [Hieracium venosum L., Rattlesnake-weed, Poor Robin's Plantain]

  paniculatum. 1863. Sept. 9. 1865. Aug. 7. 9.

    [Hieracium paniculatum L. Panicled Hawkweed]

 

Hippuris vulgaris. 1862. Aug. 20. 1863. Aug. 31. 1866. Aug. 24.

    [Hippuris vulgaris L., Mare's-tail, a species rare in New York State]

 

Hordeum. 1862. Aug. 4. 1863. July 31. 1866. Sept. 29.

  distichum. 1862. Aug. 9.

    [Hordeum distichon L. "are usually considered as races of Hordeum vulgare" L., according to House 1924 p. 128, Barley, Pearl Barley.]

 

Houstonia ciliolata. 1862. June 26. 1864. May 26. June 2.

    [Houstonia ciliolata Torr. = Houstonia longifolia Gaertn., Fringed Houstonia, Pale Bluets]

  coerulea. 1863. Ap. 25. June 5. 25. Sept. 11. 1864. May 6. June 2.

    [Houstonia coerulea L. = Houstonia caerulea L., Bluets, Quaker-ladies, Innocence]

 

Humulus lupulus. 1862. June 10. Aug. 24.

    [Humulus lupulus L., Hops, Common Hop, Brewer's Hops ]

 

Hydrastis Canadensis. 1863. Ap. 30. May 21. 1869. May 24. 1872. 1872. June 1.

    [Hydrastis canadensis L., Goldenseal, Orange-root, Yellow Puccoon]

 

Hydrocotyle Americana. 1862. Aug. 19th.

        ? Sept. 7, 1875

    [Hydrocotyle americana L. Water Pennywort]

 

Hydrodictyon. 1871. June 17.

    [Hydrodictyon a genus in the Chlorophyta (Green Algae) the Water Net, an element of freshwater plankton forming a bag-shaped colony, a net-like hollow sack, of clean, eutrophic water]

 

Hydrophyllum Virginicum. 1862. June 1.

    [Hydrophyllum virginianum L. Virginia Waterleaf]

  Canadense. 1863. June 24. July 6. 29. Aug. 15. 1864. May 23.

    [Hydrophyllum canadense L., Broad-leaved Waterleaf, Canada Waterleaf]

 

Hyoscyamus niger. 1862. June 2. 24.

    [Hyoscyamus niger L., Black Henbane]

 

Hypericum. 1863. July 31.

  Canadense [1862. Aug. 19th. 25. crossed out] 1863. Aug. 21.

    [Hypericum canadense L., Canadian St. John's-wort]

  corymbosum. 1862. July 28.

    [Hypericum corymbosum Muhl. ex Willd. = Hypericum punctatum Lam., Spotted St. John's-wort]

  Kalmianum. 1862. July 5. Aug. 1. 1864. July 7. Aug. 22. 1865. July 18. 26. Aug. 8. 1874. July 23.

    [Hypericum kalmianum L., Kalm's St. John's-wort]

  mutilum. 1862. July 30. 1866. Sept. 19.

    [Hypericum mutilum L., Dwarf St. John's-wort]

  perforatum. 1862. July 26. 1864. June 30.

    [Hypericum perforatum L., Common St. John's-wort]

  pyramidatum. 1862. July 28. 1863. July 22. 23. Sept. 23.

    [Hypericum pyramidatum Ait. = Hypericum ascyron L., Great St. John's-wort]

  ellipticum. 1867. p. 205.

    [Hypericum ellipticum Hook., Pale St. John's-wort]

 

Hypnum. 1862. June 6. 1865. July 18. 23.

    [Hypnum is an old genus of pleurocarpous mosses. Many of the species first described in it now belong to other genera and other families (than the Hypnaceae) as can be seen the synonymy below.]

  riparium, var. no. 528 Sull.t & Les'x. 1865. Sept. 10.

    [Hypnum riparium Hedw. = Amblystegium riparium (Hedw.) BSG = Leptodictyum riparium (Hedw.) Warnst., a moss of wet areas suc a swamps in leaf litter, decayed wood, in shallow depressions flooded in the springtime.]

  aduncum. 1865. Sept. 16. 1866. May 18. Sept. 10. 1867. May 11.

    [Hypnum aduncum Hedw. = Drepanocladus aduncus (Hedw.) Warnst., a moss in wet areas, swamps, wet meadows, in spring flood zones.]

  Sprucei. 1865. Nov. 10.

    [Hypnum sprucei (Bruch) Spruc. = Amblystegiella jungermannioides (Brid.) Giac.,  = Platydictya jungermannioides (Brid.) Crum a moss of damp places on rock.]

  diversifolium. 1865. Dec. 3.

    [Hypnum diversifolium (BSG) Schleich. ex Sull. et Lesq. = Eurhynchium pulchellum var. diversifolium (BSG) C. Jens., a moss, considered to be a mere growth form of Eurhynchium pulchellum, a moss of rotted stumps and humic soil.]

  rutabulum. 1866. Ap. 6 or 7.

    [Hypnum rutabulum Hedw. = Brachythecium rutabulum (Hedw.) BSG, a moss of moist soils.]

  rugosum. 1866. Ap. 14, bis.

    [Hypnum rugosum Hedw. = Rhytidium rugosum (Hedw.) Kindb., a moss in drier habitats, as on the bluffs of the Niagara River gorge.]

  annotinum. 1867. p. 204

    [Hypnum annotinum Stirt. = Plagiothecium denticulatum (Hedw.) BSG var. obtusifolium (Turn.) Moore, a moss of wet habitats.]

  giganteum. 1867. Oct. 25.

    [Hypnum giganteum Schimp. = Calliergon giganteum (Schimp.) Kindb., a moss of pools, springs brooks and other wet habitats.]

  scitum. 1867. Dec. 20.

    [Hypnum scitum P. Beauv., = Thuidium scitum (P.-Beauv.) Aust., a moss of bark at the bases of trees.]

 

Hyssopus officinalis. 1862. Aug. 11. Oct. 4.

    [Hyssopus officinalis L., Hyssop]

 

                                        I.

Iberis. 1863. Aug. 2. 1864. July 18.

  umbellata. 1865. Aug. 25.

    [Iberis umbellate L., Globe Candytuft, a cultivated plant in the Brassicaceae, the Mustard Family.]

 

Ilex. See Prinos.

  monticola. 1864. May 6. June 10. Sept. 24.

    [Ilex montana Torr. & A. Gray ex A. Gray, Large-leaved Holly]

 

Ilysanthus gratioloides. 1862. July 27. Aug. 4. Sept. 25.

    [Ilysanthes gratioloides (L.) Benth. in DC. = Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell , False Pimpernel]

 

Impatiens pallida. 1862. Aug. 8.

    [Impatiens pallida Nutt., Pale Touch-me-not, Pale Jewelweed, Snapweed]

  fulva. 1862. July 28. 1863. Sept. 25.

    [Impatiens fulva Nutt. = Impatiens capensis Meerb., Spotted Touch-me-not, Spotted Jewelweed, Snapweed]

 

Inula Helenium. 1862. July 26.

    [Inula helenium L., Elecampane]

 

Ipomoea lobata. 1862. Sept. 14.

    [Ipomoea lobata (Cerv. ex La Llave & Lex.) Thell., Firecracker Vine, Spanish Flag, a cultivated vine.]

  purpurea. 1862. Oct. 4. 1864. Sept. 13. 1865. June 24.

    [Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth, Common or Garden Morning-glory]

  pandurata. 1863. July 2. 24. 1864. June 14. July 16. Aug. 23.

    [Ipomoea pandurata (L.) Meyer, Man-of-the-Earth, Wild Potato-vine]

 

Ipomopsis. 1865. Aug. 20.

    [Ipomopsis rubra (L.) Wherry, Standing-cypress, in the Phlox Family (Polemoniaceae) is a cultivated plant.]

 

Iris versicolor. 1862. June 5.

    [Iris versicolor L., Blue Flag, Wild Iris, Poison Flag ]

 

Isoetes. 1863. Sept. 19. 29. Oct. 14. 15. 1864. Oct. 5. 1865. June 17.   

  Braunii. 1865. Sept. 2. 4. 15. 16. Nov. 11. 1866. Aug. 17. Sept. 3.

    [Isoetes braunii Durieu = Isoëtes echinospora Durieu, Spiny-spored Quillwort]

   "  "  (?) 1866. Sept. 19. 26. 27. 1867. July. p. 204.

 

J.

 

Jeffersonia diphylla. 1866. May 19. 1867. May 11.

    [Jeffersonia diphylla (L.) Pers., Twinleaf, Papoose Root, Rheumatism Root]

 

Juncus. 1863. July 1. Aug. 1. 1864. July 17. 18. Aug. 4. 9. 23. Sept. 7.  Oct. 24. 1865. Aug. 15. 18. 1866. Sept. 27.

  Balticus. 1862. June 28. 1863. June 22. Oct. 1. 1864. July 18. Oct. 25. 1865. May 29.

    [Juncus balticus Willd., Baltic Rush]

  bufonius. 1864. Nov. 3. 1866. Sept. 23.

    [Juncus bufonius L., Toad Rush]

  bulbosus. 1864. Sept. 29. Oct. 2. 1865. July 21.

    [Juncus bulbosus of authors = Juncus gerradii Loisel, Black-grass]

  Canadensis, v. coarctatus. 1866. Sept. 19.

    [Juncus canadensis var. subcaudatus Engelm. = Juncus subcaudatus (Engelm.) Cov.& Blake, Narrow-panicled Rush, Wood's Rush]

  debilis. 1864. Oct. 24.

    [Juncus debilis A. Gray, Weak Rush]

  effusus. 1863. Aug. 1.

    [Juncus effusus L., Common Rush]

  nodosus, var. megacephalus. 1863. Sept. 23. Oct. 1. 1864. July 11. Aug. 2.

    [Juncus nodosus var. megacephalus Torr. = Juncus torreyi Cov., Torrey's Rush]

  tenuis. 1863. July 1. 1865. Aug. 11.

    [Juncus tenuis Willd., Path Rush, Yard-rush]

  Conradi [Tuckerman. Gray, 1862, indicated some confusion in synonymy] 1867. July p. 204.

    [Juncus conradii Tuckerm. in Torrey = Juncus pelocarpus Meyer, Brown-fruited Rush]

 

Juniperus Virginianus. 1862. Ap. 29.

    [Juniperus virginiana L., Red Cedar]

  communis. 1864. June 28.

   [Juniperus communis L., Common Juniper]

  Sabina, var.  1865. June 23.

   [Juniperus Sabina Hooker vars. horizontalis Hort. and var. procumbens Pursh are Juniperus horizontalis Moench., Creeping Juniper, Prostrate Juniper, Creeping Cedar ]

 

K.

 

Kalmia  1864. Oct. 14.

  glauca. 1867. p. 205. 1875. June 10, 11.

    [Kalmia glauca Ait. = Kalmia polifolia Wang., Bog Laurel]

 

L.

 

Lactuca elongata. 1862. July 11. 29. 30. 1864. Aug. 29.

    [Lactuca elongata Muhl. = Lactuca Canadensis L.]

  sativa. 1864. Aug. 3. 29.

    [Lactuca sativa L., Entire-leaved Prickly Lettuce, Garden Lettuce]

 

Lamium amplexicaule. 1862. July 9. 1874. Oct. 28.

    [Lamium amplexicaule L., Henbit, Dead-nettle]

  purpureum. 1874. Oct. 28.

    [Lamium purpureum L., Red or Purple Dead Nettle]

 

Lampsana communis. 1865. Aug. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 26. 27. 28. 1866.July 12. Oct. 7. 1871. Oct. 18. 1874. July 16. 1876. July-Aug.

    [Lampsana communis L. = Lapsana communis L., Nipplewort]

 

Laportea Canadensis. 1864. Oct. 14.

    [Laportea Canadensis (L.) Wedd., Wood Nettle, Giant Stinging Nettle]

 

[Larix laricina (DuRoi) Koch, the Larch, Tamarack or Hackmatack, is not

  recorded in Clinton's botanical index, but he refers in his journal several

  times to "Tamarack" swamps. 1866. July 18.

 

Lathyrus. 1862. May 30. June 26.

  maritimus. 1863. July 10. 20. 1864. Ap. 27. June 28. Oct. 13. 25. 1877. June 23. 1878. Oct. 25.

    [Lathyrus maritimus Bigelow = Lathyrus japonicus Willd. var. maritimus (L.) Kartesz & Gandhi, Beach Pea]

  ochroleucus. 1862. May 29. June 10. 1865. May 31.

    [Lathyrus ochroleucus Hook., Cream-colored Vetchling]

  palustris. 1862. June 10. 23. July 2. 10. Aug. 1.

    [Lathyrus palustris L., Vetchling, Marsh-vetch or Pea]

  myrtifolius. 1862. July 10. 1874. July 23.

    [Lathyrus myrtifolius Muhl. ex Willd. = Lathyrus palustris L., Marsh-vetch, Marsh-pea]

 

Lechea. 1862. Aug. 5. 1863. July 19.

    [A genus in the Cistaceae or Rochrose Family]

  minor. 1862. Aug. 8. 1863. Sept. 24. 1866. Sept. 20.

    [Lechea minor L., Thyme-leaved Pinweed]

  major. 1863. Sept. 24.

    [Lechea major L. = Helianthemum canadense (L.) Michx., Frostweed, Rockrose, Sundrops]

 

Ledum latifolium. 1863. July 31. 1864. Aug. 13. 1865. June 23. 1874. June 9.

    [Ledum latifolium Ait. = Rhododendron groenlandicum (Oeder) Kron & Judd, Labrador Tea]

 

Leersia oryzoides. 1862. Aug. 8.

    [Leersia oryzoides (L.) Sw. Rice Cut-grass]

  Virginica. 1863. Aug. 15. 1866. Sept. 20.

    [Leersia virginica Willd. White Grass]

 

Lemna trisulca. 1862. June 7.

    [Lemna trisulca L., Star Duckweed]

  minor. [no date]

    [Lemna minor L., Lesser Duckweed]

  polyrhiza. 1864. Aug. 26.

    [Lemna polyrhiza L. = Spirodela polyrhiza (L.) Schleid., Giant Duckweed, Water-flaxseed, Greater Duckweed]

 

Leontodon autumnale. 1873. Sept. 12.

    [Leontodon autumnalis L., Fall Dandelion, Hawkbit]

 

Leonurus cardiaca. 1862. July 9.

    [Leonurus cardiaca L., Motherwort]

 

Lepidium Virginicum. 1862. June 12. 16. 21. 1864. Nov. 1.

    [Lepidium virginicum L., Common Peppergrass, Poor Man's Pepper]

  sativum. 1864. July 9. 13. 18.

    [Lepidium sativum L., Garden Peppergrass]

  intermedium. 1878. June 27.

    [Lepidium intermedium (of authors) = Lepidium densiflorum Schrad., Peppergrass]

 

Leptochloa fascicularis. 1864. Sept. 29.

    [Leptochloa fascicularis (Lam.) Gray = Diplachne fascicularis (Lam.) Beauv., Sprangletop]

 

Leskea     ? 1865. Oct. 21.

    [Leskea,  genus of pleurocarpous mosses]

 

Lespedeza. 1862. Aug. 28. 1865. Aug. 17.

  violacea. 1862. Sept. 11. 1863. Sept. 11.

    [Lespedeza violacea (L.) Pers., Bush Clover]

  hirta. 1865. Aug. 17.

    [Lespedeza hirta (L.) Hornem., Hairy Bush-clover]

  capitata. 1866. Sept. 23.

    [Lespedeza capitata Michx., Round-headed Bush Clover]

  procumbens. 1867. July. p. 204

    [Lespedeza procumbens Michx., Trailing Lespedeza]

 

Leucanthemum. 1863. June 21.

  vulgare. 1862. July 9.

    [Leucanthemum vulgare Lam., Ox-eye Daisy, White Daisy, Whiteweed, Marguerite, Field Daisy]

  parthenium. 1870. July 8.

    [Leucanthemum parthenium Godron. of Gray's Manual, 5th ed. p. 266 =  Matricaria parthenium L. of House 1924 = Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Schultz., Feverfew]

 

Leucodon. 1865. Nov. 13.

    [Leucodon, a genus of pleurocarpous mosses]

 

Liatris cylindracea. 1862. Aug.1. Sept. 11. 1863. Sept. 11. 1865. Aug. 9.

    [Liatris cylindracea Michx., Cylindric Blazing Star]

 

Ligusticum levisticum. 1866. July 6. Aug. 26. 1875. July 25.

    [Ligusticum levisticum L. = Hipposelinum levisticum (L.) Britton & Rose = Levisticum officinale Koch, Lovage]

 

Ligustrum vulgare. 1862. July 3 & 4. 1864. Nov. 1. 1870. June 26.

    [Ligustrum vulgare L., Privet, Hedge-Privet]

 

Lilium Canadense. 1862. July 12. 1864. July 3.

    [Lilium canadense L., Canada Lily, Wild Yellow Lily]

  Philadelphicum. 1862. July 5. 9.

    [Lilium philadelphicum L., Wood Lily, Orange-red Lily]

 

Limnosella aquatica. 1878. Ap. 17.

    [Limosella aquatica = Limosella australis R. Br., Mudwort, a plant in the  Scrophulariaceae, the Figwort Family]

 

Linaria vulgaris. 1862. June 3 & 4. Aug. 3. 19. 1863. July 2. 1869. Aug.24.

    [Linaria vulgaris Mill., Butter-and-Eggs]

  tripartita. 1864. June 23. 1868. June 22.

    [A reference to a Linaria tripartite was unable to be found. Not in Gray's Manual ed 5]]

 

Lindeloffia spectabilis. 1863. June 17. 30.

    [Lindeloffia spectabilis is a garden plant in the Boraginaceae. The flowers are purple-red; synonyms apparently also include Cynoglossum longiflorum and species in Anchusoides]]

 

Linnaea borealis. 1863. July 31. 1864. May 31. Oct. 14. 1865. June 15. 23. 1866. July 6. 1877. June 18-20.

    [Linnaea borealis L., Twin-flower]

 

Linum Virginianum. 1862. July 29. 1864. July 12.

    [Linum virginianum L., Slender Yellow Flax]

  usitatissimum. 1864. oct. 5.

    {Linum usitatissimum L., Common Flax]

   "   ? 1865. Aug. 29.

 

Liparis Loeselii. 1862. July 10. 1875. July 21. 1876. June 13.

    [Liparis loeselii (L.) L. Rich., Loesel's Twayblade, Bog Twayblade]

  liliifolia. 1863. July 19. 1864. June 19.

    [Liparis lilifolia (L.) Rich. ex Ker, Lilia-leaved Twayblade, Large or Purple Twayblade ]

 

Liquidambar styraciflua. 1864. Nov. 3.

    [Liquidambar styraciflua L., Sweet-gum, Red Gum, Black Gum]

 

Liriodendron tulipifera. 1862. July 2. 1863. Ap. 24. 1864. May 26.

    [Liriodendron tulipifera L., Tulip Tree, Tulip Poplar, Yellow Poplar]

 

Listera cordata. 1862. June 20. 1863. June 25. 1864. June 10. 1865. Sept.1. 1876. June 2. 3.

    [Listera cordata (L.) R. Br., Heartleaf Twayblade]

 

Lithospermum arvense. 1862. July 9. 19. 1863. May 23. 1864. May 16. 21. 1865. May 30.

    [Lithospermum arvense L. = Buglossoides arvense (L.) Johnst., Corn Gromwell]

  officinale. 1862. June 26. 1863. Sept. 25. 28. Oct. 1. 1864. July 7. 1866. Ap. 14. 1876. June 25.

    [Lithospermum officinale L., Common Gromwell, European Gromwell]

  latifolium. 1862. June1 1. 14. 19. July 15. 1864. June 14. 1876. June 25.

    [Lithospermum latifolium Michx., Broad-leaved Gromwell, Puccoon]

  hirtum. 1862. July 19. [1862] Oct. 1. 1863. May 23. [1863] June 17. [1863] July 10. 1864. June 28. Oct. 24.

    [Lithospermum hirtum (of authors) = Lithospermum caroliniense (Walt. ex Gmel.) MacMill. var. croceum (Fern.) Cronq., , Golden Puccoon ]

 

Lobelia cardinalis. 1862. Aug. 5. 1865. Aug. 7. 1875. July 21.

    [Lobelia cardinalis L., Cardinal-flower, Indian Pink]

  syphilitica. 1862. Aug. 11. 30. 1864. Sept. 6.

    [Lobelia siphilitica L., Great Lobelia, Blue Cardinal-flower]

  inflata. 1862. July 31. Sept. 11.

   [Lobelia inflata L., Indian-tobacco Lobelia]

  spicata. 1862. Aug. 28.

    [Lobelia spicata Lam., Pale-Spiked Lobelia]

  Kalmii. 1862. Aug. 1. 1863. July 10. 1864. Sept. 2. 1865. Aug. 8.

    [Lobelia kalmii L., Kalm's Lobelia, Brook Lobelia]

 

Lobsterweed. See Peltandra.

 

Lolium temulentum. 1863. June 24.

    [Lolium temulentum L., Darnel, Poisongrass]

  perenne. 1863. Aug. 1. 1864. June 27.

    [Lolium perenne L., English or Perennial Ryegrass]

 

Lonicera. 1862. Sept. 18.

  sempervirens. [no date.]

    [Lonicera sempervirens L., Trumpet or Red Honeysuckle]

  parviflora. 1862. May 24.

    [Lonicera parviflora Lam. = Lonicera dioica var. dioica L., Smooth-leaved  Honeysuckle, Mountain Honeysuckle]

  "   "  v. Douglasii. 1865. June 1.

    [Lonicera parviflora Lam. var. douglassii Gray = Lonicera dioica var. glaucescens (Rydb.) Butters, Glaucous Honeysuckle]

  hirsuta. 1864. June 2. 6. 1866. July 6. 1875. June 3. 4. 13.

    [Lonicera hirsuta Eat., Hairy Honeysuckle]

  ciliata. 1862. May 23. 1863. May 10. 1864. May 10. 16. 18.

    [Lonicera ciliata Muhl. = Lonicera canadensis Bartr., Fly Honeysuckle]

  oblongifolia. 1864. June 15. Sept. 2. Oct. 14. 1865. May 29. June 15. 23.

    [Lonicera oblongifolia (Goldie) Hook., Swamp Fly Honeysuckle]

  Tatarica. 1862. June 9. 1864. June 19. Sept. 10. 1877. July 4.

    [Lonicera tartarica L., Tartarian Honeysuckle]

 

Lophanthus. 1864. Aug. 29.

  scrophulariaefolius. 1862. Aug. 9. 27. Oct. 2. 1863. Sept. 5. 10.

    {Lophanthus scrophulariaefolius (Willd.) Benth. = Agastache scrophulariaefolia (Willd.) Kuntze, Purple Giant Hyssop]

  nepetoides. 1863. Sept. 16. 25.

    [Lophanthus nepetoides (L.) Benth. = Agastache nepetoides (L.) Kuntze, Giant Yellow Hyssop]

 

Ludwigia palustris. 1862. Aug. 4. 5.

    [Ludwigia palustris (L.) Ell., Water Purslane]

  alternifolia. 1864. Ap. 4.

    [Ludwigia alternifolia L., Seedbox, False Loosestrife]

 

Lunaria biennis. 1863. June 21.

    [Lunaria biennis Moench = Lunaria annua L., Honesty, Money-plant]

 

Lunularia vulgaris. 1868. May 9. 14. June 6.

    [Lunularia vulgaris Hedw. is a liverwort. The species recorded for North America is Lunularia cruciata (L.) Lindb., the Crescent cup liverwort may be found rather commonly in nurseries and greenhouses, at least in Oregon. It is actually considered to be a rather invasive species, and may be mistaken for Marchantia polymorpha]

 

Lupinus perennis. 1863. June 9. Aug. 4. 1864. June 9. 1876. May 31. June 5.6.

    [Lupinus perennis L., Wild Lupine, Sundial Lupine Wild Lupine, Sundial Lupine]

 

Luzula. 1862. May 1. 1863. Ap. 22.

  campestris. 1862. May 13.

    [Luzula campestris (L.) DC. in Lam. & DC., Common or Field Woodrush]

  pilosa. [no date.]

    [Luzula pilosa (of authors) = Luzula acuminata Raf., Hairy Woodrush]

 

Lychnis diurna. 1864. June 24.

    [Lychnis diurna Sibth. = Silene dioica (L.) Clairv., Red Campion]

  coronaria. 1869. Aug. 2.

    [Lychnis . coronaria (L.) Desr. Mullein-Pink, Rose-campion]

  vespertina (dioica). 1869. July 10.

    [Lychnis vespertina Sibth. = Silene latifolia Poir., White Campion, White Cockle]

 

Lycium barbarum. 1864. July 8.

    [Lycium barbarum L., Matrimony Vine]

 

Lycoperdon. 1864. Sept. 10. Oct. 3. 187[8? blot] Oct. [no day]

    [Lycoperdon, a genus of fungi, the Puffballs]

 

Lycopersicum esculentum. 1862. Sept. 13. 17.

    [Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., Garden Tomato]

 

Lycopodium lucidulum. 1863. Ap. 26.

    [Lycopodium lucidulum Michx. = Huperzia lucidula (Michx.) Trev., Shining Clubmoss]

  dendroideum. 1863. Ap. 26.

    [Lycopodium dendroideum Michx., Northern Tree Club-Moss, Ground-pine]

  annotinum. 1864. Oct. 25. 1872. Ap. 23.

    [Lycopodium annotinum L., Stiff Club-moss, Bristly Club-Moss]

  clavatum. 1862. Oct. 14. 1865. Aug. 18.

    [Lycopodium clavatum L., Running-pine]

  complanatum. 1863. Ap. 26. 1864. Oct. 25.

    [Lycopodium complanatum L. = Lycopodium digitatum Dill. ex A. Br., Ground-cedar, Southern Running-Pine, Crowfoot

 

Lycopus Europaeus. 1862. July 17. 19. 1865. Sept. 5.

    [Lycopus europaeus L., European Water Horehound]

  Virginicus. 1862. July 31. Aug. 7. 19. 28.

    [Lycopus virginicus L., Virginia Bugleweed, Water Horehound]

 

Lysimachia stricta. 1862. July 15.

    [Lysimachia stricta Ait. = Lysimachia terrestris (L.) BSP, Bulb-bearing Loosestrife]

  quadrifolia. 1862. Aug. 8. 1863. July 17.

    [Lysimachia quadrifolia L., Whorled Loosestrife]

  ciliata. 1862. July 15.

    [Lysimachia ciliata L., Fringed Loosestrife]

  longifolia. 1862. July 28.

    [Lysimachia longifolia Pursh = Lysimachia quadriflora Sims, Linear-leaved Loosestrife, Four-flowered Loosestrife]

  nummularia. 1863. Sept. 9. 1867. Sept. 16. 1875. July 18.

    [Lysimachia nummularia L., Moneywort, Creeping Jenny, Creeping Charlie]

 

Lythrum alatum. 1863. Aug. 9. 1877. July 6. 1878. July 28.

    [Lythrum alatum Pursh, Wing-angled Loosestrife, Winged Loosestrife]

  salicaria. 1867. July p. 204.

    [Lythrum salicaria L., Purple or Spiked Loosestrife]

 

M.

 

Maclura aurantiaca. 1864. Aug. 23.

    [Maclura aurantiaca Nutt. = Maclura pomifera (Raf. ex Sarg.) Schneid., Osage  Orange]

 

Magnolia purpurea. 1862. May 22.

    [Magnolia purpurea Curtis. = Magnolia liliiflora Desr., Lily Magnolia, a tree with lurid purple flowers, native of China]

  acuminata. 1862. June 6. 1863. June 19. Oct. 4. 1864. June 7. 10. Sept. 13. Oct. 13.

    [Magnolia acuminata (L.) L., Cucumber Tree, Cucumber Magnolia]

 

Malva moschata. 1862. July 13. Aug. 11. Oct. 4. 1863. July 2. 29. Sept. 28. 1864. Sept. 29. 1865. June 20.

    [Malva moschata L., Musk Mallow]

  alcea. 1863. July 2. 1865. July 14.

    [Malva alcea L., Vervain Mallow]

  rotundifolia. 1862. July 9.

    [Malva rotundifolia (of Zenkert, 1934), of authors, not L. = Malva neglecta  Wallr., Cheeses]

  sylvestris. 1862. Oct. 6. 1863. Aug. 15. Oct. 4. 7.

    [Malva sylvestris L., High Mallow, Cheeses]

 

Marchantia polymorpha. 1862. June 6. 1865. June 3. 1867. March. 7.

    [Marchantia polymorpha L., a liverwort, see Lunularia vulgaris entry above]

 

Marrubium vulgare. 1862. Sept. 13. 1863. July 19. 1864. Oct. 25.

    [Marrubium vulgare L., Horehound]

 

Martynia proboscidea. 1862. Sept. 14. Oct. 2.

    [Martynia proboscidea Glox. = Proboscidea louisiana (Mill.) Woot. & Standl.,  Unicorn Plant, Ram's-horn]

 

Maruta cotula. 1862. July 1. 9.

    [Maruta cotula (L.) DC. = Anthemis cotula L., Mayweed, Stinking Chamomile, Stinkweed, Dogweed, Dog Fennel

     "     ", depauperate. 1862. Oct. 4.

 

Matricaria Parthenium. 1862. July 2. Aug. 11. Oct. 14. 1864. July 8.

    [Matricaria parthenium L. according to House 1924 p. 735 = Tanacetum  parthenium (L.) Schultz, Feverfew]

  chamomilla. 1864. June 26. 27. July 13.

    [Matricaria chamomilla L. = Matricaria recutita L., Wild Chamomile]

 

Medeola Virginica. 1862. May 19. 1865. Sept. 1.

    [Medeola virginiana L., Indian Cucumber-root]

 

Medicago. 1863. Sept. 15.

  lupulina. [no date]

    [Medicago lupulina L., Black Medick]

  sativa. 1863. July 2. 1864. Aug. 23.

    [Medicago sativa L., Alfalfa, Lucerne]

 

Melampyrum Americanum. 1862. June 20. July 5. 9. 1863. Aug. 21. 1864. July 8.

    [Melampyrum americanum Michx. = Melampyrum lineare Desr., Cow-wheat]

 

Melilotus officinalis. 1862. Aug. 19. Sept. 11. 1874. Oct. 29.

    [Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pallas, Yellow Sweet-clover]

  alba. 1862. July 28. 1863. June 28. July 20.

    [Melilotus alba Desr. ex Lam., White Sweet-clover]

 

Melissa officinalis. 1862. Aug. 11. 1863. Sept. 22. 1865. Aug. 10.

    [Melissa officinalis L., Lemon Balm]

 

Menispermum Canadense. 1862. June 19. July 22. 1863. June 18.

     [Menispermum canadense L., Moonseed]

 

Mentha viridis. 1862. Aug. 1.

    [Mentha viridis L. = Mentha spicata L., Spearmint]

  piperita. 1862. Aug. 8. 9.

    [Mentha x piperita L. = Mentha aquatica x M. spicata, Red Mint, Scotch Mint, Spotted Mint, Creeping Whorled Mint]

  Canadensis. 1862. July 22. Aug. 19.

    [Mentha canadensis L., Field Mint]

 

Mentzelia alba. 1863. Sept. 13.

    [Mentzelia alba. There is Mentzelia oligosperma Nutt., M. ornate and M. nuda listed in Gray's Manual ed 5 p. 184] 

 

Menyanthes trifoliata. 1863. June 26. July 19. 1864. June 15. 1868. May 28.1874. July 23. 1876. June 2.3.

    [Menyanthes trifoliate L. Buckbean]

 

Mertensia Virginica. 1862. May 23. Jun3 19. 1863. May 3. 10. 16. 1864. May 22.

    [Mertensia virginica (L.) Pers. ex Link, Bluebells, Virginia Bluebells]

 

Microstylis monophyllos. 1874. July 10.

    [Microstylis monophyllos (L.) Lindl. = Malaxis monophylla (L.) Sw., White Adder's-mouth]

 

Milium effusum. 1864. June 2. 7. 1865. May 29.

    [Milum effusum L., Tall Millet Grass]

 

Mimulus ringens. 1862. July 19.

    [Mimulus ringens L., Monkey-flower]

  "     ", white flowered. 1862. Aug. 6.

    [The species is usually purple]

  alatus. 1862. Aug. 14. 28. 1864. Aug. 7.

    [Mimulus alatus Ait., Sharp-winged Monkey-flower]

  moschatus. 1869. July 10.

    [Mimulus moschatus Dougl. ex Lindl., Musk-flower]

 

Mitchella repens. 1862. June 29.

    [Mitchella repens L., Partridge-berry, Twin-berry]

 

Mitella diphylla. 1862. May 15.

    [Mitella diphylla L., Miterwort]

  nuda 1864. May 31. Aug. 15. 1865. May 24. 1866. June 8. 1874. June 9.

    [Mitella nuda L., Naked Miterwort L.]]

 

Mnium hornum? ( = M. serratum. 1865. July 11.

    [Mnium hornum Hedw., an acrocarpous moss]

  serratum? 1866. June 2.

    [Mnium serratum Schrad. ex Brid. = Mnium marginatum (With.) Brid. ex P. Beauv.]

 

Moehringia lateriflora. 1862. May 30. June 4. 12. 1865. May 31.

    [Moehringia lateriflora (L.) Fenzl, Side-flowering Sandwort]

 

Mollugo verticillata. 1862. July 16.

    [Mollugo verticillata L., Carpet-weed, Indian Chickweed]

 

Monarda fistulosa. 1862. July 28.

    [Monarda fistulosa L. Wild Bergamot, Horsemint]

  "       "     var.? 1862. Aug. 8.

    [Monarda fistulosa L. var. clinopodia (L.) Cooperrider = Monarda clinopodia  L., Basil Balm]

  didyma. 1862. Aug. 11. 1875. July 21.

    [Monarda didyma L., Oswego Tea, Bee-balm]

 

Moneses uniflora. 1862. July 11. 1863. July 16.

    [Moneses uniflora (L.) A. Gray, One-flowered Shinleaf, One-flowered Pyrola]

 

Monotropa uniflora. 1862. June 29. July 11.

    [Monotropa uniflora L., Indian Pipe]

  hypopitys. 1862. Sept. 9. 11. 1865. Aug. 18.

    [Monotropa hypopithys L., Pinesap

 

Morchella esculenta. 1875. May 25-6.

    [Morchella esculenta Fr., an ascomycete fungus that is edible]

 

Morus rubra. 1862. July 5. 1863. June 5. Sept. 11.

    [Morus rubra L., Red Mulberry]

  alba. 1863. June 21. 1864. July 15.

    [Morus alba L., White Mulberry]

 

Mosses collected, up to - 1865. Oct. 20.

 

Muhlenbergia. 1864. Aug. 31. Sept. 2. bis. Oct. 17. 1865. Sept. 7.

  glomerata. 1864. Sept. 2. Oct. 14.

    [Muhlenbergia glomerata (Willd.) Trin., Marsh Timothy]

  Mexicana. [no date]

    [Muhlenbergia mexicana (L.) Trin., Wood Grass, Satin-grass, Muhly]

  sylvatica. 1863. Sept. 25. 1864. Oct. 7.

    [Muhlenbergia sylvatica (Torr.) Torr. ex A. Gray, Woodland Dropseed]

  diffusa. 1863. Sept. 25.

    [Muhlenbergia diffusa Willd. = Muhlenbergia schreberi Gmel., Dropseed]

 

Mulgedium leucophaeum. 1867. Sept. 12.

    [Mulgedium leucophaeum (Willd.) DC. = Lactuca biennis (Moench) Fern., Blue Lettuce]

 

Myosotis palustris. 1862. June 10.

    [Myosotis palustris Lam. = Myosotis scorpioides L., European Forget-me-not]

  verna. 1863. June 6. 1864. May 25.

    [Myosotis verna Nutt., Early or Spring Forget-me-not]

 

Myrica Gale. 1863. May 1. June 26. Aug. 24. Dec. 3. 1864. May 5. 1866.

[crossed out: July 7. 18.] July 7. 18. 1875. July 21.

    [Myrica gale L., Sweet Gale, Meadow-fern]

  cerifera. 1864. Oct. 24. 1865. May 29. June 20. 23. 1872. Nov. 9.

    [Myrica cerifera (of Day,1882) = Myrica pensylvanica Loisel. ex  Duhamel,Bayberry, Candleberry]

 

Myriophyllum. 1864. Aug. 4. 24. Sept. 25.

  spicatum. 1862. June 24.

    [Myriophyllum spicatum L. =  Myriophyllum sibericum Komarov,Water Milfoil]

  verticillatum. 1865. July 14. Aug. 17.

    [Myriophyllum verticillatum L., Whorled Water-milfoil]

  heterophyllum. 1862. July 3 & 4. 18. 1863. Aug. 23. 1864. Aug. 6.

    [Myriophyllum heterophyllum Michx., Water Milfoil]

 

N.

 

Nabalus. 1862. Sept. 9. 11. 1864. Oct. 5. Aug. 11. Sept. 7.

  albus. 1862. Aug. 14. 1863. Sept. 22. 1866. Sept. 23.

    [Nabalus albus (L.) Hooker = Prenanthes alba L., White Lettuce, Rattlesnake-root]]

  altissimus. 1863. Sept. 25. 1866. Sept. 23.

    [Nabalus altissimus (L.) Hooker = Prenanthes altissima L., Rattlesnake-root]

  crepidineus? (No!) 1863. Sept. 13. 14. Oct. 3.

    [Nabalus crepidineus (Michx.) DC. = Prenanthes crepidinea Michx.,

    Rattlesnake-root]

 

Naias. 1864. Sept. 13.

    [Naias is an orthographic variant of Najas]

  flexilis. 1863. Sept. 23. 29. Oct. 6. 1864. Sept. 10. 1866. July 21.

    [Naias flexilis (Wills.) Rostk. & Schmidt, Slender Naiad, Bushy Naiad]

  major. 1864. Sept. 29. Oct. 2. 10. 11. 18. 1865. Aug. 17.

    [Naias major All. = Najas marina L., according to House 1924 p. 60, Naias,  Mermaid-weed]

 

Nardosmia palmata. 1874. June 9. 1875. June 3. 4.

    [Nardosmia palmata Hooker = Tussilago palmata Ait. = = Petasites frigidus (L.) Fries. var. palmatus (Ait.) Cronq. = Petasites palmata (Ait.) A. Gray ex Brew. & Wats., Sweet Coltsfoot]

 

Nasturtium officinale. 1862. July 3 & 4. 1864. July 12. Oct. 14.

    [Nasturtium officinale R. Br. ex Ait. = Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek, Watercress]

  palustre. 1862. June 28. July 28.  1863. Aug. 6.

    [Nasturtium palustre (L.) DC. of Zander & Pierce (1979) = Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser ssp. fernaldiana (Butters & Abbe) Jonesell, Marsh Watercress, Yellow Watercress] 

  lacustre. 1862. May 29. July 26. 1863. May 26. June 30. Sept. 23. 1865. Aug. 18.

    [Nasturtium lacustre Gray = Armoracia lacustris (Gray) Al-Shehbaz & V. Bates, Lake-cress, River-cress]

  armoracia. 1863. May 9. June 4. 19.

    [Nasturtium armoracia (L.) Fries = Armoracia rusticana (Lam.) Gaertn., Mey. & Scherb., Garden Horseradish]

 

Naumburgia thyrsiflora. 1862. June 17. 1863. June 12. 1864. June 22.

    [Naumburgia thrysiflora (L.) Duby = Lysimachia thyrsifolia L., Tufted Loosestrife]

 

Nelumbium luteum. 1863. Aug. 9. Dec. 1. 1864. Ap. 11. 1875. Oct. 27.

    [Nelumbium luteum Willd. = Nelumbo lutea (Willd.) Pers., American Lotus, Yellow Lotus]

 

Nemopanthus Canadensis. 1862. June 1. 21. 1864. Aug. 13. Sept. 2.

    [Nemopanthus Canadensis DC. = Namopanthus mucronatus (L.) Loesener ex Koehne, Mountain Holly]

 

Nepeta Cataria. 1862. July 9.

    [Nepeta cataria L., Catnip, Catmint]

  Glechoma. 1862. June 3. 25. 1864. May 23.

    [Nepeta glechoma Benth. = Glechoma hederacea L., Gill-over-the-ground]

 

Nesaea verticillata. 1862. Aug. 15. Sept. 3. 11. 27. 1863. Seept. 25.

    [Nesaea verticillata (L.) HBK = Decodon verticillatus (L.) Ell.,  Swamp Loosestrife]

 

Nicandra physaloides. 1862. Sept. 13. 1863. Sept. 26. Oct. 1. Nov. 2. 1866. Oct. 2.

    [Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn., Apple of Peru]

 

Nicotiana tabacum. 1862. Sept. 16.

    [Nicotiana tabacum L., Tobacco, probably a garden plant, a cu ltivar; native to tropical America]

  rustica. 1864. Sept. 10. 1866. Sept. 15.

    [Nicotiana rustica L., Indian Tobacco]

 

Nigella damascena. 1863. Oct. 4. 1864. Sept. 13.

    [Nigella damascena L., Love-in-a-mist, Fennel-flower. "Native of the Old World and frequent in cultivation. Reported by Day (Plants of Buffalo 14, 1883) as spontaneous in gardens and by Clinton (l.c.Day), as an escape." (House 1924).]

 

Nitella. 1864. Oct. 17. 1867. p. 205

    [Nitella, a genus of algae of the Charophyta, often mistaken for a vascular plant; the common name is Brittlewort, this refers possibly to Nitella flexilis (L.) Agardh. The plant surfaces are crispy with calcium surface deposits. The common charophyte of the Niagara River is a species of Chara.]

 

Nuphar advena. 1862. June 3. 13. 1863. Aug. 30. 1866. July 6.

    [Nuphar advena (Soland. ex Ait.) R. Br. ex Ait. f., Yellow Pondlily, Yellow Cowlily, Spatterdock, Bull-head Lily.]

 

Nymphaea. 1862. June 12.

  tuberosa. 1865. Sept. 16. 1866. Aug. 17. Sept. 3.

    [Nymphaea tuberosa Paine = Nymphaea odorata Dryand. ex Ait. ssp. tuberosa (Paine) Wiersma & Hellquist, Fragrant White Water-lily] 

  odorata. 1866. July 19. 21. Aug. 2. 6. 1874. July 21.

    [Nymphaea odorata Dryand. ex Ait., Fragrant White Water-lily]

  "    "  var. minor. 1866. July 7.

    [Nymphaea odorata Ait. var. minor Sims (=Nymphaea minor, DC., a smaller plants, Gray's Manual  5th Ed, 1867 p. 56, "Starved or depauperate forms constitute the so-called var. minor, and it is usually these small forms which often possess pink or rosy colored flowers, known as forma rosea (Pursh) Britton" (House 1924 p. 330)]

 

Nyssa multiflora. 1862. July 11. 1863. May 13. 27. June 16. 1864. June 22. July 12. 1866. Aug. 12.

    [Nyssa multiflora Wang = Nyssa sylvatica Marsh., Tupelo, Black Gum, Sour Gum]

 

O.

 

Oenothera biennis. 1862. July 22. 1863. July 28. 1864. Sept. 22.

    [Oenothera biennis L., Common Evening-Primose]

  fruticosa. 1863. July 2. 1864. Nov. 1.

    [Oenothera fruticosa L., Sundrops]

  chrysantha? 1862. July 3 & 4. 1863. June 30.

    [Oenothera chrysantha Michx. = Oenothera biennis L.]

  pumila. 1865. July 25. 1866. July 7.

    [Oenothera pumila L. = Oenothera perennis L., Small Sundrops]

  "       ? 1865. Sept. 10. Nov. 18.

 

Oldenlandia. See Houstonia.

 

Onopordon acanthium. 1862. Aug. 30. 1863. July 10. Sept. 14. 1864. July 12.1866. July 18. 1875. Oct. 23.

    [Onopordon acanthium L., Scotch Thistle, Cotton-thistle]

 

Onosmodium Carolinianum. 1862. July 13. 16. 22. 23. 1865. July 24. 1865.

July 25.

    [Onosmodium carolinianum (of authors) = Onosmodium  molle Michx. ssp. hispidissimum (Mackz.) Boivin ]

  molle, Beck's herbarium. 1865. Jan. 26.

    [Onosmodium molle Michx., False Gromwell, Marble-seed, Gravel-weed]

 

Ophioglossum vulgatum. 1864. June 2. 14. 2[originally '22' but the second 2 stricken out], 24. 1874. July 30. 1876. June 17. June 28.

    [Ophioglossum vulgatum of authors, not L. = Ophioglossum pusillum Raf., Adder's-tongue Fern]

 

Opuntia vulgaris. 1867. July. p. 204.

    [Opuntia vulgaris Mill. = Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf., Eastern Prickly-pear]

 

Orchis spectabilis. 1862. June 25. 29. 1863. May 16. 28. 1864. May 24.

    [Orchis spectabilis L. = Galearis spectabilis (L.) Raf., Showy Orchis]

 

Origanum vulgare. 1863. Aug. 4.

    [Origanum vulgare L., Wild Marjoram, Oregano]

 

Ornithogalum umbellatum. 1866. June 9.

    [Ornithogalum umbellatum L., Star of Bethlehem]

 

Orthotrichum. 1865. Oct. 6. 1866. Ap. 14.

  anomalum. 1865. Oct. 21. 1866. Ap. 7 or 8. 14.

    [Orthotrichum anomalum Hedw., a moss growing on calcareous rocks]

  obtusifolum. 1867. July p. 204.

    [Orthotrichum obtusifolium Brid.,on hardwood bark, as on Populus in open places, a moss]

 

Oryzopsis asperifolia. 1863. May 28. 1864. May 9. 1865. May 22. June 1.

    [Oryzopsis asperifolia Michx., Mountain-rice, Spreading Ricegrass, Whitegrass]

  melanocarpa [no date]

    [Oryzopsis melanocarpa Muhl. = Oryzopsis racemosa (Sm.) Ricker ex Hitchc., Black-fruited Mountain-rice]

 

Osmorhiza brevistylis. 1862. June 5. 1863. May 26.

    [Osmorhiza brevistylis DC. = Osmorhiza claytonii (Michx.) Clarke, Hairy Sweet Cicely]

  longistylis. 1862. June 1. 5.

    [Osmorhiza longistylis (Torr.) DC., Long-styled Sweet Cicely]

 

Osmunda regalis. 1862. May 25. June 22. 1863. Sept. 14.

    [Osmunda regalis L., Royal Fern, Flowering Fern]

  Claytoniana. [no date]

    [Osmunda claytoniana L., Interrupted Fern]

  cinnamomea. [no date]

    [Osmunda cinnamomea L., Cinnamon Fern]

 

Ostrya Virginica. 1862. Aug. 14. 1863. June 17. [1863] July 5. 1864. May 12.

    [Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) K. Koch, Hop- or American-Hornbeam, Ironwood, Blue Beech, Water-Beech, Musclewood]

 

Oxalis. 1862. Sept. 14.

  acetosella. 1863. June 25. 1865. June 3.

    [Oxalis acetosella of American authors, not L. = Oxalis montana Raf., Common Wood-sorrel, American Shamrock]

  stricta. 1862. June 6. 23. July 14.

    [Oxalis stricta L., Upright Yellow Wood-sorrel]

  corniculata. 1869. Ap. 27. May 18. 21.

    [Oxalis corniculata L., Creeping Yellow Wood-sorrel]

 

 

P.

 

Panax trifolia. 1862. May 14. 1868. May 15.

    [Panax trifolius L., Dwarf Ginseng, Ground-nut]

  quinquefolia. 1863. June 25. July 28. Sept. 7. 1864. July 15.

    [Panax quinquefolius L., Ginseng, Sang]

 

Panicum. 1863. June 24. Aug. 15. 1864. June 28. July 12. Nov. 1.

  glabrum. 1863. Sept. 7.

    [Panicum glabrum (Schrad.) Gaud. = Digitaria ischaemum (Schreb. ex Schweig.) Schreb. ex Muhl.,  Small Crab-grass]

  sanguinale. 1863. Aug. 6. 8. 17. Oct. 13.

    [Panicum sanguinale L. = Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop., Large Crab-grass]

  proliferum. 1864. Sept. 29. Oct. 11.

    [Panicum Lam. PAGE 646  to do

  capillare. 1862. Sept. 9. 1863. Sept. 4. 5.

    [Panicum capillare L., Witchgrass]

  virgatum. 1863. Aug. 6. Sept. 23. Oct. 17. 1864. Oct. 24. 1878. Sept. 22.

    [Panicum virgatum L., Switch-grass]

  latifolium. 1864. June 24. July 6. 7. 12.

    [Panicum latifolium L., Broad-leaved Panic-grass]

  clandestinum. 1864. Oct.5 .

    [Panicum clandestinum L., Deer-tongue Grass]

  dichotomum. 1864. June 24. July 12. 1871. June 14.

    [Panicum dichotomiflorum Michx., Spreading Witch-grass, Smooth Panic Grass]

  depauperatum. 1864. July 12.

    [Panicum depauperatum Muhl., Starved Panic-grass]

  crusgalli. 1862. Aug. 13.

    [Panicum crusgalli L. = Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Beauv. ssp. crusgalli, Barnyard Grass]

  Xalapense? 1863. Aug. 11. 15. 1864. Sept. 13.

    [Panicum xalapense HBK = Panicum laxiflorum Lam., Loose-flowered Panicum]

  xanthophyllum. 1867. July. p. 204

    [Panicum xanthophysum A. Gray, Slender Panic-grass]

 

Papaver dubium. 1866. Aug. 26.

    [Papaver dubium L., Cornfield Poppy, Grainfield Poppy]

 

Parnassia Caroliniana. 1862. July 3 & 4. Sept. 6. 11. 23. 27. 1683. July 28. Oct. 17. 1864. Sept. 6. Oct. 22. 1865. July 19. Aug. 11.

    [Parnassia caroliniana of NY reports, not Michx. = Parnassia glauca Raf., Grass-of-Parnassus

 

Pastinaca sativa. 1862. July 15.

    [Pastinaca sativa L., Parsnip]

 

Pawlonia     . Sept. 14/1875 [sic]

    [Pawlonia    Paulownia tomentosa (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. ex Steud., Princess-tree, Paulownia]

 

Pedicularis Canadensis. 1862. May 20.

    [Pedicularis canadensis L., Common Lousewort, Wood-betony]

  lanceolata. 1862. July 2. Aug. 16. Sept. 11. 1864. Sept. 6.

    [Pedicularis lanceolata Michx., Swamp Lousewort, Wood-betony]

 

Pellia epiphylla. 1865. June 28. Sept. 10.

    [Pellia epiphylla (L.) Corda, a liverwort]

 

Peltandra Virginica. 1862. Aug. 29. 1863. July 3. 1864. Oct. 4. 1874. July 21. 1877. June 23.

    [Peltandra virginica (L.) Schott ex Schott & Endl. (not Kunth) Green Water-arum, Arrowleaf, Tuckahoe ]

 

Penthorum sedoides. 1862. July 17.

    [Penthorum sedoides L., Ditch Stoncrop]

 

Pentstemon pubescens. 1862. July 9.

    [Pentstemon pubescens Ait. = Penstemon hirsutus (L.) Willd., Hairy Beard-tongue]

 

Petunia violacea? 1865. Aug. 20. 27. 1875. July 18.

    [Petunia violacea Lindl., Violet-flowered Petunia. The garden petunia is in the same family as the Tomato, Solanaceae]]

 

Phacelia [sic]. 1863. July 15.

    [Phacelia, a genus in the Hydrophyllacee (Waterleaf Family). Two species are garden plants; the native one, Phacelia dubis (L.) Trel., Scorpion-weed, appears to have been extirpated from the New York State flora.]

 

Phalaris arundinacea. 1864. July 19. 1865. July 25. Aug. 29.

    [Phalaris arundinacea L., Reed Canary-grass]

  "    " var. picta. 1877. June 27. 28.

    [Phalaris arundinacea var. picta L. has been synonymized with the above]

  Canariensis. 1865. July 5. 1866. July 17. Aug. 6.

    [Phalaris canariensis L., Canary-grass]

 

Phascum? 1865. Nov. 16. 17. 18.

    [Phascum, probably Phascum cuspidatum Hedw., a moss of spring, in disturbed soil, especially abandoned or fallow fields.]

 

Phegopteris Dryopteris. (see Polypodium.) 1874. June 12.

    [Phegopteris dryopteris (L.) Fee = Gymnocarpium dryopteris (L.) Newm., Oak Fern]

 

Philadelphus grandiflorus. 1862. July 2.

    [Philadelphus grandiflorus Willd. =  Philadelphus inodorus L. var. grandiflorus Gray, Mock-orange].

  coronarius. 1863. June 19.

    [Philadelphus . coronarius L., Garden Syringa, European Mock-Orange]

 

Phleum pratense. 1863. July 10. Oct. 12.

    [Phleum pratense L., Timothy]

 

Phlomis tuberosa. 1862. Oct. 8.

    [Phlomis tuberosa L., Jerusalem Sage, Sage-mint]

 

Phlox. 1865. Aug. 9.

  paniculata. 1862. Aug. 21. 1866. Sept. 16.

    [Phlox paniculata L., Garden Phlox, Fall or Summer Phlox, Perennial Phlox]

  maculata. 1862. Aug. 28.

    [Phlox maculata L., Wild Sweet William]

  reptans. 1862. June 6.

    [Phlox reptans Michx. = Phlox stolonifera Sims, Creeping Phlox, with purple or violet flowers is considered an introduction into New  York State]

  divaricata. 1864. May 20.

    [Phlox divaricata L., Blue Phlox, Wild Sweet-william]

  subulata. 1862. June 6. 1867. Ap. 23-27. May 25.

    [Phlox subulata L., Moss Pink, Moss Phlox, Mountain Phlox]

 

Phragmites communis. 1863. Sept. 10. 1867. Oct. 2.

    [Phragmites communis Trin. = Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud., Reed-grass]

 

Phryma leptostachya. 1862. July 26. 27. 1863. Aug. 7.

    [Phryma leptostachya L., Lopseed]

 

Physalis. 1865. Sept. 10.

  viscosa? 1862. July 13. 1864. Aug. 23.

    [Physalis viscosa (of authors) = Physalis heterophylla Nees, Clammy Ground-cherry]

  pubescens. 1863. July 10. 1877. June 23.

    [Physalis pubescens L., Tall Hairy Ground Cherry, Strawberry Tomato]

  angulata. 1863. Sept. 6. 1864. Aug. 31. Sept. 9. 1865. Sept. 10. 1866. Sept. 23.

    [Physalis angulata L., a species close to New York State, but south of it]

  Philadelphica? 1868. Sept. 5.

    [Physalis philadelphica Lam., Tomatillo, Mexican Husk Tomato]

 

Physcomitrion pyriforme. 1867. March 7. 25.

    [Physcomitrium pyriforme (Hedw.) Hampe, a moss of clay soils, rather the same habitat as Phascum cuspidatum above.]

 

Physostegia Virginiana. 1862. July 28. 1864. Aug. 8.

    [Physostegia virginiana (L.) Benth., False Dragon-head, Obedient Plant]

 

Phytolacca decandra. 1862. Aug. 1.

    [Phytolacca decandra L. = Phytolacca Americana L., Pokeweed, Poke, Pokeberry]

 

Pilea pumila. 1862. Aug. 11.

    [Pilea pumila (L.) A. Gray, Clearweed, Richweed, Coolwort]

 

Pinguicula vulgaris. 1874. June 23. 25.

    [Pinguicula vulgaris L., Butterwort, Bog-violet]

 

Pinus resinosa? 1863. Oct. 17. 1876. July. Aug.

    [Pinus resinosa Soland., Red Pine, Norway Pine]

  strobus. 1864. July 14. Oct. 3. 1865. June 23.

    [Pinus strobes L., White Pine]

  rigida. 1876. July. Aug.

    [Pinus rigida Mill., Pitch-pine]

 

Pimpinella Anisum. 1865. May 30. [Not in Gray, 1862.]

    [Pimpinella anisum L., Garden Anise]

 

Pisum sativum. 1862. July 9.

    [Pisum sativum L., Common, Garden, Green or Field Pea]

 

Plantago major. 1862. July 22. Aug. 20. 22. 1863. July 28. Sept. 11. 1864. July 17. Aug. 13. 1865. July 21.

    [Plantago major L., Broad-leaved Plantain, Common Plantain]

  Rugelii? (No!) 1863. Sept. 5. 10. 12. Oct. 3.

    [Plantago rugelii Dcne.,Rugel's Plantain, Pale Plantain]

  lanceolata. 1862. June 12.

    [Plantago lanceolata L., English Plantain]

 

Platanthera (See Habenaria.). 1863. Muly 17. 1864. Aug. 15. 1865. June 23.

  orbiculata. 1862. May 20. June 20. 25. 1863. June 25. July 16. 1865. Sept. 1. 1876. July 7.

    [Platanthera orbiculata (Pursh) Lindl., Round-leaved Orchid]

  Hookeri. 1862. July 13. 1863. June 10. 24. 25. 1864. May 31. 1865. Sept. 1.

    [Platanthera hookeri (Torr. ex A. Gray) Lindl., Hooker's Orchid]

  bracteata. 1862. May 20. June 5. 25. 29. July 11. 1863. June 19.

    [Platanthera bracteata; in Gray's  Manual, ed 5, 1867, p. 500, Habenaria viridis R. Br. var. bracteata Reichenbach (= Habenaria bracteata R. Br. p. 500;    House: Coeloglossum bracteatum (Muhl. ex Willd.) Hartm. = Habenaria bracteata R. Br.= Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartm., Long-bracted Orchid;  

  hyperborea. 1862. July 2. 5. 10. 18. 1863. July 7. 1864. June 24. 1865.June 19. July 14. Aug. 7.

    [Platanthera hyperborea (L.) Lindl., Northern Leafy Green Orchid]

  dilatata. 1863. June 26. 1864. June 15. 1865. June 23. 1866. July 7. 18. 1877. June 18-20.

    [Platanthera dilatata (Pursh) Lindl. ex Beck, Tall Leafy White Orchid, Bog-candle]

  flava. 1862. June 25. July 11. 16. 1864. July 19.

    [Platanthera flava (L.) Lindl., Grass-green Orchid]

  blephariglottis. 1864. July 29. Sept. 2.

    [Platanthera  to do]

  lacera. 1862. July 11. 28. 1863. July. 19. 1876. July 7.

    [Platanthera lacera (Michx.) G. Don, Ragged Fringed Orchid]

  psycodes. 1862. June 19. July 15. 19. Aug. 9. 21. 1863. Aug. 4.

    [Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl., Small Purple-fringed Orchid]

 

Platanus occidentalis. 1863. June 9.

    [Platanus occidentalis L., Sycamore, Plane-tree, Buttonwood]

 

Platygyrium repens. 1865. Nov. 9.

    [Platygyrium repens (Brid.) Schimp., a pleurocarpous moss]

 

Pluchea? 1864. Nov. 3.

    [Pluchea odorata (L.) Cass., Saltmarsh Fleabane, Purple Camphorweed is a member of the New York State flora]

 

Poa. 1864. June 7. 24. 28. 1865. May 23. June 16. 19.

   annua. [no date]

    [Poa . annua L., Spear-grass, Annual Bluegrass]

  alsodes. 1864. May 23. 24. June 5. 7. 1865. May 29. June 7. 28. 1866. June 24.

    [Poa alsodes A. Gray, Grove Meadow-grass, Speargrass, Woodland Bluegrass]

  sylvestris. 1864. Ap. 4. 1865. June 7. 28.

    [Poa sylvestris A. Gray, Sylvan Spear-grass, Woodland Bluegrass]

  serotina. 1866. July 3.

    [Poa serotina Ehrh. = Poa palustris L., Fowl Meadow Grass, Fowl Bluegrass]

  trivialis [no date]

    [Poa trivialis L., Rough-stalked Meadow-grass, Rough Blue-grass]

  pratensis. 1863. June 8. 1871. June 14.

    [Poa pratensis L., Kentucky Blue-grass, June-grass]

  compressa. 1863. Oct. 4. 1864. June 28. 1865. June 26. 28.

    [Poa compressa L., Canada Blue-grass, Wiregrass]

  nemoralis. 1864. [crossed out: Oct. 4.] Ap. 4.

    [Poa nemoralis L., Wood Bluegrass]

 

Podophyllum peltatum. 1862. May 29.

    [Podophyllum peltatum L., May-apple, Wild Mandrake]

 

Pogonatum brevicaule. 1865. Sept. 1. 5.

    [Pogonatum brevicaule P. Beauv. = Pogonatum pensilvanicum (Hedw.) P. Beauv., an acrocarpous moss]

  alpinum. 1866. Sept. 19.

    [Pogonatum alpinum (Hedw.) Roehl. = Polytrichastrum alpinum (Hedw.) G. L. Sm. var. alpinum]

 

Pogonia ophioglossoides. 1863. June 26. 1864. June 30. 1866. July 18.

    [Pogonia ophioglossoides (L.) Juss., Rose Pogonia, Snake's Mouth]

  "     " - 1876. July 7. [sic]

  "    ", abnormal. 1864. Sept. 2.

  pendula. Aug. 28/75 [sic]

    [Pogonia pendula (Nutt.) Lindl. = Triphora trianthophora (Sw.) Rydb., Nodding Pogonia]

 

Polanisia graveolens. 1862. July 8. 1863. July 31.

    [Polanisia graveolens Raf. = Polanisia dodecandra (L.) DC., Clammyweed]

 

Polemonium reptans. 1862. May 18. 23. 1863. May 3. 1864. May 22.

    [Polemonium reptans L., Greek Valerian, Polemony, Jacob's Ladder]

  coeruleum. 1866. July 21.

    [Polemonium coeruleum Gray, not L. = Polemonium van-bruntiae Britt., American Jacob's Ladder, Greek Valerian]

 

Polygala sanguinea. 1866. Sept. 20.

    [Polygala sanguinea L., Purple Milkwort, Rose Milkwort]

  senega. 1862. June 5. Aug. 8. 1865. June 1.

    [Polygala senega L., Seneca Snakeroot, Mountain Flax]

  paucifolia. 1862. June 20. 1863. May 28. 1875. May 25-6.

    [Polygala paucifolia Wild., Fringed Polygala, Gay-wings, Flowering Wintergreen]

  verticillata. 1862. July 28. Aug. 8. 1864. Oct. 3.

    [Polygala verticillata L., Whorled Milkwort]

 

Polygonatum biflorum. 1862. May 29.

    [Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell., Small Solomon's-seal]

  giganteum. 1862. May 24. 29. June 19. 1863. June 19. 23. 1865. June 3. 5.12.

    [Polygonatum giganteum A. Dietr. = Polygonatum commutatum (Schultes & Schultes) A. Dietr., Giant Solomon's-seal]

 

Polygonum. 1862. Aug. 14. Sept. 6. 8. 1863. Sept. 5.

  orientale. 1863. Sept. 8. 10. 1865. Aug. 31. 1875. Aug. 16.

    [Polygonum orientale L., Prince's Feather]

  amphibium, var. terrestre. 1862. Aug. 21. 24. 1865. Sept. 10. 1874. July 23.

    [Polygonum amphibium var. terrestre A. Gray, not Leers, nor Leyss. = Polygonum amphibium var. emersum Michx, Swamp Smartweed]

  "    " var. natans. 1862. Aug. 21. 24. 1863. Aug. 25. 1864. Aug. 6.

    [Polygonum amphibium var. natans Michx. = Polygonum var. stipulaceum Colem. [not (Colem.) Fern.], Floating Smartweed]

  incarnatum. 1863. Sept. 14. 20. 1864. Sept. 9.

    [Polygonum incarnatum Ell. = Polygonum lapathifolium L., Dock-leaved Smartweed]

  Pennsylvanicum. 1862. Aug. 5. 1863. Sept. 10. 20. 21.

    [Polygonum pensylvanicum L., Pennsylvania Smartweed

  "    "  white flowered. 1863. Sept. 19. 20. 21.

  persicaria. 1863. Sept. 10.

    [Polygonum persicaria L., Ladies-thumb]

  hydropiper. 1863. Sept. 19. 22.

    [Polygonum hydropiper L., Water Smartweed, Water Pepper]

  acre. 1863. Sept. 19. 22. 23. 25. 27. 28. 1864. Sept. 9. Oct. 4.

    [Polygonum acre HBK = Polygonum punctatum Ell. var. punctatum, Dotted Smartweed]

  hydropiperoides. 1862. Aug. 5. 1863. Sept. 6. 1864. Oct. 4.

    [Polygonum hydropiperoides Michx., Mild Water Smartweed]

  aviculare. 1862. July 16. 21. Aug. 17. 1863. Sept. 7. 1864. Aug. 23. Sept. 10. 29. Oct. 5.

    [Polygonum aviculare L., Common Knotweed]

  "    " , depauperate. 1862. Oct. 4.

  erectum. 1863. Oct. 1.

    [Polygonum erectum L., Erect Knotweed]

  Virginicum [no date]

    [Polygonum virginanum L., Virginia Knotweed]

  arifolium. 1862. Aug. 28. Sept. 9.

    [Polygonum arifolium L., Halberd-leaved Tear-thumb]

  sagittatum. 1862. Aug. 5.

    [Polygonum sagittatum L., Arrow-leaved Tear-thumb, Arrow-vine, Scratch-grass]

  convolvulus. 1862. July 22. 1867. Sept. 16.

    [Polygonum convolvulus L., Black Bindweed, Corn Bindweed]

  cilinode. 1863. Aug. 21.

    [Polygonum cilinode Michx., Fringed Bindweed, False Buckwheat]

  dumetorum. 1862. Sept. 5.

    [Polygonum dumetorum L. = Polygonum scandens var. dumetorum (L.) Gleason, Thicket False Buckwheat]

  Hartwrightii. ['wegii' written above, as in 1875, June 19 text: not in   Gray 1862]. 1874. July 23. 1875. June 19. [1876, changed to:] 1877. June 8. 9. 18-20.

    [Polygonum hartwrightii A. Gray = Polygonum amphibium L. var. emersum x stipulaceum

 

Polymnia Canadensis. 1862. Aug. 1. 4. Oct. 2. 1864. Oct. 3. 14. 1875. Nov. 2.

    [Polymnia canadensis L., Small-flowered Leaf-cup]

 

Polypodium vulgare. 1862. Sept. 11. 1863. June 25. Aug. 21. 1865. Aug. 9.

    [Polypodium vulgare L. = Polypodium virginianum L., Common Polypody, Rock Tripe]

  Phegopteris. 1863. June 25. 1864. June 1.

    [Polypodium phegopteris L. = Phegopteris connectilis (Michx.) Watt., Northern Beech Fern]

  hexagonopterum. 1862. Sept. 16.

    [Polypodium hexagonopterum Michx. = Phegopteris hexagonoptera (Michx.) Fée, Broad Beech-fern]

  Dryopteris. 1864. June 1.

    [Polypodium dryopteris L. = Gymnocarpium dryopteris (L.) Newm., Oak Fern]

 

Polytrichum. 1865. July 29.

    [Polytrichum, a genus of the largest local acrocarpous mosses]

 

Pontederia cordata. 1862. July 30.

    [Pontederia cordata L., Pickerel-weed]

 

Populus. 1863. Ap. 18. 24. 25. 27. Oct. 4. Ap. 29. May 9. 14. 16. 23. 24. 25. June 28. 1866. May 5.

  tremuloides. 1864. Ap. 22. 1865. July 29.

    [Populus tremuloides Michx., Quaking or Trembling Aspen]

  grandidentata. 1863. Oct. 4. 1864. Ap. 22. May 25. 1865. Aug. 7. 19.

    [Populus grandidentata Michx., Large-toothed Aspen, Big-Tooth Aspen]

  grandidentata, mistaken for heterophylla. 1863. Oct. 4. 1864. May 25.  1865. July 5. Aug. 7. 13. 19.

    [Populus grandidentata Michx., Large-toothed Aspen, Big-Tooth Aspen]

  monilifera. 1863. May 10. 1864. May 26. Oct. 24.

    [Populus monilifera Ait. = Populus deltoides Bartr. ex Marsh., Cottonwood]

  balsamifera & v. candicans. 1863. May 10. 1864. May 12. 24. July 4. 8.

    [Populus candicans of authors, not Ait. = Populus balsamifera x deltoides = P. x jackii Sarg., Balm of Gilead]

  dilatata. 1863. Oct. 4.

    [Populus dilatata Ait. = Populus nigra L., ., Black Poplar, Lombardy Poplar]

  alba. 1863. Ap. 24. Oct. 4.

    [Populus alba L., White Poplar, Silver-leaf Poplar]

  nigra. 1875. June 9.

    [Populus nigra L., Black Poplar, Lombardy Poplar]

 

Portulaca oleracea. 1862. July 16.

    [Portulaca oleracea L., Common Purslane]

 

Porphyra? 1868. May 9.

    [Porphyra, a genus of marine algae, as Porphyra nereocystis it is the most widely consumed seaweed in the world. It is called nori in Japan and it is the seaweed in which the uncooked fish is wrapped at sushi bars]

 

Potamogeton. 1862. June 16. 27. July 18. 1863. July 6. Aug. 12. 1864. July 22. Aug. 1. 5. 6. 24. 1865. Aug. 15. 1866. July 21.

  pectinatus. 1863. June 10. 1866. July 21.

    [Potamogeton pectinatus L. = Coleogeton pectinatum (L.) D. Les & R. Haynes, Sago Pondweed]

  Robbinsii. 1864. Oct. 25-27.

    [Potamogeton robbinsii Oakes, Robbins' Pondweed]

  hybridus. 1864. Aug. 11. 1867. Sept. 15.

   [Potamogeton hybridus (of authors) = Potamogeton diversifolius Raf., Rafinesque's Pondweed]

  pusillus. 1862. June 7. 16. 24. 1863. June 4.

    [Potamogeton pusillus L., Small Pondweed]

  pauciflorus. 1862. June 7. 16. 1863. June 4. 11. 1865. Aug. 10.

    [Potamogeton pauciflorus (of authors) = Potamogeton foliosus Raf., Leafy Pondweed]

  "    "  var. Niagarensis. 1865. July 18.

    [Potamogeton niagarensis Tuckerman = Potamogeton foliosus Raf., Leafy Pondweed]

  compressus. 1864. Aug. 1.2 .

    [Potamogeton compressus L. = Potamogeton zosteriformis Fern., Flat-stem Pondweed]

  perfoliatus. 1862. June 14. 1863. June 10.

    [Potamogeton perfoliatus L., Clasping-leaved Pondweed, White-stemmed Pondweed]

  praelongus. [no date]

    [Potamogeton praelongus Wulfen, White-stemmed Pondweed]

  lucens. [no date]

    [Potamogeton lucens of American authors, not L. = Potamogeton illinoensis Morong, Illinois Pondweed]

  fluitans. [no date]

    [there is a Potamogeton lucens var. fluitans Robbins, in A. Gray Manual, ed 2 of 1856 = P. pulcher Tuckerman, Pondweed]

  natans. 1864. Oct. 22.

    [Potamogeton natans L., Floating Pondweed]

  heterophyllus. 1862. Aug. 30.

    [Potamogeton heterophyllus (of authors) = Potamogeton gramineus L., Grassy Pondweed]

  Claytoni. 1867. Sept. 15.

    [Potamogeton claytoni Tuckerman = Potamogeton epihydrus Raf., Nuttall's Pondweed]

 

Potentilla anserina. 1862. May 31. 1863. June 24.

    [Potentilla anserina L., Silverweed]

  argentea. 1862. June 25.

    [Potentilla argentea L., Silvery Cinquefoil, Hoary Cinquefoil]

  arguta. 1875. Aug. 8.

    [Potentilla arguta Pursh, Tall Cinquefoil]

  Canadensis. 1862. June 6.8.

    [Potentilla canadensis L., Dwarf Cinquefoil, Five Fingers]

  fruticosa. 1864. June 1. Oct. 14. 1865. May 29. June 23.

    [Potentilla fruticosa L., Shubby Cinquefoil]

  Norvegica. [no date]

    [Potentilla norvegica L., Rough Cinquefoil]

  palustris. 1862. July 10. 1864. June 15. 30. 1872. June 1. 1874. July 23.

    [Potentilla palustris (L.) Scop., Marsh Cinquefoil, Five-fingers, Purple Cinquefoil

  tridentata. 1863. July 31. 1866. Sept. 18.

    [Potentilla tridentate Soland. ex Ait., Three-toothed Cinquefoil]

  arguta. 1867. Sept. 8.

    [Potentilla arguta Pursh, Tall Cinquefoil]

  paradoxa. 1873. Sept. [no day]

    [Potentilla paradoxa Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray, Bushy Cinquefoil]

 

Poterium Canadense. 1875. July 17. See Sanguisorba.

    [Poterium canadense (L.) Gray = Sanguisorba canadensis L., Canada Burnet, American Burnet]

 

Pottia truncata. 1865. nov. 16. 17. 1866. Ap. 7 or 8.

    [Pottia truncata (Hedw.) Fuernr. ex BSG., a tiny acrocarpous moss of barren clay soils, in similar habitats to Phascum cuspidatum and Physcomitrium pyriforme]

 

Preissia commutata. 1865. June 1. Aug. 8.

    [Preissia commutata Nees = Pressia quadrata (Scop.) Nees, a liverwort]

 

Primula Mistassinica. 1864. June 1. 1874. June 23-25. 1875. May 25-6.

    [Primula mistassinica Michx., Canadian Primrose]

  officinalis. 1869. May 21.

    [Primula officinalis (L.) Hill = Primula veris L., Cowslip]

 

Prinos. See ['Panax' crossed out] Ilex.

  verticillata. 1862. June 21. July 13. 15. 16. 1863. Sept. 13. 1864. May 22.

    [Prinos verticillatus L. = Ilex verticillata (L.) A. Gray, Black Alder, Winterberry]

 

Prosartes lanuginosa. 1862. May 30. 1864. May 27.

    [Prosartes lanuginosa (Michx.) Don = Disporum lanuginosum ((Michx.) Nichols., Yellow Mandarin]

 

Proserpinaca palustris. 1862. Aug. 17. 1863. May 29. July 14. 1864. Oct. 6. 1874. July 23.

    [Proserpinaca palustris L., Mermaidweed]

 

Prunus Americana. 1862. May 17. 1863. May 16. 26.

    [Prunus americana Marsh., Wild Plum, Hedge-plum, Sloe]

  "  ", with abnormal fruit. 1862. June 10. 16. 1864. May 16.

  pumila. 1864. June 2. 1867. p. 205.

    [Prunus pumila L., Sand Cherry]

  Pennsylvanica. 1862. May 19. 1864. May 20.

    [Prunus pensylvanica L.f., Pin Cherry, Fire-cherry, Wild Red Cherry, Bird-cherry]

  Virginica. 1862. May 30.

    [Prunus virginiana L., Choke Cherry]

   "  "  , with abnormal fruit. 1865. June 3.

  serotina. [no date]

    [Prunus serotina Ehrh., Black Cherry, Wild Cherry, Rum-cherry]

  domestica. 1864. May 12. var. 1876. May 31.

    [Prunus domestica L., Garden Plum]

  spinosa? 1866. May 7.

    [Prunus spinosa L., Sloe, Blackthorn[

  Mahaleb. 1866. June 3.

    [Prunus mahaleb L., Mahaleb Cherry, Mahaleb, Perfumed-cherry, St. Lucie Cherry]

  Padus. 1866. June 3.

    [Prunus padus L., Bird-Cherry]

 

Ptelea trifoliata. 1862. July 18. 1863. June 21. July 19. Sept. 12. 13. 1864. Sept. 10. 1874. June 19. 1875. June 19. 1877. June 23.

    [Ptelea trifoliata L., Hop-tree, Wafer-ash]

 

Pteris aquilina. 1862. Aug. 11.

    [Pteris aquilina of American reports, not L. = Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn ex Decken var. latiusculum (Desv.) Underw. ex Heller, Eastern Bracken Fern, Bracken, Brake-fern, Brake]

 

Pterospora Andromedea. 1862. July 5. Aug. 1. 1863. July 5. 17. 28. 1865. July 18.

    [Pterospora andromedea Nutt., Pine-drops, Giant Bird's-nest]

 

Pycnanthemum. 1864. Nov. 1.

  lanceolatum. 1862. July 28. 1864. Aug. 8. Oct. 25. 1878. July 27.

    [Pycnanthemum lanceolatum Pursh = Pycnanthemum virginianum (L.) Durand & Jackson ex Fern. & Robins., , Virginia Mountain Mint ]

  incanum. 1862. Aug. 8. 1865. Aug. 17.

    [Pycnanthemum incanum (L.) Michx., Hoary Mountain Mint]

 

Pyrola rotundifolia. 1862. June 29. 1863. July 5. Sept. 11. 1864. July 8. Oct. 4.

    [Pyrola rotundifolia Michx. var. rotundifolia = Pyrola Americana Sweet, Round-leaved Pyrola]

  uliginosa. 1864. June 30. 1866. July 18.

    [Pyrola uliginosa Torr. & A. Gray = Pyrola asarifolia Michx., Bog Pyrola, Pink Wintergreen]

  elliptica. 1862. Aug. 14.

    [Pyrola elliptica Nutt., Elliptic-leaved Pyrola, Shinleaf]

  chlorantha. 1863. June 24. 1865. June 17. 1876. June 5. 6.

    [Pyrola chlorantha Sw., Greenish-flowered Pyrola, Green Shinleaf, Wintergreen]

  secunda. 1864. July 8.

    [Pyrola secunda L. = Orthilia secunda L., One-sided Wintergreen]

  "  "  var. pumila. 1866. July 18. 21.

    [Pyrola secunda var. pumila Paine = Orthilia secunda (L.) House, One-sided Wintergreen]

 

Pyrus malus. 1864. Ap. 29. 1874. June 12.

    [Pyrus malus of authors, not L. = Malus pumila Mill., Domestic Apple]

  communis. 1864. Ap. 29. Aug. 29.

    [Pyrus communis L., Common Pear]

  coronaria. 1862. June 10. 1863. May 26. 1864. May 26. 1866. May 31.

    [Pyrus coronaria L. = Malus coronaria (L.) Mill., American Crab]

  arbutifolia. v. melanocarpa. 1863. Aug.28. 1865. May 31. July 19. 1874. June 9.

    [P